BEING THE SECOND KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF RAMADAN, 14/RAMADAN/1438AH (9/JUNE/2017CE)

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE SECOND KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF RAMADAN, 14/RAMADAN/1438AH (9/JUNE/2017CE)

RECOMMENDED ACTS OF WORSHIP IN THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN

Praise Allah says: (يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (183) ” {البقرة :2\183} , وَلَا تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ ۗ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَقْرَبُوهَا ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ ” {البقرة :2\287}) O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous (183) Allah says: And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them. Thus does Allah make clear His ordinances to the people that they may become righteous. (187). We praise and thank Him, seek His help and guidance, forgiveness and repentance. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls and deeds. Whoever Allah guides is guided and whoever He misled none will mislead Him. I bear witness there is no god but Allah alone without partner, and that Muhammad (pbuh) is His servant and Messenger. Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet used to perform Itikaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in Itikaf for twenty days. May Allah bless him and his families and all his companions, and those who follow them in righteousness until the day of recompense.

Thereafter,

O Servant of Allah, I urge you to fear Allah, it grants one a way in every hardship, and a provision in period of lack, and ease in time of difficulty, in line with the words of Allah thus:

: ﴿وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ﴾,{الطلاق:65\2-3} ﴿وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ يُسْرًا﴾ {الطّلاق:65\4}.

(And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. … And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him of his matter ease) (12:109).

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters, this Friday is the second in the month of Ramadan, we are in the midst of the second ten days in which is forgiveness of sins. And by Allah’s willing we shall commence the last part next week which is centred on emancipation from fire, and in it is a night better than a thousand month. The topic of our sermon today is RECOMMENDED ACTS OF WORSHIP IN THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN.

Dear faithful, the last ten days of Ramadan are the best of this honoured month described by the Prophet (pbuh) as emancipation from fire. Thus the prophet (pbuh) increase his worship therein, coming closer to his Lord with various forms of worship, without stopping from praying, reciting Qur’an and remembering Allah every moment and place. ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that when the last ten nights began Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) kept awake at night (for prayer and devotion), wakened his family and he tied his loin.” (Bukhari/ Muslim).

The Prophet (pbuh) would chose this period for exalted deeds, increasing worship therein more than in does remaining part of the month, he would keep wake at night standing before his Lord, humble before Him, seeking for His bounty favour. He would drop every worldly engagement to the extent that he would leave his wives in these blessed nights, and he made his dinner his pre-dawn meal, he took bath at night between maghrib and ishai. He would enjoin his family to strive and increase in worship therein. It was reported that he would pass by Fatimah and Ali in the night saying to them: “Would you not stand up and observe solat?” He would wake ‘Aisha at night after ending his tahajud, before doing the witr. This forms the basis for any of the spouses to wake the other. Umar (RA) would observe what he could at night, until the middle of the night, he would wake his family members saying to them: ‘Prayer, Prayer, and reciting this verse: enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein.”  (20: 132). The wife to one of the righteous was saying to her husband: ‘The night is gone, and ahead of us lies a long path and little provision, and the caravan of the righteous passed before us, while we are remained …” (Ramadan pages; AbdulKareem bn Saneetaan).

In these virtuous nights, the Muslim should invest all its moments, not wasting any of its time, but exploiting every moment in it with every good deed to draw closer to his Creator, moving from one form of worship to another; he either reads the verses of the book of his Lord with pondering over the meaning, and reflecting on the miraculous nature of the words, or to occupy himself with making ruku’ , sujuud and standing before Allah, or grant relief to the poor and needy, helping them while seeking the reward from God Almighty.

O you Muslim brother, if you do not occupy the soul with acts of obedience, it gets occupied with sins, dragging you to what will anger your Creator. So beware that He sees you where He has warned you about, or that He miss you where you where He commanded you to be.

Therefore, we need to engage in ‘Itikaaf at this time in general and to meet the night of destiny in particular.

Al-‘itikaaf:

In the two Saheeh, Narrated ‘Aisha (RA) She said: The Prophet used to practice Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till he died and then his wives used to practice Itikaf after him.” (Agreed upon).

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet used to perform “Itikaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in Itikaf for twenty days.” (Bukhari)

She also said: Allah be pleased with her- that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than at any other time”. (narrated by Muslim).

The ruling of ‘Itikaaf:

It is an emphatic sunnah, established in Ramadan and in the last ten days in particular. It is a worship in which the slave is committed to obey his Lord, he breaks off his relationship with the world and its affairs, which distract him from the maximizing the worship of his Lord in the past days. Itikaaf is not for this Ummah alone, rather it was known before now as pointed to in this verse: And We charged Abraham and Ishmael, [saying], “Purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who are staying [there] for worship and those who bow and prostrate [in prayer].” (2: 125)

The companions of the Prophet (pbuh) emulated him in this practice of Itikaaf, so also were the wives of the Prophet (pbuh) during his lifetime and after him.

Evidence of the legitimacy: Allah says:

ولاَ تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وأنْتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِد

And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them.” (2:187).

وعهدنا إلي إبراهيم وإسماعيل أن طهرا بيتي للطائفين والعاكفين “ البقرة: 125

“And We charged Abraham and Ishmael, [saying], “Purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who are staying [there] for worship and those who bow and prostrate [in prayer].” (2: 125)

Hadith: “Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet used to practice Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till he died and then his wives used to practice Itikaf after him.

Aim: The aim is to purity the heart through being conscious of Allah with devotion to worship and forsaking the worldly inclinations, to gain Allah’s mercy and protection and victory. It is one of the most beloved acts of worship which enhances watchfulness over solat and awaiting its time. All these added to fasting elevates the believer before God. Its best period is the last ten days which provide opportunity for the search for the night of majesty.

Time: It is desirable all time in Ramadan and other months. Most scholars accept any minimum time possible while the Maalikis stipulate for at least one day and night.

The place: The Hanbalis stipulate it should be in a mosque where congregational prayers are held without any disagreement. ‘Itikaaf is for the Mosque: It is improper to perform ‘Itikaaf except in the mosques where congregational prayers are offered, while mosque of Jum’ah is better but to perform it in any of the holy grand mosques rank higher.

If a woman observes i’tikaaf in the mosque, she should cover herself under a tent as did the wives of the Prophet peace be upon him.

Narrated ‘Amra: Aisha said, “the Prophet used to practice Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan and I used to pitch a tent for him, and after offering the morning prayer, he used to enter the tent.” Hafsa asked the permission of ‘Aisha to pitch a tent for her and she allowed her and she pitched her tent. When Zainab bint Jahsh saw it, she pitched another tent. In the morning the Prophet noticed the tents. He said, ‘What is this?” He was told of the whole situation. Then the Prophet said, “Do you think that they intended to do righteousness by doing this?” He therefore abandoned the Itikaf in that month and practiced Itikaf for ten days in the month of Shawwal.”

I’tikaaf judgment and position of making vow which mandate on a Mu’takif:

The Rule of I’tikaaf: It is desirable. I’tikaaf can be classified into three (3) according to Abu hanifah:

(1)  Obligatory: this is for he who vow to observe I’tikaaf.

(2)  Sunnah: this applies to I’tikaaf in last ten days of Ramadan as exemplified by the Prophet (pbuh).

(3)  Desirable: this can be at any time Ramadan inclusive, even if it is just for a short moment.

Conditions of I’tikaaf:

1 – Islam: i.e being a Muslim.

2 – Soundnes of intellect or ability to have reach age of discretion.

3 – It should be in the masjid: It is not acceptable to be done in homes, except for women who are permitted to do it in the masjid within her home- and that is the specific area she had identify for solat.

4 – Intention: The Prophet said: “Actions are (rewarded) according to the inentions” Imam shafii added that one should specify the class of the I’tikaaf in the course of establishing the intention.

5 – Fasting: This is a general condition stipulated by the Maalikis. Hanafi stipulates fasting for I’tikaaf based on vow (the obligatory). However the Shafi’i and Hanbali did not consider it except in the case of vow, where the Mu’takif specified fasting with the I’tikaaf.

Evidence of those have not considered fasting is the hadith of Umar where he said: “O Messenger of Allah, I have vowed to make itikaf in the holy Masjid for a night, he (pbuh) said to him: “fulfill your vow” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Here he did not require him to fast, the I’tikaaf was targeted to be in the night as well.

However, the evidence for those considered fasting is the hadith of Ibn Abbas: “The Mu’takif is not required to fast except if he made it binding on himself.” {Narrated Daaraqutni Ibn Abbas}.

6 – Purity from janaabah, menstruation and postpartum condition:

7 – Seeking of the husband’s permission:

Permissible acts for the Mu’takif:

1- Adherence to the masjid without unnecessary exit, as that is a pillar of I’tikaaf.

Etiquettes of I’tikaaf

1-  He should be engaged in meritorious acts like solat, reading qur’an, remeberance of Allah, seeking blessing on the Prophet (pbuh), pondering over the creations of the universe and its essence, reading the tafsir and other Islamic history, etc.

2- Fasting

3- It is desirable to observe I’tikaaf in the central masjid where solatul-jum’ah is observed. The best of all masjid is the holy masjid in makkah, the prophet’s masjid and the masjidul-aqsa.

4- Most desirable to have it in Ramadan due to the virtue of the period, especially in the last ten days.

5- It desirable as well to continue the I’tikaaf including the night of ‘eid, so as to move from venue of I’tikaaf to ‘eid prayer in the morning. The Prophet said: “Whoever stand (to pray) in the night of ‘eid, with hope of reward from Allah, his heart would be dead on the day hearts would be dead.” (ibn majah)

6- He should also desert all irrelevances, including argument, insults and obscenity.

What are disliked in I’tikaaf:

It is disliked to neglect any of the etiquettes mentioned above. It is also disliked to turn the venue to a market place or where business agreement are contracted or signed. As well, it is forbidden for whoever sees being silent as an act of worship, it is an imitation of the fasting type of the people of the book which have been expunged.

Things that invalidate I’tikaaf: These include the following:

1 – Going out without a legitimate excuse, such as going out for sale or trade.

2 – Sexual intercourse: Allah says:

ولاَ تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وأنْتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِد

And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them.” (2:187).

3 – Ejaculation in the event of direct lustfully contact like in kissing or caressing. “And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them.” (2:187).

4 – Apostasy:

5 – Intoxication during the day or at night.

6 – To faint or get mad for a long while.

7 – Menstruation and postpartum.

8 – Eating deliberately for the Maalikis and hanafis who consider fasting as condition for I’tikaaf.

9 – Falling in great sins such as backbiting, gossip and slander invalidate i’tikaaf as stipulated by the Maalikis, however the major overruled it does not.

The judgement on an invalidated I’tikaaf.

Hanbali said: for voluntary I’tikaaf he who leaves the Masjid, for an unusual reason such as going for a mandatory witness, or fear of a threat or sickness and the like, and stayed for long, he is to choose between returning to the I’tikaaf or otherwise, because it is not obligatory. But for mandatory I’tikaaf he must return to the I’tikaaf venue.

Oh Allah grant us Ramadan, assist us to fast and stand in its night for prayers, in faith and anticipation for Your rewards,  and make us not among those who only gain hunger and thirst from their fasts, or earns no other reward from their Tahajud except fatigue and sleeplessness, grant us good words and works, save us from the fire and all in it including the shackles and horrors.

THE SECOND SERMON

All praises are due to Allah, Who has perfected the religion and favour on us. We praise and thank Him and seek His forgiveness. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that prophet Muhammad is His servant and messenger. May the peace and blessings be showered upon him, his household, and all his companions.

Allah says:O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another” (49: 13)

The Prophet (pbuh) said: “He is not part of us who calls to tribalism, He is not part of us who fight for tribalism, and He is not part of us who dies in the cause of tribalism.” (Abu Dawud)

Dear faithful, it is disheartening the trending tribalistic tendencies in the country between the Igbos and the Hausas. First was the call by the Kanu- led Biafra agitators that no Hausa should come out in the south-east on 30th May, 2017, an order which was implemented in five south-east states- Abia, Anambra, Enugu, Imo, and Rivers. And now is the Hausa version of it with the three months ultimatum (to end by 1st Oct, 2017) to all Igbos to leave the 19 northern states as issued by the Arewa Youth Consultative Forum. The Kaduna State Governor has ordered the arrest of the leader of the AYCF saying it is an effrontery on the constitution.

Oh Allah grant us Ramadan, assist us to fast and stand in its night for prayers, in faith and anticipation for Your rewards,  and make us not among those who only gain hunger and thirst from their fasts, or earns no other reward from their tahajud except fatigue and sleeplessness, grant us good words and works, save us from the fire and all in it including the shackles and horrors.

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