In The Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful
BEING THE FIRST SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RABEE’U THAANI DATED 2ND RABEE’U THAANI 1441 AH (29TH NOVEMBER, 2019 CE)
THE ADMONITION OF LUQMAAN – THE WISE – TO HIS SON
All praises belong to Allah, the Lord of the whole universe, Who grants wisdom to whomever He wills from His slaves. He is the One Who said in His Glorious Perfect Revelation: “He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding” (Al-Baqarah:269). And He is the One Who said about His slave Luqmaan, the sage (May the Mercy of Allah be on him): “And We have certainly given Luqmaan wisdom (and said), “Be grateful to Allah.” And whoever is grateful is grateful for His own soul. And whoever denies (Allh’s Favour), then indeed Allah is free of need and Praiseworthy.” (Luqmaan:12). We praise Him and seek His assisstance and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of our souls and our misdeeds. Whoever Allah has guided is the one that is indeed guided. And whoever is led astray, then for such, there is no helper/protector that can guide him. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He is One and has no partner. I testify also that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him) is Allah’s slave and messenger. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be on him and his household, his companions in general and those that follow them.
Thereafter, oh servants of Allah, I enjoin you and myself with the fear of Allah, the most Honourable and Majestic, in open and in secret. It is a provision for people of understanding, in accordance with the statement of Allah the Most Exalted: “…And make provisions, but indeed, the best provision is the fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you people of understanding.” (Al-Baqarah:197).
Brothers in faith, this is our first meeting in the month of Rabee’u Thaani that follows the month of the birth of the prophet (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him), and we will open our sermons for this month with the Qur’anic story and the admonition from the tongue of the wise servant of Allah, having learnt a number of lessons from the life history of the best of mankind (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him). So the topic of our sermon today is about: The Admonition of Luqmaan- the Wise to his Son.
Verily Allah the Most Exalted has said: 12.“And We have certainly given Luqmaan wisdom (and said), “Be grateful to Allah.” And whoever is grateful is grateful for his own soul. And whoever denies (Allah’s Favour), then indeed Allah is free of need and Praiseworthy.” 13. “And (mention, O Muhammad), when Luqmaan said ti his son while he was instructing him, “O my son, do not associate (anything) with Allah. Indeed, associating (anything with Him) is a great injustice.” 14. “And we have enjoined upon men (care) for his parents. His mother carried him, (increasing her) in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents. To me is the final destination.” 15. “But if they endeavour to make you associate with Me that which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in this world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me (in repentance). Then to me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.” 16. “(And Luqmaan said), “O my son, indeed if wrong should be the weight of a mustard seed and should be within a rock or (anywhere) n the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Indeed Allah is Subtle and Acquainted.” 17. “O my son, establish prayer, enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and be patient over what befalls you. Indeed, (all) that is of the matters (requiring) determination.” 18. “And do not turn you cheek (in contempt) towards people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful.” 19. “And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice. Indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys.” (Luqmaan:12-19).
Brothers in Islaam, we will like to ponder on these great verses that combine matters of creed, worship, good character, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is bad. These are some of the greatest verse that we ought to be reflecting upon and benefiting from them (lessons of) Aqeedah (i.e creed), worship and good character, because we acquire knowledge so we can act and behave with what we know from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah and life history of the Messenger of Allah (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him).
Allah, the Blessed and Most Exalted, mentioned His Favour on Luqmaan, the wise Luqmaan, as he is famously known with this description. He’s hardly mentioned except it is said, ‘Luqmaan, the wise one’, because Allah attested to it that He granted him wisdom. And by Allah granting him wisdom, then it is upon him to thank Allah, the Blessed and Most Exalted, and so a standard is laid out. So Allah, the Glorified and Exalted said: “…And whoever his grateful, then he is grateful for (the benefit) of his own self…” (Luqmaan:12), because the benefit comes back to the person, and Allah is free of need and He is Praiseworthy. If people rae grateful to Him, then it is for themselves, and if they are ungrateful, then it is upon them. Their gratefulness does not benefit Him (Allah), and their denial and ungratefulness do not harm Him.
Oh dear Muslims! These verses point to the following:
- Setting up partners with Allah or taking one of His servants or an idol as partners with Allah in worship is an enormous injustice, infact, it is the greatest injustice, given what it entails in violating the rights of the Creator and Provider. It rubbishes aqeedah (ie creed of faith) and keeps away the polytheist from any good benefit (of faith). Verily, Luqmaan’s admonition for his son realized its goals and it has been mentioned in the Tafseer (exegesis) that his son was a polytheist, so he counselled him and persisted with the counselling until he became a Muslim.
- Goodness to parents and obedience to them in what is good and devoid of sins is an obligation and mandatory on people, repaying good with good, consistency in good, appreciating of favours and respecting the family structure. Allah commanded goodness to parents generally whether Muslims or unbelievers, and that obedience to parents, regardless of their religion, is obligatory, other than obedience that is not desirable. Infact, it is not permissible (haraam) in committing major sins like idolatry and neglecting individual obligations. In that case, then there is no obedience to a creature in disobedience to the Creator. Obedience to them is obligatory in permissible matters, and it is bemoaned in neglecting delegated matter like credible Jihaad and responding one’s mother while praying naafilah (voluntary prayer) if waiting will hurt her or one fears for her safety or security.
The goodness and obedience to the mother is specially increased, for her suffering while bringing up the chld and with what she was exposed to, of three levels of hardship as mentioned in the verse: pregnancy, delivery and nursing. She is made to get three-quarters of the goodness while the father has one quarter. The Messenger of Allah (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him) said to a man who asked him, as reported by Bukhaariy amd others: “Who should I do most good to? He said, “your mother”. The man said, “then who?” He said, “your mother.” The man said, “then who? He (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him) said, “your mother.” The man said, “then who?” He (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him) said, “your father.”
- The maximum period for breastfeeding in the ruling on expenses and the prohibition of breastfeeding is two-year. And the reduction of the period of breastfeeding that is related with the prohibition over two years is the opinion of scholars other than Abu Haneefah. His own opinion is that the duration of breastfeeding that is prohibited is thirty months, as Allah says: “His bearing and nursing is thirty months”
– The maximum duration of breastfeeding in laws of provisions of expenses and prohibition (of marriage) due to breastfeeding is two years, and the reduction of the duration of breastfeeding to which the prohibition applies is of two years, this is the opinion of the scholars other than Abu Hanifa.
Abu Hanifa views that the period of breastfeeding which forbids marriage is thirty months based on the statement of Allah thus: for the Almighty said: (وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصالُهُ ثَلاثُونَ شَهْراً) “His bearing and nursing is thirty months”
Scholars also deduce that the least duration of carrying pregnancy is six months, from combining the two verses. Allah, the Most Exalted says in the verse: “And mothers will nurse their children for two complete years for whoever intends to complete the (period of) nursing.” (Al-Baqarah:233). He, Most Glorified and Exalted, said in another verse: “…his pregnancy and nursing is thirty months.” (Al-Ahqaaf:15).
- Gratitude to Allah on His Favour of Eemaan and other favours that are too many to mention and completely enumerate, as well as gratitude to parents on the favour of nurturing and grooming. Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyaynah said: “Whoever prays the five obligatory prayers, then he has indeed been grateful to Allah. And whoever prays for his parents at the end of the salaat has indeed shown gratitude to them.”
- “…but accompany them in this world with appropriate kindness” is evidence for the permissibility of keeping good relationship with unbelieving parents, by giving them from ones wealth if they are poor, being gentle with them in speech and inviting them to Islaam. Asmaa the daughter of Abubakr As-Sideeq said to the prophet (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him) when her foster mother or her aunt (who was then an unbeliever) came to her, in what was reported by Bukhaariy amd Muslim: “Oh Messenger of Allah, my mother has come and she is willing, should I relate well with her? He (Blessing and Peace of Allah be on him) said, “Yes.”
- His statement that- “And follow the way of those who turn back to Me (in repentance)” – is a general statement, that is; follow who repents from shirk and returns to Islam and follows the Prophet (peace be upon him), and return to Tawheed (upholding Oneness of Allah) and Ikhlas (sincerity) through obedience and not the path of parent that command shirk.
- His word the exalted: “Then to me will be your return”, is Allah’s promise that He will raise those in the graves and that to Him is the return for reward and information about both major and minor deeds.
- His word the exalted: ““O my son, indeed if wrong should be the weight of a mustard seed and should be within a rock or (anywhere) n the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth, this teaches the omnipotence of Allah, it is also a threat and hope from Him, whatever that is done like a weight of an atom, good or bad, obedience or disobedience, Allah will bring it forth…
“And do not turn you cheek (in contempt) towards people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful.” 19. “And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice. Indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys.” (Luqmaan:12-19).
- In the verses, there is the magnification of some acts of obedience and this is Solah, enjoining good and forbidding evil. This encompasses all acts of worship. The urge to change evil and be patience on it even if one faces trials or suffers harm in the process. It also gives the impression that the changer of evils may be harmed sometimes. Establishing solat, enjoining good and forbidding evils are signs of strong determination. That is; it is part of Allah’s desires and commands and among the obligatory matters.
- Allah’s saying: And do not turn you cheek (in contempt) towards people” points to the fact that Allah forbids arrogance and the meaning of the verse is: do not turn you cheek (in contempt) towards people in arrogance, self-admiration, and contempt for them. Relate with people with humility and hospitality, if the youngest of people talks to you, listen to him until he finishes like the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do.
- It is forbidden for man to walk on the land arrogantly. All acts of arrogance are forbidden.
- It is recommended for man to walk moderately on the land which is the mid between speedy and slow walk. Do not walk sluggishly like the pretenders of death and not like the proudly leaping of the devil.
- It is also recommended in the verse not to raise one’s voice above normal or what is needed because this may cause harm. This means humbleness in speech. The voice raised above normal is likened to the noise of the donkey. Raising voice in a conversation is detested.
THE SECOND SERMON
All praises are due to Allah the Lord of the worlds. He says in His mighty book. “Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing. (Surat Israa: 1)
Dear servants of Allah, today coincides with the United Nations’ International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, November 29, annually.
In 1977, the General Assembly called for the commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on November 29th (Resolution 40/32 B). On that day in 1947, the General Assembly adopted the Resolution on the Partition of Palestine (Resolution 181). In its resolution 37/60 of 1 December 2005, the General Assembly requested the Committee and Division for Palestinian Rights in the context of the celebration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on 29, November. And to organize an annual exhibition on the rights of Palestinians in cooperation with the Palestinian Mission in the United Nations and encourages Member States to continue to provide the widest support and media coverage to celebrate Solidarity Day.
Dear Muslims, to us, all this is a great global injustice against the land of Muslims, because Jerusalem in the Islamic belief, has a prestigious religious status. It represents in the sense of Muslims and their Islamic consciousness, the first Qibla, the land of Isra and Miraj, and the third of the great cities, the land of prophets and blessings, and the land of Bond and Jihad. We have not seen any impact of the solidarity.