29th Rabiul Awwal,2021 AH
(5th November,2021 CE)
BEING THE FIFTH SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RABI’UL AWWAL DATED 29TH RABI’UL AWWAL 1443AH (5TH NOVEMBER, 2021)
THE DEATH OF THE PROPHET (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM)
All Praises belong to Allah, who said: “You will die, and they will die” (Az-Zumar: 30). Then, may blessings and peace be upon our leader Muhammad, who said in his noble hadith: “Whoever among the people or among the believers is afflicted with a calamity, let him be consoled in his calamity by mine own afflictions rather than the calamity that befalls others other than me, because no one from my nation will be afflicted with a calamity after me more severe than my calamity..” (Ibn Majah) I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone. He is without partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger. He left his Ummah on the clear evidence and conviction, its night as clear as its day, and no one deviates from it except such one perishes. May Allah also bless his family and companions and those that follow their path.. .
Dear esteemed brothers – fear Allah the way he should be feared – for it is the best provision for a person in this world and the hereafter. “And make provision, and the best provision is piety, so fear me, O people of understanding.”
We continue talking about the Seal of the Prophets, Muhammad, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, except that our talk about him in this regard is in reflecting about the greatest calamity that has befallen our Islamic Ummah, as it was afflicted by his death and his going to meet His Lord – with his most Exalted companion.
The death of the Prophet (May Allah bless him and grant him peace)
Among the Signs of the Last Hour is the death of the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him. In the hadith of Awf ibn Maalik, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “Count six (signs) before the Hour comes – my death” (Bukhari).
The death of the Prophet was one of the greatest misfortunes that befell the Muslims; The world became dark in the eyes of the companions, may Allah be pleased with them, when he died (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Anas ibn Maalik said: “On the day when the Messenger of Allah entered the city, everything lit up from it, and on the day on when he died, everything was darker andن we did not shake hands – because of the Messenger of Allah -while we were burying him, to the extent that we denied it in our hearts
With his death, Revelation stopped from Heaven, as Umm Ayman said in her answer to Abubakr and Umar, may Allah be pleased with them, when they visited her after the death of the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him. She said, “I weep not because I do not know that what is with Allah is better for His Messenger, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, but I weep because Revelation has stopped from Heaven. So they both joined her and they began to cry.”
The Messenger died as people die
Dear brothers in Faith! Indeed, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, died as people die because Allah Almighty has not decreed eternity in this worldly life for any of His creation, rather it is a transient abode, not a permanent place, in accordance with the Words of Allah Almighty: “And We have not made any human beings before you live forever. So if you were to die, will they live for ever?.” (Al-Anbiyas 34-35). His death was, as Al-Qurtubi said: "the first revolt that Islam would witness. Then after his was the death of Umar. With the death of the Prophet, revelation ceased and prophet-hood died, and the first appearance of evil was due to the rebellion of some Arabs and others, and also the first cessation of good and its decline.
Knowing the Prophet (may Allah grant him Blessings and Peace) is nearing his death: – The Messenger himself (may Allah grant him Blessings and Peace) was called out in several verses in the Holy Qur’an, including the Almighty’s saying: “You will certainly die, and so will they die”. ” (Az-Zumar: 30). And the Almighty’s saying: “When the victory of Allah and the conquest comes, and you see people entering the religion of Allah in multitude, then glorify the praises of your Lord, and seek His Forgiveness”.
And on the authority of Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both, he said: “This surah was revealed – when Allah’s victory and conquest came – in the middle of the days of al-Tashreeq and it was known that he (may Allah grant him Blessings and Peace) was the one who the verse bids farewell.” (Sunan al-Bayhaqi)
And Allah Almighty said: “Today I have perfected your religion for you, and I have completed My favor upon you, and I have chosen for you Islam as religion.” (Al-Maaidah: 3).
The Prophet, (may Allah grant him Blessings and Peace) informed his companions in more than one place that his term was near and that he would move to the nearness of his Lord. On the authority of Jabir ibn Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, (may Allah grant him Blessings and Peace); He commanded them to throw pebbles (at Jamrah) like ellipses, and said: “Perhaps I will not see you after this year of mine.” (Tirmidhi)
The Sickness of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and the severity of his pain: The sickness began at the beginning of the Rabi’ al-Awwal, and several account of his condition during the sickness have be transmitted to us. Part of his conditions, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, before the sickness became serious, our mother ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “When the Prophet became seriously ill and his disease became aggravated he asked for permission from his wives to be nursed in my house and he was allowed. He came out with the help of two men and his legs were dragging on the ground. He was between Al-`Abbas and another man." ‘Ubaidullah said, "I told Ibn `Abbas what `Aisha had narrated and he said, ‘Do you know who was the (second) man whose name `Aisha did not mention’" I said, ‘No.’ Ibn `Abbas said, ‘He was `Ali Ibn Abi Talib.’”.
Narrated Hisham, from his father: “When Allah’s Apostle was in his fatal illness, he started visiting his wives and saying, "Where will I be tomorrow?" He was anxious to be in `Aisha’s home. `Aisha said, "So when it was my day, the Prophet became silent (no longer asked the question) (Bukhari)
‘Aisha said: "I have never seen a man more severe in pain than the messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
Narrated `Abdullah: “I visited Allah’s Apostle while he was suffering from a high fever. I said, "O Allah’s Apostle! You have a high fever." He said, "Yes, I have as much fever as two men of you." I said, "Is it because you will have a double reward?" He said, "Yes, it is so. No Muslim is afflicted with any harm, even if it were the prick of a thorn, but that Allah expiates his sins because of that, as a tree sheds its leaves." (Agreed upon)
The duration of his illness, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him: Ibn Hajar said: There is also a difference of opinion regarding the duration of his illness, peace be upon him. The most among scholars said its thirteen days. Some said with an extra one day. While some others believe it is a day lesser. Some as well said It is ten days, and this is confirmed by Sulaiman Al-Tamimi in his book on the battles of the Prophet (Maghazi), and Al-Bayhaqi reported it with an authentic chain of narrators” (Fath Al-Bari: 7/746).
His bequests/ recommendations, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, during the illness leading to his death: There is no doubt that all the sayings of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, are the subject of lessons and exhortations, but he, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, singled out his ummah with some advice during the illness leading to his death. What were his last recommendations, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him? On the authority of Aisha: “Allah’s Apostle in his fatal illness said, "Allah cursed the Jews and the Christians, for they built the places of worship at the graves of their prophets." And if that had not been the case, then the Prophet’s grave would have been made prominent before the people. So (the Prophet ) was afraid, or the people were afraid that his grave might be taken as a place for worship. (Agreed upon)
Among his recommendations and advices, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, during his sickness – on the authority of Ibn Abbas, It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas said: "The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) drew back the curtain when the people were in rows behind Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, and said: ‘O people, there is nothing left of the features of Prophethood except a good dream that a Muslim sees or is seen by others for him.’ Then he said: ‘Verily, I have been forbidden from reciting the Qur’an when bowing or prostrating. As for bowing, glorify the Lord therein, and as for prostration, strive hard in supplication for it is more deserving of a response.’" (Bukhari)
On the authority of Umm Salama, It was narrated from Umm Salamah that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say, during the illness that would be his last: “The prayer, and those whom your hands possess.”* And he kept on saying it until his tongue could no longer utter any words.” (Ibn Majah). And many other recommendations and advices.
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family and his companions. Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.
THE SECOND SERMON
All praises are due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, who is unique in permanence, and has decreed everything besides Him to perish. (كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ), “Everyone upon it [i.e., the earth] will perish”. There is no reviewer to his judgment, as there is no objection to his decree. I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, who chose to meet his Lord over living in this abode prone to perish, after he performed the most perfect deeds. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, companions and those who follow them in righteousness.
There is no event, whether positive or negative, except that we have lessons to learn from it. There is no other calamity that befell the Islamic Ummah more severe than the death of our Prophet, the gift of mercy to the worlds. Eventhough with his coming, the religion was made perfect, and Allah was pleased with Islam as a religion, and whoever seek any religion, other than it, then it will not be accepted, whoever that may be.
The death of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was an event that astounds the minds, terrifies the hearts, and people seemed bewildered about it to the extent that it was something that could not happen. What are the exhortations and lessons from the death of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)?
1. The best deeds are their endings: All the deeds and acts of worship that he did were doubled when he was close to his end. Among such was his I’tikaag (Seclusion in the Mosque) which was doubled in the year of his death. Also was his increase in chanting the glorification of Allah by saying: Subhanaka Allahumma Wabihamdika Astagfiruka Wa Atubu Ilayk.” (Glory be to You O Allah, and praise be to You, I seek Your forgiveness and repent unto You,” especially soon after when he was inform of his death by the revelation of Surat Al-Nasr.
2. It’s a declaration of the approaching end of the entire world, due to his saying thus: "The Hour and I were dispatched like these two"” (he indicated with his index finger and middle fingers). A glad tiding for making preparation in righteous provision.
3. Affirming the humanity of the Prophet as his brothers among the prophets and messengers: The Almighty Allah said: (وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ) “Muḥammad is not but a messenger. [Other] messengers have passed on before him. ” (Al Imran: 144).
4. Allah tested the ummah and the reality of its steadfastness and the uprightness of its people by his death (prayers). Allah says: (أَفَإِنْ مَاتَ أوْ قُتِلَ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ ) “So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]?” (Al Imran: 144).
5. The importance and status of Solat and its greatness in Islam: That was at the top of his recommendations and advices at the time of his death, he was repetitively uttering it; the prayer . Ali (may God be pleased with him) said: “The last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) were: The prayer; and those whom your right hands prossess.”” (A sound hadith narrated by Ahmad)
Finally, among the issue worthy of mentioning today is the incident of the collapsed twenty-one-storey building in Lagos State, where many lives were lost and another set of people were injured. We beseech Allah to console us on this calamity, especially the family members of those who lost their lives, and grant healing to the wounded in earliest time possible. We call on the government and all those concerned with the establishment and control of buildings to uphold their responsibility when giving approval and embark on appropriate supervision of the approved works at all times.
We beseech Allah to pardon us of our mistakes and not to hold us for the actions of the careless among us.