BEING THE THIRD SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-QA’DAH DATED 14TH DHUL-QA'DAH 1442 AH (25TH JUNE, 2021C.E)
All Praises belong to Allah, Who guarantees the sustenance of His slaves. He said: (وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ) "And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage.1 All is in a clear register" [Huud:6] and He created man is weak and needy, helpless on being sufficient for himself and fulfilling his own needs by himself. Peace and Blessings of Allah upon the one that has been raised and sent as mercy to the entire world. The one who linked the livelihood of the believer to reliance on, and trust in Allah when he said: “If you trust in Allah the way you should trust Him, he would provide you with sustenance as He provides for the bird – it leaves in the morning with an empty stomach and retires in the evening filled.” (At-Tirmidhi). Peace and blessings be upon him and his family and his companions.
Faithful servants of Allah, I enjoin you and myself to fear Allah Almighty. It is the key and the means of attaining livelihood, according to the statement of Allah Ta’alah: (وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا) "And whosoever fears Allah, He makes a way out for him. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.” [Talaaq: 2-3]
Brothers and sisters in faith, in the last sermon we talked about the penalty for spreading rumors in Islam and its danger in society. Today, in-shaa Allah, our sermon will revolve around the means of attaining increase in one’s livelihood.
Allah apportioned the sustenance of His servants among them, not looking at the colour of their skin, status, or their allegiance. And His wisdom is evident in the distribution. He made some of rich and other poor such that everyone is not in the same condition. Rather He tests some of them with other. Some will help make things easy for others. He, Ta’alah said: (أَهُمْ يَقْسِمُونَ رَحْمَتَ رَبِّكَ نَحْنُ قَسَمْنَا بَيْنَهُمْ مَعِيشَتَهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَرَفَعْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِيَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا سُخْرِيًّا وَرَحْمَتُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ) "…and We have raised some of them above others in degrees [of rank] that they may make use of one another for service. But the mercy of your Lord is better than whatever they accumulate.” (Zukhruuf:32).
People have characteristics that are forever permanent with them, including that man is created weak, inherently poor, unable to suffice himself and fulfill his needs by himself. He needs at every moment, someone who is greater than him and more capable of helping him to facilitate his affairs and meet his needs, and Allah Ta’alah is the One to run to, the Refuge and the guarantor of success and livelihood that man needs. Throughout his life, Allaah has guaranteed sustenance for his servant as he has guaranteed his lifespan. The Messenger, (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Verily, the Holy Spirit inspired in my mind that a soul will never die until it finishes its term and consumes its provision., so fear God and be gentle in seeking.” (Al-Albani)
Looking for sustenance through haraam means does not guarantee the person more than what Allah Ta’alah has ordained for him. Ali, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: “What has been ordained for you will come to you.”
Sustenance in terms what effort goes into obtaining it is of two types: a sustenance that seeks a person out wherever he is, like an inheritance that comes to a person without seeking it or asking for it.; then a provision that he seeks and toils for, and it is the type that does not come except by toil, hard work, and effort.
Sustenance and livelihood is not predicated on money or wealth:
Sustenance is wide including all other openings of goodness that a person may benefit from in his life. The provision may be beauty and well-being, good health and individual and collective security. And part of it is the provision of a good wife and righteous offsprings. Every blessing from Allah is provision: (أَلَمْ تَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَأَسْبَغَ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعَمَهُ ظَاهِرَةً وَبَاطِنَةً وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يُجَادِلُ فِي اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَلَا هُدًى وَلَا كِتَابٍ مُنِيرٍ) "Do you not see that Allah has made subject to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth and amply bestowed upon you His favors, [both] apparent and unapparent? But of the people is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening Book [from Him]. [31:20]
Dear honourable listeners, man strives to expand the doors of sustenance and seeks it, especially in this our time when leaders do not guarantee the rights of citizens as they should. There are various means that, if adhered to, will lead to increase of one’s sustenance. Among these means are some that are material and some, moral, which open the door to increased sustenance and blessings. These include:
1. The fear of Allaah Ta’alah is a comprehensive means that encompasses within it other means, so whoever fears Allaah in his life، Allah is always pleased with him. This is a means of the increase in his provisions and blessings: (وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا) "And whosoever fears Allah, He makes a way out for him. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.” [65: 2-3]
2. Seeking forgiveness always: Asking Allah for forgiveness is a direct means of getting sustenance and blessing, as Allah Ta’alah stated in His Glorious Book on the tongue of Nuh, (Peace be upon him): (فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا (10) يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا (11) وَيُمْدِدْكُمْ بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ أَنْهَارًا) "And said, ‘Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is ever a Perpetual Forgiver. He will send [rain from] the sky upon you in [continuing] showers. And give you increase in wealth and children and provide for you gardens and provide for you rivers.” [Nuh:10-12]. And what is meant by seeking forgiveness is not only moving the tongue, but rather requires the presence of the heart, regretting the sin, determination to eschew it, and fulfilling all the conditions of repentance, which includes seeking forgiveness, and in that is seeking sustenance.
3. Joining the ties of kinship: The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said in this regard: “Whoever loves to have his sustenance expanded for him and for his impact to remain, then let him join the ties of his family. (Bukhaari). And the impact in life is an longevity in it, and what is meant by it may be blessing in life and the good remembrance after death.
4. A lot of sadaqah and spending in the path of Allah: Most of the promises Allah made to His servants who spend on His Path is with good recompense and blessings in provision. And in his saying (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him): “Charity never decreases a slave’s money, but rather increases it.” (Ibn Hibbaan). This will be blessing in livelihood in this world, preventing difficulty and harm, and protection for wealth and property, and in the Hereafter it would also be a means of increase and blessings in good deeds.
5. Marriage for the sake of abstinence and seeking offspring: which is supported by his saying, peace be upon him: “"There are three for whom it is a right upon Allah to help him: The Mujahid in the cause of Allah, the Mukatab who intends to fulfill (the Kitabah), and the one getting married who intends chastity." (Ibn Hibban)
6. Goodness to parents and being kind to them, for they are one of the doors of goodness that descends upon man: and a reason for achieving blessing for him in his livelihood.
7. Spending on a student of knowledge: We remember that in a story that was narrated from two brothers from among the Companions, one of whom worked in his trade and the other was always in the company of the Prophet, peace be upon him, learning from him. The worker complained about his brother, and the Prophet told him that his brother might be the reason for his livelihood.
8. Performing frequent Hajj and Umrah: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Perform Hajj and ‘Umrah consecutively; for they remove poverty and sin as the bellows removes impurity from iron.”
9. Constant gratitude for blessings: Gratitude is a reason for an increase in sustenance, and it is a reason for blessing in all kinds of sustenance in general. Allah, the Almighty said: (وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِنْ شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ وَلَئِنْ كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ) “And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.”
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Blessings and peace be upon the one sent as mercy to the worlds and on his household, all his companions. Allah, the Exalted says: (وَالَّذِينَ يُتَوَفَّوْنَ مِنْكُمْ وَيَذَرُونَ أَزْوَاجًا وَصِيَّةً لِأَزْوَاجِهِمْ مَتَاعًا إِلَى الْحَوْلِ غَيْرَ إِخْرَاجٍ فَإِنْ خَرَجْنَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي مَا فَعَلْنَ فِي أَنْفُسِهِنَّ مِنْ مَعْرُوفٍ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ) “ And those who are taken in death among you and leave wives behind – for their wives is a bequest: maintenance for one year without turning [them] out. But if they leave [of their own accord], then there is no blame upon you for what they do with themselves in an acceptable way.1 And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. (al-Baqarah: 240) The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said: “The Prophet said, "The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (warrior) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all the day." (Bukhari). Dear Muslims, the United Nations commemorates, as usual, every 23rd June, the International Widows’ Day. This day, the world remembers the suffering of the widows around the world. If we reflect on this matter, we see that the number of widows increases year after year with the death of men.
One of the manifested facts is that widows need basic necessities of life such as food, shelter and clothing. One of the things that widows suffer from is finding the expenses of educating their children. Therefore, individuals, governmental and non-governmental bodies have a great role in this regard, in order to prevent the ways of falling into immoralities that Allah, the Almighty has forbidden.
Secondly: At this time, it is worth mentioning the issue of drugs and dealing in them. The United Nations has designated June 26 annually as the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in order to drive people’s attention to its harm and destructive effects and to strengthen action and cooperation in achieving the goal of a world free of drug abuse.
Islam has preceded in the reality of this issue and prohibited it in the Qur’an and Sunnah.
Firstly from the Qur’an: The Almighty Allah says: (يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالأَنصَابُ وَالأَزْلاَمُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ.) “O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone altars [to other than Allah], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid1 it that you may be successful.” (Al-Ma’idah: 90). So, drugs coincides with alcohol in the reason for prohibition, which is intoxication, brain relapse, and concealing the grace of Allah, the Almighty over the person, as such falls within its ruling, and there is no doubt that many types of the drugs are more harmful, deadly and dangerous than alcohol.
Secondly: The saying of Allah the Exalted: (يُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ) “and makes lawful for them what is good and forbids them from what is evil” (Al-A’raf: 157). It is not possible for a sane person to classify drugs except with evil.
Thirdly: The saying of Allah the Exalted: (وَلاَ تُلْقُواْ بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ) “and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction” (Al-Baqarah: 195). One of the basic principles of Islam is to stay away from everything that is harmful to human health, and that drug abuse leads to physical, psychological and social harm.
And from the Sunnah: On the authority of Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, she said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade every intoxicant and everything which produces languidness.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood). Drugs of all kinds are produces languidness (sluggishness) and even lethal to minds and bodies.
Ibn Umar said: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) cursed ten involved in wine: The one who presses it, the one who has it pressed, its drinker, its carrier, and the one it is carried to, its server, its seller, the consumption of its price, the one who purchases it and the one it was purchased for.” (Al-baani classed it as sound in the Saheeh of Abi Dawood)
In conclusion, the effects of drug abuse are devastating to humans and society, and clash with the provisions and rulings of Islamic Sharia. Hence, its ruling was prohibition, also drug trafficking, selling, buying, smuggling, marketing and profiting, is all forbidden, as is the prohibition of taking drugs, because what leads to the forbidden is forbidden.