In The Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful
BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RABEE’UL AWWAL DATED 4TH RABEE’UL AWWAL 1441 AH (1ST NOVEMBER, 2019 CE)
A MOMENT WITH THE BIRTH OF THE PROPHET (PEACE BE UPON HIM)
All praise belong to Allah, the First and the only, the Independent One that has not begotten nor was begotten, and for whom there is no helper. He is the One who has sent His messenger Muhammad (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) as a giver of glad tidings and as a warner. I praise Him and give thanks to Him. I believe in Him and put my trust in Him. I seek refuge with Allah from the evils of my soul and my bad conduct. Whoever Allah has guided is the one that is indeed guided and nobody can lead such astray. And whoever is led astray, then for such, there is no helper that can guide him. Then, may the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on the one that was sent as Mercy to the whole world, Muhammad, the son of Abdullah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) and his household, his companions and on all those that follow his Sunnah and is guided by his guidance till the day when wealth and children shall be of no benefit except the one that comes to Allah with a totally submissive heart.
Thereafter, brothers in faith! Fear Allah, the Most High, in (your) secret and in open. And know that it is with the fear of Allah that one can attain everything they we want and intend to attain in both lives (here and hereafter). Allah the Most High said: “Oh you who have believed, fear Allah as He ought to be feared and do not die except you are Muslims” (al-Imraan: 102). He said also: “And whoever fears Allah, He will make a way out for him. And He will provide for him from where he does not expect” (At-Talaaq: 2-3).
Servants of Allah! This is our first meeting in this blessed month of Rabee’ul Awwal, and our sermon’s topic today will be about ” A MOMENT WITH THE BIRTH OF THE PROPHET (PEACE BE UPON HIM).
Oh Muslims! The Master of all messengers (Muhammad), (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) was born in the lineage of Banee Haashim in Makkah, in the morning of the twelfth day of Rabee’ul Awwal, in the Year of the Elephant. Ibn Katheer said: “This is the most popular view with most scholars, and Allah knows best”. Ibn Saad related that the mother of the messenger of Allah (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) said: “When I gave birth to him, a light came out from under me that lit up the palaces of Sham”. and she said: “I carried him (in pregnancy) and I do not feel the pregnancy”. When his mother gave birth to him, she sent message to his grandfather, Abdul Mutaalib, to give him the good tiding of (the birth of) his grandson. He (Abdul Mutaalib) came and carried him into the Ka’aba. He prayed and thanked Allah and chose the name Muhammad for him. This name was not before among the Arabs. He circumcised him on the seventh day as was the practice among the Arab. His father had died before he was born, so he lived as an orphan. His mother was with him for a period and she too died. And so he (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) remained in orphanhood and poverty, hunger and thirst.
The first person to suckle him for a week after his mother, as a foster, was Thuwaybah, the female maidservant of Abu Lahb. Abdul mutaalib sought another foster mother for the messenger of Allah (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him), and so Haleemah bint Abi Dhuuyib, Abdullah ibn Haarithah was got to suckle him. And so Haleematu Sa’adiyyah took him to the Banee Sa’ad household. Haleemah said: “We were in abject poverty. The land was barren and Allah did not give us even a drop of rain that year, and our stores had no crops. No sooner had he (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) arrived as a baby to Banee Sa’ad when the cloud filled the sky and it rained until the valleys were flowing with water, filled with green vegetation, and (the cows) were milked until containers were filled. We had a life of plenty and comfort”.
THE POSITIONS OF THE MUSLIMS CONCERNING THE CELEBRATION OF MAULUD NABIYY (BIRTHDAY OF THE PROPHET- PBUH)
The reality that people live in made it clear to us that the things they do with regards to what they consider as showing their happiness with Maulud Nabiyy are in three categories:
First category: The people who adhere strictly to the Sunnah of the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him), following established prophetic sayings and refuting the people who follow opinions and ideas they consider as “good Sunnah”. They do this in accordance with the words of the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him), related from the mother of believers, Aa’isha (may Allah be pleased with her): “Whoever innovates anything new in this our matter (of religion), that is not (originally) part of it, it is rejected”. And in another narration recorded by Muslim: “Whoever does any work that we have not commanded, it is rejected”. So they took that position anytime the Sunnah from the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) is sound and established and do not go beyond that. They say, “We do what we do and leave what we leave in hope that we will obtain his intercession on the Day when wealth and children will be of no use except the one that comes to Allah with a perfectly submitted heart. They see the celebration as a forbidden innovation (bid’ah) that people invented after the best centuries had long gone past.
Second category: They are those that see the celebration as a good innovation. They appreciate and recognize the status of the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him). They believe in and actually advocate that people should gather for it, putting up dancing and singing, bordering on the verge of excessive and overpraise of the messenger of Allah, showcasing the manner of celebration established by the first person to invent it, King al-Mudhfar Abu Sa’eed, the king of Irbal at the end of the sixth century or the beginning of the seventh century after Hijrah. (Ibn Katheer in Al-Bidaayah wa Nihaayah, as well as ibn Khalkaan and others). Abu Shaamah said: “The first person to do this elaborately is sheik Umar ibn Muhammad Al-Malaa, one of the famous righteous person and the people of the town, Irbal and others followed him.
The people in this category are greatly interested in the celebration of Maulud and other celebrations of innovated occasions, and they do abominable things during these celebrations. They seek help from the dead and claim that the prophet is present with them at these celebrations, or that only his noble spirit is present, like some of them claim. These matters are what we live with, we witness, we hear. The motto of most of these people that follow this position is: ‘The end justifies the means’. Their claim is that they are showcasing the love and greatness of the messenger of Allah (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him), as well as reawakening his remembrance in spite of the words of Allah, the Most High: “Say, if you love Allah, then follow me and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins” (Al-Imraan:31). And His Words, the Most High: “Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow any other than Him as a Awliyaa (friend, helper, guardian). Only a little that they remember” (Al-Aaraf:3).
Among the firm principles that are indisputable in the religion regarding the celebration of the birthday of the prophet are that: –
First: It was not from the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor from the Sunnah of his successors. In that case, it is obviously a forbidden innovation, based on the saying of the Prophet:” So hold fast to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs who will come after me. Adhere to them and hold fast to them. Beware of Bid’ah (in religion) because every Bid’ah is a misguidance.” (Ahmad and Tirmidhi). This act might implies that the Propher (peace be upon him) hid the religion for people and lied about it.
(” اليَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلاَمَ دِينًا” (المائدة : 3))
“This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.” (Suratul Maida :3)
Secondly: Celebration of the birth of the Prophet is an act of emulating the Christians because they celebrate Christmas. Thus emulating them is highly forbidden. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever emulates a people is part of them’ (Ahmad and Abu Dawud). He also said: “Be different the polytheists’ (Muslim) Especially on religious affairs.
Thirdly, Celebrating the Maulid, apart from being an innovation and emulating the Christians, it is also a means that leads to excessiveness and exaggeration in magnifying the Prophet (peace be upon him) which leads to calling him in dua, and seeking safety from him other than Allah, as we witness in the case of many that love celebrating the Prophet’s birthday. The prophet said: “Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I am only a Slave. So, call me the Slave of Allah and His Apostle.” (Bukhari)
Allah says: “O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth …” (Suratu Nisai :171)
Fourth: The revival of innovation opens the door for many other innovation and and being diverted by that away from the Sunnah. That is why innovationists are active in reviving bid’ah and they would not have left an innovation except with indulging in another and such produces excesses and exaggeration regarding the dead and other people, calling on them in dua till they erroneously believe that they can benefit and harm. With that they turn back to acts of jahiliyyah. Allah says: (“ويعبدون من دون الله ما لا يضّهم ولا ينفعهم ويقولون هؤلاء شفعاؤنا عند الله …” ( الزمر :3)
) “And they worship other than Allah that which neither harms them nor benefits them and they say, “These are our intercessors with Allah” Say, :Do you inform Allah of something He does not know in the heavens or on the earth? Exalted is He and High above what they associate with Him.” (Yunus 18)
“Unquestionably, for Allah is the pure religion. And those who take protectors besides Him [say], “We only worship them that they may bring us nearer to Allah in position.” Indeed, Allah will judge between them concerning that over which they differ. Indeed, Allah does not guide he who is a liar and [confirmed] disbeliever.” (Suratul Zumar: 3).
The Third category:
They are the people of the middle course between the two, they consider the long history of the practice of Mawlid celebration, that is based on the love of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and safeguarding balance which Islam preaches, especially in this present time that things have gone bad to the extent that, heads have turned to tails and the truth became falsehood, in addition to the task of taking people away from the destructive bid’ah. . Allah says:
(“ادعو الى سبيل ربّك بالحكمة والموعظة حسنة “) “Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instructions.” (Surat Nahl: 125)
Based on this, this group gives these conditions to guide in the situation of the necessity of engaging in celebrating the prophet’s birthday conditions:
- Choosing only one day and that is the 12th Rabiul Awwal, the day the majority of Islamic scholars agreed that it is the day the Prophet was born. And it should not be done from Rabiul Awwal to shaban as they do presently.
- Being time conscious
- Avoid extravagance in spending
- Avoid free mixing between males and females in the gathering.
- Avoid over eulogizing the Prophet
- Observing solah to time during the course of their celebration
- Using the opportunity to teach people the prophet history and encourage them to emulate him (peace be upon him)
In order to see Muslims jealousy on the religion of Allah and His prophet (pbuh) so that his love breed following him, obeying the dos and abstaining from the donts in word, action and character.
The concerned Muslim about his religion should realize that his love for the prophet (pbuh) is premised on following the Sunnah and compliance with the instructions, and withdrawing from warnings, in both words and actions. Moreso, he should not confined the remembrance of the prophet to a season or the other, Allah has indeed raise the prophet remembrance by mentioning his name after Allah’s name in a countless ways in acts of ibadah such as in Adhan, Iqamah, Khutbah.
The greatest manifestation of our love for the Prophet is to obey him (pbuh), revive his Sunnah aside celebration.
If your love for him is truthful, you will obey him (pbuh) because a lover obeys his belovedth.
All praise to Allah, may the peace and blessing be upon the prophet and those that follow his footsteps.
Brothers in faith, one of the known facts is that the months of the year is twelve; the first month is Muharram and last is Dhul Hijjah, the hadith established the virtue of Muharran and benefits of fasting in the first ten days of Muharram, virtue of Ramadan and ten days of Dhul Hijjah generally.
But, in case of any specific evidence, we dont have that except on Ramadan, sacred months, also we dont have proof for giving every month specific virtue but on 12 Rabiul Awwal, we have proofs that it was the day he was born, raised and received revelation. As we have evidence that Monday is a day we fast because prophet Muhammad was not only born therein but also that he want his actions/deeds are raised while fasting.
With all these, we do not have evidence for specifying a month for a particular worship that will differentiate it from other months there is No Salat, No fasting, No ‘Umrah, and No other rites of religion except the tradition of the weekly fasting every Monday, and that is on every Monday of all months.
Secondly: Dear worshippers of Allah, the UN commemorates INTERNATIONAL DAY TO END IMPUNITY FOR CRIMES AGAINST JOURNALISTS on the 2nd of November annually. Dear faithful, journalism has significant and big role to play in the reformation of the society including:
Spreading good, fighting against corruption, exposing misconceptions, enjoining good and forbidding evil, etc. Islam condemns every attack and violence against journalists and every media practitioner. We enjoin the international communities to strive with all their ability to stop violence against journalists and the killings and charging offenders to court.