IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF R/THAANI, 13TH R. THAANI/1440AH (21/DEC/2018CE)
RULING OF PARTICIPATING IN CONTEMPORARY ELECTIONS
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. We praise and thank Him, we believe in Him and place our trust in Him. We seek refuge in Him from the evils of our souls and deeds. He who Allah guides is guided, and he whom He mislead, you will not fnd for him any guiding protector. I testify there is no god but Allah alone, He has no partner, to Him belongs power and praise, and He is able over all things. I testify that Muhammad (pbuh) is his servant and messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, companions and whoever follows them in good deeds till the day of recompense.
As to what follows:
Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, the Almighty, fear Allah in yourself and your duties. The fear of Allah is the honour achieved without fame nor family lineage. It is an integrity without social nor family status, it is richness without money, by it is the quality of the present condition and the eventual outcome of life are guaranteed. Allah says: “And whoever fears Allah- He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect.” (65: 2-3)
Dear faithful, today’s khutbah is the continuation of our series on politics and elections, therefore today’s topic is THE RULING OF PARTICIPATING IN CONTEMPORARY ELECTIONS.
By recounting the historical facts mentioned in the previous sermons on the selection of heads and caliphs, the following becomes clear:
First: That the necessity of pledge of allegiance and display of acceptance in the selection of leaders in the matters of election is an established fact in the Shariah, since the pledge of allegiance in Islam cannot be established except through selection, even the allegiance to the rightly guided caliphs were all based on pledge of allegiance by satisfaction and selection.
Secondly: Returning to the general public for pledge of allegiance and obedience is established matter in the Shariah. it is mandatory the people pledge allegiance to their leader hence, by this allegiance, some laws and duties become binding on them.
As it is decided from the statements of scholars on the existence of the majority in the contemporary elections as a witness and recommendation, and Allah forbids hiding of witness, in the same way, false testimony is considered as one of the major sins. We mentioned the fatwas of scholars on the permissibility for Muslim participation in the electoral process, notably Sheikh Ibn Baz, Al-Uthaymeen, Al-Albani, Qaradawi, Mawdudi and other contemporary scholars, may Allah have mercy on the deceased among them, and protect the living.
Participating in governments are three:
The first type: Participation in an Islamic country governed by what Allah has revealed:
The legitimate rule of voter participation is permissibility, if he participates, it is obligatory upon him to choose the best person he knows because this is the interpretation of the recommendation for Allah, His Messenger and the leaders of the Muslims and their nation. Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi believes that the election may be obligatory for the person when his vote would aid the trustworthy and competence person to win and his non-voting could result to winning for the incompetent. (Fiqh ud- Dawlah, Qaradawi).
This is the norm in today’s elections, where majority is considered, regardless of competence and eligibility.
The second type: Elections in an Islamic country which does not govern the Shariah:
Most scholars go ahead to allow participation in election for those who intend to achieve some interests and to ward off some evil, so that they may strengthen the religion of Allah and the Muslims, such as what happened in Turkey lately, such that the participation of Muslims in these non-Islamic governments will play a role that will prevent the monopoly of the wrong doers and secularists’ hold to power. Through their participation, they can defend the rights of citizens and defend them, which Allah has commanded. Allah said:
(﴿وما لكم لا تقاتلون في سبيل الله والمستضعفين من الرجال والنساء والولدان الذين يقولون ربنا أخرجنا من هذه القرية الظالم أهلها واجعل لنا من لدنك وليا والجعل لنا من لدنك نصيرا ﴾ [النساء : 4\ 75])
“ And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)?- Men, women, and children, whose cry is: “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help!” (4:75)
Sheikh Ajlan views it from the angle of committing the lesser of two evils, the lesser of two evils to prevent a greater one, which at the same time is a necessity, and necessity makes the forbidden permissible.
The third type: Elections held non-Muslim western countries
A collection of contemporary scholars has suggested that a Muslim living in non-Muslim countries may participate in the elections taking place in his country with full knowledge that those elections are conducted based on non-shariah compliant rinciples. Some of the most important evidences they used are the following:
1 – That prophet Yusuf – peace be upon him – requested position from the Aziz of Egypt, he said: (قال اجعلني علي خزائن الأرض إني حفيظ عليم) “”Set me over the store-houses of the land: I will indeed guard them, as one that knows (their importance).” (12:55) The signifying reference here is that Yusuf – peace be upon him asked the regime of an infidel man to grant him position, So that Joseph was involved in the rule of that man, and this is evidence of the permissibility of good participation, even if it is the rule of the infidels (see: participation of Muslims in the elections with non-Muslims; Muhammad al-Sabil; 327)
2 – The second evidence: the story of the Negus where he became Muslim and remained a king to his people in Abyssinia, the Prophet – peace be upon him – did not order him to abandon his property, nor to emigrate from Abyssinia, with his inability to apply all the provisions of the law to his Christian people.
3 – The third evidence: that the non-participation of the Muslim in these elections will not change anything in the rule of the infidel at all, while he will achieve some interests when he participates in these elections, and the achievement of some interests is better than leaving it entirely, some of the useful things that exist with the disbelievers may be benefited from to safeguard the interest of Muslims the same way the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also dug the moat from the Persians, even though they were idolaters who worshiped fire.
4 – The fundamental of the Sharia is based on the achieving interests and preventing the evils: and the participation of Muslims in these elections to achieve interests and ward off evils, there is no sense in leaving it or jettisoning it. The evil present in election is lesser than that evil present in neglecting election, thus we use the lesser evil to ward off the greater evil.
5 – The participation of Muslims in the elections, there lies in it gaining strength for Islam and the Muslims, and the search for the reasons of power that protect Muslims and their interests is of the legitimate things. Allah says: (قالوا يا شعيب ما نفقه كثيرا مما تقول وإنا لنراك فينا ضعيفا ولولا رهطك لرجمناك وما أنت علينا بعزيز) ” They said: “O Shu’aib! much of what thou sayest we do not understand! In fact among us we see that thou hast no strength! Were it not for thy family, we should certainly have stoned thee! for thou hast among us no great position!”. “(11:91)
All praises are due to Allah, the lord of the worlds Who favoured the Arabic language over other languages of the world, and has revealed His chosen book in Arabic language to the leader of the messengers.
We take this opportunity to talk about some developments in the assassination of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who was killed at the consulate in Istanbul, Turkey on October 2.
Dear listeners, the speech of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on his government’s follow-up to the incident:
Erdogan: Turkey’s efforts prompted Congress to accuse a certain person of killing Khashoggi
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said that if Turkey had not followed the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi for ignoring the world, it was thanks to the US Congress that a certain person was responsible for it. Turkish Foreign Minister Mouloud Gawishoglu denied receiving any information on the issue from Saudi Arabia.
During Erdogan’s speech in the western city of Denizli on Saturday, he said that since Khashoggi’s assassination on Oct. 2 at the consulate in Istanbul, the Turkish authorities had made sure the issue did not lose momentum.
“For the sake of truth and justice, in order for the whole world to know what has happened, we have received every request from the world. We have explained to the heads of the constitutional courts of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and to all those attending the Jerusalem International Conference in Istanbul all the facts. “He said.
Erdogan said that thanks to these efforts, Khashoggi’s case has become global. “Look at what happened recently. The US Congress said that a certain person is behind the crime,” he said, referring to a Senate vote on a bill that would carry Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
The Turkish president said his country would continue to follow up at all levels to uncover the truth and that it would also follow up on the fate of the 22-member Saudi death squad, which Saudi Arabia has been investigating.
Javishoglu: Turkey will not abandon the case of the Saudi journalist and we will follow it to the end (Al Jazeera)
“Erdogan told us clearly that for us, there was a fair and transparent investigation and we did not receive any information or results from the Saudi side, so Turkey will not abandon the case and we will follow it to the end,” said Jawishoglu.
Erdogan has already announced that the order to kill Khashoggi was issued by “the highest levels in the Saudi government,” stressing at the same time that Saudi King Salman bin Abdul Aziz over any suspicion in this crime.
The US intelligence agency CIA has suggested that Mohammed bin Salman would have ordered it, but Riyadh has strongly denied it and Ankara’s requests to extradite those charged with the crime have been rejected.
The Turkish foreign minister announced Tuesday that his country is in discussions with the United Nations about the possibility of opening an international investigation into the murder of the Saudi journalist.
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”