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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
BEING THE SECOND KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF RAMADAN 12/RAMADAN/1440AH (17/MAY/2019CE)

SOME RULINGS OF FAST
All praises are due to Allah, we praise Him, we seek His help, and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Him from the evils of our souls and deeds. Whom Allah guides is guided, and whom He misguides, none would guide him. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone and has no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.

Dear servants of Allah, I recommend for you and myself the fear of Allah, in the right manner of piety, for due to piety in Allah, blessings descend and mercies encompass.  Allah says (وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ﴾ {الطّلاق:65\2-3 },  ﴿وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ يُسْرًا(4) ذَلِكَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ أَنْزَلَهُ إِلَيْكُمْ وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُعْظِمْ لَهُ أَجْرًا).

“And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out, And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if any one puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is ((Allah)) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish his purpose: verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.”  (65: 2-3} “… and for those who fear Allah, He will make their path easy. 5. That is the Command of Allah, which He has sent down to you: and if any one fears Allah, He will remove his ills, from him, and will enlarge his reward.” (65: 4-5)

Brothers in faith, this is the second sermon in the month of Ramadan, last week we discussed on The Duties of Muslim in Ramadan. The topic of our sermon today is: Some Rulings of Fast.

The month of Ramadan is the month of obedience and blessings for the Muslims. The Muslim may make some mistakes unknowingly during the month of Ramadan, therefore the Muslim should be concerned to learn everything concerning the permissible and the forbidden ones in this holy month so that the reward of the month is not lost.

To start with, it is necessary to know the obligations of fasting.

The obligations of fasts are:

Whoever eat or drink unintentionally there is no blame on him to complete his fast.

Some nullifiers of fast implies the mandatory refrain from fasting, like the menses and post birth blood for women, such women are to make up for the days they missed in Ramadan after the month.

The rules on fasting are many, therefore it is required of a Muslim to know them to avoid falling into mistakes that could affect his fast.

Invalidators of fast

Things that do not invalidate fast

There are many rulings on fasting that would be too long to explain which could bring doubts to the fasting person in Ramadan, and he may be forced to break the fast in the month of Ramadan and may feel guilty for not knowing what to do to make up for what he missed in the month of Ramadan

To intentionally break Ramadan fast:
It is permissible for a Muslim to break his fast due to sickness, or long travel or menstruation for women, or the pregnant women, and the nursing mothers, if she is not able to fast and fears for herself or her child, she may break the fast in Ramadaan but must pay back every day after Ramadan.

If the next Ramadan comes and the person can not make up his fast, then he must make it up and in addition offer the ransom.

If the aged person breaks his fast because he is not able to fast, or the sick, suffering from chronic illness and there is no hope of getting a cure, for this, it is not compulsory for him to make up the days he breaks, rather it is sufficient for him to pay a fidyah (ransom) for every day that he breaks the fast.
He who deliberately cohabits with his wife during the time of fasting and knows the penalty for that in the religion, then he has to make up the days and do the expiation as well.

The Muslim must be concerned to know all that is forbidden and permitted in the holy month of Ramadan so as to avoid falling into sin and earn the reward of fasting in this blessed month.

O God accept our fasting, our qiyam, our bowing and prostration and make us among your righteous slaves, O Lord of the Worlds.

The second sermon:
Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds, and there is no aggression except on the oppressors. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, the guardian of the righteous. I bear witness that our Prophet Muhammad is the trustworthy one. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, companions and those who follow them in righteousness till the day of judgement.

Submission and commitment to worship of a person would not benefit others, the benefit is limited to the performer.

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) combined between the piety of Allaah and good manners, because the piety of Allaah regulates between the slave and his Lord, while good manner regulates between him and Allah’s creatures. Piety grants him the love of Allah, good character attracts people to love him.

Al-Maawardi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If a person’s morality is improved, his company increases and his enemies reduces, and difficult matters become easy, and hearts filled with hatred become mended for him.

Whatever amount of worship the Muslim put forward including prayer, fasting, dhikr, and supplication, he does not benefit except himself, those around him would not feel it nor benefit from his rituals at all. But if these acts of worship is transformed into characters of compassion, tenderness, service to his brothers, commitment to their interests, radiation of joy when meeting them, then, they would feel his Islam, and this character of his would now be a call to Islam, as it happened with the early Muslim traders in West Africa.

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