SOME RULINGS OF FAST

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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
BEING THE SECOND KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF RAMADAN 12/RAMADAN/1440AH (17/MAY/2019CE)

SOME RULINGS OF FAST
All praises are due to Allah, we praise Him, we seek His help, and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Him from the evils of our souls and deeds. Whom Allah guides is guided, and whom He misguides, none would guide him. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone and has no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.

Dear servants of Allah, I recommend for you and myself the fear of Allah, in the right manner of piety, for due to piety in Allah, blessings descend and mercies encompass.  Allah says (وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ﴾ {الطّلاق:65\2-3 },  ﴿وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ يُسْرًا(4) ذَلِكَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ أَنْزَلَهُ إِلَيْكُمْ وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُعْظِمْ لَهُ أَجْرًا).

“And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out, And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if any one puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is ((Allah)) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish his purpose: verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.”  (65: 2-3} “… and for those who fear Allah, He will make their path easy. 5. That is the Command of Allah, which He has sent down to you: and if any one fears Allah, He will remove his ills, from him, and will enlarge his reward.” (65: 4-5)

Brothers in faith, this is the second sermon in the month of Ramadan, last week we discussed on The Duties of Muslim in Ramadan. The topic of our sermon today is: Some Rulings of Fast.

The month of Ramadan is the month of obedience and blessings for the Muslims. The Muslim may make some mistakes unknowingly during the month of Ramadan, therefore the Muslim should be concerned to learn everything concerning the permissible and the forbidden ones in this holy month so that the reward of the month is not lost.

To start with, it is necessary to know the obligations of fasting.

The obligations of fasts are:

  • The intention to fast: It is compulsory that the Muslim should make the intention to fast with sincerely from his heart to Allaah (swt) every day throughout the holy month of Ramadan, so that the fast be valid and acceptable by Allah.
  • Abstinence: abstaining from all that could invalidates the fast by having the intention to fast for Allaah, the Exalted. He must abstain from all the things Allaah has forbidden starting from the time of the Fajr Adhaan till the Adhaan of Maghrib. This to abstain from eating and drinking and any other thing that could go in through the mouth or abdomen or head, including deliberate vomiting and abstaining from sexual intercourse.

Whoever eat or drink unintentionally there is no blame on him to complete his fast.

Some nullifiers of fast implies the mandatory refrain from fasting, like the menses and post birth blood for women, such women are to make up for the days they missed in Ramadan after the month.

The rules on fasting are many, therefore it is required of a Muslim to know them to avoid falling into mistakes that could affect his fast.

Invalidators of fast

  • Taking food or drink intentionally even where it is just a morsel or sip of water
  • To take a medicine or take injection with nutrient solutions that would enrich the body. But where the injection does not contain nutrient solutions, such as penicilin, then it does not break the fast.
  • Inhaling water intentionally while rinsing the mouth for ablution while fasting.
  • Intercourse while fasting invalidates the fast. Kissing and touching the wife is not allowed for someone who could not control his passion, because that could lead to intercourse. However, for someone who could control his desire, then it permissible for him to touch as long he maintains the limit.
  • Menstruation, even when it occurs few minutes before Maghrib.
  • Smoking while fasting invalidates it too in addition to being disliked and forbidden by Allah, due to the dangers it portend for humans.
  • Disbelief in Allah, the Exalted regardless whether the person is joking or forgets fasting. That would invalidate his fast and he must repent to Allah and make up the day after Ramadan.

Things that do not invalidate fast

    • If a person eats or drinks during the day in Ramadaan, out of forgetfulness, that does not break his fast he should complete the fast. Narrated Abu Hurairah (R.A) the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever forgets while fasting and he eats or drinks, he should complete his fast, it Is Allah who fed him and gave him to drink.” (Agreed upon)
    • If a man cohabits with his wife and did not take the ghusl (bath) before the Ahaan of Fajr, then there is nothing wrong with completing the fast. As reported in the Saheehayn, ‘Aa’ishah (May Allaah be pleased with her) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would wake up in the state janabah while fasting then he would take the bath.” (Agreed upon)
    • If a woman menstral blood stops but she could not take the ghusl before the fajradhaan, she may delay the ghusl during the day in Ramadaan, though it is not necessary to delay ghusl in order to be able to observe solat, and supplicate, and practice other worship during the day in Ramadaan.
    • Fillings, extractions or cleaning of the teeth, with siwaak or toothbrush does not invalidates fast provided the fasting person does not swallow what reaches his throat.
    • The use of ointments, creams and therapeutic patches that enter the body by absorption through the skin do not break the fast.
    • Use of the gastroscope (A type of endoscope for visually examining the stomach), provided that it is not accompanied by the use of any type of solution or medication.

There are many rulings on fasting that would be too long to explain which could bring doubts to the fasting person in Ramadan, and he may be forced to break the fast in the month of Ramadan and may feel guilty for not knowing what to do to make up for what he missed in the month of Ramadan

To intentionally break Ramadan fast:
It is permissible for a Muslim to break his fast due to sickness, or long travel or menstruation for women, or the pregnant women, and the nursing mothers, if she is not able to fast and fears for herself or her child, she may break the fast in Ramadaan but must pay back every day after Ramadan.

If the next Ramadan comes and the person can not make up his fast, then he must make it up and in addition offer the ransom.

If the aged person breaks his fast because he is not able to fast, or the sick, suffering from chronic illness and there is no hope of getting a cure, for this, it is not compulsory for him to make up the days he breaks, rather it is sufficient for him to pay a fidyah (ransom) for every day that he breaks the fast.
He who deliberately cohabits with his wife during the time of fasting and knows the penalty for that in the religion, then he has to make up the days and do the expiation as well.

The Muslim must be concerned to know all that is forbidden and permitted in the holy month of Ramadan so as to avoid falling into sin and earn the reward of fasting in this blessed month.

O God accept our fasting, our qiyam, our bowing and prostration and make us among your righteous slaves, O Lord of the Worlds.

The second sermon:
Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds, and there is no aggression except on the oppressors. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, the guardian of the righteous. I bear witness that our Prophet Muhammad is the trustworthy one. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, companions and those who follow them in righteousness till the day of judgement.

Submission and commitment to worship of a person would not benefit others, the benefit is limited to the performer.

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) combined between the piety of Allaah and good manners, because the piety of Allaah regulates between the slave and his Lord, while good manner regulates between him and Allah’s creatures. Piety grants him the love of Allah, good character attracts people to love him.

Al-Maawardi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If a person’s morality is improved, his company increases and his enemies reduces, and difficult matters become easy, and hearts filled with hatred become mended for him.

Whatever amount of worship the Muslim put forward including prayer, fasting, dhikr, and supplication, he does not benefit except himself, those around him would not feel it nor benefit from his rituals at all. But if these acts of worship is transformed into characters of compassion, tenderness, service to his brothers, commitment to their interests, radiation of joy when meeting them, then, they would feel his Islam, and this character of his would now be a call to Islam, as it happened with the early Muslim traders in West Africa.

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