Click here to Download
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
BEING THE SECOND KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF MUHARRAM, 12/MUHARRAM/1438AH (14TH/OCTOBER/2016CE)
THE ROLE OF FAITH IN INDIVIDUAL AND NATION BUILDING
All praises are due to Allah Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion. And sufficient is Allah as Witness. Allah says:
﴿…فَالَّذِينَ هَاجَرُوا وَأُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ وَأُوذُوا فِي سَبِيلِي وَقَاتَلُوا وَقُتِلُوا لَأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَلَأُدْخِلَنَّهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ثَوَابًا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حُسْنُ الثَّوَابِ (195) لَا يَغُرَّنَّكَ تَقَلُّبُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي الْبِلَادِ (196) مَتَاعٌ قَلِيلٌ ثُمَّ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمِهَادُ (197) لَكِنِ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا رَبَّهُمْ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا نُزُلًا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ وَمَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ لِلْأَبْرَارِ﴾
“So those who emigrated or were evicted from their homes or were harmed in My cause or fought or were killed – I will surely remove from them their misdeeds, and I will surely admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow as reward from Allah, and Allah has with Him the best reward.” ( 196 ) Be not deceived by the (uninhibited) movement of the disbelievers throughout the land. ( 197 ) (It is but) a small enjoyment; then their (final) refuge is Hell, and wretched is the resting place. ( 198 ) But those who feared their Lord will have gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding eternally therein, as accommodation from Allah. And that which is with Allah is best for the righteous. ” (3: 195-198). I testify there is no god but Allah alone, He has no associate, and I testify that Muhammad (ﷺ) is the servant of Allah and His messenger. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on him (ﷺ), his families, pious companions and all those who follow his guidance till the day of recompense.
O people, I enjoin you and myself to fear Allah, for that is the divine recommendation to every person that seeks to gain the . Allah says:
﴿يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ ﴾
“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]. (3: 102).
Today’s sermon is titled “THE ROLE OF FAITH IN INDIVIDUAL AND NATION BUILDING” under a major theme of THE PROPHETIC HIJRAH AND NATION BUILDING.
The importance of faith in the life of a Muslim:
The subject of today’s sermon is an important one because it is connected to the faith, and the elucidation of matters of faith in Islam is of the most obligatory obligation to be learnt; because that defines the soundness of his faith and his Islam. Thus a servant without aqeedah is like a soulless body and every action done without sound faith is into futility, not acceptable. Allah says: “Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do.” (16: 97)
Faith in Allah; the greatest pillar of faith:
Faith in Allah is the greatest pillar of the six pillars of faith. We cannot understand faith in Allah without talking about the meaning of faith itself. What then is faith? Faith – as it concerns aqeedah – means what the mind believes in and holds onto. That which a person believe in firmly without any doubt in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the Last Day and destiny. This kind of faith involves professing with the tongue, and actions through the parts of the body as the fruits of faith.
Types of faith in Allah: (1) Faith in the oneness of the Lordship Allah (2) Faith in the oneness of Allah- Al-Uluhiyyah- right to be worshipped alone (3) Faith in Allaah’s names and attributes
- Faith in the oneness of the Lordship Allah: This is to believe in Allah alone as the Lord that create all things, the heavens and the earth, including mankind and all other creatures- seen and unseen. Allah says: “”Allah is the Creator of all things” (13: 16). “Say, “Who provides for you from the heaven and the earth? Or who controls hearing and sight and who brings the living out of the dead and brings the dead out of the living and who arranges [every] matter?” They will say, “Allah,” so say, “Then will you not fear Him?” (10: 31)
Fruits of faith in the Lordship of Allah: It grants one who believes in the rububiyyah of Allah the love of Allah, and true connection with Him. The Prophet- pbuh told Ibn Abbass: “Know that even if the Nation (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” It also assists a servant to gain reliance and dependence on Allah- At-tawakkul. Allah says: “and I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants.” (40: 44) “And my success is not but through Allah. Upon him I have relied, and to Him I return.” (11: 88)
- Faith in the oneness of Allah – Al- Uluhiyyah- right to be worshipped: This concerns the essence why Allah sent messengers to mankind and reason for revelation of the scriptures. This class of faith is full of trials, Allah says: “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allah and avoid Taghut.”(16: 36) “And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah, your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.” (39: 65)
This means to believe sincerely without doubt that Allah alone deserves to be worshipped, deserves to be submitted to, deserves to be feared and hoped for. He should be the One alone you intend in your solat, supplication, fasting, and seek His protection in times of fear.
- Faith in Allaah’s names and attributes: This means the belief that there is none like Allah in His names and attributes. These names and attributes are taken without likening any of them to the creation. We just accept them as they are without asking what, how, why etc.
Fruits of faith in the names and attributes of Allah is that it brings conviction to the believer.
Faith in the Angels: To belief that Allah created the angels for His worship; they obey His commands and they never become wary of worshipping Him. They are sent by Allah to wherever and whomever He wishes; some are delegated to direct the wind, others delegated to direct the rain, others give the role of taking lives. Faith in the angels grants us the love for the angels as obedient servants of Allah, it also strengthens our level of God’s consciousness because some of them are scribes that write down our actions thus it begets shamefulness, and swiftness to seek forgiveness and repentance.
Faith in the messengers: To have faith in all the messengers of Allah as mentioned in the Qur’an or the sunnah, and those not mentioned. Allah says: “And [We sent] messengers about whom We have related (their stories) to you before and messengers about whom We have not related to you. And Allah spoke to Moses with [direct] speech.” (4: 164). To believe that they all came with only one religion- Islam, but there was difference in their peculiar laws. Allah says: “To each of you We prescribed a law and a method.” (5: 48). And to believe that Muhammad-ﷺ is the seal of them all.
Faith in the revealed books: Allah revealed some books as proofs over His creatures. The holy Qu’ran receives our special belief as the words of Allah, which prevails over other scriptures. Allah says: “And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth.” (5: 48) Fruits of faith in messengers and the revealed books: Specifically, faith in the Qur’an and the messenger- Muhammad- peace be upon him posses a great impact or influence in the life individuals and societies, for it is not expected of a believer to embark on any action- verbal or practical except that he refers to the Qur’an and the sunnah. And to know that to Allah belongs judgment on all issues, Allah says: “And judge, [O Muhammad], between them by what Allah has revealed …” (5: 49).
Faith in the Last Day: This is to believe that Allah sets aside a day where He shall subject all humanity to accountability; the righteous are rewarded in good terms, while the unrighteous reap the evil of their deeds.
Faith in Destiny: This is means to believe that Allah has knowledge of all things before its occurrence and existence. Allah have written its proportion and destination fifty thousand years before the creation of heavens and earth, and that what Allah wills comes to pass and what he does not will never happen. He created all things including obedience and disobedience because it is not rational to believe anything exists in the dominion of the heavens and earth outside Allah.
All praises are due to Allah Who created the heavens and the earth. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his families, his pious companions and all those who follow his guidance.
Allah says: “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” (49: 13).
The Prophet- peace be upon him said: “Women are halves of men.”
The International Day Of The Girl Child– an annual event- was commemorated on 11th Oct, 2016 by the UNO. The theme for this year’s event is- Girls’ Progress: Goals’ Progress.
The subject of women and their role in the society forms topic of many writings and discussions in the contemporary world of today described with characteristics of openness and convergence. These writings, sometimes posit are divergent in their positions, and is built around three groups:
* The first group is that which seeks to impose the Western traditions on the Muslim Woman with all its garbage of corruption and decomposition of religious values, and deviation from both upright nature and the straight path.
* The second group is that have produced underdevelopment and backwardness for the Islamic world. The proponents of this group go to the extreme in the protection of the woman covering her with several types of customs and traditions which obstruct her from public life, subjecting her to lack of movement and lack of attention to what goes on around them.
* The third group is that which posits a balanced position of Islam concerning women and their role. This group believed in the unity of the human race, and gave every gender its right, and pay attention to the need for the mutual participation of all individuals in the Muslim community either directly or indirectly. This group is balanced and has not been influenced by the two earlier mentioned groups above.
In addition to that, the secret security operatives had announced the arrest of some of the judges in our country Nigeria who have been indicted in their credibility of taking bribes from offenders, especially in the case of the last general elections. The Department of State Services (DSS) had few days ago stormed the houses of some judges- including some judges of the Supreme Court, arrested them and recovered huge sum of money in different denominations. It is no secret the position of Islam on the role of Justice of the judiciary in the nation in the effort to achieve the desired development, such that it has qualified them with noble attributes:
Allah says: “and when you judge between people to judge with justice.” (4: 58).
“And if you judge, judge between them with justice. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.” (5: 42).
“ Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.” (4: 105).
It has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Behold! the Dispensers of justice will be seated on the pulpits of light beside God, on the right side of the Merciful, Exalted and Glorious. Either side of the Being is the right side both being equally meritorious. (The Dispensers of justice are) those who do justice in their rules, in matters relating to their families and in all that they undertake to do.
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If the judge rules and strives his utmost to work it out and gets it right, he will have two rewards, and if he rules and strives his utmost to work it out and gets it wrong, he will have one reward.” (Agreed upon).
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: He who has been appointed a judge has been killed without a knife.
Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Judges are of three types, one of whom will go to Paradise and two to Hell. The one who will go to Paradise is a man who knows what is right and gives judgment accordingly; but a man who knows what is right and acts tyrannically in his judgment will go to Hell; and a man who gives judgment for people when he is ignorant will go to Hell.
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”