In The Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful
BEING THE SECOND SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RABEEUL-AWWAL DATED 11/3/1441 AH (8TH 11/2019 CE)
MUHAMMAD (BLESSINGS AND PEACE OF ALLAH BE ON HIM): MERCY TO THE ENTIRE UNIVERSE
All praises belong to Allah, the Lord of the Universe, the Beneficent the Merciful, the One who said in His infallible revelation that He revealed upon the best of His creature, our leader and master Muhammad, (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him):”And We have not sent you except as mercy for the entire universe” (Al-Anbiyaa : 107). We praise Him and seek His assistance and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of our souls and our misdeeds. Whoever Allah has guided is the one that is indeed guided. And whoever is led astray, then for such, there is no helper/protector that can guide him. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is Allah’s slave and messenger. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him and his household, his companions in general and those that follow them.
Thereafter, oh servants of Allah, I enjoin you and myself with the fear of Allah, the most Honourable and Majestic, in open and in secret, because it is the means achieving everything desirable in life and the hereafter. Indeed, Allah Subhanau wa-ta’lah has said: “And whosoever fears Allah, He makes a way out for Him. And He provides for him from places he does not expect” (At-Talaaq : 2-3).
Brothers in faith! This is our second meeting in the month of Rabeeul-Awwal, the month of the birth of the prophet, Muhammad (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him), based on the most established opinion of people of knowledge on his birth (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him). Last week, we talked about halting the celebration of the Mauluud Nabiyy and we elaborately discussed the views of scholars of old as well as contemporary ones, concerning the celebration of the birth of the noble prophet. We categorized them into those who supports it, those who opposes it and those who takes the middle position. Today in shaa Allah, we will centre our sermon around “Muhammad (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him): Mercy to the entire universe”.
And go and know oh Muslims that Allah, the most Honorable and Majestic indeed sent Muhammad (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) as a mercy unto the universe. Allah said: And We have not sent you except as mercy for the entire universe” (Al-Anbiyaa : 107), and those who believe in him (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) accepted this mercy and they appreciated it. Others who do not believe denied him and turned the mercy into denial and ungratefulness and rejected the Mercy and Favour of Allah.
Among the things that indicate that the Mercy of the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) is generally for the world is the hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), he said: “Somebody said: ‘Oh messenger of Allah, Curse the polytheist’. He (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) said, “I haven’t been sent as a curse, but indeed as a Mercy” (related by Muslim : 2599). And it has come in one hadith from Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with Him) from the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) that he said: “Indeed I am a Mercy” (Al-Albaani and Haakim declare it as authentic).
The prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) is merciful with the believers. Allah, the most High said: “There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer. (He is) concerned over you, and to the believers, he is kind and merciful”. (At-Taubah : 128). Allah the most High has certainly sent the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) to all mankind but he is from among the believer especially, they know his position and the they are able to take (the Deen) from him. The goal of his preaching is for them and his toil is to rectify and reform them. Whatever stresses them stresses him and he love good thing for them, striving hard in (the messages) he delivers to them and he is concerned about their guidance to Eeman. He hates that evil happens to them and he is the most kind and merciful to them, even more than their parents. For this reason, his rights on us precedes the right of all other creatures and believing in him, honouring him and respecting him is compulsory on the entire Ummah.
It is related from Jarir ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) said: “Whoever is not merciful to the people, Allah the most Honourable and Majestic will not be merciful to him” (related by Muslim : 2319). So Brothers in Islaam, his mercy (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) is for the entire mankind.
And from Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with both of them), he said the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) said: “Allah is Merciful to those that are merciful. Be merciful to those on the land and the One in Heaven will be Merciful unto you. The womb is named after the most Merciful (Allah), whoever joins it, Allah joins him and whoever cut off Allah cuts him (off)” (Tirmidhiyy).
And from Anas ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him), he said, An old man came to see the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) and the people did not make room for him, so the prophet (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) said: “He is not one of us who does not respect our old and does not have mercy on our young ones” (Tirmidhiyy)
His mercy (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) to the girl-child
Abi Saeed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him), he said, the Messenger of Allah (Blessings and Peace of Allah be on him) said: “A person will not have three daughters or three sisters, or two daughters ot two sisters, and he fears Allah with regards to them and he is good to them except that he enters al-Jannah”
His Kindness to the Orphans:
Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: One who looks after the orphan whether he is his relative or not, I and he would be together in Paradise like this, and Malik (explained it) with the gesture by drawing his index finger and middle finger close together. (Muslim 2983, Bukhari 605).
Abu Huraira reported that a man complained to the messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about the hardness of his heart, and he said to him: “Pat the orphan’s head, and feed the poor.” (Ahmad; 14/558, nos 9018, Imam Mundhiri in At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb 3/323: Ahmad )
His Kindness to the women and the weak:
Abu Huraira (R.A) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: “O Allah, I dislike he who is unjust to the rights of the two weak ones: the Orphan and the woman.” (Ibn Majah 3678)
His kindness – peace be upon him – to the widow and the poor:
Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: One who makes efforts (for earning to be spent) on a widow and the destitute is like a striver in the cause of Allah, and I think he also said: He is like one who constantly stands for prayer and observes fast without breaking it.
His mercy – peace be upon him – to students of knowledge:
Abu Sa’eed – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that the Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him – said: “There will come to you people seeking knowledge, if you see them say: Welcome, welcome, to the bequest of the Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him, and make them contented” I said to Hakam: “What is meant by, ‘make them contented? He said: “Teach them”. (Tirmidhi, No. 2650, 2651, and Ibn Majah No. 247, classified as sound by Al-Albani in Sahih Ibn Majah)
His mercy – peace be upon him – to the captives/ prisoners:
Abu Musa – may Allah be pleased with him – said: The Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him, said: “Free the Captives – meaning the prisoner – and feed the hungry, and visit the sick” (Al-Bukhari, No. 3046). This Hadith contains the kindness of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to the Muslim prisoners, and the order to free them, the order to feed the hungry, and to visit the sick.
His kindness – peace be upon him – to the sick and showing empathy for them:
Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – said: I heard the Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him – saying: “No Muslim who visits a Muslim in the morning except that seventy thousand angels pray for him until the evening, and if he visits him in the evening, except that seventy thousand angels pray for him until the morning, and he would have the worth of khareef in Paradise” (Tirmidhi, No. 969, and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Tirmidhi, 1/497).
His mercy – peace be upon him – to the animal, the birds, and moving creatures:
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon 4im) as sayings: A person saw a dog eating the moistened earth out of thirst, and he gave it water to drink, so Allah forgave him. Then (the Companions around him) said: Allah’s Messenger, is there for us a reward even for (serving) such animals? He said: Yes, there is a reward for service to every living animal. And in the narration of Al-Bukhari: “Allah appreciated him and admitted him into the Paradise.” [Al-Bukhari, No. 173, 2466, and Muslim, No. 2244].
Dear brothers in faith, the Prophet’s mercy – peace be upon him – included the enemies even in fighting and confronting them. The power of Jihad in the cause of Allah has its control in his law – peace be upon him – that should be adhered to by the Mujahideen in the cause of Allah. Allah says: (وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ) “… do not transgress. Indeed Allah does not like the transgressors.” (Al-Baqarah: 190). This includes the commission of forbidden acts such as mutilating their body, stealing of booties, killing of women, children, and elders who have no opinion and nor could fight, including the monks, the sick and the blind and those committed to worship in the synagogues, but whoever engages in the fight among these set of people or helps the disbelievers by way of suggestions or ideas, such will be fought too.
The Second Sermon:
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds who taught man what he knew not. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the teacher of mankind, the unlettered Prophet, Muhammad, his households, companions and their followers in goodness till the day of judgment.
Dear worshippers of Allah, according to the tradition of the UNO, she celebrates annually on the 10th November, the World Science Day For Peace and Development. This is to connect science with the society and show the world the available development that came up through science. It also emphasizes the roles of scholars in widening our understanding of this enormous planet and in making our societies more sustainable.
Dear worshipers of Allah, the Noble Qur’an magnifies the status of knowledge in a manner hitherto not preceded among the other heavenly books. It suffices in this regard, that the Qur’an described the period before Islam as the period of ignorance and it has numerous verses that discuss knowledge, most of which elucidate the high status of knowledge. Allah says: (عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ) “He taught man what he knew not.” Q96 : 5, (يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ) “Allah will raise those who believe among you and those who have been given knowledge by degrees.” Q58 : 11, (هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ) “… Are those who know equal to those who do not know? …Q39 : 9, and many other verses that which call to the great virtue of knowledge. Many Hadith also emphasizes the importance of seeking knowledge and its greatness.
Knowledge that the Qur’an invites us to learn:
The noble Qur’an – in many of its verse- (not quoted here for its abundance), invites to pondering over the heavenly signs, the shining stars, and the miraculous alternation in its motion and perfect system it goes through. It as well invites to pondering over the creation of the earth, seas, mountains, valleys and what is in the earth of amazing components, and the alternation of day and night and the changing seasons of the year.
The Qur’an points to pondering over the amazing world of plants, and the system, and also the creation of animals, and its impact in life.