Is it permissible for me to recite two or more different chapters of the Holy Quran in 1 rakah of the obligatory prayer?
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
All praises are due to Allah, the All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Peace and blessing be upon the teacher of mankind truth of goodness- Muhammad, his household, companions and all followers of his guidance till the day of resurrection.
On the question of permissibility to recite different chapters in a rak’ah of the obligatory prayer after suratul-faatihah, this is permissible according to the Islamic shariah based on the following hadith:
‘A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sent a man in charge of an expedition and he would recite for his Companions during their prayer, ending (recitation) with: “Say, He is God, One.” When they returned mention was made of it to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) told them to ask him why he had done like that. So they asked him and he said: Verily, it is an attribute of the Compassionate One, and (for this reason) I love to recite it. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) thereupon said: Inform him that Allah loves him. (Bukhari; 6940, Muslim; 813)
Narrated Ubaidullah from Thaabit from Anas: A man from the Ansar used to lead them in prayer in the masjid of Quba and whenever he begins to read a Surah (after Faatihah) – of which is read- to them in prayer, he commences with “Say, He is God, One.” till he concludes it, then hereads another Surah with it, and he does that in every circle (rak’ah) of prayer. Thereafter his companions talked to him, they said: “You used to start with this Surah, then you do not see that it is sufficient for you till you recite another, it is either you read it (alone) or leave it and read another. He said: “I would not leave it, if you wish that I lead you with that I would do, but if you dislike it, I leave you. They see him as among the best of them and they dislike that they are led by other than him. When the Prophet, peace be upon him came to them, they informed him and he said: “O so person, what prevented you from doing what your companions told you and made you stuck to this surah in every rak’ah? He said: “I love it” and He replied: “Your love for it will grant you admittance to Paradise.” (Bukhari; 741)
Imam Bukhari also have a chapter in his Sahih titled- “Combining two surahs in the rak’ah,” dedicated to show the permissibility of reciting more than one surah after Suratul- Faatihah.
Allah knows best.
Imam Sherifdeen Ibrahim
Naibul Amir Cultural Affairs
TMC National Headquarters