Al-Qur’an: Suratul Insaan 13-22

Al-Qur’an: Suratul Insaan 13-22

أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم

Interpretation of the meaning

  1. [They will be] reclining therein on adorned couches. They will not see therein any [burning] sun or [freezing] cold.
  2. And near above them are its shades, and its [fruit] to be picked will be lowered in compliance.
  3. And there will be circulated among them vessels of silver and cups having been [created] clear [as glass],
  4. Clear glasses [made] from silver of which they have determined the measure.
  5. And they will be given to drink a cup [of wine] whose mixture is of ginger (Zanjabeela)
  6. [From] a fountain within Paradise named Salsabeel.
  7. There will circulate among them young boys made eternal. When you see them, you would think them [as beautiful as] scattered pearls.
  8. And when you look there [in Paradise], you will see pleasure and great dominion.
  9. Upon the inhabitants will be green garments of fine silk and brocade. And they will be adorned with bracelets of silver, and their Lord will give them a pure drink.
  10. [And it will be said], “Indeed, this is for you a reward, and your effort has been appreciated.”

Title

مساكن أهل الجنة وأشربتهم وخدمهم وألبستهم

ABODE OF THE PEOPLE OF PARADISE, THEIR DRINKS, THE SERVICES THEY WILL ENJOY AND THEIR CLOTHINGS

 Cause of revelation (verse 20)

أخرج ابن المنذر عن عكرمة قال: دخل عمر بن الخطاب على النّبي صلّى الله عليه وسلّم، وهو راقد على حصير من جريد، وقد أثّر في جنبه، فبكى عمر فقال: ما يبكيك؟ قال: ذكرت كسرى وملكه، وهرمز، وصاحب الحبشة وملكه، وأنت رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم على حصير من جريد، فقال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم: أما ترضى أن لهم الدنيا، ولنا الآخرة، فأنزل الله تعالى: وَإِذا رَأَيْتَ ثَمَّ رَأَيْتَ نَعِيماً وَمُلْكاً كَبِيراً.

Ibn Mundhir reported from Ikrimah: Umar ibn Khataab entered into the prophet while he was sleeping on a rough mat which made marks on his side, Umar wept, the prophet asked why he was weeping and he said: I remembered Kisra and Najashi with their kingdom of wealth, and you are the messenger of Allah on a rough mat; the prophet responded and said: Will you not be pleased that for them is this world and for us the Hereafter? Then Allah revealed the verse: And when you look there [in Paradise], you will see pleasure and great dominion.

 Explanations

  1. After He described the noble characteristics of the righteous in the preceding verses, Allah continued by enumerating the reward that will be due to them. This reward will be rightly due to all sincere servants that have patiently fulfilled their righteousness until death.
  2. Whoever believes in God and never belied[1] any of His messengers but sincerely keeps his duties to Him will enjoy the best of rewards in the afterlife.
  3. Again[2], righteousness is to keep away from causing harm to others subtly[3], brutally[4] or otherwise[5] and increasing goodness, all sincerely for the sake of obeying the commandments of Allah, fear of His punishments and seeking the blissful rewards with Him. Surely, Allah rewards His servants who are righteous and truly sincere.
  4. The righteous believers, who fulfil their promises, feed the hungry and spend from the wealth they love for themselves will be saved from the doom of afterlife and admitted into the garden to relax and enjoy the wonderful climate and cover.
  5. Paradise is not a place of work or job; therefore, there is no need for an office-like serious type of sitting. The believers will be sitting in a resting position, relaxed and enjoying the reward of their work, looking at the various unprecedented and interesting wonders in their abode.
  6. Places on some continents are exceedingly cold and some are exceedingly hot, other places where the climates are preferably moderate are also affected by seasonal changes. These climate diversity and changes are connected with the movements of sun and moon. The sun and the moon together with other stars will also be destroyed at the end of the world[6]. These significant changes will bring us to a completely new world of reality – the world of the Afterlife.
  7. How interesting will it be to enter into a garden and witness a climate without a sun and moon! Where will the light come from; the heat required for life, the rain that grow seeds, the crescent that increases by days, the stars that twinkle at night? All of these are gone but life continues with a new set of interesting wonders and amusements[7]. How wonderful is the Might of Allah!
  8. The fruits and other provisions in paradise will be obtainable with little effort for believers to enjoy it in the fullest. When the effort or struggle to attain success is much, it depreciates its full enjoyment; in this case, the most part of the gain or success will be used to replace and replenish the energy lost, before the enjoyment of the little remainder. A wife that put all efforts to prepare a delicious dish may not enjoy it as much as the husband who relaxes to be served. In paradise, there will be no effort to attain our wishes. Fruits will be lowered in compliance and foods will be served by readily available young boys provided for this purpose, they will never complain of tiredness nor show any hesitation to instructions.
  9. The believers have been prohibited from the luxuries[8] of this world as a measure against preoccupation with excessive wealth that will prevent them from seeking righteousness required to guarantee their place in paradise. These luxuries will be provided fully in paradise as a benevolent reward for their patience and sacrifice in life.
  10. A mixture of pure sweet wine with ginger or Kafur will also be available for the believers. When mixed with ginger it will be hot, when mixed with Kafur it will be cold. What a wonderful drink! This is not an intoxicant; it is a soothing drink of high quality and satisfying taste. This drink formed a fountain called Salsabeel.
  11. What is Salsabeel?  This is a word that will astonish any student of Arabic linguistics. What is more, an Arab exegete of the Qur’an, ibn Al-Arabi, who mastered the various disciplines of the Arabic language said: “I have never found such word except in the Qur’an”[9]. This is a unique literary miracle of the Qur’an. However, separating the components of the word may bring us closer to its meaning; ‘sabeel’ mean ‘way to something’, the preceding prefix ‘sa’ is usually used to mean ‘near’; therefore we may conclude that it mean “a near fountain” or “a fountain not far from reach”
  12. In paradise, every believer is a master. Adorned in the best regalia, surrounded by obedient servants, and provided with any kind of luxury at his/her first instruction.
  13. The believers realize the blessings of their Lord and obey His commandments to fulfil righteousness as a token of appreciation. In paradise, their heedfulness will be fully rewarded as a due appreciation in reciprocation.
  14. Glory to Allah who rewards righteousness in full measure.
  15. May Allah protect our correct faith in the midst of misconceptions and assist us on righteousness until death in the midst of moral corruptions and admit us into the Garden to witness and enjoy all of these pleasures. Amin

[1] This is where the Jews and Christians fall apart from the true believers. Belying any of the messengers is tantamount to belying all of them; this is so because all the messengers brought the same message. They continue to arrogantly reject the last of the messengers (i.e. Prophet Muhammad) after all proofs of his prophethood have been made clear to them, either by the inimitability of the Qur’an, or the conformity of his message with the previous uncorrupted divine messages, to the apparent invincibility of his message within various sophisticated challenges. Furthermore, their arrogance and insincerity against belief is evident in their several attempts to corrupt the true religion (i.e. Islam) and its sacred text. They do this because they only wish to accept a religion they have customized/corrupted to their wish as against the Will of their Creator. Had they been successful to corrupt Islam as they did to Judaism and Christianity, they would have rushed to accept it; Alas! All their plots to corrupt Islam from within have failed, and they resorted to corrupting it from outside with various misconceptions. Some Muslims have been caught in the midst of these misconceptions while many others keep their faith and maintain their true righteousness. All of these are only sincere admonitions for those who wish to purify themselves with correct faith, work righteousness on a true Guidance and enjoy the bliss of afterlife.

[2] Righteousness has been explained in detail in the verses of the Quran in the previous edition (Rajab 1435).

[3] Subtle harms like gossips, slander, rumour mongering, beauty flaunting, intimidations and threats. They tarnish personality, cause temptations and destroy inner peace.

[4] Brutalities like physical assaults, gang robbery, street fighting, bullying and other forms of hooliganism.

[5] Some harm like rape combines both psychological and physical harms to the victim. The influence of the psychological harm may be strong enough to destroy the uprightness of the victim’s personality for the rest of her life.

[6] Refer to: Surat-ul-Qiyamah 9; Surat-ul-Infitaar 2

[7] The Qur’an promised some wonders and amusements of this life for the people of paradise, yet, the magnitude and quality are not of the same kind. Q2:25

[8] The believers are only allowed to seek moderate provisions to sustain a comfortable living. Any greed for luxuries (i.e. decorations with diamonds, silvers and gold; riding the most expensive car, etc) is condemned.

[9] Tafseer al-Muneer by Dr. Wahbatu Zuhaili vol. 29 pg. 298

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