IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
BEING THE FOURTH KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF JUMADAL-THAANIYAH 24/J.TH./1440AH (1ST/MAR/2019CE)
ADVICE FOR BOTH LOSERS AND WINNERS IN THE LAST ELECTIONS; “ye may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor be overjoyous over favours bestowed upon you.”
All praise are due to Allah, the lord of the worlds that gives power to whom He pleases as a trial, and He stripes off power from whom He pleases as a trial. He says in His Book: : (مَا أَصَابَ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَبْرَأَهَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ * لِكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَى مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ) “No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence: That is truly easy for Allah. 23. In order that ye may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favours bestowed upon you. For Allah loveth not any vainglorious boaster.” (57: 22- 23) We thank Him, belief in Him, and have reliance in Him. I testify there is no god but Allah alone, He has no partner, and I testify that Muhammad (pbuh) is his servant and messenger. We invoke the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, companions and whoever follows them in goodness till the day of recompense.Dear Muslims, I enjoin you and I to fear Allah in the secret and the open, for that is the desired objective of all acts of worship and obedience, in accordance with the words of Allah: (يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُون). “O ye people! Adore your Guardian-Lord, who created you and those who came before you, that ye may have the chance to learn righteousness. (2: 21)”.
Brothers of Faith, this is the fourth meet of the month of Jumada Thaaniyyah, 1440 H, and we are still on our political electoral issues, especially regarding the general elections in our beloved country Nigeria, the heart of Africa and its great giant and proud feat. Last week, we spoke at length on Satisfaction in the decree of Allah, and surrendering to His will. Practically, this is the time to implement last week’s lesson. Winners and losers have emerged, with the announcement of the winner of the Presidential elections by INEC. Therefore, today’s topic is ADVICE FOR BOTH LOSERS AND WINNERS IN LAST ELECTION; do not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favours bestowed upon you.
Honoured Muslims, there is no trial in this world except that it has been predestined by Allah, either it could be trials that occur on earth such as drought and famine or poor harvest of farm produce, spoilage of crops, shortage of produce, inflation of prices, persistent hunger, or trials that affect lives, such as sickness, poverty, narrowed life, death of children, loss in elections, all those are written in the protected tablet before creation.
That is truly easy for Allah – meaning the firmness in the book, despite its abundance, and His knowledge about matters before their occurrence. Easy for Allah, it is not difficult, because Allah is the Creator, most aware of His creature, He knows what has occurred and what has not occurred. It is reported that: “He who knows the secret of Allah regarding destiny, trials will be humbled to him.” Scholars have used this verse to support that Allah is aware of event before its occurrence.
All issues, events, and calamities are linked to Allah, the originator, not to anyone among mankind in reality. The messenger of Allah says: “The pen is dried regarding what will happen till the day of retribution.” The following two verses : (مَا أَصَابَ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَبْرَأَهَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ * لِكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَى مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ) “No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence: That is truly easy for Allah. 23. In order that ye may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favours bestowed upon you. For Allah loveth not any vainglorious boaster.” (57: 22- 23) point to the following realities:
1- Everything in existence is by the command of Allah, the Exalted, and every calamity is known by Allah, the Exalted, written in the protected tablet before its occurrence, He protects all that, and the knowledge of that is easy for Allah, the Exalted.
2- If it means that everything has been written, destined and it could not be repelled, then calamities become humbled before mankind. They should comply with the command, not to be grieved over anything they missed in their provision, and they should not be over joyous over favour granted them in life. Ikrimah reported from Ibn Abbass: “There is none except that he grieves and rejoices, but the believer turns his calamity to patience, and his gains to gratitude. However the type of grief and joy prohibited is that which transgresses a person to forbidden things. As earlier explained, the kind of joy that is blamable is that which leads to arrogance and conceit. And the forbidden kind of grief is that which takes the person from patience and submission to the command of Allah the Exalted, and hope in the reward for the patients.
3- Allah is displeased with every arrogant person in the favour he has in this world, who is miserly to people. Allah is not pleased with such and He shall punish him. (وَتِلْكَ الْأَيَّامُ نُداوِلُها بَيْنَ النَّاسِ) “Such days (of varying fortunes) We give to men and men by turns.” (3: 140). If a day is for a person, tomorrow it changes, …
For those who lost among the candidates, “do not despair over what you missed.” You should express satisfaction in this trial, surrendering to the will of Allah, the Exalted, who causes laughter and weeping, He gives power to whom He pleases, and He stripes off power from whom He pleases, and He is most aware of what benefits His servants most. (وَعَسَى أَنْ تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ وَعَسَى أَنْ تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُون) “But it is possible that ye dislike a thing which is good for you, and that ye love a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knoweth, and ye know not.” (2:216)
There is no need to cause chaos in the land due to loss in the elections: (وَلا تَبْغِ الْفَسادَ فِي الْأَرْضِ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَ) “And seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief.” (28:77)
For those who were victorious in the elections, (وَلا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ) “nor exult over favours bestowed upon you” Be aware that victory is a favour from Allah and a trial. (فَأَمَّا الْإِنْسانُ إِذا مَا ابْتَلاهُ رَبُّهُ فَأَكْرَمَهُ وَنَعَّمَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَكْرَمَنِ (15) وَأَمَّا إِذا مَا ابْتَلاهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَهانَنِ) “Now, as for man, when his Lord trieth him, giving him honour and gifts, then saith he, (puffed up), “My Lord hath honoured me.” But when He trieth him, restricting his subsistence for him, then saith he (in despair), “My Lord hath humiliated me!” (89: 15- 16)
Be aware also that these positions are trust, responsibility, as well as humiliation and regret on the day of judgement except for he who uphold it with its right and discharge its obligation.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, who promises His grateful servants of additional favours, He says:
(لَئِنْ شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ، وَلَئِنْ كَفَرْتُمْ، إِنَّ عَذابِي لَشَدِيدٌ) “If ye are grateful, I will add more (favours) unto you; But if ye show ingratitude, truly My punishment is terrible indeed.” (14:7) May His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, family, companions and all believers till the last hour.
O servants of Allah, it obligatory upon all Nigerians to be grateful to Allah over the acceptance of their prayers regarding the last elections to which hitherto was a great level of fear and apprehension. However Allah made it easy due to the supplications of the believers day and night. Despite the occurrence of some skirmishes in some areas, Allah eventually eased the entire process. We beseech Allah to perfect acceptance of our prayer over the concluding part of the elections which is to hold next week for the gubernatorial and states’ houses of assembly.
Duties in Rajab
Dear Muslims, today is the last Friday in Jumada thaaniyyah, next Friday shall be in Rajab, which is one of the sacred months. Allah says: “The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)- so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein, and fight the Pagans all together as they fight you all together. But know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves.” (9: 36). The Prophet-peace be upon him have explained it thus: “…three are successive; dhul-qa’dah, dhul- hijjah and Muharram, and one single which is the month of Rajab.” This has been used as evidence by those who say it occurs in two years. It has been reported in the hadith of Ibn Umar in the marfuu’ grade that: “the first of them is Rajab. In the chain is Musa bn Ubaydah regarded as very weak in his memory. It has been reported from the people of Madinah that they consider it to be in two years, the first being Dhul Qa’dah, then Dhul Hijjah, the Muharram and Rajab as the last.
It was reported in the hadith of Anas that the Prophet (SAWS) said: “Oh Allah, bless us in Rajab and Sha’baan and preserve us till Ramadan.” Abu Ismail Al-Ansori said: There is no sound hadith on the virtue of Rajab other than this hadith. But there is view on his statement, because the hadith is weak. However, although it has weakness in its chain, it shows that it is permissible to ask Allah to prolong your life to a more blessed time so that you can perform good deeds during that time.
Some rulings regarding Rajab, regarding solat, zakat, fasting and umrah:
1- Prayer on particular days of Rajab: There are no authentic narrations about the Prophet (SAWS) regarding a specific prayer designated for the month of Rajab. There are several narrations regarding ‘salaatul raghaa’ib’ during the first Jum’ah night of Rajab but they are weak narrations with no validity. Such a prayer is considered an innovation by the majority of scholars but not all of them. Ibn Jawzee and Abu Bakr as-Sam’aani are amongst the latter-day scholars who mention this. The rulings on salaatul raghaa’ib were not mentioned by earlier scholars because the practice did not appear until about the fifth century of the Hijra.
2- Fasting during Rajab: There is nothing authentic reported directly from or about the Prophet (SAWS) or any of the companions regarding fasting during specific days of the month of Rajab. However, there is a report about Abu Qalaaba that he said: “There is a castle in paradise for those who fast during the month of Rajab.” According to al-Baihaqi, Abu Qalaaba being one of the luminaries of the taabi’een would not have said such a thing unless he received it from one of the companions. It was reported in a narration Mujeeba al-Baahiliyyah about her father that the Prophet (SAWS) said: “fast some days of the sacred months and leave some days. Three times[ Abu Dawud and others]” Narrated Azhar bn Sa’eed Al-jamhee from his mother who asked ‘Aishah regarding the fasting in Rajab, and she said: “If you wish to fast, then fast sha’baan.”.
3- Zakaat during the Month of Rajab: Some Muslim countries and communities have become accustomed to collecting and paying zakaat during the month of Rajab. Such a practice is permissible as the zakaat is due annually and needs to be paid. However, there is no basis for singling out Rajab for zakaat in the Sunna of the Prophet (SAWS). This alone does not make it prohibited to do so because zakaat is due annually and its payment is based upon reaching the nisaab of a year and not a particular date. However it was reported about Uthmaan ibn Afaan that during his term as Caliph that he ascended the pulpit and said: “Oh people, this is the month of your zakaat, so whoever amongst you has a debt, then he should pay his debt.[ Muwatta]” Other scholars say that zakaat should be paid in the month of Muharram because it marks the beginning of the year and some of the jurists say the Muharram is the time when the imam should dispatch the people to collect the zakaat. Others say that zakaat should be paid during the month of Ramadan because of the sheer virtue of Ramadan and the virtue of charity during the month of Ramadan. The fact of the matter is that zakaat is due after the nisaab has reached a year. Once a person’s holdings have reached the level of nisaab, the zakaat is due on that wealth, regardless of the month. If he quicken the payment of his zakat before the time in the year, then that is acceptable by the majority of scholars, irrespective of whether the quickening was to benefit from a time of honour or to be charitable to a needy person, or due to the difficulty of paying it at the right time, thus it will mean that sepating the lenghtiness of the year is more easy on him. Mujahid have pronounced permissibility of hastening the zakat payment in the manner described and that represents the opinion of the majority.
4- Umrah during Rajab: Once ibn Umar narrated that the Prophet (SAWS) performed umrah during Rajab, Aisha was present and repudiated what Ibn Umar said, he heard her repudiate it and didn’t object[ sahih al-Bukhaari.]. Umar ibn al-Khattaab and other companions used to like to perform umrah during Rajab. Aisha used to do it as well as Abdullah ibn Umar. Ibn Seereen reports that the Salaf used to do it. Thus there is no harm performing Umrah during the month of Rajab or any other month. The best of rites is to perform hajj on a journey and the umrah with another journey other than the period of hajj. That is in compliance with the prescribed hajj and umrah. Thus is said by majority of the companions like Umar, Ali and others.
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”NM