Virtues of Ten Day of Dhul-Hijjah and Udh’hiyya1439 (English)

Virtues of Ten Day of Dhul-Hijjah and Udh’hiyya1439 (English) download here

In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

BEING THE FOURTH SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-QA’DAH 28/DHUL-QA’DAH/1439AH (10/AUGUST/2018CE)

RECOMMENDED ACTS OF THE FIRST TEN DAYS IN DHUL-HIJJAH AND ETIQUETTES OF UDHIYYAH (SACRIFICE)

All Praises belong to Allah Who has honoured the first ten days in Dhul-Hijjah with the day of Arafa, which is full of blessings for sincere servants. Allah says:

وَالْفَجْرِ (1) وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ (2) وَالشَّفْعِ وَالْوَتْرِ (3)” {الفجر:89\1-3}

“ By the dawn. And (by) ten nights. And [by] the even [number] and the odd” (89: 2- 3)

We celebrate His praises and seek help and guidance from Him. We believe in Him and put our trust in Him. Whom Allah guides surely is guided and whom He misleads, surely you will find no one to guide or protect him. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone, and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is His servant and Messenger, who said: “There is no day wherein an act is more rewarding as the ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah), increase therein the Tasbeeh, the Tahleel and the Takbeer“. O Allah! Bestow peace and blessings on him, his family, companions and followers until the Day of recompense.

As to what follows,

Servants of Allah, I advise you and myself to fear Allah in consonance with the words of Allah thus:

وَاتَّقُونِ يَاأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ (197) ” {البقرة:2\197}

And fear Me, O you men of understanding (2:197)

Brothers in faith, this is the fourth meet and the last in the month of Dhul-Qa’dah, and-Insha Allah, next Friday we shall be in the month of Dhul-Hijjah. Therefore we have chosen for discussion- VIRTUES AND THE RECOMMENDED ACTSOF THE FIRST TEN DAYS IN DHUL-HIJJAH and ETIQUETTES OF THE UDHIYYAH in order not to miss the great bounties that come with the period.

Dear Muslims, all praises are due to Allah Who creates and prefers what he wills. He created the heavens and honoured the Paradise, He created mankind and favors believers among them. And among believers, He chose the prophets, among whom He ranked the selected five- Ulu-Al-‘Azm above other prophets, and also made prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) the leader of them all. He also created the earth and honoured Makkah. He created the days and made the month of Ramadan the best month, Friday the best day, Laylat al-Qadr the best night and an hour on Friday its best hour. He also made the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, which is fast approaching, the best of the tens, full of blessings and status before Allah. It is the period Muslims make pilgrimage to the house of Allah for those with the ability once in a life time, however, the benefits of the ten days are jointly enjoyed by both pilgrims and non-pilgrims.

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah grant him mercy) was asked about the most rewarding of the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and the last ten days of Ramadan, and he replied: “The days of the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are better than days of the last ten days of Ramadan, while the nights of the last ten days of Ramadan are better than the nights of the first ten days in Dhul-Hijjah.

Some of the virtues of the first ten days in Dhul-Hijjah:

  • Allah swore by it in the Qur’an thus: (وَالْفَجْرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ)“By the dawn. And [by] ten nights.” (89:2-3)
  • It falls within the month of hajj which is also one of the sacred months.
  • The religion of Islam was completed in the month, and the Jews are envious. A Jewish priest said to Umar- may Allah be pleased with him, “There is a verse in your Book, if it were to be revealed to us – Jews _ we would have taken that day for feast, Allah says: “This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.“(5: 3), Umar said:” I know when and where it was revealed; it was revealed on a Friday at Arafah”
  • It is a day full of virtues wherein the name of God where mentioned, the Almighty said:“That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. “ (Hajj 28)
  • It is also the best days in the world, most beloved by Allah, acts therein are most beloved before Allah. Jabir narrated that the Prophet peace be upon him said: The best days in the world are the ten days (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah), then some companions said: “Are there none like them even in the way of Allah? He said: And there are none like them even in the way of Allah, except a man who soil his face in the sand”Narrated by al-Bazzar and Ibn Hibaan, and Albaani graded it as Sound.”

The Prophet said: “No day is superior before Allah, or that a deed done there in is beloved to Allah- the exalted, than these days, i.e: the ten days. Then the companions said: O messenger of Allah, not even Jihad?” He replied, “Not even Jihad, except a man who goes out with his soul, and property (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of those things.” (Tirmidhi).

Ibn Abbass narrated that: “The Prophet said, “No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah).” Then some companions of the Prophet said, “Not even Jihad?” He replied, “Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of those things.” (Bukhari)

  • Arafa day also falls within the period of these ten days, as well as the night to be spent at Muzdalifa having left mount Arafa.
  • The day of slaughtering which is considered by some scholars as the superior day of the year, is within the ten also, because it consists of most of the rites of hajj including: stoning pebbles, shaving the head, slaughtering for those at hajj and non-pilgrims, Tawaf-al-Ifadhoh, Sa’y, ’Eid prayer. The prophet said: “The greatest day before ALLAH is the day of slaughtering, then the day of rest at Muna (the 11th day of Dhul-Hijjah)” Narrated by Abu Dawood and Nisaai, Albaaniy grade as sound.”
  • Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in Al-Fath: “What seems to be the reason for distinguishing the first ten days of Dhul Hijjahis that major acts of worship take place within it, they are prayer, fasting, almsgiving and pilgrimage, which are not existing in other periods.” (Fathul-Bari). These are the same days Allah gave to Musa (AS) that he could complete his term of forty nights. Allah says:(وواعدنا موسى ثلاثين ليلة وأتْممناها بعشر فتم ميقات ربه أربعين ليلة {الأعراف 142 }) “And We made an appointment with Moses for thirty nights and perfected them by (the addition of) ten; so the term of his Lord was completed as forty nights.” {7: 142} (see- Tabari 13 / 86-87)
  • Therefore, the ten days should be spent to maximize the reward therein by all Muslims.

RECOMMENDED DEEDS IN THE FIRST TEN DAYS:

  • Sincere repentance. Allah says: (وتوبوا إلى الله جَميعا أيها الْمؤمنون لعلكم تفلحون)

“And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.” (9: 31)

  • Prayer: being early to prayer and hasten to be in the first row, making lot of supererogatory prayers, Thawbaan said: I heard the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said: ” Make frequent prostrations before Allah, for you will not make one prostration without raising you a degree because of it, and removing a sin from you “(Narrated by Muslim).
  • Fasting, as narrated by Hunaida bin Khalid from his wife, from some of the wives of the Prophet- peace be upon him, she said: “The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, used to fast nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of Ashura, and three days of each month,” narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and Nasaai”
  • Perform aningHajj and Umrah: The prophet- peace be upon him, said: An Umra is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the next, and Hajj which is accepted will receive no other reward than Paradise. (Narrated by Muslim).
  • I’tikaaf, Ya’labnUmayah said: “I will stay in the mosque for an hour and I do that only for I’tikaaf.”
  • Chanting Takbeer, Tahleel, and Tahmeed: Narrated Ibn Amr that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There is no day wherein an act is more rewarding as the ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah), increase therein the Tasbeeh, the Tahleel and the Takbeer“. ” Narrated by Ahmad. Bukhari reported that Ibn Umar and Abu Hurairah go out to the market during the ten days chanting Takbeer, and people chorus their Takbeer praises”
  • Performing lots of prayers and seeking forgiveness and more supererogatory prayers.
  • Slaughtering on the Day of Sacrifice. The prophet- peace be upon him said: “No human performs an act most pleasing to Allah on the day of slaughtering as shedding the blood of animals of sacrifice” (Tirmidhi).

Rules of the Udh’hiyya

The sacrifice is a well-established tradition in Islam. Allah says: (فصل لربك وانْحر) (So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone] (89: 1-2)

Anas bn Malik said: “The Prophet slaughtered two horned fat rams with his hand, he then mention the name of Allah and magnify Him and he placed his leg on their sides.”

The Udh’hiyyah: The Udh’hiyyah is the sacrificial animals slaughtered on the day of slaughtering till the last day of AyyamTashreeq.

The Ruling: It is regarded as an emphatic Sunnah; the performer is rewarded but he who does not has commit no sin. In Al-Mughniy: it is said that Muslims are unanimous on the legislation of the Udh’hiyyah.

The wisdom:

It represents a show of gratitude for Allah’s favour and blessings including the demonstration of the concern of the rich towards the poor as well as the commemoration of the Sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and that of Prophet Muhammad (AS).

The time frame of the sacrifice: spans between after the ’Eid prayer till the sunset of the thirteenth day of Dhul-Hijjah. It is improper and unacceptable to delay the sacrifice beyond or fast track it earlier than the prescribed time.

In the Prophet’s sermon on the day of sacrifice he said: “The first thing we shall start our day with on this day is prayer, then we return to slaughter, whoever slaughters in that manner has correspond with our Sunnah (tradition), whoever slaughters before (prayer), then it is only (preparing) meat for his family” (Bukhari). He also said: “The days of Tashreeq are days of slaughtering

Who should have the sacrifice: The sacrifice is for the living person and his household. It is as well permissible to include the dead in it except there is an existing testament for the dead that a sacrifice is made on his behalf.

Recommended age of the sacrifice: The animals to be slaughtered should be grown-up ones as follow: Camel: 5 years, Cow- 2 years, Sheep- 6 Months and Goat- 1 year.

Traits of Non-permissible sacrifice: In addition, the sacrificial animals must be free from any blemish as clearly defined by the Prophet. Narrated by Baraabn ‘Aazib: Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are four that will not do for sacrifice: a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is obvious, a lame animal whose lameness is obvious and an emaciated animal that has no marrow in its bones .” (Abu Dawud).There are milder defects that do not disqualify an animal, but it is makruh to sacrifice such animals, such as an animal with a horn or ear missing, chopped buttocks or udder, or an animal with slits in its ears or tail, or one with displaced teeth etc. Udhiyah is an act of worship to Allah, and Allah is Good and accepts only that which is good. Whoever honors the rites of Allah, this has to do with the piety of the heart.

The best of Udh’hiyyah is the fattest, with more flesh, and higher price. The owner should eat of it, and share with friends and neighbours as gifts.

Islamic Etiquette for those who wish to slaughter:

He should abstain from shaving, cutting or pulling all his hair and nails whenever Dhul-Hijjah begins till the Day of Sacrifice- the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah after he has slaughter his animal. Muslim narrated from Umm Salamah that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “When you sight the crescent of Dhul- Hijjah, and one of you wishes to make sacrifice, he should abstain from cutting or shaving his hair and nails.”

Slaughtering according to the Sunnah:

Place the left side of the sheep on the ground facing the Qiblah after sharpening the knife. Then say Q6:79, and 162-163 (Indeed, I have turned my face toward He who created the heavens and the earth, inclining toward truth, and I am not of those who associate others with Allah. Say, “Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. No partner has He. And this I have been commanded, and I am the first [among you] of the Muslims.”) Then say: BISMILLAH WALLAHU AKBAR, ALLAHUMMA HAZHA MINKA WALAKA. meaning: In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest, O Allah this is from You and it is for You”. Then, the animal should be slaughtered at once swiftly, cutting the oesophagus, the windpipe and the jugular veins.

Second Sermon

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the worlds. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad, his household, companions and all those who follow his footsteps till the day of judgement.

Dear brothers and sisters in Islam, the United Nations commemorates the INTERNATIONAL YOUTH DAY on 12th August as an annual event.

Brothers in faith, Islam confirms and recognises the value of time, and bearing its responsibility before Allah on the Day of Resurrection, stressing the four basic questions that will be asked on the day of reckoning- two of which centres on time. It was narrated by Mu’az bin Jabal that the Prophet peace be upon him said: “The feet of the servant (of Allah) will not move on the Day of Resurrection, until he is asked about four habits: his age as he spent it, and his youth in what has he expended it, and his money from where he acquired it, and in what has he spent it, and about his  knowledge, what has he done with it” (Narrated by al-Bazzar and Tabraaniy).
The youth stage is one of the most dangerous stages in life. It is a stage of life, productivity, intense passion and enthusiasm full of strong determination. A stage of strength and power situated between the two weak stages; infancy and old age as described thus-. Allah says: (الله الذي خلقكم من ضعف ثم جعل من بعد ضعف قوة ثم جعل من بعد قوة ضعفا وشيبة يخلق ما يشاء وهو العليم القدير) “Allah is the one who created you from weakness, then made after weakness strength, then made after strength weakness and white hair. He creates what He wills, and He is the Knowing, the Competent.” (30: 54)

The verse clear underpins the importance and concern attached to the resourceful stage of youth in life.

The wealth of a nation or people is not only the composite resources of the earth or the physical spread or the gold, or silver, or the stacked funds in the foreign reserves or World Bank as many ignorantly think, rather the real wealth is the human resources.

Human being is the greatest wealth, and the youth are the most important set of the human resources.

Therefore, if you wish to know the future of a nation, then know the role of the youth, what are they preoccupy them? Who are their role models? What are their goals in life? What do they do? What do they think about? What is the focus of their sittings and discourse? It is imperative for the Muslims to be concerned about the role of the youths and the importance of this stage in life as they shall be put to question about it before Allah on the Day of Judgment. Four questions of which two centre on time- the age in general and the age of the youth in particular.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “The feet of the servant (of Allah) will not move on the Day of Resurrection, until he is asked about four habits: his age as he spent it, and his youth in what has he expended it, and his money from where he acquired it, and in what has he spent it, and about his  knowledge, what has he done with it” (Narrated by al-Bazzar and Tabraaniy).

These are the years of life, years of strength, years of affluent passion, years of determination … every person should prepare answers to these questions.

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