Hadith: Al-Murooqobah (God Consciousness)
عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، قَالَ: «إِنَّكُمْ لَتَعْمَلُونَ أَعْمَالًا، هِيَ أَدَقُّ فِي أَعْيُنِكُمْ مِنَ الشَّعَرِ، إِنْ كُنَّا لَنَعُدُّهَا عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِنَ المُوبِقَاتِ» قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ: «يَعْنِي بِذَلِكَ المُهْلِكَاتِ»
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: You indulge in (bad) actions which are more insignificant to you than a hair while we considered them at the time of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) to be great destroying sins.
(Sahih Bukhari no. 6492)
Careful examination shows that this narration was a statement by a Sahaabi (Anas ibn Maalik) and not attributed to the prophet. However, it still met the following criteria of hadith: (1) Statement of the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) (2) its actions (3) what he asserted or approved (4) his description, actual or deductible, from his words or actions, while awake or asleep (4) what was reliably attributed to a sahaabi or a taabihi in sayings or actions.
This narration met with the fourth condition. It is also found in the most authentic hadith book of reference.
Addaku: in the superlative form to indicate the level of negligence
Mina sha’r: in the comparative form, compared to a strand of hair to show the high level of insignificance associated.
Mu’biqoot: it means mu’likaat (what destroys)
Another hadith that conveyed similar message
عن سهل بن سعد قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إياكم ومحقرات الذنوب كقوم نزلوا في بطن واد فجاء ذا بعود وجاء ذا بعود حتى أنضجوا خبزتهم وإن محقرات الذنوب متى يؤخذ بها صاحبها تهلكه
Sahl ibn Sa’d narrated that Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Beware of sins which are treated as being minor, just like a people who encamp in the centre of a valley, so someone brings a stick of firewood and someone else brings a stick until they are, therefore, able to bake their bread. Likewise, sins which are treated as being minor, and for which the person is taken to account, will destroy him.”
(Ahmad no. 21742)
عن عائشة ” أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال لها يا عائشة إياك ومحقرات الذنوب فإن لها من الله طالبا
The prophet said to Aisha: Be wary of sins that were considered to be minor because there enough to be accounted for
(Sahih ibn Hibbaan)
The overall importance of this hadith is its message of awareness on constant re-evaluation and the superiority of the sahabah with their high level of moral alertness.
An appropriate title for this hadith may be summarized as: The Dangers in Qualitative Selection of Sins
To constantly guard the limits of Allah. Man must always be carefully conscious of his sayings, actions and intentions to avert regret and the associated bitter consequences.
Imam ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah in his book madaariju saalikin said: A man will be consciously aware when he constantly workswith the information that the two recording angels are always present with him.
A saying from the English: “Every human goes mad for five seconds” was a conclusion of their observations on the craziness demonstrated in their secular societies. This is an uncommon observation from the societies governed by the Islamic Godly principles and moral ideals.
Fruits of Muraqoba
One who constantly employs this practice will enjoy:
- Constant state of alertness and awareness
- Immunity against major mistakes
- Joy of calmness from the state of non-regret
الَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ إِلا اللَّمَمَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ وَاسِعُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ إِذْ أَنْشَأَكُمْ مِنَ الأرْضِ وَإِذْ أَنْتُمْ أَجِنَّةٌ فِي بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ فَلا تُزَكُّوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اتَّقَى
Those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, only [committing] slight ones. Indeed, your Lord is vast in forgiveness. He was most knowing of you when He produced you from the earth and when you were fetuses in the wombs of your mothers. So do not claim yourselves to be pure; He is most knowing of who fears Him.
A lesson from our invention
A case study of a supermarket with a vivid inscription on it entrance gate that CCTV cameras were installed in every corner. Will any intelligent individual who enters for shoppingdare to hide any item? The answer is an obvious NO. Same applies to the one who constantly take heed from admonitions and guard against the limit of Allah; he will never be victim of a sin or mistake that will cause him hell.
Abu Ayuub Al-Ansari said: A man may engage in major righteous deeds and feel comfortable and excited with that until he neglects and looks down on minor deeds. This will leave his required major deeds unguarded from corruption until he is condemned to punishment with Allah; surely, superogatory and minor deeds are guards for the obligatory major ones. Also, a man may engage in minor sins but with consciousness that makes him to assess and amend constantly until he was guarded and saved from major sins.
A man who constantly assesses himself will notice his deficiencies in the negligence of superogatory acts of worship and make amends before the obligatory ones are affected.
وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ…
… and know that Allâh knows what is In Your minds, so fear Him. and know that Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
وَاتَّقِينَ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدًا…
… and keep Your duty to Allâh. Verily, Allâh is ever AllWitness over everything.
هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى عَلَى الْعَرْشِ يَعْلَمُ مَا يَلِجُ فِي الأرْضِ وَمَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا وَمَا يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَمَا يَعْرُجُ فِيهَا وَهُوَ مَعَكُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُمْ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ (٤)
It is He who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth and what emerges from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends therein; and He is with you wherever you are. And Allah, of what you do, is Seeing.
الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ
Does he not know that Allah sees?
(Suratul ‘Alaq 14)
وَاصْبِرْ لِحُكْمِ رَبِّكَ فَإِنَّكَ بِأَعْيُنِنَا وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ
And be patient, [O Muhammad], for the decision of your Lord, for indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord when you arise.
وَأَنْذِرْهُمْ يَوْمَ الآزِفَةِ إِذِ الْقُلُوبُ لَدَى الْحَنَاجِرِ كَاظِمِينَ مَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ حَمِيمٍ وَلا شَفِيعٍ يُطَاعُ
and warn them (O Muhammad) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the wrong-doers, who could be given heed to. Allâh knows the fraud of the eyes, and All that the breasts conceal.
Junaid was a sufi sheikh, he said: one who constantly watches over his deeds will be disturbed after he realizes his misdeeds even if only in one minute.
Tha’labah was a sahabi who was sent on an errand by the prophet, one day while urinating he caught a glance of a woman taking a bath, but instead of turning his sight away immediately to absolve himself from the sin with the excuse of an unintentional first glance he rather fixed his glance for a while before retracting. This was a cause of regret for him until his death, he wept bitterly until he passed away on the journey.
Ibrahim kawaas said: This murooqobah means to surrender one’s hidden and open actions to Allah’s commandments.
Faces of murooqobah
- To constantly guard the known limits of Allah.
- To be dutiful to Allah and fulfill his commandments.
- To strive against belittling acts of worship and avoid negligence in them. Anasibn Malik said: No one will be absent from the congregation of solat in the lifetime of the prophet except a known hypocrite or those exempted on excuse of their obvious incapacity.
- To avoid deceit in all relationships and transactions, no matter what excuses we may be tempted to concoct.
- Avoiding lies.
Lessons from the hadith
- The superiority of the sahabah over other generations
- Indication showing significant decline of this Islamic moral act of worship amongst we muslims of today
- Not to belittle any of the commandments of Allah or the instructions of the prophet.
- Minor mistakes and sins will accumulate if this act of worship is neglected
- The significance of consciousness
- Teaches how to relate and succeed according to the dictates of Allah.