THE STATUS OF SOLAT IN ISLAM 1438 Khutba 28th April, 2017

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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE FIFTH KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF RAJAB 30/RAJAB/1438AH (28/APRIL/2017CE)

THE STATUS OF SOLAT (PRAYER) IN ISLAM

Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds, we praise and thank Allah, the exalted. We seek help and guidance from Him, we believe in Him and trust Him. And we seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls and deeds. He that Allah guides is the guided, and the one He misleads will have no one to be his guide. I testify there is no god except Allah, and that our master- Muhammad is His servant and messenger. O Allah send peace and blessing on Muhammmad (SAW), his household, companions and those who follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgment.

O servants of Allaah! I admonish you and myself to fear Allaah the exalted both in secret and public since it is (the means to) success, victory and salvation. Allaah says:

(يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ (102

O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].  (3:102)

Brothers in faith, today’s sermon is on the POSITION OF SALAH (PRAYER) IN ISLAM as it was made obligatory in the course of the Miraculous Night Journey of the Prophet in Rajab.

STATUS OF PRAYER IN ISLAM

  • Solat is the most emphatic obligation after the shahaadah– testification among the five pillars of Islam. The Prophet said: “Islam has been built upon five things – on testifying that there is no god save Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger; on performingsalah; on giving the zakah; on performing pilgrammage to the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah), and on fasting during Ramadhan.  (bukhari)
  • The neglect of solat is regarded as an act of kufr- disbelief. The Prophet said: “Between a person and disbelief and shirk is discarding prayer.” (Muslim.). Abdullah said: “The companions of the prophet do not regard the neglect of any act as being kufr other than solat.”
  • Prayer is the pillar of the religion: The Prophet (pbuh) says: “The peak of the matter is Islam (submission to Allah), the pillar is prayer; and its topmost part isjihad.” (Tirmidhi)
  • Solat is the first act that a person will be held accountable for on the day of judgement. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said “The first act that the slave will be accountable for on the Day of Judgement will be prayer. If it is good, then he succeeds and is saved, but if it is bad, then he fails and incurs wrath.” (Related by at-Tirmidhi.)
  • Solat was the last recommendation of the Prophet (pbuh) to the Muslim nation. The messenger of Allah says: “(Be mindful of) Prayer, “(Be mindful of) prayer and what your right hand possesses.” (Ibn Majah)
  • Solat will be the last part of Islam to be lost, and when it is gone, the religion is lost.: The messenger of Allah says: If Islam were stripped away, piece by piece, people would hold tight to the next one. The first thing taken would be ruling and governance, and the last thing would be prayer.” (Related by Ahmad)
  • Solat is the only act of worship that remains obligatory on any Muslim throughout his life till death.
  • Solat wipes out sins. “Have you considered, if there is a river at the door of any one of you where he takes a bath five times daily, would any of his dirt remain? They said: “Nothing will remain of his dirt” He replied: “That is the similitude of the five daily solat, Allah cleanses dirt with it.”
  • The special status of solat among other forms of worship is that it was made obligatory on the night of the miraculous journey of the prophet (pbuh) where Allah communicated to him directly, about three years before the hijrah.
  • It was made obligatory as fifty salah daily but reduced to five with reward equivalent to fifty.
  • Solat is one of the most important attributes of the believers as seen in suratul-mu’minun where it commences with the attribute of solat and ends with it as well:

{قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ – الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ – وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ – وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِلزَّكَاةِ فَاعِلُونَ – وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَافِظُونَ – إِلَّا عَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِمْ أوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ – فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى وَرَاءَ ذَلِكَ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ – وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ – وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ} [المؤمنون: 1 – 9]

(1 )   Certainly will the believers have succeeded:(2)   They who are during their prayer humbly submissive( 3 )   And they who turn away from ill speech (4)   And they who are observant of zakah ( 5 )   And they who guard their private parts (6)   Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed -(7)   But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors – (8)   And they who are to their trusts and their promises attentive (9)   And they who carefully maintain their prayers – (10)   Those are the inheritors.

Legislation of Solat with evidences from the Qur’an and Sunnah.

From the beginning of Islam solat in general term has been legislated as evident in the makkan surahs that enjoin its establishment. However, the five daily prayers were made obligatory during the Isra wal miraaj. The evidences on the legislation of the five daily prayers could be drawn from the Qur’an and the Hadith as follow:

From the Qur’an

Allah says in many verses of the Qur’an “And establish prayer”  (2: 110) Also (إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤمِنِينَ كِتَاباً مَّوْقُوتاً) “Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.” (4: 103).

(حَافِظُواْ عَلَى الصَّلَواتِ والصَّلاةِ الْوُسْطَى) “ Maintain with care the [obligatory] prayers and [in particular] the middle prayer” (2:238)

Allah says: (وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفاً مِّنَ الَّيْلِ) “And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night.” (11: 114). This command covers the five daily prayers. The two ends of the day- Solatul- fajr is observed at the early part of the day while solatuz-zuhr and asr is observed at the other end of the day. Solatul Maghrib and Isha come up in the night. Allah says:

(أَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ الَّيْلِ وَقُرْءَانَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْءَانَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُوداً) Establish prayer at the decline of the sun [from its meridian] until the darkness of the night and [also] the Qur’an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed.” (17: 78)

From the Sunnah:

The prophet said  during the farewell sermon: “Worship your Lord, observe your (five daily) solat, observe your (Ramadan) fast, make pilgrimage to your (sacred) house, pay the zakat of your wealth generously, your shall enter the paradise of your Lord.”

Finally, it is unanimously agreed upon by the Muslims regarding the obligatory nature of solat.

Judgement of he who neglects Salah:

Neglecting the obligatory prayers is an act of disbelief. He who neglects it out of denial of its obligation has committed great disbelief even if he observes it, this is agreed upon by scholars’ consensus. However, he who left it entirely, but believes in its obligation and never denies it is a kafir. The sound statement of Islamic scholars is that this disbelief is great kufr as well and it takes him out of Islam as shown in the following evidences:

1- Allah says: (يَوْمَ يُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ وَيُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ – خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ تَرْهَقُهُمْ ذِلَّةٌ وَقَدْ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَهُمْ سَالِمُونَ})

The Day the shin will be uncovered and they are invited to prostration but the disbelievers will not be able, Their eyes humbled, humiliation will cover them. And they used to be invited to prostration while they were sound.” (68: 42- 43. This shows he who neglects prayer despite being a Muslim will be gathered with the disbelievers and hypocrites who failed to prostrate when Muslims prostrate

2- He will be among the sinners doom for hell: Allah says:

Every soul, for what it has earned, will be retained,  Except the companions of the right, [Who will be] in gardens, questioning each other about the criminals. [And asking them], “What put you into Saqar?” They will say, “We were not of those who prayed, Nor did we used to feed the poor. And we used to enter into vain discourse with those who engaged [in it], And we used to deny the Day of Recompense.” (74: 38- 46).

3- He is not of brothers to the believers: Allah says: (فَإِنْ تَابُوا وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَنُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ)

 But if they repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, then they are your brothers in religion; and We detail the verses for a people who know.” (9: 11)

4- Jabir reports that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, “Between a person and disbelief and shirk is discarding prayer.” (Muslim.)

Buraidah reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, “The pact between us and them is prayer. Whoever abandons it is a disbeliever.” (Related by At-Tirmizhi, anNasa’i and Ibn Majah.)

5- Abdullah bn Buraidah

SECOND KHUTBAH

All praises are due to Allah the lord of the worlds. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad (pbuh) his household, companions and all believers till the day of accountability.

Dear servants of Allah, today is the last Jumah in Rajab, by next Friday Allah’s willing, we shall be in the month of Sha’baan, we hereby pray in accordance with the practice of the Prophet (pbuh) thus: “O Allah, bless us in Rajab, and Sha’baan, and preserve us till Ramadan.”

Duties in Sha’baan:

Fasting in Sha’baan

Imam Ahmad narrated from hadith of Usama Ibn Zayd said: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) fasts for days and does not break until we say: ‘The Messenger of God never intend to break (the fast). And he remain without fasting for days as if he does not fast except two days starting from Friday, provided those two days are among his days of fasting, otherwise he fasts the two, and he does not fast in any other months as he does in Sha’abaan. I said: ‘O messenger of Allah, you fast to the extent that you do not break, and you also remain without fasting to such extent that you does not fast except two days if it goes with the days you are fasting, otherwise you fast on those two days alone? He said: “Which two days?” I replied: Monday and Thursday. He said: “In those two days, the deeds are brought to the Lord of the worlds and I love that my deeds are present while I am fasting” I said: “I have seen you fast in other months what you fast in Sha’abaan” He said: ‘That (Sha’abaan) is a month between Rajab and Ramadan forgotten by people, it is a month where deeds are presented before the lord of the worlds (the exalted) and I love that my deeds are present while I am fasting”

This hadith describes the fasting of the Prophet (pbuh) in the year, the week, and the months. Within the year, he fasts at times that it seems as he never stops, while at others, he leaves it to such an extent that it seems he will not fast.

ISLAMIC LEGAL PRINCIPLES IN RELATING WITH WORKERS:

As we commemorate the workers’ day, many ask the question of what should be the relationship between the employers and the employees. What is the Islamic position on that relation? Does the shariah has a platform to control such relationship for its smooth running, dislodge oppression from all workers, and entrench trust in their minds?

We say yes to these questions, the shariah came to ensure felicity and happiness for mankind in this life and the hereafter. It came as well with the balance of truth and moderation in all things and matters. Regarding the employer/employee relationship, the shariah has ensured this essence for both parties:

1- Work or employment in the Islamic Sharia has dignity and merit. The income a man earns through working is regarding as the best earning. The prophet (PBUH) says: (The best of a man’s wealth is his earning from his handiwork and that of every good sale.) (related by Ahmed Al-tabaraani and Al-haakim and Al-bayhaqi). This is better than begging from people and being subdued to them. The Prophet said: (If any of you takes his rope and came with firewood, sells it, and then profit himself through it, that is better for him than to ask people either they give him or prevent him) (agreed upon from the hadeeth of Abu hurayrah) A worker is dignified as he discharges his duty with honesty, sincerity and fear of Allah, hence his earnings then is good, honourable, accompanied by self dignity, self-esteem and saving it from humiliation, disgrace, begging people and resorting to them.

  1. Allah commands both the employee and the employer to adhere to the obligations of the contract between them. Allah said:

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَوْفُوا بِالْعُقُودِ} (المائدة1)

{O you who believe fulfil (all) contracts} (5: 1)

The employer should abide by the contract between him and the employee in the payment of the wages, job description, amount of work so that it is clear to everyone. The employer is required to carry out the contract between him and the employee in totality because it is a trust. And if he deviate from it then that will be treacherous; an act of hypocrites who lies when they speak, they break their promises and betray trusts.

It is obligatory on the employee to abide by the terms of agreement with all trust, truth and sincerity. If both parties adhere to these terms of agreement then, things will sail smoothly with the grace of God.

  1. Also, Islam encourages the employer to pay the employee his wages on time, the prophet (PBUH) said: “Pay the employee his wages before his sweat dries” (Al-bayhaqi in the Sunan). It is regarded as injustice and oppression to procrastinate workers, delay their rights and entitlements for many months despite the employer’s ability to pay. In fact, that is an act of complacency, fraudulent manipulations and exploiting their money for his interests. While the workers will be expecting their entitlements but he- the employer does not care. Even some of the workers confront them with their grievances, or become compelled to relinquish some of their rights wrongfully, all these have bad and severe consequences.

A living witness is what is experienced in some states today where workers are owed several months this attitude is antithetical to the principles of Islam.

 

  1. Also, it is forbidden on him- the employer to deprive them of any of their rights having discharged their duty. In a hadith the prophet (PBUH) said: (Allah said: “I am the opponent to three persons and whoever I am to him an opponent, I defeat him: he mentioned of them: (a man who sold a freeborn and ate the gain from it, and a man who employed people, he got his right from them, but he did not give them their rights, and a man who had a covenant with Me but betrayed” (narrated by Al-bukhaari in chapter on leasing) Allah is an opponent to these men on the day of resurrection; an opponent to the employer who suffers the employee, he got his full right from him, and then procrastinates, denies, and deal unjustly with his right, and hide from him, come up with tricks, deception, fraud and cover ups that are actually conspicuous. Allah encompasses and sees him and his secrecies.

GIVING WORKERS’ THEIR RIGHTS LEADS TO ACCEPTANCE OF PRAYERS.

Servants of God, there are commendations to the employer who discharges his obligation in the Islamic law. Giving the workers their rights in honesty leads to acceptance of prayer and deliverance from tribulations and crises. The prophet (PBUH) tells us a story of the three who sought shelter at night in a cave. A big rock rolled down the mountain and closed the mouth of the cave. They could not move it and no one knew nothing about them. And when they became powerless and unable to achieve anything, they looked up to Allah and seek a means to Him by their good deeds. They were three, one of them said: “O Allah! I employed few labourers and I paid them their wages with the exception of one man who did not take his wages and went away. I invested his wages and I got much property thereby; camels, cows, sheep, slaves and farm land. (Then after some time) he came and said to me: O Allah’s slave! Pay me my wages. I said to him: All the camels, cows, sheep, slaves and farm land you see, are yours. He said: “Are you mocking at me? I said: “I am not mocking at you”. And he said: “O Allah” So, he took all the herd and drove them away and left nothing. O Allah! If I did that for Your Sake only, please relieve us from the present suffering.’ So, that rock shifted completely and they got out walking.

(narrated by Al-bukhaari in chapter on leasing and Muslim in chapter on Dhikr and Prayer). Thus is the reward of the truthful ones, with sincere, honest treatment among people.

The consequence of non-performance of rights:

Allah deals with a person who denies or tries to evade discharge of workers’ rights through destruction in earnings and loss in his business, in addition to what is awaits him in the sight of Allah including chastisement and the curse of the oppressed. The curse of the oppressed meets the opening of the gates of the heavens and acceptance by Allah. Allah said: “By My might, I shall defend you even if it be after a long while” (narrated by Ahmad and Al-tirmidhi). There is no partition between the prayer of the oppressed and Allah as said by Mu’aadh: “And fear the curse of the oppressed, there is no partition between it and Allah” (narrated by Al-bukhaari and Muslim)

 

Dear Muslims, it is obligatory on the Government to fear Allah as they employ workers; men and women. The fear of Allah in the covenant with Allah. Firstly is to know or recognize the needs of their employees, their poverty status, and to treat them with kindness in all matters. The prophet (PBUH) said: “Your brothers are your slaves, Allah put them under you, and whoever Allah place his brother under him, let him feed him from what he eats, and cloth him from what he wears, and do not assign to them what they are not capable to do, but if you do, then, assist them.” (narrated by Al-bukhaari and Muslim). And you should not betray them, Allah says:

{إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا اْلأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُمْ بِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا} (النساء : 58)

Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; And when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For Allah is He Who heareth and seeth all things. (4: 58)

{ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَخُونُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوا أَمَانَاتِكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ }(الأنفال27).

 

O ye that believe! betray not the trust of Allah and the Messenger, nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you. (8: 27)

At this juncture, we add our voice from this Minbar to those who are demanding their rights including the Trade Union of workers and the professionals in various States of Nigeria in particular, and the world at large. We equally enjoin the government and all employers to fear Allah regarding these rights.

 

O Allah destroy the cunnings of the enemies of Muslims. O Allah invalidate their plots and tricks. O Allah extinguish the flame of their evil. O Allah cast the round of consequence on every unjust impostor, and render destruction and shame on whoever tries to ruin the country. O Allah protect the blood of the people, their properties, and their dignity. O Allah set free all Muslim captives and prisoners. O Allah, protect them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and from above them.

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