27th Jumada-l- Ula 1443AH

(31st December,2021CE)

THE THIRD SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF JUMADA AL-ULA, ON 27/5/1443 AH – (31/12/2021 CE)

TITLE: AND THEIR AFFAIR IS BASED ON CONSULTATION AMONGST THEMSELVES

All Praises belong to Allah. We praise Him, we thank Him, we seek His Forgiveness, and His Guidance, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our own souls and the evils of our deeds. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone. He has no partner. Whoever is guided by Allah is the one that is indeed guided, and whoever is let go astray, nobody can guide him. He (Allah) is the One Who has made mutual consultation a system of politics and government. So He said: (فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ) “So by mercy from Allah, [O Muḥammad], you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah. Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him].” May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the one sent as a mercy to the world and also on his family and his companions. He has encouraged his followers on mutual consultation when he said, “If your leaders are the best of you, and your rich ones are the kind ones among you, and your affairs are a consultation between you, then the surface of the earth is better for you than inside it. But if your leaders are the worst among you, and the rich ones among you are those that are salves to some lord, and your affairs are up to your women, then inside the earth is better for you than its surface.” (At-Tirmidhi).

Dear listeners, I advise you and myself to fear Allah Ta’alah, as it is the only desired goal and purpose of all acts of worship and commands. It is the divine commandment for the earlier people and for people of later generations, "And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And We have instructed those who were given the Scripture before you and yourselves to fear Allah. But if you disbelieve – then to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And ever is Allah Free of need and Praiseworthy.” (An-Nisa: 131)

The Position of Consultation in Islam

Servants of Allah, Mutual consultation is the second basis of the Islamic system after the written texts. Consultation (and consultative assembly), in itself, is based on the recognition of the people’s right to general participation in the affairs of government. Rather, it is one of its responsibilities, as consultation is a indicator of the state of Islam and the Ummah of Islam.

Consultation (Shuura) is the pillar of the Ummah’s authority and its conferment of the trust of governance on the basis of participation and cooperation. This is evident in what Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said to the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him): “I said, O Messenger of Allah, if an order descends upon us, then what do you command us?” He (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Consult the scholars and worshipers in it and do not proceed with it with a particular (person’s) opinion.”

Among the importance of the shura is what Al-Qurtubi said in his Tafsir (Al-Jami’u Li-Ahkamil Qur’an): “Whoever does not consult the scholars, his dismissal is obligatory, and there is no dispute between scholars.”

The word Shura is mentioned in the Noble Qur’an in four verses, including the aforementioned verse at the beginning of the sermon. Allah, the Exalted said: (فَأَشَارَتْ إِلَيْهِ ۖ قَالُوا كَيْفَ نُكَلِّمُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي الْمَهْدِ صَبِيًّا) "So she pointed to him. They said, "How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?” (Maryam 29)

And He said: (وَالْوَالِدَاتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلَادَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ ۖ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ ۚ وَعَلَى الْمَوْلُودِ لَهُ رِزْقُهُنَّ وَكِسْوَتُهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ لَا تُكَلَّفُ نَفْسٌ إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۚ لَا تُضَارَّ وَالِدَةٌ بِوَلَدِهَا وَلَا مَوْلُودٌ لَهُ بِوَلَدِهِ ۚ وَعَلَى الْوَارِثِ مِثْلُ ذَٰلِكَ ۗ فَإِنْ أَرَادَا فِصَالًا عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْهُمَا وَتَشَاوُرٍ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا ۗ وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمْ أَنْ تَسْتَرْضِعُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا سَلَّمْتُمْ مَا آتَيْتُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ) "Mothers may breastfeed their children two complete years for whoever wishes to complete the nursing [period]. Upon the father is the mothers’ provision and their clothing according to what is acceptable. No person is charged with more than his capacity. No mother should be harmed through her child, and no father through his child. And upon the [father's] heir is [a duty] like that [of the father]. And if they both desire weaning through mutual consent from both of them and consultation, there is no blame upon either of them. And if you wish to have your children nursed by a substitute, there is no blame upon you as long as you give payment according to what is acceptable. And fear Allah and know that Allah is Seeing of what you do." (Suratul- Baqarah : 233)

And He said in the last verse: (وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنْفِقُونَ) “And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is [determined by] consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend." (Surah Ash-shurah: 38)

The Shura in the four verses gives the meaning of expressing an opinion and continuing the dialogue on the subject, but it is mentioned regarding the relationship between the leader and the led in the two verses in Surat Al-Imran 159 and Al-Shura 38.

Shura is not only specific to the advice to the leader, but it is general on every matter and every issue due to the generality of the evidence. It may be between the spouses according to the words of Allah, the Exalted: (فَإِنْ أَرَادَا فِصَالًا عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْهُمَا وَتَشَاوُرٍ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا") “And if they both desire weaning through mutual consent from both of them and consultation, there is no blame upon either of them …” Shura in the Noble Qur’an is to extract opinion by consulting one another. Al-Qurtubi said: “The Shura is based on differing opinions, and the advisor looks into that disagreement, and considers the closest in word to the Qur’an and the Sunnah if possible. If Allah the Exalted guides him to what He wills of it, he decides on it and implements it, relying on Him, as this is the ultimate diligence required, and this is what Allah commanded His Prophet in the verse in Surat Al-Imran.

Dear Servants of Allah, the Messenger of Allah has given us an example to clarify the status of consultation in his hadith, on the authority of Abdullah bin Ghanam that the Prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said to Abu Bakr and Umar: “If you had agreed on one matter, I would never contradict you in consultation forever.” The meaning of the hadith is as it came from Abd al-Rahman bin Ghannam from Muadh bn Jabal: When the Messenger wanted to send Muadh to Yemen, he consulted with some of his companions, among whom were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talha, Al-Zubayr, and Usayd bin Khudair. Abu Bakr said: If you had not consulted us, we would not have spoken. The Messenger said: “In what has not been revealed to me, I am like anyone of you.”

SECOND SERMON

All praises are due to Allah, who has blessed us with Islam and distinguished our nation with beneficial Islamic festivals and occasions. May the peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, (SAW). Allah the Exalted said: (إنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ ۚ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۚ وَقَاتِلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ كَافَّةً كَمَا يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ كَافَّةً ۚ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ) " Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred.1 That is the correct religion [i.e., way], so do not wrong yourselves during them.2 And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him].” (Surah At-tawbah: 36)

Dear honourable listeners, it is almost the time where people around the world celebrate the 2022 New Year. It is imperative for us to know and remember well that we are presently on the 27th day of the fifth month (Jumada al-Ula 1443) of the Islamic calendar. The number of our months is twelve and four of them are sacred, namely: (Muharram, Rajab, Dhul-Qa’dah, and Dhul-Hijjah). We have no festivals in Islam except Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.

O people, learn your religion, be accustomed with the honorable months, and abide by your laws, seek guidance with them away from other than them, and do not seek any substitute for them.

One of the issues worthy of calling attention to is what happened last week in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Riyadh, the organizing of a music festival in which many musicians participated, where for the first time men and women were allowed to dance together, is considered an act of corrupting the land after its reform! Exalted is Allah! Allah, the Almighty has forbidden corruption on earth, saying: (وَلَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَاحِهَا وَادْعُوهُ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا ۚ إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ اللَّهِ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ) “And cause no corruption upon the earth after its reformation. And invoke Him in fear and aspiration. Indeed, the mercy of Allah is near to the doers of good.” (Surah Al-A’raaf: 56)

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