9th Shaw’wal 1442 A.H
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
BEING THE SECOND SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF SHAWWAL, 9TH SHAWWAL/1442AH (21/MAY/2021CE)
THE POSITION OF JERUSALEM IN ISLAM.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, Who honoured His messenger- Muhammad with the Israa and Mi’raaj, Allah says: (سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ) “Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (17:1)
And I bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the chosen among His creatures and His beloved, the master of the sons of Adam and the best of Allah’s creatures. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.
As to what follows:
Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, the Almighty in the secret and the open, for that is the desired goal in all the acts of obedience and all commands and prohibitions in accordance with the words of Allah thus: (يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ َتَّقُونَ) “O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous” (Al-baqarah: 21)
Dear brothers in faith, this is the second meet in the month of Shawwal, and today – with the permission of Almighty Allah – the topic of our khutbah is The position of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Islam. Because the Al-Aqsa Mosque today is in severe danger, it has not been exposed to a greater danger than it’s facing these days, as the Jews, Orthodox Judaism and Christian Zionist have agreed with what they call themselves the Temple groups, that the time has come to destroy the Al-Aqsa Mosque and build the alleged temple that the Jews have planned since they set their filthy foot on the mosque premises from 1967. It is our duty as Muslims to confront this plot with the truth and remove the cover from the faces of those who are deceived by their lies among Muslims and others.
Jerusalem in the Creed of Muslims
Dear honoured Muslims, Jerusalem enjoys a prominent religious status in the heart of Islamic creed. No wonder then that all Muslims fervently stand together to defend this sacred city, protect its sanctity and sacred places, sacrifice their souls, and painstakingly spare no effort for the sake of its safety and driving the aggressors away from it. However, Muslims, Arabs, and Palestinians have adopted different views with regard to the issue of making peace with Israel: Is it permissible or not? And if permissible, would it be feasible or not? Yet, they all have a profound belief in the eternal nature of Jerusalem as an Islamic and Arab city and the obligation of resisting all the desperate Israeli attempts to Judaize it, alter its features, distort its history, and obliterate its Arab, Islamic, and Christian historicity. Indeed, Jerusalem has a predestined Islamic sanctity. It embodies in the Muslim conscience and sentiment the first Qiblah (direction towards which Muslims turn their faces in prayer), the land of Isra’ (the Night Journey of the Prophet – peace be upon him – from Makkah to Jerusalem) and Mi`raj (the Prophet’s Ascension to Heaven), the third sacred city in Islam, the land of prophecies and blessings, and the land of Jihad, as will be explained as follows:
Jerusalem: The first Qiblah The first image that is conjured up in the mind, conscience, and religious thought of Muslims regarding the status of Jerusalem is that it is the "First Qiblah" towards which the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions turned their faces in Prayer since Prayer was ordained on the Night of Isra’ and Mi`raj, in the 10th year of the inception of the Islamic Message – i.e. three years before the Hijrah. From the early days of Muslims in Makkah until sixteen months after their Hijrah to Madinah, Muslims prayed towards Jerusalem. Then, the Divine Command came to them in the Ever-Glorious Qur’an ordering them to turn their faces in Prayer towards the Ka`bah, the Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram).
Allah (Exalted be He) says, And from wheresoever you start forth (for Prayer), turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haram (at Makkah), and wheresoever you are, turn your faces toward it (when you pray). (Al-Baqarah: 150)
There is still a monument of the place in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah where the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions performed one prayer time, part of which was with their faces in the direction of Jerusalem while the other part was performed with their faces in the direction of Makkah. It has recently been renovated and been taken great care of. Today, Muslims still flock to visit it and perform Prayer therein.
Jerusalem: The land of the Isra’ and Mi`raj:
The second symbol of significance that Jerusalem represents for the Islamic conscience is that Almighty Allah made it the destination of the earthly Night Journey (Isra’) and the point of departure for the heavenly ascension to Heaven (Mi`raj). Almighty Allah ordained that the blessed Night Journey of the Prophet Muhammad commence from Makkah, specifically from Al-Masjid Al-Haram, where the Prophet (peace be upon him) then lived, and end at Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa. Such a course of action was neither arbitrary nor haphazard, but was, rather, assigned according to a divine plan and for a divine purpose, namely that the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers (Muhammad) should meet the Messengers and Prophets there and lead them in Prayer. This situation implies a declaration of the passage of religious leadership of the world from the children of Israel to a new universal nation (Ummah), a new universal Messenger and a new universal scripture. Almighty Allah says, And We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the Worlds. (Al-Anbiya’: 107). And, Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur’an) to His slave (Muhammad) that he may be a warner to the Worlds. (Al-Furqan: 1) The Glorious Qur’an clearly identified the point of departure and the destination of this Isra’ and Mi`raj journey in the verses of the eponymous sura (Al-Isra’). Allah (Exalted be He) says; Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah)Who took His servant (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid Al-Haram (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) (Al-Isra’: 1). Despite the reverent position and glory of the Sacred Mosque Al-Masjid AlHaram, the verses overstepped it and here underlined the following qualifications and characteristics of Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, saying "the neighborhood whereof We have blessed". Therefore, if the neighborhood of the Mosque is blessed, then it follows that the mosque itself is more worthy to be blessed.
Jerusalem: The third sacred city
With the revered city of Makkah being the most sacred city in Islam due to the honor of housing Al-Masjid Al-Haram, and "Teebah" or Al-Madinah AlMunawwarah coming second in ranking with the honor of housing the Mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and being the place of his grave, Jerusalem or "Bayt Al-Maqdis" comes third in Islam. Jerusalem enjoys the honor of holding within its boundaries Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, the neighborhood of which Almighty Allah has blessed. In this context, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the authentic hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah, "Do not set out on a journey except for three Mosques i.e. AlMasjid AI-Haram, Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, (in Jerusalem), and this mosque of mine (Al-masjid AnNabawi)." (Agreed upon) Hence, all the mosques are equal in honor with regard to the reward of praying in them, and a Muslim is not allowed to set out on a journey – with the purpose of praying or religious devotion – for any mosque other than the three distinguished mosques stated in the hadith. Therefore, the hadith came in the restrictive mode implying that such honorable exception does not apply in analogy to other mosques. In fact, the Ever-Glorious Qur’an underscored the significance and sanctity of AlMasjid Al-Aqsa even before the building of the Mosque of the Prophet (Al-Masjid An-Nabawi) six years before the Hijrah. Besides, the Prophetic traditions came to reiterate what the Glorious Qur’an stated, such as the above quoted hadith and the hadith in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "(The reward of) A prayer in AlMasjid Al-Aqsa equals (that of) five hundred prayers in any other mosque, except for Al-Masjid AlHaram and Al-Masjid An-Nabawi". (Agreed upon). Moreover, Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked, "Which mosque was first built on earth?" He (peace be upon him) replied, "Al-Masjid Al-Haram." Then he was asked, "Which was next?" He said, "Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa" (Agreed upon).
Jerusalem: The land of Prophethood and blessings
Jerusalem is part of the land of Palestine. Rather, it is the gem and seed pearl and the kernel of it. Besides, Almighty Allah has attributed benediction to it in five verses of the Glorious Qur’an:
First: In the sura of Al-Isra’, Almighty Allah described Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa as follows: …the neighborhood whereof We have blessed..
Second: Upon mentioning the story of Friend of Allah, Prophet Ibrahim, Almighty Allah says, And We rescued him (Ibrahim) and Lot to the land which We have blessed for the Worlds. (Al-Anbiya’: 71).
Third: Upon mentioning the story of Musa, Allah says about the Children of Israel, after drowning Pharaoh and his troops, And We made the people who were considered weak inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. (Al-A`raf: 137)
Fourth: Reporting the story of Sulayman (Solomon) and the blessings Allah (Exalted be He) bestowed upon him, a sovereignty the likeness of which none after him will ever possess, including subjecting the wind to blow by his command, Almighty Allah says, And to Sulayman (We subjected) the wind strongly raging, running by his command towards the land which We had blessed. (Al-Anbiya’: 81)
Fifth: Upon mentioning the story of Saba’ (Sheba) and how Almighty Allah endowed them with safety and prosperity, He (Exalted be He) says, And We placed between them and the towns which We had blessed, towns easy to be seen, and We made the stages (of journey) between them easy (saying), ‘Travel in them safely both by night and day.’ (Saba’: 18) Such towns that Almighty Allah had blessed are the land of Palestine and the Levant. The reputable exegete of the Glorious Qur’an, Al-Alusi, said, "The towns referred to – in the verses – as being blessed are the villages of the Levant, due to the opulent trees and fruits and the abundant life with which its people are endowed. Ibn `Abbas asserted, "They are the villages of Bayt Al-Maqdis", and Ibn `Atiyyah said, "The exegetes unanimously agree on this opinion".
Jerusalem: The land of garrisoning and Jihad
For Muslims, Jerusalem is the land of garrisoning and Jihad, since the Qur’anic verses and prophetic hadiths on the virtue of Prayer therein included good tidings that Jerusalem will be opened by Islam, and that Muslims would gain sovereignty over it, and that they shall flock to visit its mosque to pray and worship the Almighty there. Sure enough, Jerusalem – previously known as Ilya’ – was opened during the reign of the second Caliph in Islam, `Umar ibn Al-Khattab. The then-patriarch of the city, Sophronios, stipulated that he would hand in the keys of Jerusalem only to the Caliph himself, and not to any of his army generals. Hence, `Umar set out from Madinah to Jerusalem in an extraordinary historic journey to receive the keys of the city, and concluded a momentous peace treaty, known as "Al-`Uhdah Al-`Umariyyah", with the Christian citizens of the town. According to this treaty, the Caliph guaranteed safety for their souls and properties, their places of worship, freedom of belief, and practice of their rituals.
A number of the prominent Muslim figures, such as Khalid ibn AlWalid, `Abdurrahman ibn `Awf, `Amr ibn Al-`Aas, and Mu`awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan, then witnessed and testified to the treaty.
It is worth noting that Almighty Allah had informed His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that this sacred land will be under threat of occupation by the enemies. Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) urged his Ummah to garrison there and undertake the activities of Jihad to defend it from falling into the hands of its enemies, or to liberate it in case it was destined to fall in their hands. He (peace be upon him) foresaw the prospective decisive battle between the Muslims and the Jews, ensuring that victory will eventually be on the side of the Muslims and that everything – including stones and trees – will assist the Muslims in their battle. We beseech Allah, the Exalted to hasten this promised victory, to protect this land, to honour the Muslims and those stationed in it, and to cut off the backbone of the criminals Zionists. He is able over that.
THE SECOND KHUTBAH
All praises are due to Allah for His benevolence and grace. All gratitudes belong to Him for His success and favour. We praise Him and glorify Him, and may He be exalted. We believe in Him, and put our trust in Him. O Allah, bless and grant peace to Muhammad (SAW), his family, companions and his brothers among the Prophets.
O servants of Allah, the Zionists were gathered to allow the entry of two thousand Zionist usurpers into the courtyards of the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque on the twenty-eighth of the blessed month of Ramadan. And here were the pure servants of Allah, the Exalted, who journeyed to the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque and stationed in its squares and courtyards to prevent the settlers from breaking into it. They discharged their duty in line with Allah’s prescription for them. The question today is that, if they did what they were asked to do, what is required of us towards them and towards the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque in the face of this planned criminal intrusion? The obligatory duty for Muslims is to commit themselves and their wealth. If the enemy occupies a land among their lands and the Muslims are incapable of striving with themselves, then they must strive with their money. Allah says: (لا يَسْتَوِي الْقَاعِدُونَ مِنَ الْـمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ أُوْلِي الضَّرَرِ وَالْـمُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْـمُجَاهِدِينَ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ دَرَجَةً وَكُلاًّ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْـحُسْنَى وَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْـمُجَاهِدِينَ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا) "Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] – other than the disabled – and the mujāhideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred the mujāhideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to all [i.e., both] Allah has promised the best [reward]. But Allah has preferred the mujāhideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward" (An-nisaa: 95)
Be aware that the financial support that the Muslim gives to his fellow Mujahideen stationed in the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque is not donation, or volunteerism, favor, or charity from him, rather it is the fulfillment of some of the right that is required of him. One of the most important duties is to work to sadden the faces of the Zionists, expose their falsehood, and expose their plans through mass mobilization, the media, or campaigns on social media, in that is saddening the faces of the usurper Zionists on one hand, and strength to the stationers (Murobiteen) on the other hand. The Almighty Allah says: (إِنْ أَحْسَنتُمْ أَحْسَنتُمْ لِأَنفُسِكُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ أَسَأْتُمْ فَلَهَا ۚ فَإِذَا جَاءَ وَعْدُ الْآخِرَةِ لِيَسُوءُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَلِيَدْخُلُوا الْمَسْجِدَ كَمَا دَخَلُوهُ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَلِيُتَبِّرُوا مَا عَلَوْا تَتْبِيرًا) "[And said], "If you do good, you do good for yourselves; and if you do evil, [you do it] to them [i.e., yourselves]." Then when the final [i.e., second] promise came, [We sent your enemies] to sadden your faces and to enter the masjid [i.e., the temple in Jerusalem], as they entered it the first time, and to destroy what they had taken over with [total] destruction." (Al-Isra: 7)
Dear servants of Allah, here is Maymunah, may Allah be pleased with her, asking the Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him: “O Messenger of Allah, tell us the legal injunction about (visiting) Bayt al-Muqaddas (the dome of the Rock at Jerusalem). The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “It is the land of resurrection, and the land of gathering (of the souls), go there and pray there, verily a prayer in it is like a thousand prayer elsewhere. She said: “O Messenger of Allah, what about those who could not endure to reach there (All the cities at that time were effected by war)? He said: “He who could not go there, should then send some oil to be used in the lamps. He who sent oil there is like he who visited it.”.
The stationers (Murobiteen) at Jerusalem and the Blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque are contributing to it with their blood and souls, so let each one of us ask himself what will I send to the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque in terms of material and moral effort, and what will I send out to the lamps of the Masra (place of ascension) of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
I said this statement and I ask Allah for forgiveness for me and for you.
Du’a: O You Allah, the displacer of grief, the Revoker of sadness, the Reliever of stress, the Easer of distress, You are the one who responds to the call of the oppressed. Oh You the Merciful to the weakness of the oppressed, Oh You helper of the oppressed servants, Oh You the protector of the patient ones, Oh You the displacer of the agony of the agonized, Oh You, the most merciful. Oh You the support of those without support, Oh You the greatest hope, Oh You the Mighty. Oh You the most powerful, Oh You the Able, Oh You the Subduer, … Oh You Our Lord, Oh You Our Lord, Oh You Our Protector, give victory to the oppressed Muslims in Palestine and support them with your support. O you whose army cannot be defeated, and Who does not break his promise, glory be to You and all praises be to You.
Oh Allah, the Zionists have become tyrannical, they have transgressed, and have gone overboard in their transgression. Oh Allah, prepare for them a strong hand of the truth as a recompense, which will dispel their complains, and eradicate any compassion for them. Oh Allah, descend on them your punishment, Oh You the truthful lord. Oh Allah, do not allow their flag be raised, nor accomplish for them any goal, and make them a sign (of humiliation) to those who succeed them. Oh Allah, defeat them, shake them and grant us victory over them. Oh You Lord of the worlds … and we beseech you, O Allah, that you grant the Muslims success, both the leaders and the peoples, to know the plots and goal of the enemies so that they would be able to confront their plots appropriately, and save the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Blessed Land from them, and place its administration in the hands of the righteous ones among your servants. You are a generous and honourable Lord.