IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL
BEING THE FOURTH SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL HIJJAH 22ND/ DHUL HIJJAH 1440 AH (23RD AUGUST, 2019 CE)
THE TEN RECOMMENDATIONS IN SURATUL AL-’ANAAM
All praises are due to Allah the Lord of the Universe, who says in His revealed Book of Wisdom: “To Allah belong all things in the heaven and in/on earth. Indeed we have instructed the people of the Book before you and you (muslims) too to fear Allah. If you then disbelieve, then really, unto Allah belong all things in the heaven and in/on earth, and Allah is free of all needs and (he is) praiseworthy.” – al-Nisaa:131.
We praise Him, the Perfect and Most Exalted, we give thanks to Him, we believe in Him and put our complete trust in Him. We seek refuge with Him from the evils of our souls and our misdeeds. Whoever Allah has guided is the one that is indeed guided and nobody can lead such astray. And whoever is led astray, then for such, there is no helper/protector that can guide him. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is Allah’s slave and messenger, who sais in his noble speech: “…Whoever abides (by these instructions), then his reward is with Allah, and whoever falls short of any of them and Allah birings him to reckoning for it in this life, that will be his recompense. For whomever He (Allah) delays (his reckoning) until the hereafter, then his matter is with Allah. If He wills, He punishes him, and if He wills, he pardons him.” (Al-Haakim).
Oh Allah! Let you Benedictions and Peace and Blessings be on him and his household, his companions and on all those that follow them in goodness till the day of Judgement.
Thereafter… Oh servants of Allah! I enjoin you and myself with the fear of Allah, the Most High and Majestic, as this is the goal of all desired rites and all acts of (seeking) closeness to Allah in the pure (uncorrupted) religion, in truth with the words of Allah, the Exalted: ““…and make provisions, but indeed the best provision is the fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you people of understanding”. – Al-Baqarah: 197.
Oh you honourable listeners! This is our fourth gathering in the month of dhul Hijjah. Last week, we talked about the farewell sermon with which the prophet (SAW) established the evidence on the universe. Today, in-shaa Allah, we will talk about the ten commandments in suratul An’am because of its being connected with the farewell sermon. Indeed, Allah has enjoined the believers with some matters and forbade them from others. Those who uphold the commands of Allah are those that are successful and the wretched ones violates the limits of Allah. Allah, the Exalted says in the three vesres (of suratul Al-An’am): “……………” –
With these verses, the prophet (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) took allegiance of his companions. He (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) says: “Who amongst you will pledge three things to me?” then he recited the three verse (above).
(Similarly), bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him)said: “(Suratul) al-An’am has three verses that contains in them the ‘mother of the Book’”. He then recited these three verse.
In the words of bin Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him): “Whoever wishes to see the Will of the Messenger of Allah that has his seal should read these verses. (above).
The Most Essential Points That Make Up The Commandments Are:
1. Eschewing Associating Partners with Allah: “…that you do not associate anything with him”.
Allah started those commandments with matters of shirk (associating partners with Allah) because it is the greatest of the limits of Allah as well as being the biggest sin. This means not to associate nothing with Allah whether it be whatever object is (considered) huge in their creation like the sun, the moon and the galaxies or in terms of their capability and position such as the angels, prophets and righteous people. All these are creatures of Allah and are subservient to Him: “Not one of whatever is in the heavens and the earth except that they come to the Most Gracious (Allah) as servants”. – (Maryam:93). It is incubent on you to be sincere to Him in (your) worship and glorification of Him.You must abandon all that you set for yourself in worship out of your whims.
2. Goodness to Parents: “…and (deal) with the parents with goodness”.
Do good to your parents completely with goodness from the heart. Allah made many connections between forbidance of shirk, obedience to Him and goodness to parents. This is because Allah is the source of creation and provision, (He made) the two parents intermediaries who are burdened with the training of the child and preventing him from harm and difficulties. Allah said: “Your Lord has ordained that you shall not worship (any) except himself, and that you shall be good to both parents” (Al-Israa:23). And He further said: “…that you be grateful to Me and your parents. Your return is to Me” (Luqman:14). “And if they try to make you worship anything other than Me that you know nothing about, then, do not obey them, but relate with them in this life with goodness” (Luqman: 15).
It is for this reason that the ingratitude (bad relationship) to parents is one of the biggest sins in the sight of Allah, just as righteousness with them and kindness to them is one of the best deeds. Abdullah bn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) which deed is the best. He (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said: He said” Praying at its time”, I said, “then which is next?”, he said, “goodness to parents”, then I said, “then which is next?”, he said, “Jihaad on the path of Allah”.
It has been related from Ubaadah bn Saamit and Abu Dardaa (may Allah be pleased with them) that each of them said: “My beloved friend the Messenger of Allah (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) has enjoined me to “obey your parents and if they order to you leave the world for their sake, then do so” (the chains of narration of both hadith however are weak. Do not forget though that weak narrations can be used in matters seek to encourage good deed according to Mundir in his work, ‘Tarheeb Wa Targeeb’.
In a similar way, the parents too must be good to their children, even after thae have come of age. Tabaraani related an hadith in ‘Al-Awsat’ from bn Umar that the prophet (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Be good to your parents so your children will be good to you, and pardon (people) so your women are pardoned”.
3. Prohibition of killing the girl-child: “…and do not kill your children out of fear of poverty”.
Do not kill your children out of fear of poverty, and Allah will provide because it is indeed Allah that provides for you and them, that is He provides for them through you. Therefore, do not be in fear of being poor, in your current situation or anticipated. Allah indeed is sufficient in providing for His servants. He said: “The provision for every liing creature on earth is upon Allah…” (Hud: 6), and the prohibition of killing of any kind can be infered from the verse.
4. Prohibition of Shameful Conduct: “…and do not approach blatant or discrete obscenity”.
This is a warning from going near obscene and shameful conduct. These include evrything that is weighty in terms of crimes, sins and offensive conduct and words, such as adultery, libel and false accusation against innocent women, whether openly or in secret. The arabs before Islaam do not see anything wrong with adultery and engage in it openly. So Allah prohobited zinna, whether done openly or secretly. As a result, Allah, the Exalted said: “Say, Allah has prohibited obscene conduct, whether explicit or implicit. (He prohibits) sins and secret plots that is not based on truth. And that you sholud not associate with Allah what has not been sent down to you authoritatively (by Allah), and that you do not say what you do not know about Allah” (Al-A’Araf:33).
The Messenger of Allah (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) has informed us that it is part of bashfulness of Allah that He prohibited both clear and disguised obscenities. He said: “None is more bashful than Allah and so He prohibited both clear (in open) and disguised (in secret) obscenities and shameful acts. Some scholars have said that the open obscenity is what has to do with actions of the limbs while the secret ones are those that have to do with actions of the mind (heart) like pride and envy. Ikrimah said that the open ones are the injustices done by people while the secret ones are adultery and stealing because people do them secretly.
5. Prohibition of Killing a Soul without Justice: “…and do not kill a soul that Allah has made unlawful except with justice”.
Allah has indeed made killing without justice unlawful because it is big crime against human rights and an assault on the work of the Creator that made and perfected evrything in their creation. However, killing in the course of justice is in three situations that are explained in the two books of sahih hadith, from the authority of bn Mas’ud, (may Allah be pleased with him). He said: “The Messenger of Allah (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said, ‘The blood of a muslim is not made lawful except in one of three (situations): the recompense for adultery, (justice) for killing another soul, and the one that abandons his religion, splitting the jama’ah’”. In another relation: “Disbelief after having believed, (committing) adultery and taking a life without justice”.
6. Guarding aginst the wealth of the Orphan: “…and do not go near the property of the orphan (child) until he comes of age, except for justifiable cause”.
Do not take anything from the property of orpans in your care except for purposes that care for their interest and benefits them in the development and safeguarding of the property from being ruined/damaged, as well as spending from it for a needful purpose. Allah said: “Verily, those that consume the wealth of the orphans unjustly are indeed consuming fire in their stomach and such will enter the blazing fire” (An-Nisaa:10). Allah has indeed prohibited the consumption of the wealth of the orphan except for necessity and need.
You must surrender the property of the orphans to them as soon as they attain the age of guidance. This is the meaning of the Words of Allah: “…until they reach maturity”, that is do not hand over their property to them until they attainmaturity as men both in wisdom (sense), power and complete capacity and mental awareness, as has been said by Sh’ubah and Malik and a group from our predecessors. (They said), until he has wet dreams, and that happens between the ages of 15 and 18. There is no doubt about the obligation of keeping the property of the orphan, to not fritter it and waste it until they grow up.
7. Giving full measure and correct weight: “…and give full measure and weight justly”
Complete the measure when you measure for people and do not over-measure when you measure for yourself. And give full weights when you weigh for youeselves when you buy and for others when you sell. Let there not be excess or shortage (in your measure). Verily, completing (the measure) with justice is not a slight matter! And truthful giving of measure occurs in the two situations of selling and buying, and thus both the seller and buyer can are liable to be just in the course of (their) selling and buying.
8. Justice in speech and in judgement: “…and be just in your speech, even if it concerns a relative/associate”.
You must be just in speech and giving of witness even if it is for or against someone close to you (family or associate). It is justice that can set right, the affairs of a people and individuals. It is the foundation of authority and the pillar of leadership as well as the basis of judgement, as Allah, the Exalted said: “Oh you believers! Stand out firmly for justice as witnesses to Allah, even if against your own selves, or your parents or people close to you (relatives/associates)…” (An-Nisaa:135). this is justice in speech just like the justice that we seek in the preceeding section in actions like measures and wieghts.
9. Fulfilling Pledges: “…and fulfill your pledges to Allah”.
Fulfill your pledges to Allah. This is achieved by fulfilling, executing and obeying the orders of Allah in what He has enjoined and what He has prohibited, as well as working with the Book of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger, including everything that Allah has given in covenant to people upon the tradition (sunnah) of the Messenger of Allah (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him). It includes also what He has given them (people) in intellect and instinct, as Allah, the Exalted said: “Did I not enjoin you, Oh children of Adam, that you should not worship Shaytan, that He is a clear enemy to you?” (Yaasin v 60). Similar is what mankind pledged to Allah. Allah said: “… and fulfill the pledge when you pledge to Allah” (An-Nahl:91), and as well what people promise/pledge to one another must be fulfilled, as Allah, the Exalted said in the characteristics of believers: “…and the believers with their pledges when they pledge” (Al-Baqarah v 177).
Oh People! These are the ten commandmnets/nstructions that Allah commanded His Prophet (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) to call all creatues to hear recited (to them) what Allah has made unlawful. And scholars of the religion after him must take this message to the people and explain to them what Allah has prohibited for them.
THE SECOND SERMON
. All praise is due to Allah,may the peace and blessing be upon the noblest among the prophets, Muhammad,his households and companions. Allah SWT says in the Qur’an:when you finish your Hajj rites, remember Allah the way you remember your parents or more than that, among them(pilgrims) are those that say our Lord give us good of this world and they have no share in that of the hereafter,and there are those who say:Our Lord give us good of this world and good of the hereafter and save us from the torment of fire.
Oh Noble prilgrims, Allah has favoured you to complete the Hajj rites and returned you to your home peacefully and victoriously,what is the next thing after Hajj?
Oh new pilgrim, know that righteous and acceptable Hajj(Hajj mabrur) has sign and its acceptability has highlight. Hasan Al-basr was asked of what Hajj mabrur is? he said: he comes back shunning this world(ascetic) and longing for the hereafter’. Your Hajj should therefore make you increase in good and righteous deeds, be your shield from place of destruction, and guard you from entering into problems and calamity.
Know that the pilgrim that has benefited from the secret, lessons and impacts of his hajj,will return to his people and country with perfect character and balanced intellect and understanding, calmness on the Earth, good relationship with people such as relating with wife and children in the best ways, clean heart and treading the path of truth and straightness.
The pilgrim from when he answered the call of Allah, till he ended it: All these Hajj rites will always make him to know his Lord and remind him of Allah’s rights that He alone deserves to be worship. Pilgrim will only submit himself to Allah alone,How will a prilgrim deverts any of Allah’s rights such as supplication, seeking for His help, vowing for Him alone to others than Him. Which type of Hajj impacts will make the pilgrim to shun solah, abandon zakah, take or give usury, take bribe, cut off family ties, engage in disruptive acts stipulated by Islam.
Oh pilgrim, fear Allah and be upright after your Hajj, Allah remind you of Taqwa (piety) in your sacrifice during your Hajj rites: the meat and blood will not get to Allah but the piety from you.’ Surat Hajj V 37. It is expected of you to imbibe the Taqwa you have been trained on during your Hajj rites. Work in its direction in your life time by doing the dos of Allah and shunning His donts. As we have in hajj injunction that there should be no obscene (zina), no wrongdoings and no argument, this is a training and character building in order to be in the pilgrim character all the time.