IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE SECOND SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-HIJJAH 10/D. HIJJAH/1438AH(1/SEPT/2017CE)

LIFE OF PROPHET IBRAHIM (AS): LESSONS AND EXHORTATIONS

All praises are due to Allah Who had blessed us with open and secret favours and made the sacrificial animals subservient to us and had created seasons for vying towards goodness. I testify there is no god but Allah alone, He has no associate, and I testify that Muhammad (pbuh) is the servant of Allah sent to all mankind and jinns. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on him (pbuh), his families, his companions whom Allah had granted piety to their souls.

Thereafter,

O servants of Allah, I enjoin you and me to fear Allah. Piety is the core aim for legislating the slaughtering of the eidram as buttressed thus:

( لَنْ يَنَالَ اللهَ لُحُومُهَا ولا دِمَاؤُهَا وَلَكِنْ يَنَالُهُ التَّقوى مِنكم ) الحج 37

Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you. (22: 37)

Dear Muslims, being the second sermon in the month of dhul- hijjah, which falls on the day of Eid Al- Adha,  we therefore deem it fit to make today’s topic to be related with prophet Ibrahim who named us Muslims- THE LIFE OF PROPHET IBRAHIM (AS): LESSONS AND EXHORTATIONS.

Position of Prophet Ibrahim (AS):

– He was the father of all prophets. Allah says: (And We gave to Him Isaac and Jacob and placed in his descendants prophethood and scripture. And We gave him his reward in this world, and indeed, he is in the Hereafter among the righteous.) (29: 27)

– He occupies a great position among the three celestial religion. Ibn Abbas said: “The Madinites Christians of Najran and Jewish Priests gathered before the prophet (pbuh) disputing over prophet Ibrahim, every party was ascribing him to itself, thus Allah revealed: “O People of the Scripture, why do you argue about Abraham while the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed until after him? Then will you not reason? (66)   Here you are – those who have argued about that of which you have (some) knowledge, but why do you argue about that of which you have no knowledge? And Allah knows, while you know not. (67)   Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim (submitting to Allah). And he was not of the polytheists. (68)   Indeed, the most worthy of Abraham among the people are those who followed him (in submission to Allah) and this prophet, and those who believe (in his message). And Allah is the ally of the believers.” (3: 65- 68)

Similarity between Ibrahim and Muhammad (AS):

  1. Physical appearance: It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: There appeared before me the apostles, and Moses was among men as if he was one of the people of Shanu’a, and I saw Jesus son of Mary (peace be upon him) and I saw nearest in resemblance with him was ‘Urwa b. Mas’ud, and I saw Ibrahim (blessings of Allah be upon him) and I see your companions much in resemblance with him, i.e. his himself. (Muslim)

b- Stages and types of Dawah: Inviting the polytheist, migration from the land of kufr, much trials and tribulations.

LESSONS:

Inviting his people:

 

Situation where it is permissible to lie or use Ta’reedh- i.e be diplomatic:

Ibn Shihab said he did not hear that exemption was granted in anything what the people speak as lie but in three cases: in battle, for bringing reconciliation amongst persons and the narration of the words of the husband to his wife, and the narration of the words of a wife to her husband (in a twisted form in order to bring reconciliation between them).

 

The disposition of his people to his dawah:

 

Tawakul- (Reliance on Allah) is the weapon of a believer when all forces gather against him:

 

SECOND KHUTBAH

All praises are due to Allah. May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad, his household, companions and believers till the end of time.

 

Fatwa from the Standing Committee regarding the case when the day of Eid happens to be a Friday
There have been many questions regarding the case when the day of Eid happens to be a Friday and the two Eids come together: Eid al-Fitr or al-Adha and the “eid” of Friday (Jumu‘ah), which is the weekly “eid”. Is Jumu‘ah prayer obligatory for the one who attended Eid prayer, or is it the case that the Eid prayer is sufficient and he can pray Zuhr instead of Jumu‘ah? Should the adhaan for Zuhr prayer be given in the mosques or not? And there are other questions. So the Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas has decided to issue the following fatwa:
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Praise be to Allah.
Concerning this issue, there are a number of marfoo‘ hadiths and mawqoof reports, including the following:

  1. The hadith of Zaydi bn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him), according to which Mu‘aawiyah ibn Abi Sufyaan (may Allah have mercy on him) asked him: Did you ever witness with the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) two Eids that happened on the same day? He said: Yes. He said: What did he do? He said: He offered the Eid prayer, then he granted a concession allowing people to missJumu‘ah prayer, and he said: “Whoever wishes to pray (Jumu‘ah), let him do so.”
    Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawood, an-Nasaa’i, Ibn Maajah, ad-Daarimi, and by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak, where he said: This hadith has saheeh isnaads, even though they (al-Bukhaari and Muslim) did not narrate it, and it has a corroborating report according to the conditions of Muslim. And adh-Dhahabi agreed with him. An-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo‘: Its isnaad is jayyid.
  2. The corroborating evidence mentioned above is the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), according to which the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Two Eids have come together on this day of yours, so whoever wishes, it (the Eid prayer) will suffice for Jumu‘ah, but we will pray Jumu‘ah.”Narrated by al-Haakim as stated above; also narrated by Abu Dawood, IbnMaajah, Ibn al-Jaarood, al-Bayhaqi and others.
  3. The hadith of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: Two Eids came together at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He led the people in (the Eid) prayer, then he said: “Whoever wishes to come to Jumu‘ah may come and whoever wishes not to do so may stay away.” Narrated by IbnMaajah. It was also narrated by at-Tabaraani in al-Mu‘jam al-Kabeer as follows: Two Eids came together at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): Eid al-Fitr and Jumu‘ah. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) led them in the Eid prayer, then he turned to face them and said: O people, you have attained goodness and reward, but we are going to pray Jumu‘ah; whoever wishes to pray Jumu‘ah may do so, and whoever wishes to go back, may go back.”
  4. The hadith of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him), according to which the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Two Eids have come together on this day of yours, so whoever wishes, it (the Eid prayer) will suffice for Jumu‘ah, but we will pray Jumu‘ah in sha Allah.”
    Narrated by IbnMaajah. Al-Buwaysiri said: Its isnaad is saheeh and its men are thiqaat (trustworthy)
  5. The mursal report of Dhakwaan ibn Saalih says: Two Eids came together at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): Jumu‘ah and Eid. He led them in (the Eid prayer), then he stood up to address the people and said: “You have remembered Allah and attained goodness. But we will pray Jumu‘ah, so whoever wants to stay – in his house – may do so, and whoever wants to pray Jumu‘ah may do so.”
    Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in as-Sunan al-Kubra.
  6. It was narrated that ‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabaah said: Ibnaz-Zubayr led us in prayer on the day of Eid, on a Friday, at the beginning of the day, then we went to pray Jumu‘ah and he did not come out to us, so we prayed by ourselves. Ibn ‘Abbaas was in at-Taa’if and when we came we told him about that, and he said: He acted in accordance with the Sunnah. Narrated by Abu Dawood. A different version was narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah, in which he added at the end: And Ibnaz-Zubayr said: I saw ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab do something like this when two Eids happened on the same day.
  7. In the Saheeh of al-Bukhaari (may Allah have mercy on him) and the Muwatta’ of Maalik (may Allah have mercy on him) it is narrated that Abu ‘Ubayd, the freed slave of IbnAzhar, said: I was present on the occasion of two Eids (together) with ‘Uthmaanibn ‘Affaan; that was on a Friday. He offered the (Eid) prayer before the khutbah, then delivered the khutbah and said: O people, on this day two Eids have come to you together, so whoever wants to wait for Jumu‘ah with the people of al-‘Awaali, let him do so, and whoever wants to go back, then I gave him permission to do so.
  8. It was narrated that ‘Ali ibnAbiTaalib (may Allah have mercy on him) said, when two Eids came together on one day: Whoever wants to pray Jumu‘ah, let him do so, and whoever wants to stay, let him do so.” Sufyaan said: i.e., let him stay in his house.Narrated by ‘Abdar-Razzaaq in al-Musannaf; a similar report was narrated by IbnAbiShaybah.
    Based on these hadiths that have isnaads going back to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and these mawqoof reports from a number of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them), and what has been affirmed by the majority of scholars, the Committee has issued the following rulings:

  9. Whoever attends the Eid prayer has a concession allowing him not to attend Jumu‘ah prayer, so he may pray it as Zuhr at the time of Zuhr. But if he decides to pray Jumu‘ah with the people, that is preferable.
  10. Whoever has not attended the Eid prayer is not included in that concession, therefore the obligation to attend Jumu‘ah is not waived in his case. Therefore he must go to the mosque in order to pray Jumu‘ah. If there are insufficient numbers to perform Jumu‘ah prayer, then he should pray it as Zuhr.
  1. Whoever attends the Eid prayer and has a concession allowing him not to attend Jumu‘ah must pray it as Zuhr after the time for Zuhr begins.
  2. At this time it is not prescribed to give the adhaan except in the mosques where Jumu‘ah prayers will be held. It is not prescribed to give the adhaan for Zuhr on that day.
  3. The view that whoever attends the Eid prayer has a concession waiving both Jumu‘ah and Zuhr prayer on that day is an incorrect view. Therefore it is rejected by the scholars and they have deemed it to be mistaken and odd, because it is contrary to the Sunnah and suggests that one of the obligatory duties enjoined by Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, is to be waived with no evidence to that effect. Perhaps the Sunnahs and reports about this issue – which grant a concession allowing the one who attended the Eid prayer not to attend Jumu‘ah, but state that he must still pray Zuhr – did not reach the one who said that.

And Allah, may He be exalted, knows best. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and companions.
Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdullah Aal ash-Shaykh, Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdar-Rahmaan al-Ghadyaan, ShaykhBakribn ‘Abdullah Abu Zayd, Shaykh Saalihi bn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan
Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas

Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

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