RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH

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In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful
BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-QA’DAH 7/D. QA’DAH/1439AH (20/JULY/2017CE)
RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH.

All Praises belong to Allah Who commanded veneration of the sanctity of hajj, as a pointer to the piety of the hearts. He made hajj the distinguishing symbol of Islam from all other ideologies. Allah says: (ذَلِكَ وَمَنْ يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ) That [is so]. And whoever honors the symbols of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.“ (22: 32). We celebrate His praises and seek help and guidance from Him. We believe in Him and put our trust in Him. Whom Allah guides surely is guided and whom He misleads, surely you will find no one to guide or protect him. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone, and that Muhammad (pbuh)is His servant and Messenger, who said: “Whoever performedHajj and did not commit immoral act and disobedience, returns (home purified of sins as)as the day his mother bore him,” (Bukhari, and Muslim). Peace and blessings of Allah be on him, his family, companions and followers until the Day of recompense.

As to what follows,

Servants of Allah, I advise you and myself to fear Allah for that is the goal expected from hajj rites and other forms of worship. Allah says:

“الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَّعْلُومَاتٌ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلاَ رَفَثَ وَلاَ فُسُوقَ وَلاَ جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ وَمَا تَفْعَلُواْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُواْ فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُوْلِي الأَلْبَابِ

“Hajj is [during] well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein [by entering the state of ihram], there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj. And whatever good you do – Allah knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding.)” {2: 197}

Brothers and Sisters in Islam, we shall today continue our discussion on-RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH.

PILLARS OF HAJJ:

1- The Ihraam (Intention)

2- At-Tawaaf- Circumambulation round the Ka’bah

3 – As-Sa’y- walking between Safa and Marwa.

4- Staying at ‘Arafat.

The hajj would not be complete except with the performing of all these pillars and whoever leaves out a pillars the hajj becomes nullified.

OBLIGATIONS OF HAJJ

1- The Ihraam from the miqaat

2- Staying atArafahtill sunset

3- Staying overnight at Muzdalifahtill after the midnight

4- Stoning the pebbles

5- Shaving or cutting low the hair

6- Staying at Mina in the nights of Mina (three days after eid)

7- The farewell tawaf

Whoever leaves out any of the obligations hae to make atonement by slaughtering at Makkah and distribute it to the indigents there and the hajj is sound.

PILLARS OF UMRAH:

1- The Ihraam (Intention)

2- At-Tawaaf- Circumambulation round the Ka’bah

3 – As-Sa’y- walking between Safa and Marwa.

OBLIGATIONS OF UMRAH

1- The Ihraam from the miqaat

2- Shaving or cutting short the hair

MIQATS (STATED PLACES) OF HAJJ AND UMRAH

The miqatsis of two types:

1- Time (Zamani)miqat : that is only during which the rite of hajj pilgrimage can be done, which means the specific times of ihram that the rite will not be considered correct without it. The months of pilgrimage are from 1st Shawwal to 10th Zhul-hijjah, or till the last day of Zhul-hijjah, this seem to be the correct position. Therefore it is allowable for the pilgrim to delay the tawaful-ifadoh and the Sa’y of hajj till the day in Zhul-hijjah, beyond which it should not exceed except with excuse. But for the Umrah, there is no stated time for it, it is allowable at any day in the year. In Ramadan it is equivalent to hajj, as well as in the months of hajj, because the Prophet performed four Umrahs which were all done in Zhul-hijjah. This shows that Umrah in the months of hajj have virtue and peculiarity.

2- Places (Makani) Miqat: specific places where a pilgrim or a person intending to visit Makkah for umrah or hajj must declare his intention to do so, and puts on ihram, the pilgrim garb.There are five places of MiqatMakani, some distance from the Holy City of Makkah which pilgrims must not cross before they are in a state of Ihram if they intend to enter al Masjidil Haram for Umrah or Hajj. These points or stations are called Miqats. See Location of Miqats.

  • Dhul-Hulaifah: This is called Bir Ali. This miqat is about 10 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. It is the farthest of the miqats. Zul-hulaifah is the miqat for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from that direction.
  • Al-Juhfah: This miqat is an ancient village along the path of the people of Syria to Makkah (also known as Abyar Ali). The place is desolate now and people now make ihram fromRabigh, a town just to the north of al-Juhfah. It is about 190 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people who come from the direction of Syria, Egypt, Morocco, Spain and other countries from that direction.
  • Yalamlam : This miqat is a hilly area about 50 kilometers to the southeast of Makkah, (also known asSa’diyyah). This is the miqat for the people of Yemen and others coming from that direction. It is the miqat for many of the pilgrims from China, Japan, India, Pakistan, Malaysia who come by ship.
  • Qarnul Manazil : This miqat is a hilly place about 94 kilometers to the east of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people of Najd, Taif, Kuwait and for those flying through the air space of that direction. This include those coming from Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and the surrounding areas.
  • Zhaatu‘Irqin : This miqat is about 94 kilometers towards the northeast side of Makkah (known as Dhoreebah). This is the miqat for the people of Iran, Iraq and for those coming from that direction.

I would like to call attention to an issue, that the Prophet (ﷺ) when he had specified these miqats, he said: (and these Mawaqit are for the people at those very places, and besides them for those who come thorough those places with the intention of performing Hajj and ‘Umra;)

  • Whoever is among the people of Najd and passed through Madinah, should assume lhram Dhul-Hulaifah
    • Whoever is a member of the people of Syria and passes through the Madinah, should assume lhram Dhul-Hulaifah
  • Note: It should be noted that it is an error which should be corrected for those coming by air or sea who delay their Ihram till they get to Jeddah and assume it from there. The right thing is that whoever comes from a path must assume the ihram from the miqat where he passes through, or when he is close to the nearest miqat to him. And the person travelling by air or sea should assume the ihram while in air or sea.

What is the ruling for he who passed by the miqat without assuming the ihram?

The case of he who passed by the miqat without assuming the ihram would either these two cases:

First case: Where he is an intending pilgrim of hajj or umrah, in that situation he should return to the miqat to assume the ihram from there for any of the pilgrimage he intends. But if he fails to return, then he has left one of the obligations of hajj which he has to atone by the slaughter of a sheep and distributing to the indigents at Makkah.

Second case: When he passed by the miqat without intending to perform either of the hajj or umrah then he is not liable. Because if we legislate assuming ihram for passing like this, then the hajj and umrah would have been compulsory more than once in a lifetime. However, the established tradition from the Prophet (pbuh) is that hajj is mandatory once in a lifetime, any addition is voluntary act.

If the intention to perform the hajj and umrah comes up him after he had reached Jeddah or Makkah, then he would have to assume the ihram from wherever he is, either Jeddah or Makkah for the hajj. But for the umrah, if he is at Makkah, he will have to go to the Hil (Tan’eem) and assume ihram from there. The same applies to whoever is at places other than the miqats, such that there are some distances between him and Makkah, such people will assume the ihram from their places.

The Second Sermon

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the worlds. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad, his household, companions and all those who follow his footsteps till the day of judgement.

Dear brothers and sisters in Islam we should express our gratitude to Allah for some of the achievements made in recent times in our country Nigeria, including the following:

  • Revival of Nigerian Airways
  • The victory of Amasa Firdaus case to be called to bar in hijab
  • President Buhari’s visit to Netherland- ICC and the lessons
  • Lessons from Ekiti election

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