A-Qur’an: Preface to Surat-ul-Mursalat

  1. Place of revelation: It was revealed to the prophet in Makkah
  2. of verses: It contains 50 verses
  3. Naming: It is named Al-Mursalat (violent winds that follow in quick succession) with which Allah swore in the beginning of the surah.
  4. Correlation with the surah that preceded (i.e. Surah Al-Insan): It correlates with the surah that preceded in two ways:
    1. At the end of last surah (i.e. Surah Al-Insan), Allah promised the righteous believer with paradise and threatened the criminals with a painful torment when He said: He will admit to His Mercy whom He will and as for the wrong-doers He has prepared a painful punishment[16]; in the beginning of this surah, Allah explains the promise when He said: Indeed, what you are promised is to occur then He started enumerating the threats and punishments.
    2. In the last surah, Allah described the believers more than He did about the disbelievers; in this surah, he described the disbelievers more than the believers.
  1. Contents
    1. This surah discusses matters of creed as known for surahs revealed during early period of Islam in Makkah.
    2. The reality of resurrection and the capacity of Allah to fulfill His promise to the righteous believers and criminal disbelievers. Those who have denied the Day will be very regretful when it comes to reality; Allah said: Woe, that Day, to the deniers.[17]
    3. The punishment that will befall the criminals when Allah said: [They will be told], “Proceed to that which you used to deny.[18]
    4. Description of the pious believers and the different honours and goodness made ready for them in the place of eternity (i.e. Paradise).
    5. What prevents the disbelievers from worshiping Allah? This is because of their attachment to worldly enjoyment and their criminal acts. Worship is submission and compliance with the laws of Allah; the disbelievers want unrestricted freedom to eat and enjoy as freely as animals.

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُدْخِلُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الأنْهَارُ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأْكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ الأنْعَامُ وَالنَّارُ مَثْوًى لَهُمْ

Indeed, Allah will admit those who have believed and done righteous deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow, but those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as animals eat, and the Fire will be a residence for them.[19]

Persistence on sins make hearts becomes sealed from taking admonition to an extent that will surprise a preacher.

الَّذِينَ يُكَذِّبُونَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ (١١) وَمَا يُكَذِّبُ بِهِ إِلا كُلُّ مُعْتَدٍ أَثِيمٍ (١٢) إِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِ آيَاتُنَا قَالَ أَسَاطِيرُ الأوَّلِينَ (١٣) كَلا بَلْ رَانَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ (١٤)

  1. those who deny the Day of recompense. 12. and none can deny it except every transgressor beyond bounds 13. when Our verses (of the Qur’an) are recited to him he says: “Tales of the ancients!” 14. Nay! but on their hearts is the Raan (covering of sins and criminal acts) which they used to earn.[20]
  1. Virtues: The following hadiths were reported on the virtues of this surah:
    1. Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim reported from Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: We were with the messenger of Allah in a valley at Minna when al-Mursalat was revealed and he was reciting it very fluently and I learnt it from him. A snake was passing and the prophet said: kill it! We rushed to kill it but it escaped from us, then the prophet said: it was saved from your harm just as you were saved from his harm.
    2. Imam Ahmad reported from ibn Abbas from his mother that he heard the prophet recite Al-Mursalat in solat magrib.
    3. Imam Malik, Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim also narrated similar hadiths that the prophet recited this surah Al-Mursalat so often in solat magrib.

[1] Surat-ul-Nahl (Q16:120)

[2] Surat-ul-An’am (Q6:74-83)

[3] Surat-ul-Ankabut (Q29:69)

[4] See Surat-ul-Tawbah (Q9:30)

[5] Surat-ul-Imran (Q3:67)

[6] If one dies with it without repentance.

[7] فتح المجيد شرح كتاب التوحيد  pg. 119 (Arabic reference)

[8] Surat-ul-Baqarah (Q2:124)

[9] See Q28:4 and Q10:83

[10] He was given a scripture (i.e. Injil) and he performed miracles.

[11] Surat-ul-Baqarah (Q2:258)

[12] Solat or dua (supplication). However, solat is the best form of supplication.

[13] Surat-ul-Baqarah (Q2:153)

[14] Surat-ul-Baqarah (Q2:131)

[15] Allah prescribed Islam for humanity from Adam, but the mode in which it is being practice today started with prophet Ibrahim.

[16] Surat-ul-Insan 31

[17] Surat-ul-Mursalat (Q77:28

[18] Surat-ul-Mursalat (Q77:29)

[19] Surat-ul-Muhammad (Q47:12)

[20] Surat-ul-Mutaffifin (Q83:11-14)

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