IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL
[Khutbah Category]
6th Dul-Hijjah 1442 A.H
(16th July,2021 C.E)

BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL HIJJAH DATED 6TH DHUL-HIJJAH 1442 AH (16TH JULY, 2021 CE)

THE UDH-HIYYAH (EIDUL-ADHA SACRIFICE): ITS VIRTUES, RULINGS AND THE ETIQUETTES OF THE EID
All praises belong to Allah, Who says in His Perfect Revelation: “And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols (i.e. rites) of Allah, for you therein is good. So mention the name of Allah upon them when lined up [for sacrifice]; and when they are [lifeless] on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy [who does not seek aid] and the beggar. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful.” (al-Hajj: 36). We praise Him, Glorified and Exalted He is, we thank Him, we believe in Him and we rely completely on Him. We seek refuge with Him from the evils of our souls and (the evils) of our bad deeds. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is Allah’s slave and messenger, the one who said: “The son of Adam would not do any deed on the Day of Eid more likable to Allah than shedding blood (slaughtering the Eid sacrifice)” Oh Allah! Let your Benediction and Peace and Blessings be on him and his household, his companions in general and those that follow them in goodness till the Day of Judgement.

Thereafter… Oh servants of Allah! I enjoin you and myself with the fear of Allah, the Most High and Majestic, as this is the goal of the rite of sacrifice and all acts of (seeking) closeness to Allah in the pure, uncorrupted religion (Islaam), in accordance with the words of Allah, the Exalted: “It is neither the flesh nor blood (of the sacricial animal) that reaches Allah, but rather it is your piety that reaches. It is thus that Allah subjected them (the animals) to you, that you glorify Allah for His Guidance to you. Give glad tidings to those that do good.” (al-Hajj: 37).

Brothers in faith! This is the first sermon in the month of Dhul-Hijjah. Last week we talked about (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and the deed therein, that is, the duties expected of us. One of these duties is the rite of sacrifice (of animals), and considering that it is the best deed in these ten days, we have selected the topic: THE EIDUL-ADHA SACRIFICE: ITS VIRTUES, RULINGS AND THE ETIQUETTES OF THE EID

What is the Udh-hiyyah (Eid Sacrificial Animal)?
The sacrificial animal (of eid) is the animal that is slaughtered, be it camel, cow or ram on the day of Eid up till the three days (following days) of at-Tashreeq, to seek closeness to Allah, the Exalted. It is legislated (ie it became part of the Shari’ah) in the second year after Hijrah, just like Zakaat and the two Eid Prayers. Its legislation is established by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah as well as the consensus of the scholars of the Deen (Al-Mughni, vol.8 page 617).

As for the Qur’aan, Allah Ta’alah says: “so pray to your Lord (Allah) and slaughter (the animal)…” (al-Kauthaar: 2), and also the Words of Allah Ta’alah: “And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols [i.e., rites] of Allah…” (al-Hajj: 36). As for the Sunnah, in the hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with Him), he said: “the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) sacrificed two white rams (having black heads and two horns) and he slaughtered both by himself and mentioned Allah’s name and glorified Him, and he placed his leg on their sides.” (Bukhaari and Muslim). All muslims generally agree on the lawfulness of the sacrificial animal.

The Virtues of the Udh-hiyyah (Eid Sacrificial Animal)
It is one of the scared symbols of Allah that we are urged to uphold when Allah Ta’alah says: “so pray to your Lord (Allah) and slaughter (the animal)…” (al-Kauthaar: 2), and also the Words of Allah Ta’alah: “And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols [i.e., rites] of Allah for you therein is good…” (al-Hajj: 36), and honouring the sacred symbols and sanctity of Allah is part of piety in the heart. Among the excellence of the sacrificial animal is what Tirmidhiy related from ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said: “"The son of Adam would not do any deed on the Day of Eid more likable to Allah than shedding blood (slaughtering the Eid sacrifice), the sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed on a person’s good deeds). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice with an open and happy heart.” Another is what has been reported from Zayd ibn Arqam, He said: “ I said or the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what are these sacrifices?’ He said: ‘The Sunnah of your father Ibrahim.’ They said: ‘What is there for us in them, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said: ‘For every hair, one merit.’ They said: ‘What about wool, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said: ‘For every hair of wool, one merit’.”(Ibn Majah). (Ahmad and Ibn Majah).

The Wisdom in the Legislation
Allah Ta’alah legislated it (ie the sacrifice of animals for eid) as a resucitation of the remembrance of Ibraheem (May the Peace of Allah be on him) and to follow the Sunnah of our prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him), and an expansion of generosity to the people on the Day of Eid, like the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said in the Farewell Pilgrimage: “…they are indeed days of eating, drinking and remembrance (of Allah).” (Ahmad).

The Ruling of the Udh-hiyyah (Eid Sacrificial Animal)
There is a difference of opinions among the scholars regarding the ruling comcerning the sacrificial animal. Is it obligatory or voluntary? Most scholars of the Maaliki, Shaafi’i, Hanbali and Zahiriyah hold that it is an emphasized Sunnah but not obligatory, and they do not agree that a person that has capacity to do it should fail to do it. They point to some hadiths as evidence, one of which is the hadith of Ummu Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said: “When the month dhul-Hijjah starts and any one of you intends to do the sacrifice of an animal (for Eid), then he should refrain from removing his hair and his nails.” (Related by all except Bukhaari). This hadith links the sacrifice of the animal to willingness, and willingness is linked to removal of obligation. Abu Haheefah and his companions, however said. that it is obligatory on the one for whom it is easy (ie the person who has the capacity). The evidence they point to is the hadith of the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) when he said: “Whoever has the capacity to sacrifice and does not do so, should not come to the place where the Eid prayer is offered.” (Ahmad and Ibn Maajah related from Abu Hurrairah (may Allah be pleased with him)). So they (the Hanafiyah scholars) said: ‘this type of warning does not fit the neglect of anything that is not obligatory’ (Fiqhul Islaamiy Wa-adillatuh, vol. 4 pg 246).

What type of animal can be Sacrificed?
The animals that can be scarificed include camel, cow and rams (sheep and goats). None outside these three categories is permissible. Allah, Glorified He is, says: “…that they may mention the name of Allah over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals.” (al-Hajj: 34).

Permissible Age of Animal to be Sacrificed
Only animals that have come of age are permissible to be scarificed. These are the old ones in the three mentioned categories. This is in accordance with the words of the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him): “Do not sacrifice except animals that have attained the prescribed age” (Related by all except Bukhaari and Tirmidhi). The one that has attained the age is a grown one that has a frontal tooth. The frontal teeth are the four that two are in the upper jaw and the other two in the lower jaw. (ie incissors). The camel must be five years and in its sixth. The cow must have completed two years and in the third. Goat and Sheep must be a year old and be in its second year. This is regardless of whether the animal is male or female. This is the case even though there is difference of opinions among the Imaams.

However, if it becomes difficult to get an animal that has attainrd the prescriged age due to any reason, the lesser in age becomes permissible. It has been related from Jaabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that he reported the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) to have said: “Do not sacrifice but an animal that has attained the prescribed age, except if it is difficult for you (to get one), then you can sacrifice the lamb or calf.” (Related by all except Bukhaari and Tirmidhi). A young camel would be one that is four years old, a young cow would be a two-year old, young goat would be one year and young sheep would be one that is six month old, based on the differences of opinion among the Imaams as mentioned before.

The Time of Slaughtering
The time of slaughtering starts from after the eid prayer on the day of eid until the sunset of the last day of the three following days. Slaughtering can be done in the night or during the day. So slaughtering can be done on four days, viz: the Day of Eid, the 11th, 12th and 13th days. Imaam Bukhaari reported from Baraa ibn ‘Aazib (may Allah be pleased with him) that the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Whoever slaughters before the (eid) prayer, then that is just meat for his family and is no sacrifice at all”. The best is to delay the slaughtering till after the two khutbas of Eid because that is what the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) did. Jundub bn Sufyaan al-Bajliy (may Allah be pleased with Him) said: “The prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) prayed on the day of eid, then he gave khutbah to the people, and then slaughtered (animal)”. (reported by Imaam Bukhari).

Animals that are not Permissible
It is related from Baraa ibn ‘Aazib (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Four categories of animals are not permissible to be sacrificed: an obviously one-eyed animal, a clearly sick animal, a lame or limping animal, and an animal with a broken leg with no marrow.” (Related by the Five). An emaciated, scrowny animal is not permissible. It is disliked to use animals with cut or split ear across its length or width, and those with other defects. Similarly disliked are those with cut tails, udder (animal breast), missing teeth or broken horn.

The Best Types of Animals
The jurisprudence scholars differ on the best types of animals based on two opinions. The Maaliki jurists said that ram is the best, then cow and then camel, considering that goodness of the meat, and given that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) sacrificed two rams. And really, if there was a better animal than the ram, Allah Ta’alah would have substituted it for Ismaeel (Peace be on Him). The Shaafi’ and Hanbali jurists differed and said that the best sacrifice is the camel, then a cow, then a ram and then a goat, based on how much meat you get from each, and since the intention is to extend it to a lot among the poor. The Hanafi jurist hold that the one that has the most meat is the best.

The Conditions of the one obligated to offer the Udh-hiyyah (Eid Sacrificial Animal)
The scholars of fiqh are agreed that the one from whom a sacrifice is sought is a free muslim, who is mature and of sound mind, who is resident and capable. There is some difference of opinion concerning the traveller and a young person. (Fiqhul Islaamiy Wa-adilaatih, vol. 4 pg 252).

Conditions for the obligatoriness of the Sacrifice or its being a Sunnah
The condition for the obligatoriness of the sacrifice, with the Hanafi scholars, or its being Sunnah, with the other Imaams, is the ability to acquire it. It is not demanded from whoever is not capable during the days of Eid-ul Adha. It is permissible to borrow to observe the secrifice if he knows he would be able to repay the debt.

Measure of the Animal to be Shared
The scholars agree that a ram or a goat can only be sacrificed by only one person while the camel and cow can be shared by seven people. It has been related from Jaabir that he said: “On the day of al-Hudaybiyah we offered the sacrifice with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), a camel on behalf of seven and a cow on behalf of seven.” (Muslim, Abu Daawud and Tirmidhi).

One Animal suffices for One Household
When one person sacrifices a ram or a goat, it is sufficient sacrifice for him and his household. Ibn Maajah and Tirmidhiy related that Abu Ayuub said: “In the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), a man would offer a ram in sacrifice for himself and his family, and they would eat and feed people from it people started showing off and it became what you see (today).”

Distribution of the Meat
It is recommended that the one who offers the sacrifice should eat from it and give to relatives and also give from it in charity to the poor. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Eat, feed the people and store up some.” The scholars have indeed said that the best is to eat one third, give one third in charity and keep one third. It is allowed to send it even to another town. It is not permissible to sell it or to sell the hide. Part of the ettiquete of offering the sacrifice is to not give the butcher as his fee, any part of the meat, in accordance with what is related from Aliy (may Allah be pleased with him), he said: “The Prophet ordered me to supervise the (slaughtering) of his camel and to distribute their meat, skins and covering sheets in charity and not to give anything (of their bodies) to the butcher as wages for slaughtering. He said: (I will give him his wages).” (Muslim).

The One Offering the Sacrifice Should Slaughter the Animal Himself
It is recommended that the one who can slaughter should slaughter his animal with his own hands and say (in arabic): ‘In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest. Oh Allah, this is from so-and-so (he should mention his name).’ The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) slaughtered two rams and said: “In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest. Oh Allah, this is from me and from those that could not the sacrifice in my Ummah.” (Abu Daawud and Tirmidhiy).

If however he is not able to salughter well by himself, then he should be present there and witness it. The prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to Faatimah (may Allah be leased with her): “Oh Faatimah, stand and witness your sacrifice because the first drop of blood that falls from it causes all your sins to be forgiven. And say “Verily, my salaat and sacrifice, my living and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, He has no partner. That is what I have been commanded and I am the first among those that submit to Allah.””

THE SECOND SERMON:
Praise be to God, Lord of the worlds, we shower blessings and salutation eon the best of creation, our Master, our beloved Muhammad, and upon his family, companions.
Thereafter, dear servants of Allah, we have commenced the month of Dhul-Hijjah, and we are getting close to the day of Eid al-Adha, which will be next Tuesday. Dear servants of Allah of the Eid al-Adha have some etiquettes which are summarized as follow:
1 – Takbir: The abundance of takbeer after the five daily prayers beginning from the dawn of the day of Arafah until the evening of the last day of Tashreeq (Hassan al-Hakim, 1/299), The wording is: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Lailaaha illa Allahu, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wali-LLahil Hamd. Meaning: Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, there is no deity worthy of worship, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, and to Allah belong praise.
2- To take ghusl bath, apply perfume and wear beautiful clothes, based on the statement of Anas may Allah be pleased with him: "The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him ordered us to wear the finest of what we have, and apply the finest of perfume we have and sacrifice the most precious (animal) that we could afford," {Al-haakim with a chain of ‘La ba’sa bihi}
3- To eat from the liver of the sacrifice after the Eid al-Adha prayers, Burdah- may Allah be pleased with him said: "The Prophet, peace be upon him will not set out on the day of Eidul- Fitr until he eats, and he will not eat the day Eid al-Adha until he returns and eat from the sacrifice" (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, and more, classed sound by Al-Qattan)
4- To go to the prayer through one way, and return through another: owing to the words of the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) – Jabir said: The Prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – would change route on the day of Eid.” (Al-bukhari)
5- Greeting: The Muslim should say to his brother: "May Allah accept it from us and you" because it was narrated that the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would say to each other when they met thus: “Taqabbala Allahu Minnaa Waminkum.” Meaning: "May Allah accept it from us and you" (Ahmad, nand its a good chain).
6. There is no blame in acceptable expansion in eating, drinking and entertainment, based on the saying of the prophet peace be upon him on Eid al-Adha, "the days of Tashreek are days of eating and drinking, and the remembrance of Allah the Exalted." Narrated by Muslim.
Dua.

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