Aqeedah: Hell Fire

Aqeedah: Hell Fire

 Preamble

The belief in hell is a part of belief in Afterlife. The belief in Afterlife has been known for the majority of man since his nature demands absolute justice and recompense for injustice and wickedness, a concept that is yet to be accomplished. The information Allah gave to us about Hell is enough as a reminder of it realities and a wake-up calls to the sick and dying hearts.

Outline

  • Definitions & Descriptions
  • Its characteristics
  • Stature of its inmates
  • Reason for hell
  • Names of levels in hell

Definitions & Descriptions

It is an enclosed, hollow and deep place of severe burning fire which is the punishment of Allah for whoever belies the messengers and rejects His divine guidance; then follow the misguidance of self desire and deceptions of shaytan.

The messengers of Allah called to believe in Allah and living according to His Will through divinely revealed guidance; they left behind the guidance with clear explanations for whoever wishes to follow same till the Day of Resurrection. Shaytan calls to the opposite through various deceptions and false hopes.

How horrible it is!

Inside hell: the odour is strongly unpleasant; the sound is terrifyingly noisy; the heat is unbearably hot; the fire intensively penetrates to the heart; the thorny foods never satisfy hunger; the filthy drinks never satisfy a thirst; the guardians are never merciful; the opportunity of an escape is never possible; the dept intensifies the suffering; the sadness is not sharable; the nakedness is a shame; the live broadcast is an humiliation. So why head for it?

A place of disgrace and humiliation

رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ مَنْ تُدْخِلِ النَّارَ فَقَدْ أَخْزَيْتَهُ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنْصَارٍ

“Our Lord! Verily, whoever You put into the Fire, indeed, You have disgraced him, and never will the wrong-doers find any helpers.[1]

A place for those who oppose Allah and His messengers

أَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّهُ مَنْ يُحَادِدِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَأَنَّ لَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدًا فِيهَا ذَلِكَ الْخِزْيُ الْعَظِيمُ

Do they not know that whoever opposes Allah and His messenger – that for him is the fire of Hell, wherein he will abide eternally? That is the great disgrace[2]

An inseparable punishment

Hell was created to love inflicting pain on its inmates

 وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَامًا

And those who say: “Our Lord! avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.”[3]

  It is wide enough to contain all of its inmates

Nine hundred and ninety-nine (999) out of every thousand (1,000) of human beings will enter hell; yet hell is spacious enough to contain even more.

يَوْمَ نَقُولُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلأتِ وَتَقُولُ هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ

On the Day when we will say to hell: “Are you filled?” it will say: “Are there any more (to come)?”[4]

A reason for hell

وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ زُمَرًا حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءُوهَا فُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِنْكُمْ يَتْلُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتِ رَبِّكُمْ وَيُنْذِرُونَكُمْ لِقَاءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا قَالُوا بَلَى وَلَكِنْ حَقَّتْ كَلِمَةُ الْعَذَابِ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened (suddenly like a prison at the arrival of the prisoners), and its keepers will say, “Did not the messengers come to you from yourselves, reciting to you the verses of your Lord, and warning you of the meeting of This Day of yours?” they will say: “Yes, but the word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers!”[5]

Annihilation is better than agony

وَنَادَوْا يَا مَالِكُ لِيَقْضِ عَلَيْنَا رَبُّكَ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ مَاكِثُونَ

And they will cry: “O Maalik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say: “Verily you shall abide forever.”[6]

Fuels of hell

  1. Rocks; Human beings (Surat-ul-Tahrim 6)
  2. Idols (Surat-ul-Anbiyaa 98-99)

Some inhabitants of hell

  1. Disbelievers
  2. Hypocrites
  3. Rejecters of the Truth
  4. Sinners and criminals
  5. The unjust
  6. Those who transgress the limits of Allah
  7. Tyrants
  8. Murderers
  9. Those that persecute the believers
  10. Those that prefer the world and neglect the hereafter
  11. Those who commit suicide
  12. Every cruel, proud and arrogant
  13. The one who is treacherous
  14. The traitor
  15. One who has a habit of abusing people and using obscene languages.
  16. The one who don’t pray, and also the one who doesn’t pray on time

Stature of its inmates

The size of human body depreciates from Adam downward. The magnitude of pleasure in paradise and the pains in hell is too much for what could satisfy the little body of Adam’s offspring. The body of humans will be returned to the original 60 cubits tall of their father Adam to enable it enjoy the pleasure of paradise and suffer the pains of hell adequately.

عن ابي هريرة عن النبي قال ‏ “‏ خلق الله ادم وطوله ستون ذراعا، ثم قال اذهب فسلم على اوليك من الملايكة، فاستمع ما يحيونك، تحيتك وتحية ذريتك‏.‏ فقال السلام عليكم‏.‏ فقالوا السلام عليك ورحمة الله‏.‏ فزادوه ورحمة الله‏.‏ فكل من يدخل الجنة على صورة ادم، فلم يزل الخلق ينقص حتى الان ‏”‏‏.‏

 Narrated Abu Huraira (RA): The Prophet ﷺ said, “Allah created Adam, making him 60 cubits tall. When He created him, He said to him, “Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting (salutations of your offspring.” So, Adam said (to the angels), As-Salaamu Alaykum (i.e. Peace be upon you). The angels said, “As-salaamu Alayka wa Rahmatullahi” (i.e. Peace and Allah’s Mercy be upon you). Thus the angels added to Adam’s salutation the expression, ‘Wa Rahmatullahi,’ Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam’s creation.[7]

Names and levels in hell

Through their scholarly efforts and careful consideration of the texts, Islamic scholars outlined the following names and categories in hell. The whole of hell is one, but with different severity of punishment at different levels. The severity of punishments in hell increases from top to bottom.

Names of levels in hell

  1. Jahannammah (جهنم) – Surat-ul-Tur Q52:13
  2. Lazoh (لَظَى) – Surat-ul-Ma’arij Q70:15
  3. Al-Hutommah (حُطَمَةُ) – Surat-ul-Humazah Q104:4
  4. Saheer (سَعِيرً) – Surat-ul-Ahzab Q33:64
  5. Sakorr (سَقَرَ) – Surat-ul-Mudathir Q74:20
  6. Jaheem (جَحِيمٍ) – Surat-ul-Infitar Q82:14
  7. Haawiyah (هَاوِيَةٌ) – Surat-ul-Qari’ah Q101:9

[1] Surat-ul-Imran 192

[2] Surat-ul-Tawbah 63

[3] Surat-ul-Fur’qan 65

[4] Suratul Qaaf 30

[5] Suratul Zumar 71

[6] Suratul Zukhruf 77

[7] Sahih Bukhari Book 60 Hadith 1

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