Al-Qur’an: Suratul Qiyaamah 1-15
لا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ (١) وَلا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ (٢) أَيَحْسَبُ الإنْسَانُ أَلَّنْ نَجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ (٣) بَلَى قَادِرِينَ عَلَى أَنْ نُسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ (٤) بَلْ يُرِيدُ الإنْسَانُ لِيَفْجُرَ أَمَامَهُ (٥) يَسْأَلُ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ (٦) فَإِذَا بَرِقَ الْبَصَرُ (٧) وَخَسَفَ الْقَمَرُ (٨) وَجُمِعَ الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ (٩) يَقُولُ الإنْسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَيْنَ الْمَفَرُّ (١٠)كَلا لا وَزَرَ (١١) إِلَى رَبِّكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْمُسْتَقَرُّ (١٢) يُنَبَّأُ الإنْسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِمَا قَدَّمَ وَأَخَّرَ (١٣) بَلِ الإنْسَانُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ بَصِيرَةٌ (١٤) وَلَوْ أَلْقَى مَعَاذِيرَهُ (١٥)
In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
- I swear by the Day of Resurrection
- And I swear by the self-reproaching soul[to the certainty of resurrection].
- Does man think that We will not assemble his bones?
- Yes. [We are] Able [even] to proportion his fingertips.
- But man desires to continue in sin.
- He asks, “When is the Day of Resurrection?”
- So when vision is dazzled
- And the moon darkens
- And the sun and the moon are joined,
- Man will say on that Day, “Where is the [place of] escape?”
- No! There is no refuge.
- To your Lord, that Day, is the [place of] permanence.
- Man will be informed that Day of what he sent aheadand kept back.
- Rather, man, against himself, will be a witness,
- Even if he presents his excuses.
Sahih Int’l translation
- This is a Makkan Surah. It contains 40aayaats or verses
- Naming: It was named according to its content revolving around the Day of Resurrection stressing it importance and refuting the claims of those who denied it reality.
- Relationship with the preceding Surah:It relates to what precedes it because both emphasize on the events of the Day of resurrection. This surah reveals facts that establish the occurrence of this Day.
- What the surah encompasses:
- Like other Makkansurahs, it establishes the realities of the Day of Resurrection
- Describes events of that Day
- The parting of souls, a pre-occurrence of the Day
- The origin of soul
- Refutation to those who deny the Day
- Signs of the Day
- The miraculous uniqueness of the fingerprint
- The assurance of the occurrences of the Day
- The assurance to preserve the Qur’an
- The description of the two groups: those who will be doomed and those who will be saved
- The ease of re-creation over the first creation
The title chosen for these first fifteen verses by Dr. Wahbatu Zuhaili in his Tafseer al-Muneer was: (إثبات البعث والمعاد وعلائمه)-THE ESTABLISHMENT OF RESURRECTION AND THE PROMISES AND ITS SIGNS
Cause of revelation
It was reported in Al-Ba’rul-MuheetVol.8/Pg.384that Abu Jahl once asked the people disapprovingly: Did Muhammad assert that the bones will be resurrected after it was rotten and decomposed? So Allah revealed the verses 3 & 4 as a rational response to his logical assumption.
- Allah swore with the Day of Resurrection to establish its significance and call attention to events of the Day. It is only Allah who has the right to swear with other than Himself.
- He also swore with the self-reproaching soul since this is the type of soul that is most affected, under this topic.
- Self-reproaching soul is a soul of the believer that struggles between obedience and sins. A reminder of resurrection and accountability will be most beneficial for it to work towards righteousness and away from sins. The two other types of souls were:(1) Nafs al-Mutma`inna (the Soul at Peace); (2) Nafs al-Ammara Bissu’ (The Soul which Commands).
- Skeleton is the framework that determines the shape of the body. Ability to reconstitute the bones to form the skeleton is an appropriate fact to establish re-creation.
- Allah further informed that He will re-create man perfectly to everyminute detail.
- The fingerprint is unique to each individual from the time of the first man, but not until recent that we were able to appreciate this fact through scientific analysis. Therefore, we were more responsible to appreciate the might of Allah over re-creation.
- Allah also affirms that denial of the Day of Resurrection is no more than an excuse for man to continue in his disobedience to Allah.
- Also, disbelievers looked at the long period between themselves and their ancestors and what seemed to them as perpetual warnings of the messengers from the time of old made them deny the resurrection.
- The events of the Day of Resurrection were described vividly with tones that demand attention.