At-Tahreek: Ali & Fatimah (Struggles & Death)

At-Tahreek: Ali & Fatimah (Struggles & Death)

Ali (radiyallahu anhu)

Preamble

The struggle of Ali for Islam is evident in the story of how he embraced Islam, his sacrifice in the cause of Dawah and perseverance in the face of confrontations in addition to his strong love for knowledge. His struggle against anti-Islamic forces can be seen in his bravery and strong hatred he had for the enemies of Islam.

The story of Ali’s Islam

روى ابن إسحاق أن على بن أبى طالب رضي الله عنه جاء إلى النبي – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – بعد إسلام خديجة رضي الله عنها، فوجدهما يصليان، فقال على: ما هذا يا محمد؟ فقال النبي – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: «دين الله الذي اصطفاه لنفسه، وبعث به رسله، فأدعوك إلى الله وحد وإلى عبادته، وتكفر باللات والعزى» فقال له على: هذا أمر لم أسمع به من قبل اليوم، فلست بقاض أمرًا حتى أحدث أبا طالب، فكره رسول الله – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – أن يفشى عليه سره، قبل أن يستعلن أمره، فقال له: «يا على إذا لم تسلم فاكتم»، فمكث على تلك الليلة، ثم إن الله أوقع في قلب على الإسلام، فأصبح غاديًا إلى رسول الله – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -، حتى جاءه فقال: ما عرضت علىَّ يا محمد؟ فقال له رسول الله – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: تشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وتكفر باللات والعزى، وتبرأ من الأنداد، ففعل علىّ وأسلم، ومكث علىّ يأتيه على خوف من أبى طالب، وكتم على إسلامه ولم يظهر به

Ibn Ishaq recorded that Ali ibn Abi Taalib came to the prophet after Khadija had accepted Islam, he found them both observing solat, he asked: On what is this? Oh Muhammad. The prophet replied: The religion of Allah which He has chosen for Himself and sent His messengers with, so therefore, I’m calling you to the belief and worship of Allah and to disbelieve and forsake al-Laat and al-Uzzah (the two main idols of Makkah). Ali replied: This is a matter which I have never heard about before today, I will not decide until after I have informed Abi Taalib (my father). The prophet hated that he (Ali) should inform others about his secret matter before he was commanded to proclaim it, so he told him: if you will not accept then keep it secret. Ali spent the night contemplating on the invitation until Allah made him appreciate the message and accept it. In the morning he went to the prophet and asked: what is that that you have called me to? The prophet replied: that you testify that none is worthy of worship except Allah and to disbelieve in al-Laat and al-Uzzah and don’t set up intermediaries between yourself and the worship of Allah. Ali accepted Islam and kept it secret from Abi Talib (his father).

Source: البداية والنهاية (3/ 4) by Ibn Kathir

His struggles

  • He represented the prophet in Makkah when he left for Hijrah: The prophet instructed him to stay behind and return back the belongings of the Quraysh entrusted with him to their rightful owners.
  • His perseverance with the confrontation of the Quraysh after the departure of the prophet: After the departure of the prophet to Madinah, the Quraysh enquired from Ali about the whereabouts of the prophet but he refused to give any information on that, and was beaten up. This is one indication of his loyalty to the prophet.
  • His endeavor on the Hijrah: Since he was charged to return the belongings to their rightful owners, he was among the last to make the Hijrah. His solitary journey across the desert ass rife with bad experiences.
  • Struggle on knowledge: His struggle on knowledge is evident in his statement: “There is no verse in the Qur’an except that I knew when and why it was revealed.”

His bravery

He participated in all battles except Tabuk because the prophet charged him with the administration of Madinah

His death

His death was by the hand of a khaariji who had developed some discord against him from a battle he had fought against them.

 Quote from Ali

“Anyone who reads and understands the Qur’an but ends up in hell is surely among those who took the verses of Allah as jokes”

Fatimah bint rosulullah

Preamble

Her struggles and perseverance can be seen in her life with her father throughout the mission of his messengership and her husband Ali ibn Abi Talib.

During the days of boycott

Fatimah was still a youngster during the 3 years of boycott when the Quraysh had cut off trade and denied the early Muslim the right of citizenship. Anyone who renounces his/her Islam will be exempted from the boycott. Fatimah was among those who remained steadfast on faith and remained loyal with the religion of Islam. This is one clear indication of her internal resolution to struggle against falsehood until the truth was established.

Mother of her father

She was nicknamed as “أم أبيها” – mother of her father due to her relentless care and struggle for the success of her father’s mission.

 Perseverance with her husband

The prophet married her to his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib at the time of financial hardship yet she persevered and managed with her husband with the little available. She struggled against any satanic internal forces and thoughts.

Her death

While the prophet was on his terminal illness, he called Fatimah and confided two statements in her. The first statement caused her to cry and the second caused her to smile.

  • I’ve been informed that I will not recover from this illness.
  • You will be the first among my family to join me.

She died few months after the death of the prophet. May Allah be pleased with Ali and Fatimah.

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