Aqeedah: Al-Aud (A pond close to paradise)

Aqeedah: Al-Aud (A pond close to paradise)

Preamble

Allah has promised to grant many favours to the prophet on the Day of Judgment. One of those many grants is this pond. The following paragraphs will try to share some knowledge on the pond and explain on the characteristics of those who will benefit from it as well as those who will be prevented from it. May Allah count us among those who will drink from the pond and never go thirsty thereafter.

Definition

It is a pond, cistern, fount or spring of water that will be made available for the true believers[1] among the ummah[2] of Prophet Muhammad to drink from on the Day of Gathering[3]. It is an extension of Al-Kawthar[4] granted to the prophet.

Description

It was described in the Shariah[5] with the following characteristics:

Taste: sweeter than honey.

Smell: pleasant than al-misk[6].

Colour: whiter than milk; brighter than snow.

The cups for drinking: as many as the number of stars in the sky.

Source: from Al-Kawthar river in paradise

Effect/impact: whoever takes a sip from it will never again be thirsty.

Shape: a square shape; a side equal to the distance of a month’s journey or a distance between adan and aila[7].

 The place and timing

The scholars of Islam differ on when and at which stage the event of drinking from this pond will take place on the Day of Judgment.

Imam Bukhari listed in his collection of hadiths about this pond after the hadiths concerning passing on As-Siraat[8]bridge. This is an indication to his view that its occurrence will be after passing on the bridge. But Imams Qurtubi and Gazali differed with confidence and came to a conclusion that this event of drinking from the pond will take place before passing on As-Siraat. This was because of other hadiths that some people will be prevented from drinking, which indicate that not only people who were saved from Hell (by successfully passing over the bridge) will come to the pond. Those who will be prevented from the pond were the apostates; they will fall in Hell when passing through As-Siraat.

 True believers will be identified with their lights from prostration and ablution

وَحَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ طَارِقٍ، عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ حِرَاشٍ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّ حَوْضِي لأَبْعَدُ مِنْ أَيْلَةَ مِنْ عَدَنٍ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنِّي لأَذُودُ عَنْهُ الرِّجَالَ كَمَا يَذُودُ الرَّجُلُ الإِبِلَ الْغَرِيبَةَ عَنْ حَوْضِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَتَعْرِفُنَا قَالَ ‏”‏ نَعَمْ تَرِدُونَ عَلَىَّ غُرًّا مُحَجَّلِينَ مِنْ آثَارِ الْوُضُوءِ لَيْسَتْ لأَحَدٍ غَيْرِكُمْ ‏

Hudhaifa reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: My Aud (pond) is bigger than the space between Aila and Adan. By Him in Whose Hand is my soul, I will drive away persons (from it) just as a person drives away unknown camels from his pond. They (the companions) said: Messenger of Allah, would you recognize us? He said: Yes, you would come to me with white faces, and white hands and feet on account of the traces of ablution. None but you would have (this mark).[9]

 Those who will be prevented from the pond

  1. Those who separated themselves from the community of Muslims:
  • Kawaarij: They were the first group to split-off from the community of Muslims. They considered their opinions infallible and superior to that of the closest companions of the prophet. They innovated in the matter of creed.
  • Shiites: These people were extreme in their love for Ali bn Abi Taalib and his descendants. They fabricate traditions to support and justify their separation from the rest of the ummah.
  • Mu’tazilites: They were initially students of Imam Hassan Basri (may Allah be pleased with him) before they accepted shaytan’s deception to misguidance and interpret the sacred text of Islam through Greek philosophical arguments. They argue and reject the revealed knowledge with the scholars for Greek philosophy that gave precedence to human intellect over the revealed knowledge from Allah.
  • Baatinites: These were those who gave internal special meaning to clear messages.
  • Those who rejoice in corruption and injustice

Injustice and corruption is crime but worse than that is to shamelessly perpetrate such in the public. This was so because of the temptation and encouragement that may affect others from it, therefore two evils will be involved.

  • Those who prevent the truth

It is arrogant to reject the truth but worse than that is to prevent it from spreading.

  • Those who attack the nobility of the scholars

The noble scholars are models for true followers of the religion. Any attempt to tarnish their image will be tantamount to an attack on the religion. They are humans capable of errors and mistakes; the clear explanations from the Qur’an and Sunnah are enough to save any Muslim from blind followership.

  • Those who rejoice in major sins
  • Those who took kufaar as role model

[1]Those who constantly guard their religion (faith, worships, morals, etc) from corruption with sincerity.

[2]Ummah: meaning ‘nation’, followers of every messenger of Allah. It generally refers to all humankind since the time of the prophet and specifically refers to the Muslims. The last definition is intended herein.

[3]Another name for the Day of Judgment.

[4]Al-Kawthar is a glorious river in paradise. It has been granted to the prophet. Refer to Qur’an chapter 108

[5]The body of Islamic laws.

[6]Al-misk is the best perfume of the Arab at the time of the prophet. Some said it is now extinct. Others said it is only metaphorical. Literally translated as musk

[7]adan and aila:Two cities in Jordan

[8] As-Siraat is a bridge spread over Hell that leads to paradise. Passing on the bridge over the Hell to Paradise is one of the terminal stages of events on the Day of Resurrection.

[9]Sahih Muslim 248

 

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