History of Pilgrimage from

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE THIRD KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF SHAWWAL, 20/SHAWWAL/1438AH (14/JULY/2017 CE)

THE HISTORY OF HAJJ FROM PROPHET IBRAHIM (AS)

All praises are for Allah, the lord of the worlds Who established the pilgrimage for His servants as one of the pillars of Islam. We praise Him, seek His help and guidance, we seek His forgiveness and repent unto Him. We believe in Him and repose our trust in Him. Whom Allah guides surely is guided and whom He misleads, surely you will find no one to guide or protect him. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone, and that Muhammad (pbuh) is His servant and Messenger. I bear witness that our leader, Muhammad is his chosen prophet and Messenger sent to elucidate Islam. He said: “Verily, Allah has (abundance of) gifts in the days of the world, avail yourself that opportunity, perhaps, one of you may gain a gift and (by that) will never be misfortune thereafter forever.”May Allah bestow peace and blessings on him, his families, his companions and those who follow them in righteousness till the day of recompense. May Allah grant us the same and all righteousness servants of Allah.

Thereafter,

O Servant of Allah, I admonish you to fear Allah- the exalted, for piety is the best prerequisite to achieve all aspirations. Allah says:

“…وتَزَوَّدُوا فإنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُولِي الألْبَابِ” {البقرة :2\197}

And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding.”(2:197)

Brothers and Sisters in faith, being the third sermon in this month- shawwal, as the first month of hajj, we shall today base our discussion onTHE HISTORY OF HAJJ FROM PROPHET IBRAHIM (AS).

Dear Muslims, a careful observer of the hajj rites will find in them a strong relation with Prophet Ibrahim (AS). The holy qur’an enjoins repeatedly treading the path of Ibrahim (AS). Allah says: (﴿قُلْ صَدَقَ اللهُ فَاتَّبِعُوا مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ﴾)

Say, “Allah has told the truth. So follow the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth; and he was not of the polytheists.” (3:95)

This describes the level of importance of the correlation and the need to grasp the inherent meaningandwith a deep lookattheseritesthe following relation could be itemized:

  • When you start by the Ka’bah you discover that prophet Ibrahim (AS) established the pillars as shown to him by Allah. (﴿وإذ بوَّأنا لإبراهيم مكان البيتأن لا تشرك بي شيئا وطهر بيتي لطائفين والقائمين والركع السجود ﴾) And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Abraham the site of the House, [saying], “Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who stand [in prayer] and those who bow and prostrate.” (22:26). Prophet Ibrahim went to Makkah from Damascus with his son-Isma’eel and wife- Hajar riding on the Buraq, with Angel Jibreel guiding him through till they reached Makkah. Sheikh IbnDhiyaa Al-Makkiy Al-Hanafiy mentioned in his book- History of Makkah: Narrated Mujahid, that when Allah (swt) designated the place of the House to Ibrahim, he headed towards it from Damascus, with Jibreel guiding to the place of the house and the foundations of the Ka’bah. As Ibrahim (AS) passed any village, he asked thus: “Is this the place I am commanded?”Jibreel replied: continue, until he reached Makkah. The Ka’bah was then a reddish clod of mud. Ibrahim told Jibreel: “Is it here I was commanded to erect it? Jibreel said: Yes. He placed the Hajar and Isma’eel at the point of the stone. He (Ibrahim) then told Hajar to erect a bower and he left. Hajar asked him; Is it Allah that instructed you to do as this? And he nodded with his head without turning towards her. She then replied: “Then He will not neglect us.” And when he had reached a place where he could not see them nor could they see him, he turned to supplicate to Allah for Makkah and the inhabitants thus:

(﴿ربنا إني أسكنت من ذريتي بواد غير ذي زرع عند بيتك المحرم ربنا ليقيموا الصلاة فاجعل أفئدة من الناس تهوي إليهم وارزقهم من  الثمرات لعلهم يشكرون﴾{إبراهيم:14\37}) “Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.” (14: 37).

  • The station of Ibrahim by the Ka’bah: When Isma’eel reached manhood, the landmarks of the Ka’bah had been effaced thus Allah commanded Ibrahim to raise the structures again with his son- Isma’eel.

(﴿وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُرَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ{البقرة:2\127}) “ And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing. (2:127).

Of the relics of Ibrahim (AS) at the Ka’bah is the ‘Station of Ibrahim’- the rock spot on which he stood when raising the pillars, Allah made it malleable to have the imprint of his feet as an everlasting relic till today.

(﴿إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ . فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا﴾{آل عمران:3\96}) Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah – blessed and a guidance for the worlds.” (3:96).

  • Running between Safaa and Marwa reminds us of a lofty station of servitude to Allah, trust in Him and utmost faith in Him, with positive thought about Allah.The Sa’y between Safaa and Marwa gives the experience of the Prophet given a child having reached extreme old age, all hope of procreation gone. With this background, Allah commanded him to bring his wife and son to valley in a desert without life, or water, and complied without harbouring any ill feeling to worry over the interest or evil of the instruction, with resounding trust for success on Allah’s command. Ponder over this reality, what kind of faith or trust could make him surrender in that manner?

The provision of some dates in a sack bag Ibrahim gave to them never last long and she was tireless searching for water for the baby, and she ran between Safaa and Marwa seven times, a distance of about half a kilometer, this action is now one of the symbols of Islam.

﴿إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللّهِفمن حج البيت أو اعتمر فلا جناح عليه أن يطوف بهما

Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them.” (2: 158)

  • Zamzam water reminds us as well of the reward of obedience to Allah. Water gushed out from beneath the feet of Isma’eel (A.S) as the mother was making the seventh round of the run. And she was saying: “O water gather up, O water gather up.” Thus the name Zamzam which is a pure kind of water. The prophet (pbuh) said: “The water of zamzam is for whatever it is drunk for.”
  • The sacrifice cattle reminds us of the instruction that Ibrahim should slaughter his son (A.S). (﴿قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرَى فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ﴾) “”O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you,” (37:102). (﴿فَلَمَّا أَسْلَمَا وَتَلَّهُ لِلْجَبِينِ (103) وَنَادَيْنَاهُ أَنْ يَاإِبْرَاهِيمُ (104) قَدْ صَدَّقْتَ الرُّؤْيَا إِنَّا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ (105) إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ الْبَلَاءُ الْمُبِينُ (106) وَفَدَيْنَاهُ بِذِبْحٍ عَظِيمٍ ﴾) “And when they had both submitted and he put him down upon his forehead, (104)   We called to him, “O Abraham, ( 105 )   You have fulfilled the vision.” Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good. (106)   Indeed, this was the clear trial. ( 107 )   And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice.” Allah rewarded him with another child after this compliance with Ishaaq: (﴿وبشَّرناه بإسحاق نبيا من الصالحين﴾)And We gave him good tidings of Isaac, a prophet from among the righteous.” (37: 112).
  • Throwing of the pebbles reminds of the manner Ibrahim and his family coped with the challenge when instructed to slaughter his son, the devil came to distract him, his wife and son from implementing the command.This was the story of the three stoning rites at hajj: the major, middle and the minor, which were the spots on the devil was stoned.
  • Hajj as a whole is of the religion of Ibrahim (AS). Allah says: (﴿ثم أوحينا إليك أن اتّبع ملة إبراهيم حنيفا وما كان من المشركين﴾)“Then We revealed to you, [O Muhammad], to follow the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth; and he was not of those who associate with Allah.” (16: 123). Prayer, sacrifice and hajj are all of Ibrahim’s religion. (:﴿وقالوا كونوا هودا أو نصاري تهتدوا قل بل ملة إبراهيم حنيفا وما كان من المشركين﴾ {البقرة:2\135}) “They say, “Be Jews or Christians [so] you will be guided.” Say, “Rather, [we follow] the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth, and he was not of the polytheists.” (2:135)
  • When he has completed the house, Allah commanded him to invite for people to make pilgrimage to the place from all places. He asked: How would they hear my voice from this wilderness? But Allah replied for you is to make the call and for us is to accomplish it.”Allah says: (﴿وَأَذِّنْ فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِنْ كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ﴾)And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass.” (22: 27)

Therefore, hajj is a reminiscence of the days of prophet Ibrahim- the intimate friend of Allah and how he obeyed Allah’s command entire one after the other, in sincerity and sacrificed with his life, wife and son.

Belief in Allah and sacrifice for Him with all we have is a special character of Prophet Ibrahim:

  • Putting on the Ihram signifies discard of everything of this world and its attachments.
  • Circumambulation round the stone-composite structure which could neither benefit nor harm, without any greatness or honour except that Allah honours it and is pleased with it.

Thus the Qur’an has great importance attached to the religion of Ibrahim (AS) thus:

  • Allah ordained that we follow him thus: (﴿اتَّبِعُوا مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ.. ﴾)So follow the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth; and he was not of the polytheists.” (3:95)
  • Describing as the excellent model Allah says: (﴿قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَة حَسَنَة فِي إِبْرَاهِيم وَاَلَّذِينَ مَعَهُ .. ﴾) “There has already been for you an excellent pattern in Abraham and those with him, ” (60:4)
  • He who jettisons this path, and seeks to find a middle course between Islam and disbelief is actually a fool. (﴿وَمَنْ يَرْغَبُ عَنْ مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلَّا مَنْ سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ.. ﴾) “And who would be averse to the religion of Abraham except one who makes a fool of himself.” (2: 130)
  • It is the message of all prophets. (﴿وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلَالَةُ﴾) “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allah and avoid Taghut.” And among them were those whom Allah guided, and among them were those upon whom error was [deservedly] decreed.” (16: 36)
  • It is as well the message of Islam. (﴿إِذْ قَالَ لَهُ رَبُّهُ أَسْلِمْ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ﴾) When his Lord said to him, “Submit”, he said “I have submitted [in Islam] to the Lord of the worlds.” (2: 131)
  • It was the recommendation of the prophets … (﴿وَوَصَّى بِهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بَنِيهِ وَيَعْقُوبُ يَا بَنِيَّ إِنَّ اللّهَ اصْطَفَى لَكُمُ الدِّينَ فَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إَلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ.. ﴾)  And Abraham instructed his sons [to do the same] and [so did] Jacob, [saying], “O my sons, indeed Allah has chosen for you this religion, so do not die except while you are Muslims.” (2:132)
  • It is the best religion. (﴿وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ دِينًا مِمَّنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ وَاتَّبَعَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَاتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلًا .. ﴾) “And who is better in religion than one who submits himself to Allah while being a doer of good and follows the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth? And Allah took Abraham as an intimate friend.” (4:125)
  • It is the straight path. (﴿قُلْ إِنَّنِي هَدَانِي رَبِّي إِلَى صِرَاط مُسْتَقِيم دِينًا قِيَمًا مِلَّة إِبْرَاهِيم حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ.. ﴾) Say, “Indeed, my Lord has guided me to a straight path – a correct religion – the way of Abraham, inclining toward truth. And he was not among those who associated others with Allah.” (6: 161)
  • It was the inspiration of Allah to Prophet Muhammad. (﴿ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفاً وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ المُشْرِكِينَ .. ﴾)“Then We revealed to you, [O Muhammad], to follow the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth; and he was not of those who associate with Allah.” (16: 123)

It is mandatory for us to grasp the meaning of resoluteness for Allah and that of disbelief and denouncement for the Taghut, that is the essence of religion. It is that ‘There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah’ we need to understand it perfectly and live by it. We should neglect the ways of deviation- both old and modern, even when there is playing around with names as in the modern days, we should not be deceived by such nomenclatural disguise. We must eschew disbelief in all its forms even where it comes from our kinsmen as Ibrahim (AS) did.

Having said this, I seek forgive from Allahfor me and you and all Muslims, do seek His forgiveness He is Oft-forgiving.

 

THE SECOND SERMON

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the lord of the foremost and later generations, and may peace and blessingsbe upon our Prophet Muhammad, his companions and those who follow them in righteousness. Allah says:

﴿إِنَّمَا جَزَاءُ الَّذِينَ يُحَارِبُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَسَادًا أَنْ يُقَتَّلُوا أَوْ يُصَلَّبُوا أَوْ تُقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ أَوْ يُنْفَوْا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ ذَلِكَ لَهُمْ خِزْيٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَلَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ (33) إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَقْدِرُوا عَلَيْهِمْ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ﴾ {المائِدَة:5\33-34}

“Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment, ( 34 )   Except for those who return [repenting] before you apprehend them. And know that Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (5: 3334)

Dear servants of Allah, worthy of note at the moment is the worrisome state of insecurity in the country. There is a demonic group called “Badoo” threatening the security of lives and properties in some parts of lagos state including, Ikorodu, Imota, Agbowa, Ijede, Ofin, Ikosi and some other areas in Ogun state such as Ogijo and Ipetero.The devilish cult group would lay siege on a household killing every living person within it; male, female, young and old, for no sin committed. Their target is the blood of their victims using handkerchief to soak their blood, and would thereafter sell each handkerchief for five hundred thousand naira to their patrons! (أَلَا يَظُنُّ أُولَئِكَ أَنَّهُمْ مَبْعُوثُونَ (4) لِيَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ (5) يَوْمَ يَقُومُ النَّاسُ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ )Do they not think that they will be resurrected” For a tremendous Day -( 6 )   The Day when mankind will stand before the Lord of the worlds?

Allah says: (ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ) Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness].”Allah also says: (وَاتَّقُوا فِتْنَةً لَا تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْكُمْ خَاصَّةً وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ )“And fear a trial which will not strike those who have wronged among you exclusively, and know that Allah is severe in penalty.”

The solution to this situation is to do a sincere repentance as a people, then for the government to come up with an apparatus to contain and usurp this destructive group. They should also detail the security men to guard these areas. The public should cooperate and support the security men with useful information and to be vigilant in order to identify strange persons and do proper investigation about them. May Allah protect us all.

Secondly, is the strange bill of Amnesty for the looters of the nation’s wealth.The proposed bill, which is being promoted by Hon. Linus Okorie (PDP, Ebonyi) of the house of Representatives canvasses full and complete amnesty for suspected looters of public treasury and further seeks to shield them from any probe, inquiry or prosecution; and “shall not be compelled to disclose the source of their looted funds’ as long as they invest their wealth in Nigeria.”

We unequivocally express our dismay to this proposal, it is forbidden in Islam and without doubt a prefacing step to legalize financial corruption for leaders in the country. Allah says: (إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُمْ بِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا ) Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.” (4: 58).

Oh Allah accept our fast, prayers, bowing and prostration. O Allah ease for us Your remembrance, gratitude to You and sound worship. O Allah make the Qur’an the succor to our hearts, light to our faces, remover of our grief and sorrow. O Allah show us the truth and grant us the wherewithal to follow it, show us falsehood and grant us the wherewithal to desist. O Allah forgive the believers; men and women, and the Muslim men and women, both the living and the deceased, You are All- hearing, most near, answerer of prayers. O Allah make this nation- Nigeria peaceful, safe, generous, with abundant welfare, and all other Muslim nations.

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