Khutbah: The Etiquettes Of Relieving Oneself For Individual And Societal Health

In The Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful

BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RAJAB DATED 4TH RAJAB 1441 AH (28TH FEBRUARY, 2020 CE)

THE ETIQUETTES OF RELIEVING ONESELF FOR INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETAL HEALTH

All praises indeed are due to Allah, we praise Him, we seek His assistance and forgiveness and we turn to Him in repentance. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is Allah’s slave and messenger. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him, his household, and all his companions in general.

Thereafter… Oh believers! Fear Allah the Most Exalted and be a lot grateful for His Favours and even more! Part of His Favours, the Most Exalted, on people, is to make excretion of bodily waste that is harmful and toxic easy for man, so that the body is free from diseases and pains/discomfort. It is a favour that compels gratitude. Then the religion of Islaam is a perfect religion that does not neglect anything that man is in need of in their religion or in their worldly lives, except that it has been clearly explained. One of such is the manner/etiquette of relieving oneself, so that man, whom Allah has honoured, can be distinguished from animals. And it is on this that our sermon today will be centred.

Servants of Allah! One of the most important manner of relieving oneself is to remember Allah before one enters the toilet. The prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) has informed us that places where people relieve themselves are the abodes of the devils. He said: These toilets are haunted (inhabited by devils), so when anyone of you goes to the toilet let him say, ‘A’oodhu bi-LLaahi min al-khubthi wa’l-khabaa’ith (I seek refuge Allaah from the male and female devils) (Ahmaad and Ibn Maajah). One of the benefits of this remembrance of Allah is what is mentioned by the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him): A screen will be placed between the eyes of the jinn and the ‘awrah of the sons of Adam when one of them enters the toilet, if he says ‘Bismillaah (in the name of Allaah). (Tirmidhiy).

Part of the etiquette is to refrain from discharging (relieving oneself) in the pathway that people use or in their places of shade (where they relax), in accordance with the statement of the messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him): Beware of the three acts that cause you to be cursed: relieving yourselves in shaded places (that people utilize), in a walkway or in a watering place. (Abu Daawud and Ibn Maajah). The reason for prohibiting relieving oneself in these three places is that it pollutes these place and could cause harm for people.

It is detestable to enter toilets (and rest rooms) with anything that contains the mention (remembrance) of Allah, in safeguarding the name of Allah, the Most Exalted, from debasement and humiliation. As for entering the toilets and restrooms with the Mushaf (Qur’aan), this is haraam. It si however permissible to enter with it if one fears that it would be stolen and one cannot find a companion (someone to keep it for him) – … and Allah has not burdened anyone except with what he can bear.

It is also forbidden to face the Qiblah or to back it while relieving oneself. This is haraam (to face the Qiblah or to back it) in the toilet. This is what is conveyed in the hadith of Abu Ayuub Al-Ansaari (may Allah be pleased with him). He said, the Messenger of Allah said: “When anyone of you goes to ease himself, he should not face the Qiblah and he should not turn his back to it.” (Bukhari). However, in the house, this is allowed. It is also allowed if there is a screen/separation between the person relieving himself and (the direction of) the Qiblah, while facing it or while backing it.

Servants of Allah! Part of the etiquettes is to enter the toilet with the left foot. Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah be merciful unto him) said: It has been established from the principles of the Shariah that actions that involves both the right and left (limbs) are preceded with the right (before the left) if the action is something noble/honorable, such as ablution, bath, starting with the right side when using the toothbrush, plucking the hair of the armpit, while dressing up, while putting on footwears, while disembarking from a ride, while entering the mosque and home, while exiting the toilet and similar things like that. The left (side) is made to proceed (ie put first) in the opposites of the above such as entering the toilet, removing footwears, and leaving the mosque.

The basic consideration in urinating is that it is done in the position of sitting (or squatting), and what is mostly done by the messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is that he relieved himself while sitting/squatting. It is the best and most helpful position to relieve oneself and to purify oneself. However, if one urinates while standing, there is not problem with that. The prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) urinated while standing a few times, so as to make it clear that it is permissible. This must however be with the condition that the person is screened away from people (so that nobody can see him) and that the spray of his urine would not splash back to him, such that his cloth is not safe from being stained/soiled by the impurity/ urine. (Otherwise), do not stand while urinating.

Part of the etiquette is not to expose the private part until when one is close to the ground, because it would be a cover for the person. This is according to what Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him), when he wanted to relieve himself, he does not raise his cloths until he’s close to the ground” (Tirmidhiy). Compare this with what many people do nowadays, urinating while standing in open spaces and in public toilets, with people looking at one another, out of indecent manner and modesty.

Part of the manners of relieving oneself is also to refrain from doing dhikr, verbally, inside the toilet, even to return the tasleem, in reverence for the name of Allah. It is reported from Jaabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that a man passed by the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) while he was urinating, and he (the man) said the tasleem to him (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him). The messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) then told him: “If you see me in in this kind of situation (ie relieving oneself), then do not say the tasleem to me. If you do so, I will not respond to you” (Ibn Maajah).

It is similarly not permissible to engage in talk while relieving oneself, except for a pressing need. He (also) should not clean with his right hand, in adhering to the words of the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him): “When any one of drink, let him not breathe in the container, and when he goes to the toilet, let him not touch his genital with his right hand and let him not clean (himself) with his right hand.” (Bukhaariy).

Part of the etiquette is not to use things that are forbidden to be used in cleansing (the private part), such as the dung, bones, and human feces, due to the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him) he said: “Do not cleanse yourself (after relieving yourself) with the dung or the bone, for it is the provision of your brethren among the Jinns.” (Tirmidhi). It is not permissible to do cleansing with something that is eatable, because such is a disregard to the grace of Allah, the exalted, and it is not permissible as well to cleanse using something on which is the mention of Allah, that is a desecration and mockery to the name of Allah, the Exalted. Almighty, and such is an act of disbelief in Allah, the Exalt

The Muslim should be careful not to allow impurity touch his garment or body, because the generality of the torment of the grave is due to lack of proper cleaning from urine. The Prophet, peace be upon him said: “Cleanse yourself from the urine, for the general torment of the grave is due to (not avoiding) it”

Part of the etiquette Include cleansing the hand of the remnant effect of the impurity. On the authority of Jarir bn Abdullah – may Allah be pleased with him – he said: I was with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, so he came to the latrine and ease himself, then he said: O Jarir bring the material for purification, so I brought him water, and he cleansed himself with water, and he said with his hand, and he rubbed it (his hand) on the ground”. (Nasaai). Using the soap to wash the hands after toileting occupies the position of rubbing the hand on the ground mentioned in the hadith above. It has been proven medically that after using the toilet if the hand is not cleaned properly, then this could be one of the causes of contracting dangerous diseases.

Part of the etiquettes include going out from the toilet with the right leg, and saying: “Gufraanaka” meaning: “I seek your forgiveness”. Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, would say on coming out of the latrine: “I seek your forgiveness” (Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah)

With this noble Islamic etiquette, Muslims are distinguished from others who do not adhere to religion or etiquette. There is no doubt that adherence to these etiquettes sustains our health, individually and collectively. We have to remember them in compliance with the command of Allah, the Exalted and emulating His Messenger, may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him.

May Allah bless me and you all.

THE SECOND SERMON
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is Allah’s slave and messenger. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him, his household, and all his companions in general.

Thereafter,
O you Muslims, Allah the Exalted, by His wisdom, preferred some days and months over some other, as He preferred some places and times to some. Dear brothers, among these times is the month of Rajab, which we are in the fourth day. It is one of the four sacred months stipulated by the Qur’an in the verse: “The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)- so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein,.” (9: 36)

These four months; Dhul- Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab – are called the sacred months due to the greatness of their sanctity and the prohibition of fighting therein. Ibn Abbas said: “Allah singled out four months of the year, making them a sanctuary, and making great their sanctity, and making sins, good deeds and rewards in them greater.

Worshipers of Allah, we should observe the sanctity of these months, including this month of Rajab, due to the status of honour assigned to them by Allah and be cautious of falling into sins in appreciation of the sanctity that they have because the sins are magnified because of the honor of the time which Allah had sanctified.

Know that there is no sound hadith that is valid for proof on the virtue of the month of Rajab, not in the fasting, nor in the fasting of a specific part of it, or in the observance of prayer in a special night in it. Rather, it is preferred to engage in worship in it generally because it is made sacred like other sacred months, not because it is a Rajab. Therefore increase in the worship of your Lord in prayer, fasting, dhikr, reading of the Qur’an, supplication, and charity etc.

Lastly, in the month of Rajab – the servants of God – the souls of the believers yearn for Ramadan and its breezes blow over them, they feel its proximity. Abu Bakr Al-Warraq said: (The month of Rajab is the month of planting, Sha’ban is the month of watering the plants, and Ramadan is the month of harvesting the produce”.
 It is worthy for those who have blackened their records with sins to prepare to whiten them with repentance this month, and whoever have lost his age in folly to take advantage of what remained of his age.

Supplication: O Allah bless us in this Rajab and in Sha’ban thereafter and we ask Him to preserve us till Ramadan.

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