CELEBRATING BIRTHDAY OF THE PROPHET (PBUH) IN ISLAM

Download Khutba MAWLID CELEBRATION IN ISLAM here

In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF R/AWWAL/1440AH (16/NOV/2018CE)

CELEBRATING BIRTHDAY OF THE PROPHET (PBUH); HISTORY, CONDITIONS AND ETIQUETTES.

Praise be to Allah. We praise and thank Him, we believe and depend on him. We seek his refuge from the evil of ourselves and our deeds. Whomever Allah guides is truly guided and whomever He misleads none can guide. I testify there is no god but Allah alone and that our leader- Muhammad (pbuh) is his servant and messenger who came to plant the tree of brotherliness among Muslims, and joined as brothers between the Muhajirun and the Ansar. O Allah shower peace and blessings on him, his household, companions and whoever follows their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

Having said that,
Worshipers of Allah, I enjoin you and myself to fear Allah, the Almighty- this is a basic foundation for faith in the hearts of believers. Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ (آل عمران: 102).

O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]. ” (3: 102).

 

Dear faithful, being the first sermon in the month of Rabiul Awwal in which the Prophet – peace be upon him- was born, we shall dedicate today’s sermon to talk on: CELEBRATING BIRTHDAY OF THE PROPHET (PBUH); HISTORY, CONDITIONS AND ETIQUETTES.

The first person to celebrate Mawlid in an organized manner was King Muzaffarddeen Al-Kawkaburiy during the reign of Sultan Solahuddeen, as an annual event. He would commit a huge fund to the event and other beneficial things to the tune of 300,000 dinar annually. Many scholars, preachers, Sufis, and Poets would attend from nearby towns of Arbil like Baghdad and Mosul. They would continue meeting from Muharram to the early Rabiul Awwal. Due to the difference on the particular date of the birth of Prophet Muhammad, he would observe the celebration on the 8th day of Rabiul Awwal in some year and in some other year, on the 12th day of Rabiul Awwal. Two days before the day, he would provide lots of cattle; camels, cows, and sheep, accompanied by drums and songs, till they reached the field and began the slaughtering and cooking. On the day of the event, people would gather, including leaders and notable personalities, preaching stands would be mounted, the army would gather to display during the day. After that would be the feast of foods, containing lots of foods of various kind.

During the Ottoman Empire:

The Ottoman Caliphs had great concern for all known celebrations among Muslims, one of which is the birthday of the Prophet. Thus would hold the event in one of the biggest central Mosques in line with choice of the Sultan. On the assumption of Sultan Abdul Hamid II to the throne of Caliphate, he limited the celebration to the Humaydi Central Mosque. The 12th of Rabiul Awwal was used during his time. The notable personalities and leaders of different levels would attend the Mosque in stately formal regalia with symbols attached to their chest, waiting for the arrival of the Sultan. When the Sultan arrives from his palace on his horse, specially decorated in pure gold embellishments, flanked by a grand parade raising flags, marching in two rows of the Ottoman army, while the masses troop behind them. Thereafter they enter the Mosque to begin the celebration, recitation of the Qur’an, then stories of the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), they would also recite from the book called “Dalaailul Khairaat” on invoking blessing on the Prophet (Peace be upon him). And in the morning of 12th Rabiul Awwal, the top echelon of the state would throng to pay homage to the Sultan.

In the farther area of North African (Morroco):

The Sultans of the farther area of North Africa had high concern for Mawlid celebration especially during the reign of Sultan Ahmad Al-Mansur who ascended the throne at the later part of the tenth century of the hijrah. The process of the celebration would begin at the commencement of Rabiu-l- Awwal. The entire Muadhins from the cities in North Africa would gathered. The king would instruct embroiderers to produce high quality embroideries. By the dawn of the day of the Mawlid, the Sultan would lead people in prayer, thereafter sit on his couch, thereafter people would troop in in groups. When the gathering settles, the preacher advances to extol the virtues of the Prophet (peace be upon him), his miracles, and his birth. When he finishes, people present songs, and praises of the Prophet, after which banquet would be served.

Scholars’ view on celebration of the Mawlid

The supporters of Mawlid:

Imam As-Suyuti said: “To me, the basis of Mawlid which is the gathering of people, recitation of the Qur’an, narration of the beginning of the mission of the Prophet, miraculous happenings surrounding his birth, then tablecloth rolled out for banquet where they would eat, and dispersing thereafter without adding any other thing to it. Such is of the good innovations which the doer would be rewarded for because of its content of extoling the virtue of the Prophet and expression of joy over his noble birth.

Abu Shaamah (The Shaykh to Imam Nawawi) said: “One of the good things innovated in our time is the annual event which coincides with his birthday (peace be upon him) which includes, charity, goodness, display of beauties, and joy, that is a symbol of the love for him (peace be upon him) and amplifying his virtue in the heart of the doer, and show of gratitude to Allah over the coming of the His messenger sent as mercy to mankind.”

Among the latter scholars:
Dr Wahbah Az-Zuhailiy said: “if the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday is restricted to recitation of the Qur’an, rehearsal of the characters of the prophet (peace be upon him), enjoining people to abide by Islamic teachings, religious obligations, implementing the Shariah, and there is no extreme in the praising as the prophet (peace be upon) said: “Do not over praise me like the Christians dis for Jesus the son of Maryam, but say: servant of Allah and His messenger.” If the matter goes in this direction, then it is not regarded as of innovation.

The disagreeing group:
Ibn Taymiyah said: “The taking of some festival other than the legislated festivals, like some nights in Rabiul Awwal regarded as the night of the birthday (of the Prophet- pbuh), or some nights in Rajab, or the eighteenth of Dhul-Hijjah, or first Friday of Rajab, or the eighth of Shawwal which some ignorants regard as the Eidul Abraar (festival of the righteous), they are all of the innovations which the Salaf have permitted nor done. … the Salafs did not do it despite the existence of its demand, and non-existent of a disproval against it. Had there been a pure good in it or correctness, the Salaf would have been more rightful that us ot support it, they love the prophet than us, and on better level of righteous.

Scholars of the latter generation:
Shaykh Abdul Azeez bn Baaz said: “Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is an innovation which is not permissible owing to the most correct statement of the scholars, because the prophet never did it, and his rightly guided successors and all the companions, may Allah be pleased with them. In the same way was the scholars, the leaders in the first three centuries, but an innovation which came after that occasioned by the Shii’ah and those who imitated them. It is not permissible, nor the imitation of the one who does it.|

Shaikh Nasrudeen Albaaniy said: “This celebration is an innovated matter. It is not only that it never existed during era of the prophet (peace be upon him) but including the era of the three generations after him … the prophet did not celebrate his birthday, that is because celebrating birthday of a person is a practice of the Christians, not known to Islam in the era mentioned earlier. Thus it is rational that the prophet never knew of it.”

Some scholars who permit Mawlid Celebration attach some conditions:
1 – To be free from time wasting, prayer neglect and wasteful spending.
2 – It should be devoid of freely mix between the two sexes.
3 – The Praises of the messenger should not contain flattery and excesses
4 – The celebration should be on a single day and that is the 12th of Rabiul Awwal which generally accepted by most scholars as the birthday of the prophet.
5- It should not include over praising the prophet (pbuh)

SECOND KHUTBAH

All praises are due to Allah, the lord of the worlds. May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad, his household, companions and believers till the end of time.

Dear faithful, the 16th November annually is recognized by the UN as the INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR TOLERANCE. We would like to use this opportunity to emphasize that Islam is a religion of tolerance. There is no compulsion in Islam. Many verses in the Quran, including:

﴿… وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هم يغفرون ﴾ )شورى:42/37(

And those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, and when they are angry, they forgive,

 ﴿فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأجْرُهُ عَلَى اللهِ﴾ )شورى :42/40(.

And the retribution for an evil act is an evil one like it, but whoever pardons and makes reconciliation – his reward is (due) from Allah. Indeed, He does not like wrongdoers.

 

Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of Hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

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