PREPARATION FOR RAMADAN

In The Name of ALLAH, the Beneficent, the Merciful
BEING THE FIRST KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF SHA’BAAN 4/SHA’BAAN/1439AH (20/APRIL/2018CE)
PREPARATION FORRAMADAN. 

Praise be unto Allah who decreed fasting on believers making it guard from sins and fire. Allah says:

يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (183) ” {البقرة :2\183} , “

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ…” {البقرة :2\285}

O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous(183)…  The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful (184). We praise and thank Him, seek His help and guidance, forgiveness and repentance. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls and deeds. Whoever Allah guides is guided and whoever He misled none will mislead Him. I bear witness there is no god but Allah alone without partner, and that Muhammad (pbuh) is His servant and Messenger who says: “Whoever fast in Ramadan with faith and hope of reward from Allah, all his former sins will be forgiven” (Agreed upon). May Allah bless him and his families and all his companions, and those who follow them in righteousness until the day of recompense.

Thereafter,

I admonish you and myself on the fear of Allah, obedience and striving in righteousness … Allah says:

ياأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (183) ” {البقرة :2\183} , “

{And fear Allah that you may receive mercy.} (2:197).

Dear faithful we discussed last week the duties in the month of Sha’baan, and due to the closeness of Ramadan, we shall today discuss the Preparation for the month of Ramadan.

How do we prepare for Ramadan?

We beseech Allah (swt) to make this sermon the commencement of passion for obedience and good deed from this month of Ramadan forever. Allah says: (فمن شهد منكم الشهر فليصمه) So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it” (2: 185).

Preparation for the month of Ramadan:

1- Psychological, Mental and practical readiness:Engaging in prayers before Ramadan sets in. Such as praying thus: “AllahummaBariklana fi Rajab, Wa Sha’ban, Waballighna Ramadan.” Meaning: “O Allah bless us in Rajab, Sha’baan and preserve us till Ramadan.Or “Allahummasallimniilaa Ramadan, wasallim li Ramadan, watasallamhuminnimutaqabbalan.” Meaning: O Allah, make me permeable for Ramadan and make Ramadan easy for me, and accept it from me. (The first hadith described as weak by Al-baaniy )

We should have intentions for the following in Ramadan:

  • Intention to complete recitation of the Qur’an many times with pondering over its meaning.
  • Intention to repent from all sins.
  • Intention to use the month as the beginning of taking up good deed forever, Alhah’s willing.
  • To intend to maximize rewards in Ramadan.
  • To intend to correct one’s behaviour in relating with all people.
  • To intend to work for Islam and in the spread of its message among people using the month’s opportunity.
  • To intend setting a programme for the month filled with acts of worship and obedience with full compliance.
  • Read some islamic books on tendering the heart.
  • Fast some days in Sha’baan as a practical step for fasting in Ramadan.
  • Listen to some recorded lectures on Ramadan before the month arrives.
  • Read tafsir of the verses of fasting.

2- Financial preparation: This includesearmarking a portion of your income for the Ramadan projects such as:

  • Charity in Ramadan
  • Publication of Books and Journals for distribution in Ramadan.
  • Partaking in organizing feeding the fasting Muslims in the month.
  • Packages for the distribution to the less privilege.
  • Going for the Umrah.

3- Educational preparation:

  • Learn the islamic jurisprudence of fasting in the mosque learning circles.
  • Attending pre-ramadan lectures organized in the neighbourhood.
  • Preparing the home with Ramadan awareness, including the family members, as well petty gifts to be distributed in the neighbourhood to raise the awareness, such as leaflets, etc.

4- DawahPreparation (Inviting to way of Allah):

  • Distribute ramadan gifts and packages to consist of small books and pamphlets on virtues of ramadan and good deeds, new recorded lectures, emotional messages, chewing sticks …
  • Preparing flyers with short messages enjoining good acts in Ramadan.
  • Prepared lectures to be presented in local mosques.
  • Daily or weekly lectures for the family.
  • Distribution of Islamic books and cassettes to people in the community and neighbouring communities.
  • Creating educative messages for students.
  • Collaborating with islamicorganisations and foundations.
  • Dear brother: You should be have coordinated sessions of thinking and preparing for new means or developing the old means in order that the month of Ramadan would be a new beginning for many people.

5- Health or physical preparation:

  • Go for medical checkups to assess the physical status to fast, and to treat any ailment discovered that could militate against fasting or completing the days of the month.

6- A typical day in Ramadan:

Before Fajr Prayer:

  • Observe the Tahajud.
  • Take the Sahuur
  • Seek forgiveness till the time for call to prayer.
  • Observe the two Raka’at before the Fajr.

After the Fajr Prayer:

  • Early arrival for the solatul-subh. Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: If the people were to know what excellence is there in the Adhan and in the first row, and they could not (get these opportunities) except by drawing lots, they would have definitely done that.And if they were to know what excellence lies in joining the prayer in the first takbir (prayer), they would have vied with one another.And if they were to know what excellence lies in the night prayer and morning prayer, they would have definitely come even if crawling (on their knees).
  • Commitment to devotion ofdhikr, supplication, till time to observe the fajr prayer.“Dua between Adhaan and Iqamah will not be rejected.”
  • Staying in the mosque for dhikr, recitation of Qur’an till sunrise.Jabir b. Samurareported that when the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed the dawn prayer, he sat at the place of worship till the sun had risen enough.” (Muslim)
  • Observing two rak’at after fajr prayer. (The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who observe fajr prayer in congregation, then sit to remember Allah till the sun rises, then he observe two rak’at, he would have as the reward of a hajj and umrah completely, completely, completely.” Tirmidhi)
  • Supplicate for Allah’s blessing for the day. (The Prophet (pbuh) said: Allahumma, InniAs’alukakhayra ma fi hazhal- yaom, fat’hau, wanasrahu, wanurahu, wabarakatahu, wahudaau, waa’uzubika min sharrimaafeehiwasharrimaaba’dahu.” Meaning: “O Allah, I beseech You for the blessing in this day, its opening, its victory, its light, and blessing and guidance, and I seek refuge in You from the evil in it, and the evil thereafter. ”Abu Dawud)
  • Take light rest with hope in Allah for reward.
  • Departure to work or school.
  • Devotion to dhikr throughout the day.“The people of paradise do not grieve except over an hour that passes them and they have not remembered Allah in it.” (Tabrani)
  • Give daily charity with full awareness of the prayer of the Angel thus: “O Allah provide every giver a blessing.”

The Zuhr Prayer:

  • Observe solatu-zuhr timely in jamaa’ah: Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Prayer said in a congregation is twenty-five degrees more excellent than prayer said by a single person.
  • Take a short rest.“The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Your body has a right over you”

The Asr Prayer:

  • Solatul-Asr in congregation and timely as well as observing four rak’atnaflat before the obligatory. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Allah be merciful to a person who observe four rak’ats before ‘Asr.” (Abu Dawud & Tirmidhi)The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: He who observed two prayers at two cool (hours) would enter Paradise. (Two cool hours are Fajr and Asr hours)
  • Listening to admonition in the mosque. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “He who goes to the masjid, he wants not except to learn good or teach people, it will be for him as the reward of a complete hajj he performed.” (Tabrani)
  • Staying in the mosque. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “He who performed ablution in his house, and perfected the ablution then comes to the masjid, he is a visitor of Allah, and it deserving of the host to honour his visitor.” (Tabrani)

The Maghrib Prayer:

  • Engagement in supplication before sunset. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Three, their prayer will not be rejected- he mentioned among them- “the fasting one until he breaks his fast.” (Tirmidhi)
  • Break the fast with prayer.“Dhahaba al-zama’ waabtalat al-‘urooqwathabata al-ajr in sha Allaah (Thirst is gone, the veins are moistened and the reward is certain if Allaah wills).” 
  • Observe Magrib in Jamaa’ah in the mosque at the right time.
  • Gathering with the family to study beneficial things. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “And your wife has right over you.”
  • Preparing for solatul Isha and Tarawih.

The Ishaa Prayer:

  • Arrive early to observe Solatul-Ishaa in Jamaa’ah.
  • Observe Tarawih completely with the Imam.Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who observed prayer at night during Ramadan, because of faith and seeking his reward from Allah, his previous sins would be forgiven.
  • Delay witri till the later part of the night. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Make Witr the end of your night prayer.”

Other programmes include: visitations to relatives, friends, neighbours, participate in ramadan dawah lectures, read profiles of islamic heroes, engage in discourse (on Islamic judgements, etiquettes, morals … ), create family gathering for knowledge, form circles of knowledge in the neighbourhood, etc in an atmosphere of faith and passion to maximize the gains of the blessed month.

The Second Sermon

All praises are due to Allah, We praise and thank Him, believe and depend on Him. I testify there is no god but Allah alone and I testify that our leader- Muhammad (pbuh) is his servant and messenger.  May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, companions and whoever follows them till the day of recompense.

Servants of Allah, the UN is commemorating the World Book Day. The International Day of the Book and the Protection ofCopyrights and Reading, is an annual event on April 23 to be a day for encouraging reading, preservation of copyrights, encouragement of authors and the International Day of the Book, since its inception in 1995 at the General Assemblyof UNESCO in Paris that year.

Since that year, many countries have decided to dedicate the day for a kind of celebration and custom based on

the customs and culture of the people.

The importance and benefits of books: Some of the benefits of reading books include development of anexpanded Word vocabulary, including intellectual ability, where a reader is able to development an intellectual ability

to view issues from various angles. Islam as a religion is greatly concerned with knowledge and reading asexpressed in the following verses: Allah says:

(اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق، خلق الإنسان من علق، اقرأ وربك الأكرم الذي علم بالقلم، علم الإنسانما لم يعلم)

“Recite in the name of your Lord who created -( 2 )   Created man from a clinging substance.( 3 )   Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous – ( 4 )   Who taught by the pen – ( 5 )   Taught man thatwhich he knew not.” (96: 1- 5).

These are instructions to the Prophet- pbuh and every individual among hisUmmah to learn and read of knowledge that which is beneficial to him and others in this life and the hereafter. Insome other verses Allah describes the respectable status of scholars:

(شهد الله أنّه لا إله إلاّ هو والملائكة وأولو العلم قائماً بالقسط لاإله إلا هو العزيز الحكيم)

“Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and [so do] the angels and those ofknowledge – [that He is] maintaining [creation] in justice. There is no deity except Him, the Exalted in Might,the Wise.” (3: 18).

((قل هل يستوي الذين يعلمون والذين لا يعلمون))

“Say: Are those who know equal to those who do not know?(39:9)

These virtues mentioned are not restricted to religious knowledge alone, but it encompasses all beneficial

knowledge for Muslims and non- Muslims provided it is not contrary to the provisions of theIslamic law.

Our Lord, upon You we have relied, and to You we have returned, and to You is the destination. Our Lord, make us not [objects of] torment for the disbelievers and forgive us, our Lord. Indeed, it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (60: 4-5).

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