Khutbah Eid-ul-Fitr 1437 English

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE EID-UL-FITRI KHUTBAH 1437AH (2016CE)

Praise be to Allah in an exceeding degree, praise be to Him for His favours and comfort. Praise be to Allah exceedingly, Allah is the greatest. Glory be to Allah morning and evening. To Allah is due all praises as it is pleasing to Him for all His uncountable blessings. Allah says:

﴿الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا.. ﴾ {المائدة:5\3}

This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.” (5:3)

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone; He gives and takes life, He is able of all things. I bear witness that our leader, model, and master- Muhammad bn Abdullah is his chosen prophet and Messenger. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on him, his families, his companions and those who follow them in righteousness till the day of recompense. May Allah grant us the same and all righteousness servants of Allah.

 

Thereafter,

The day of Eid is a day of chanting Allahu Akbar:

The format of the glorification includes saying: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Lailaha illa Allah, Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, walillahil hamdu.”  “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, walillahil-hamdu.”

This is intended to instill in believers that Allah is greater and superior to all powers, tyrants, domineering influence through wealth and authority. Islam taught pronouncement of Allah Akbar in every situation; while making the call to prayer, when establishing prayer, at the birth of a newborn, while praying the janazah, while slaughtering the ram, in battles, and on the day of ‘Eid, etc.  

 

Joyful mood of the ‘eid:

Why are we joyful? Today is a day of feast of breakfast, the faster has two forms of joy, one when he breaks the fast and the other when he meets his Lord. Allah says: (((قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ)) {يونس:10\58}). Say, “In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy – in that let them rejoice; it is better than what they accumulate.” (10: 58). The joy of breaking the fast daily in Ramadan and that of completing the month including the acts of obedience granted him- solat, fasting etc. Ramadan is gone, either as a proof for us or against us, as well as an intercessor for those sincerely stood in prayer out of faith and hope for reward from Allah. Such would achieve forgiveness of sins past. Unfortunately some will have to face the consequences of their negligence, their portion for fasting is nothing except hunger and thirst, and fatigue from their standing in prayer.

Quite surprising is the case of those who stay among the Muslims but failed to fast or stand in prayers. In the hadith, the Prophet said: “He who break a fast in Ramadan without an (acceptable religious) concession or sickness, the fast of the lifetime would not atone that for him.” (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawu, Ibn Majah- A weak hadith). May Allah make the fast an evidence in our favour and an intercessor.

“Fasting and Qur’an would intercede for a servant on the day of judgement; the fast would say: O Lord, I prevent him from food and desires, thus accept my intercession on his behalf. And the Qur’an would say: I prevent him from sleep at night, therefore accept my intercession on his behalf. He said: the both intercessions would then be accepted.” (Ahmad, Tabraaniy).

Some people get excited that Ramadan is ended but they forget it represents flipping of pages of their lives, like the fading leaves of their lives. Al-Hasan said: “O son of Adam, you a composite of some days, and as every day passes, some part of you goes.”

 

Festival of Unity

The ‘Eid is a period where the message of Islam is projected, the Muslim ummah unites therein. Islam is the banner that covers all members of its household. When the ummah jettison Islam, it goes into disintegration and collapse. The Qur’an and Sunnah of the prophet are the basic standards that could assure and ensure the unity of the ummah. Allah says: (وَأَنَّ هَذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُمْ بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ)  And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous.” (6: 153)

 

No excuse to despair

We advocate for hope, and speak against any form of despair and hopelessness. The future is bright, the breakthrough is near, the hope in Allah regarding the youths of Islam who truly know their Creator and recognizes the deen, and stand upright on the path, who congregate in the Masjid day and night, who fill the pilgrimage ground in faith, reciting the Qur’an, learning the hadith, and other Islamic literatures …

 

Those worshippers of Ramadan:

Some people are upright in Ramadan, but immediately Ramadan ends, that ends their relationship with Allah. They desert the mosques, neglect the Qur’an, they discard dhikr. Whoever worship Ramadan should know now that Ramadan is dead, but for he worship Allah, verily Allah is ever-living and never dies. Be a pious and godly person always and not the Ramadanists.

 

Fasting Six days in Shawwal

Islam has established six days of fasting in Shawwal to ensure continuous link with Allah for a Muslim, finishing an act of worship and commencing another. The Prophet said: “He who fast Ramadan and follows it with six in Shawwal, that will be like the fast of a year.”

 

One nation of Islam.

Unity is a veritable tool capable to launch a nation to leadership; our strength is our unity, our unity is our strength. Allah says: (﴿إِنَّ هَذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُونِ﴾{الأنبياء:21\92}) Indeed this, your religion, is one religion, and I am your Lord, so worship Me.” (21: 92).  

 

Role of scholars in the society:

Dear scholars, you are heirs of the Prophets, the bearers of the banner of propagation and guidance after the Prophets! Verily your responsibility in the propagation of this religion correctly is great, and your stake in the reformation of our society is enormous, therefore we call on you to occupy the field of propagation and guidance, beware of negligence in the performance of this responsibility or concealment of what you have been given the knowledge or isolating yourself from the community, the risk therein is devastating. Lend your ears to Allah’s instruction:

إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى مِنْ عِبَادِهِ العُلَمَاءُ إنَّ اللهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ  (فاطر 28)

Those truly fear Allah, among His Servants, who have knowledge: for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.(35:28)

{إنَّ الّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَا أَنْزَلْنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ والْهُدَى مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا بَيَّنَّاهُ لِلناسِ فى الكتابِ أُولَئك يَلْعَنُهُمُ اللهُ وَيَلْعَنُهُمُ اللاَّعِنُونَ, إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ تَابُواْ وَأَصْلَحُواْ وَبَيَّنُواْ فَأُولئك أتُوبُ عَلَيهِم وَأَنَا التَّواب الرَّحِيمُ }

Those who conceal the clear (Signs) We have sent down, and the Guidance, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book,-on them shall be Allah’s curse, and the curse of those entitled to curse, Except those who repent and make amends and openly declare (the Truth): To them I turn; for I am Oft-returning, Most Merciful. (2: 159- 160)

 

{ولْتَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ} (آل عمران 104)

Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: They are the ones to attain felicity. (3: 104)

 

Enemies of our National Unity

The Boko haram, the Niger Delta Avengers- pipeline vandals, the Fulani herdsmen killing farmers, etc. May Allah destroy all enemies to the unity of the Nigeria nation and make all their effort come to failure.

 

Challenges facing the Ummah from some evil scholar.

Likes of Bal’am bn Baa’uuraa referred to in the verse below:

( 175 )   And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of him to whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but he detached himself from them; so Satan pursued him, and he became of the deviators. ( 176 )   And if We had willed, we could have elevated him thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desire. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought. ( 177 )   How evil an example [is that of] the people who denied Our signs and used to wrong themselves.

 

O Prophet read to the Jews news of him that we taught our signs, but failed to work by it, and neglected it, and the devil met with him and became a companion to him, and was able to whisper to him, he listen to him, and became one of the transgressors, among the unbelievers, because he tilted to the lust of this world and his obedience to the devil and self- desire.

Bal’am bn Baa’uuraa was one of the scholars among the Children of Israel, or the Canaanites, but it was narrated from Ibn Abbas that he came from Yemen. He was bestowed knowledge of some of the books of Allah but he jettisoned it, and disbelieved in the revelations of Allah, and discarded it …

 

Signs of Evil scholars in our present society

1- Making jest with the Qur’an and the messenger – peace be upon him, and the righteous men of Allah. Allah says:

(وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّى يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ وَإِمَّا يُنْسِيَنَّكَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَا تَقْعُدْ بَعْدَ الذِّكْرَى مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَAnd when you see those who engage in [offensive] discourse concerning Our verses, then turn away from them until they enter into another conversation. And if Satan should cause you to forget, then do not remain after the reminder with the wrongdoing people.” (6: 68)

These set of evil agents try to interpret the holy Qur’an and hadith of the prophet with ignorance and self-desire without recourse to Allah, or fear of standing before Him.

They desecrate an assassinate characters of the righteous personalities among the companions of prophet- pbuh- such as Abu hurairah, the great narrator of hadith- Imam Bukhari …

However, Allah honours the companions and those after them thus: “And the first forerunners [in the faith] among the Muhajireen and the Ansar and those who followed them with good conduct – Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment.” (9: 100)

Let us give a brief about Abu hurairah R.Aand Imam Bukhari- Rahimahullahu

 

Abu Hurairah

His real name was `Abd Shams (Worshipper of the Sun), but it was changed to `Abd al-Rahman ibn Sakhr by the Prophet . He was of the Daws tribe, a Companion of the Prophet Muhammad and a prolific narrator of Hadith. It is said that either he was fond of, or was once spotted with a kitten which became the reason for earning the nickname “Abu Hurayrah” meaning “he of the kitten.” He was born in Yemen in the Tihamah region on whose border lies the Red Sea. Not much is known about his private life or family except that he had a mother. He embraced Islam through Tufayl ibn `Amr, the chief of his tribe, who had come back to the settling after having met the Prophet and embraced Islam at Makkah. In one of his journeys he accompanied him to Makkah and embraced Islam there. Thus, Abu Hurayrah’s entry into Islam was in the early days while his fellowmen delayed their Islam. However, he migrated to Madinah only in the seventh year after Hijrah apparently with his mother who had not embraced Islam. He himself was a little over 33 at that time. Since the Prophet was away at Khayber, he stayed among the Ahl Al-suffah. He was single without a wife or child. He encouraged his mother to become a Muslim, but she refused. He was quite concerned about his mother who refused to budge. One day, he reported to the Prophet with tears in his eyes and explained that his persuasion had failed and there was no chance she would give in. Further, she had said things about the Prophet that he wouldn’t like to hear. He asked him to supplicate for her. The Prophet agreed and when Abu Hurayrah went home, he found her bathing in order to recite the testimony. He had just wiped the tears of grief off his eyes that began to flow again from joy.

After the Prophet’s return from Khayber, Abu Hurayrah clung to him until he died (i.e., for about two years) like no one else, despite having to pass his days in extreme hunger and deprivation. He admitted that he went hungry for such long stretches that he would ask the Prophet’s Companions about a verse of the Qur’an in pretention, hoping that the man would take him home for dinner. On one occasion, he found no luck with Abu Bakr who was passing by and who moved on after answering his question. Then `Umar happened to show up and he asked him too. But he too answered his question and then moved on. Finally, the Prophet passed by and realized that I was hungry. He said: “Abu Hurayrah!” He said, “At your service.” He told him to follow, until he took him into his house. Upon entering, they discovered that someone had gifted a bowl of milk. “Abu Hurayrah,” the Prophet said, “Go get theAhl Al-suffahAbu Hurayra’s heart sank: this little bowl and the dozens on the Platform! But he had to do as told. They came in, in turns, drank from the bowl and left. Then theProphet made him drink, and drink, and drink, until the milk could burst from his veins. Once, the Prophet allowed two dates each to a group of the Ahl Al-suffah. Abu Hurayrah chewed one and reserved one. He asked him why he had done that. He said it was for his mother. He told him, “Eat it, I’ll give you two more.”

Bukhari reports him as saying, “I said to the Apostle, ‘I hear a lot from you but I forget.’” He said, ‘Spread your cloak,’ which I did. He moved his hands as if filling it with something and then said, ‘Take it and wrap it around yourself.’ I did, and thereafter I forgot nothing that I heard from him.” It is also recorded that he said, “People are surprised that I narrate many ahadith.Well, had it not been for the Qur’anic verse, I would not have narrated any HadithIt says (2: 159), ‘Indeed, those who conceal the clear signs and guidance that We have sent down, after We have made them clear to the people in the Book, they, such of them, are cursed by Allah and cursed by those who curse.’ The thing is, my Muhajir brothers were busy in the market, while the Ansar were busy in the fields. But I stuck to the Prophet, satisfied with what little would fill my stomach, thus being in attendance when others were not. Further, I used to memorize, while they did not.” All in all, he spent four years and a few days in the Prophet’s close company.

After the Prophet’s death, he took part in the battles against the apostates and deniers of zakah. At the time of Abu Bakr, he was in Jihad. He was there in the famous Yarmuk battle that decided the fate of the Romans. During the time of `Umar, he was appointed Governor of Bahrayn Province (the Eastern part of the Peninsula) but was removed after two and a half years. `Umar never kept anyone in any important position for long, he kept rotating the job An amazing incident took place when Abu Hurayrah returned to Makkah with much wealth. `Umar’s asked him where he had got it from. He informed him that, in his spare time, he traded and earned profits, in addition to piling up his own salary. `Umar’s remarked, “Nay! I believe since you were the Governor, they traded with you on favorable terms in order to win your favor. You better cut it into two and deposit one half in the governmental treasury.” Now, Abu Hurayrah was an Arab, who will give away a large sum as a gift, but from whom not a penny can be taken by force. If he willed, Abu Hurayrah could have told `Umar’s, “Nothing doing, I have earned it the Halal way, and will only give in charity whenever I wish.” After all, Abu Hurayrah was not a modern-day governor who has to build roads, bridges, schools, hospitals and airports. His governorship would not have cost him more than an hour or two per day. But he did not say any such thing. Probably he saw some justification in `Umar’s conclusion, and, further, being a Hadith scholar, who had been through the phase when he fell on the ground because of hunger, and people pressed their feet on his neck under the impression that this was an epilepsy attack.. he had been through all that, and had little regard for money. Moreover, he must have thought, to get rid of one-half is not such a bad idea from the point of accountability in the Hereafter. Therefore, he cheerfully deposited one half of what he had brought from Bahrayn. Of course, `Umar trusted him. He offered Abu Hurayrah the post once again, but Abu Hurayrah turned down the offer.

As a result of the Prophet’s supplication, he had a prodigious memory. The secretary of Marwan (the Madinan Governor) reports that once Marwan asked Abu Hurayrah to dictate ahadithon a particular topic while his secretary wrote them down. After a year Marwan placed his secretary to sit behind the curtain with the older collection (containing a hundred or so of theahadith), and told Abu Hurayrah that he had lost the collection, could he dictate the same ahadith once more? To surprise, Abu Hurayrah did it, without moving a single syllable from one place to another, exactly as he had narrated a year ago.

`Umar, however, was not always happy with the Companions narrating ahadith perhaps because he was afraid the newly converted would get confused between it and the Qur’an. Once he warned Abu Hurayrah: “Either you will stop narrating Hadith or I’ll exile you to Daws.” He also warned Ubay ibn Ka`b (a former Jew), “Either you will stop narrating hadith or I’ll exile you to the lands of the monkeys.” Yet, he had allowed Abu Hurayrah to express his juridical opinions. Somebody asked Abu Hurayrah about eating out of meat gifted to a Hajee, which was from an animal hunted down by a non-Hajee. He allowed it (although hunting is disallowed for a Hajee). Then he mentioned his opinion to `Umar. He remarked, “Had you given another opinion, I would have punished you.”

Consequent to the historical circumstances of the past, and Abu Hurayra’s choices, he was the person who quoted most; more than 5,000 ahadith being documented in the Musnad of Ahmad itself. The Sahihayn have altogether 326 ahadith that originate from him. He was followed in numbers by `Abdullah ibn `Umar, Anas ibn Malik, `A’isha, Jabir ibn `Abdullah and Abu Sa`eed al-Khudri. He used to say, “There was a time when I was a cameleer tending the camels of Bushra, to satisfy my stomach. Praise to Allah that He made it possible for me to marry Bushra, and lead people in Prayers.” Yet, he did not narrate all that he had heard from the Prophet . He said, “I have saved two vessels of knowledge. I speak out of one. If I spoke out of the other, people will slaughter me.” The allusion was to the predictions the Prophet had made about the political upheavals that would take place after him. Had Abu Hurayrah begun to speak about who was right and who wrong, in the light of what he had heard from him, the activists would have gone after him. Naturally, he was a much respected person during his life. In fact, some Companions quoted from him and their jurists wished to hear how Abu Hurayrah judged. Not surprisingly, he led in the funeral Prayer of `Aisha Bint Abu Bakr, and, even of Hafsa (the Prophet’s wife) with her brother, Ibn `Umar, a well-known pious person and nominee to the Khilafah, alive, praying behind him. He also led the funeral Prayer of Umm Salamah (another wife of the Prophet) when she died.

Abu Hurayrah is a glaring proof of the authenticity and trustworthiness of the ahadith.

Abu Hurayrah is a glaring proof of the authenticity and trustworthiness of the ahadithIf they were forged during the late first and early second Islamic century, by a group of forgers, and fastened to his name, as the Orientalists and their Eastern tail-polishers allege, surely, the forgers would not have used Abu Hurayrah’s name. They would have chosen for such a cause someone like Bilal, or `Ammar ibn Yasir, who were in the company of the Prophet from day one of Islam, so to say, and lasting full 23 years. Anything forged in the name of the earliest Muslims, stood better chance of acceptance as genuine than those fastened to Abu Hurayrah who was not destined to receive the Prophet’s company but for just above four years. Further, the forgers would have evenly distributed their forgeries among many, especially among the `Ashara al-Mubashshara, the widely respected ten Companions, instead of fastening 5,000 narratives on a single man and arousing suspicion. Finally, the narratives of Abu Hurayrah widely corroborate those narrated by other Companions and are supported by historical evidences. But, there are people, in every society, who are more likely to move on the lines drawn by idiots using their tongue-skills, than by the lines drawn by a True Prophet, and a True Companion.

“I was Abu Hurayrah’s guest. At night I found him, his servant and his wife going into Prayers in turns. One of them would be in Prayers for one-third of the night, while the other two slept. Then he would wake up one of the other two and go to bed himself.”– Uthman al-Nahdi.

Abu Hurayrah had a wide shoulder, brown colored body, a gap between his front two teeth, two pleats of hair dangling, and a beard dyed red. Not much is known about his wife and children except that he had married his former employer, Bushra, and that one of his daughters was married to Saeed ibn al-Musayyib. Abu `Uthman al-Nahdi said, “I was Abu Hurayrah’s guest. At night, I found him, his servant and his wife going into Prayers in turns. One of them would be in Prayers for one-third of the night, while the other two slept. Then he would wake up one of the other two and go to bed himself.” Abu Hurayrah died in 681H at the age of 78.

 

 

The Life and works of Imam Bukhari (RA)

Introduction:

Who is not aware of Imam Bukhari (R.A) and his kitaab ‘Saheehul- Bukhari’?

However in this present day, the majority of Muslims use his kitaab to refer to whenever in need of a supporting reference for their actions or deeds without the knowledge of the life of the great author. Kitaabe-Bukhari has been given the status of being the most authenticated book after the Holy Qur’anBut why?

Although all aspects of Imam Bukhari’s life and great works cannot be covered in any book; this concise biography aims to cover in general the life of Imam Bukhari (R.A) and as to how he compiled his kitaab so one may discover as to why it has been said that: The dua that is made after completing Bukhari is accepted.

Background:

The famous and respected Muhaddith, Imam Bukhari’s (R.A) genealogy is as follows:Mohammed Ibn Ismail Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Mugheera Ibn Bardizbah.

His father Ismail was a well-known and famous Muhaddith in his time and had been blessed with the chance of being in the company of Imam Malik, Hammad Ibn Zaid and also Abdullah Ibn Mubarak (R.A.).

Imam Bukhari (R.A) was born on the blessed day of Friday 13 Shawwaal 194 (A.H). He had lost the use of his eyes in the early stages of his childhood. However, due to the pious and lengthy prayers of his mother his eyesight was returned miraculouslyThe news had reached his mother through a dream in which Hadhrat Ibrahim (A.S) had appeared and said, “Due to your bountiful and sacred prayers Allah Ta’alaa has returned the eyesight of your son.”

The dream was proven to be true in the morning.

Ismail the father of Imam Bukhari (R.A) had died in Imam Bukhari’s childhood, leaving him in the care of his mother where he was nourished with love and care. At the age of sixteen after having memorized the compiled books of Imam Waki and Abdullah Ibn Mubarak, he performed Haj with his elder brother and mother. After the completion of Haj Imam Bukhari remained in Makkah for a further two years and upon reaching the age of eighteen headed for Medinah, and spent his nights next to the grave of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam compiling the books of Qadhaayas-Sahaabah Wat-Taabi’een and ‘Taareekhul-Kabeer’ with the moonlight as a means of lighting.

Imam Bukhari (R.A) traveled a great deal in order to expand his knowledge. He made two trips to Syria and Egypt and stayed six years in Arabia. He also happened to return to Kufa, Baghdad and Basra four times and at times remained there for a period of five years. Also at Haj season he used to return to Makkah.

Teachers:

Imam Bukhari ( R.A) first started listening and learning ahaadeeth in 205 A.H., and after profiting from the Ulamaa of his town he started his travels in 210 A.H. There are a great number of teachers from whom Imam Bukhari (R.A) actually gained his much respected knowledge. It has been known to be said by Imam Bukhari (R..A) himself that, I have written ahaadeeth from 1080 different people all of whom were scholars. However, he profited most from Ishaq Ibn Rahway and Ali Ibn Madeeni (R.A). Imam Bukhari (R.A) has narrated ahaadeeth from Ulamaa of five different categories. He has also narrated ahaadeeth from his students believing in the fact that no person shall be titled a scholar of ahaadeeth until he has narrated from his elders, youngsters and contemporaries.

Students:

Imam Bukhari (R.A) also had a vast amount of students. It has been stated that approximately 9 000 people were privileged to sit in his lessons where he taught his Kitab ‘Sahih-Ul-Bukhari’. There were travelers amongst these from all corners of the world in order to join these pious sittings and to be honoured with a glimpse of the knowledge that he held and which never failed to astonish anybody.

Memory:

Imam Bukhari’s (R.A) memory was considered to be inhuman, for as soon as the praying of a hadith would finish Imam Bukhari (R.A) would repeat it orally. It has been known that in his childhood he had memorized 2 000 ahaadeeth.

There is one spectacular incident which took place in Baghdad when Imam Bukhari (R.A) took up temporary residence there. The people having heard of his many accomplishments, and the attributes which were issued to him, decided to test him so as to make him prove himself to them. In order to do that they chose one hundred different ahaadeeth and changing the testimonials and the text of the ahaadeeth they were then recited by ten people to Imam Bukhari (R.A).

There was a crowd of gathered people from within and outside the city to witness the outcome of such a test. When the ahaadeeth were recited Imam Bukhari (R.A) replied to all in one manner, “Not to my knowledge.” However, after the completion of all the ahaadeeth Imam Bukhari (R.A) repeated each text and testimonial which had been changed followed by the correct text and testimonial, such was the memory of Imam Bukhari (R.A).

Abstinence:

His abstinence was also an attribute which was incomparable and undauntless. He had been left a considerable amount of wealth by his father however, due to his generosity he spent it all in the path of Allah so that at the end he had been left with no money forcing him to spend his day on one or two almonds.

He never took advantage from the generosity of any king or ruler, although many occasions arose. Once he fell ill and when his urine was tested, the results showed that he had not consumed curry for a long time. Upon questioning he said, I have not consumed curry for the last forty years.

Special Attributes

Imam Bukhari (RA) had one very special attribute which was to put everyone’s happiness before his own. One incident which proves this is when Imam Bukahri’s (RA) slave-girl was entering the room in which Imam Bukhari was seated however, approaching the door she stumbled; causing Imam Bukhari to warn, “Be careful as to where you are walking.’’ The slave-girl replied haughtily “How shall I walk when there is no place?’’ Upon hearing this Imam Bukhari threw up his hands and cheered,” I have now given you the freedom to walk where you wish as of now you are freed.” Someone later questioned Imam Bukhari if he had reacted out of anger, however, he replied “No, I have just pleased myself with my conduct.’’

Imam Bukhari always took notice of all things little which could help him earn the happiness of Allah Ta’ala. There is one such incident where there was a gathering. A man from within the crowd found a feather within his beard which he threw on the floor. Imam Bukhari followed the mans action and looking around to make sure no-one was looking and then bent in order to pick it up and placed it in his pocket. After leaving the mosque he threw it away aware of the fact that he had just done something in order to help keep the mosque clean.

Imam Bukhari (R.A) states himself that, “From the time of learning the prohibitions of backbiting till now, I have refrained from such an act.”

There is also one incident when Imam Bukhari (R.A) was involved in Zohar prayers. After completing his salaah he started to pray his Nafl. On finishing this he turned towards his companions and lifting the bottom of his shirt said, “Is there anything inside this?” Suddenly a wasp fell out leaving 17 places which were swelling due to the violent stings of the wasp. One companion asked why the salaah was not discontinued. He replied, “I felt a certain pleasure from my salaah which I was reluctant to let go of.”

Steadfastness

The Governor of Bukhara made a special request for Imam Bukhari (R.A) to make daily visits to his home in order to teach his children. Imam Bukhari (R.A) declined stating that, “I give greater respect to knowledge rather than to people, for it is they who are in need of the knowledge and it is they who should seek it.”

Upon hearing this the Governor was further annoyed by Imam Bukhari’s (R.A) answer and made a second request that Imam Bukhari (R.A) make a special arrangement to teach his children alone without anyone else being present which was also refused by Imam Bukhari (R.A). The Governor was infuriated by the second refusal and ordered Imam Bukhari (R.A) out of Bukhara. The people of Samarqand hearing of this quickly issued an invitation to Imam Bukhari (R.A) to come to their town. However, there was also a difference of opinion within the people of Samarqand which forced Imam Bukhari (R.A) to turn towards Khartang.

Death

It was here, Khartang, that he spent the month of Ramadaan and in the month of Shawwaal headed towards Samarqand, where death found him whilst he was traveling. Imam Bukharidied in the month of Shawwaal 256 A.H., at the age of 62.

(To Allah we belong and to Him we shall return.)

Writings

There are a number of books compiled by Imam Bukhari (R.A) however, Bukhari Shareef has gained great esteem and a high status in the learning and praying of ahaadeeth.

A specific date has not been known as to when he had started the writing of Bukhari Shareef, however, we do know that after he had finished he had shown the manuscript to his teachers Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (R.A) for approval who died in 241 A.H, along with Ibnul-Madeeni who died in 234 A.H, and lastly Ibn Maeen who passed away in 233 A.H. It has also been recorded that it took the noble writer a period of 16 years to gather the ahaadeeth and to write Bukhari Shareef which sets the date back to 217 A.H, as the year in which he started the compilation; Imam Bukhari (R.A) being merely 23 years of age.

Before Imam Bukhari (R.A) had started to collect ahaadeeth there had actually been quite a few published books of ahaadeeth in which Imam Bukhari (R.A) found ahaadeeth of both weak and strong testimonials, which gave him the idea to compile such a kitaab containing ahaadeeth of only strong testimonials. Ishaaq Ibn Rahway (R.A) agreed to this idea which strengthened Imam Bukhari’s (R.A) decision.

Imam Bukhari (R.A) states, “There was once a time during one of our sessions when my teacher Ishaaq Ibn Rahway remarked it would be appreciated if someone could collect ahaadeeth which held strong and reliable testimonials and write them in the form of a kitaab.” This inspired Imam Bukhari (R.A) which was later strengthened by a dream in which Imam Bukhari (R.A) was positioned in front of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam with a fan in one hand to aid him in ridding the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam of all flies which would rest upon him. Upon waking, Imam Bukhari (R.A) visited several interpreters for an appropriate interpretation. They all answered that it meant he would in future cleanse the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam of all lies spoken by the people through narrating misunderstood ahaadeeth. This gave Imam Bukhari (R.A) great comfort and strength once he started the writing of his kitab Al-Jame-ul-Sahih. The complete name of the kitaab is ‘Al-Jame-ul-Sahih-al-Musnad-min-ahaadeethe-Rasulillah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam-wa-sunanihi-wa-Ayyaamihi,’ which means a collected version of ahaadeeth in the form of a kitaab which relates to us the sayings, actions and the life of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

Imam Bukhari (R.A) had taken great care in writing the ahaadeeth and choosing those which met the standards and conditions which he set to find ahaadeeth with only strong testimonials which included only reliable and trustworthy testifiers. He spent 16 years in writing the kitaab, altering it a total of three times. Allaamah Ayni (R.A.) reports of Ibn Tahir’s remark that Imam Bukhari had written Sahih-ul-Bukhari in his hometown Bukhara. Ibn Bujair however, relates that he had started his compiling in Makkah, and some have reported of seeing him in Basra. There is still another differing remark made by others who comment on seeing him in Madinah to write his kitaab. However, we find Imam Bukhari (R.A) relating himself that he wrote Sahih-ul-Bukhari in Masjid-e-Haraam.

Before he actually placed a hadith in his compilation he used to perform ghusl and prayed to Allah through two rakah nafl prayers asking for guidance. Imam Bukhari ( R.A) worked such that only after being completely satisfied with the hadith in question did he give it a place in his kitaab. Due to this great care which was taken, the people were heard to say that the ahaadeeth which Imam Bukhari (R.A) has narrated have been so carefully phrased and with such precision that it is felt Imam Bukhari (R.A) had heard the ahaadeeth directly through the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

Abu Zaid Marwazi reports that I was once asleep in between the ‘Black stone’ and ‘Maqaam-e-Ibrahim’ when the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam appeared in my dream he stated, “O Abu Zaid! For how long shall you teach Imam Shafi’s (R.A) kitaab ? When shall you start the teaching of my kitaab ?”

I questioned, “O Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam! Which kitaab is yours?” He replied, “Mohammed Ibn Ismail’s Al-Jame-ul-Sahih.”

Hafiz Ibn Hajar (R.A) reports that Imam Bukhari (R.A) has kept it of utmost importance to only narrate ahaadeeth of a strong testimonial which can be proven by the name of the kitaab. However, along with this Imam Bukhari (R.A) also made an effort to explain all points which are difficult to understand, which is the reason why he has given a plentiful host of meanings for one sentence which may include a word that is in reality difficult to understand. Imam Bukhari (R.A) has included within his kitaab the art of narrating ahaadeeth which have been divided into eight different chapters. These chapters contain subjects which have been sub-titled and are famous for the ingenious way in which they have been phrased.

Conditions

Imam Bukhari (R.A) has imposed conditions which all narrators and testifiers must meet before the hadith can be selected. One condition requires that all testifiers must have a strong memory. There are also restrictions made upon this condition :

1. All the Muhadditheen who possess great knowledge of ahaadeeth must agree upon the testifiers’ in question ability to learn and memorize, along with his reporting techniques.

2. The testimonial must be complete without any missing testifiers.

3. If there are two different narrators of a hadith related to them by a Sahaabi then the hadith shall be given a high stage in rank. However, if only one narrator can be found and the testimonial proves to be a strong one then this shall be accepted without any doubts.

Allaamah Nawawi (R.A) relates that all scholars in Islam have agreed that Sahih-ul-Bukhari has earnestly gained the reward of being the most authentic after the Holy Qur’an.

Sahih-ul-Bukhari consists of 7 275 ahaadeeth including those ahaadeeth which have been repeated. However, should the repeated ahaadeeth be excluded then the total number of ahaadeeth will be 4,000.

Hafiz Ibn Hajar counted the ahaadeeth and concluded that there was 7 397 where the ahaadeeth have been passed down from the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam directly and with the narrations of Sahabah or Tabi’een etc.; procuring a total of 9 407 ahaadeeth in all. Although after excluding the repetitions he found 2 353 narrations of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and 160 sayings of the respected Sahabah totaling to 2 513 narrations in all.

A Distinctive Honour

Bukhari Shareef has been set apart from other compilations, gaining a distinctive honour due to the following reasons :

1. Whilst Imam Bukhari (R.A) was engaged in the writing of Bukhari Shareef, if the need arose to stop work for a period of time, then he would continue his work only after writing ‘Bismillah’ which is the reason why ‘ Bismillah’ has been found to be written in between in many places.

2. At the end of all chapters Imam Bukhari (R.A) has concluded by use of a word within the sentence so as to give one a point to ponder upon and hopefully so that one becomes more aware of the primary objective of life. e.g. after the first chapter he has included a word which brings one to think of their short life in this world and of their death. His intention is that one reads Kitaabe-Bukhari with death in mind.

3. Imam Bukhari (R.A) has paid great attention towards the beginning and ending his kitaab with an appropriate hadith. For the first hadith narrated within the kitaab is based upon intention which gives one the opportunity to be sincere with himself as to what he intends to gain from studying the words of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam which have been narrated throughout the kitaab. Also the last chapter which Imam Bukhari (R.A) has chosen to end his kitaab with is ‘Kitaab-ul-Tauheed’ which gives one a whole host of words which may be said in order to praise the oneness of Allah; for it is this which is believed to be the sole aid for all humans when they shall find themselves in the unbearable position of being reckoned for their sins on the Day of Judgment.

 

 

Having said this, I seek forgive from Allah for me and you and all Muslims, do seek His forgiveness He is Oft-forgiving.

THE SECOND SERMON

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the lord of the foremost and later generations, and may peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his companions and those who follow them in righteousness. Allah says:

Advices for women:

       Dear women of the believers, Allah says:

(وَالْمُؤمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ يأْمَرُونَ بِالْمَعروفِ ويَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَئِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُم اللهُ إنّ اللهَ عزيزٌ حكيمٌ)التوبة 71

(The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another: they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil: they observe regular prayers, practise regular charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.” 9:71

 

” O Muslim women, you represent half of the Muslim nation’s population, or even more, therefore fear Allah in all your duties, be good to your children by giving them sound Islamic education, struggle with valour to train your children properly for success, because women have most impact on their children than the father. Be good to your husbands, guard your honour and theirs, spend provisions judiciously, and care for the rights of their relatives, guests and their neighbours. Allah says: (فَالصّالِحَاتُ قَانِتَاتٌ حَافِظَاتٌ لِلْغَيْبِ بِمَا حَفِظَ اللهُ )النساء 34) So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them guard.” (4: 34)

The Prophet (pbuh) said: “If a woman observes her five daily prayers, fasts the month (of Ramadan) and makes the pilgrimage to the house of her Lord, and preserves her privacy and obeys her husband, it will be said to her: Enter Paradise from any of the doors you wish” narrated by Ahmad and Tabarani.

 

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