3rd J/Awwal 1442 CE (18th December ,2020)
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL
BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF JUMAADAL-AWWAL DATED 3RD JUMAADAL-AWWAL 1442 AH (18TH DECEMBER, 2020 CE)
WORK AND THE DISAPPROVAL OF UNEMPLOYMENT
All praises belong to Allah. We praise Him, we seek His Assistance and His Forgiveness, and we repent unto Him. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of my soul and my bad conduct. Whoever Allah has guided is the one that is indeed guided and nobody can lead such astray. And whoever is led astray, then for such, there is no helper/protector that can guide him. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone. He has no partner or associate.I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is His slave and Messenger. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him, his household, his companions and all thos ethat follow them in goodness till the Day of Judgment.
Thereafter… I admonish you and myself with the fear of Allah, the Most Glorified and Majestic in open and in secret, in words and in deed, in what you leave waht you give. The subject of out sermon today is about work and the disapproval of unemployment.
Servants of Allah, Islam has urged its adherents work and encouraed them to earn and seek sustenance. And it warned strongly against depending on asking and begging people, humiliating himself for them, because of its effect of debasement and humiliation in this life and the hereafter.
It is related from Abu Hurrairah, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘By Him in Whose Hand is my soul, for one of you to take his rope and gather wood, carrying it on his back to sell, and to feed himself from it and give sadaqah, is better for him than to go to a person that Allah has blessed to ask him, whether he gives him or not’ [Agreed].
And it is related from Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with both of them, that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘a man would continue to beg people until he meets Allah with no flesh on his face’ [Bukhaari and Muslim].
Servants of Allah, Allah Ta’alah has explained in His Glorious Book that working to earn a living and meet necessary needs is a practice of the prophets of Allah [may the Peace of Allah and His Blessing be upon them]. Allah Ta’alah said: ‘And We did not send before you, [O Muhammad], any of the messengers except that they ate food and walked in the markets.’ [Al-Furqaan: 20]. Al-Qurtubiy [may Allah be Merciful unto him] said that this verse is the basis for minding the means [of sustenance] and seeking to earn a living by trading, producing something or any other means. Ibn Katheer [may Allah be Merciful unto him] said: ‘Allah Ta’lah says, informing us of all the earlier Messengers that he sent that they used to eat food, to be nourished by it, and they used to go to the markets to earn a living and to trade, and this is not a contradiction of their position and status.
And Allah Almighty informed us of Daawud [Peace of Allah be upon him] with His Words [Majestic He is]: ‘And We taught him the fashioning of coats of armor to protect you from your [enemy in] battle. So will you then be grateful?’ [Al-Anbiyaa: 80]. What is meant by coats here is shields. Immam Qurtubiy [may Allah be Merciful unto him] said: ‘This verse is a basis/evidence in using devices and means because, using means is a tradition of Allah Ta’alah in dealing with His creatures. And Allah Ta’alah has indeed informed us about His prophet, Daawud [Peace of Allah be upon him] that he used to fabricate shields and wicker, and he used to eat from the work of his hand. Aadam [Peace of Allah be upon him] was a farmer, Nuuh was a carpenter, Luqmaan was a tailor, Taalut was a leather-tanner [or he was said to be a plumber]. Whatever work a person does makes him independent of people.’
Al-Miqdaam ibn Ma’adiy [may Allah be pleased with him] said that the Messenger of Allah [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him] said: ‘A person would not eat anything better than the work of his own hand. The prophet of Allah Daawud used to eat from the work of his own’ [Bukhaariy].
The wisdom on singling out Daawud [Peace of Allah be upon him] for mentioning, as observed by Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar, is that his limiting himself to eating from what he worked for with his own hands was not because he needed to. He was Allah’s vicegerent on earth [a king]. Rather, it was beause he wanted to eat from the best of means.
It has been related in Saheeh Muslim from Abi Hurrairah [may Allah be pleased with him] that the Messenger of Allah [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him] said: ‘Zakariyyah was a carpenter.’ Imaaam An-Nawawi said: ‘In that is the permissibility of craftsmanship, and that carpentry [artisanal work] does not take anything away from ones honour, that it is a virtous occupation’.
All the prophets, including our prophet Muhammad [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon them all] used to be sherpherds. In Saheeh Bukhaari, it is related from Abu Hurrairah [may Allah be pleased with him] that the Messenger of Allah [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him] said: ‘Allah did not raise a prophet except that he was a shepherd. The companions said, ‘and even you oh Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Yes, I used to take care of a flock of sheep for the people of Makkah.’’
The elderly companions of the Messenger of Allah [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him] and the most excellent of them used to work with their hands, and there are some of them who were poor, the chief of them being the first caliph, Abubakr As-Sideeq [may Allah be pleased with him], then they engaged in trade and Allah made them rich from His Bounties. There is the story of Abdul Rahmaan ibn ‘Auf [may Allah be pleased with him] whom the prophet [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him] setup brotherhood between him and Sa’ad ibn Rabee’u Al-Ansaariy. The Ansaariy offered to him [Abdur-Rahmaan] to share his wealth and his wives in half with him, but Abdur-Rahmaan said, ‘May Allah bless your family and your wealth, but rather direct me to the market’. Then he went to the market and it wasn’t long before he became one of the richest muslims.
It is upon able-bodied person to strive by himself to obtain his needs out of life’s neccesities. Indeed, Allah Ta’alah has ordained and decreed provisions for each, and it upon each individual to take to all the means and opportunities to obtain the provision. You can not be idle waiting for sustenance and provision. Allah Ta’alah has ordered us to make effort on the land and move from one part of it to another looking for work and earnings. Allah Ta’alah says: ‘It is He who made the earth tame for you – so walk among its slopes and eat of His provision – and to Him is the resurrection.’ [Al-Mulk:20].
Umar ibn Khataab [may Allah be pleased with him] said: ‘Let not someone sit, not going to seek sustenance and then saying, ‘Oh Allah, provide for me,’ while it is known that gold nor silver falls from the sky, and that Allah Ta’alah would rather provide for some people more than others’. And then he recited the Words of Allah Ta’alah: ‘And when the prayer has been concluded, disperse within the land and
seek from the bounty of Allah, and remember Allah often that you may succeed.’ [Al-Jumua’ah; 10].
THE SECOND SERMON
All praises are due to Allah, Who says in His book thus: "Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment" (Suratul Maidah: 33). I bear witness that there is no god (worthy of worship) except Allah alone without any partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions and whoever follows his guidance until the Day of Judgment.
As to what follows,
O servants of Allah, the greatest challenge to our beloved country, Nigeria at the moment is the lack of security and stability. Every day we hear saddening news, Allah is the one to seek for help.
Last week, the news reached us of the kidnapping of the students of government science secondary school, Katsina, in the northwestern part of Nigeria, which is a boarding school for boys. The population size of the students is not less than 839, of which about 333 were kidnapped.
The leader of Boko Haram have claimed responsibility – as spread in the news – for this ugly act. We therefore seize this golden opportunity to call on the federal government, the state government of Katsina, and the security personnel to do everything within their power to return these students to their families safely.
We beseech Allah to be in their support and protect us from evils of this time and restore security and stability to our country Nigeria and all Muslim countries.
Brothers in faith, one of the facts that are not hidden from the discerning eyes is that this country Nigeria has enemies both inside and outside, who do not want the country to develop and progress and they use all they have in order to achieve their desired destructive goals. Therefore, every bonafide citizen must fulfill his own role, in addition to what the government is doing to fight corruption and the corrupt people.
We also beseech Allah, the Almighty, who answers prayers, to take away all our calamities.