22nd Dhul-Qadah 1442 A.H
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL BEING THE FOURTH SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-QA"ADAH DATED 22ND DHUL-QA’DAH 1442 AH (2ND JULY, 2021 CE)
ISLAM’S CONCERN FOR THE PROFESSIONS AND THE TRADES
All Praises belong to Allah. We praise Him and thank Him and seek His help and His Guidance. We believe in Him and trust in Him. Whoever is guided by Allah, nobody can lead astray, and whoever is made to go astray, no one can guide him. He is the one Who has made the earth subservient (for us) and commanded His servants to go about in the paths in the quest for a living. He said, "He it is, Who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it, etc.), so walk in the path thereof and eat of His provision, and to Him will be the Resurrection” (Al-Mulk:15). May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the One who was sent as a mercy to the entire world, the one who said in his noble hadith: “No one ever eats a better food than the one that he eats from the work of his hand and that the Prophet of Allah Daaud (peace be upon him) used to eat from the work of his hand” and upon all his family and companions.
Thereafter…Oh servants of Allah, I enjoin you and myself to fear Allah. It is indeed the lasting commandment of Allah to the earlier and later generations of people. The Almighty Allah said: "And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And verily, We have recommended to the people of the Scripture before you, and to you (O Muslims) that you (all) fear Allah, and keep your duty to Him, But if you disbelieve, then unto Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and Allah is Ever Rich (Free of all wants)” (An-Nisa’ 131). And with the fear of Allaah, the servants of Allah attains the best of this world and of the hereafter.
This is the fourth sermon in the month of Dhul-Qa’adah, and last week we talked about the means of increasing one’s livelihood, and today, in-shaa Allah, our talk is centred on Islam’s concern for the professions and trades, both of which are among the means of livelihood available in our religion. Consider the words of Allah Ta’alah:
"…others are out travelling around the earth seeking Allah’s Bounty" [Muzzammil: 20]. And He says: "Once prayer has been performed, then disperse throughout the land and seek Allah’s bounty. Remember Allah frequently so that you may prosper." [Jumu'ah: 10]
Seeking sustenance through the trades and the professions is a big issue among people, because money is the basis of life and its luxuries. The ones that have only a little want a lot and those that have plenty already want more. "Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire – of women and sons, heaped-up sums of gold and silver, fine branded horses, and cattle and tilled land. That is the enjoyment of worldly life, but Allah has with Him the best return." (Aal-Imraan:14).
Earning money is an obligation
Earning money is obligatory for every male who is able to, because it is with it that a person who is responsible would fulfill what has been mandated upon him of financial obligations, such as fulfilling his needs, and spending on whom he is obligated to spend, such as his wife, children, and so on.
This is corroborated by what Abdullah bin Mas’uud (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The pursuit of lawful earnings is an obligation after the obligatory worship.”
Earning requires a means
If a person wants to be self sufficient, he must seek these means of earning. The scholars of Tawheed said: “Neglecting the means is disbelief, and relying on the means is shirk.” A person remains poor as long as he does not work, because silver and gold do not fall like rain from the sky. A person must strive and earn that for himself.
Working to Earning is Worship
One day in the era of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he saw a man sitting in the mosque while the rest of the people had gone away to their trade, so he asked a man about him, saying: “Who is supporting this man?” The man said that it’s his brother. Then Umar responded: “His brother is more devoted in worship than him.”
The view of our predecessors and later generation of scholars about working to Earn
There are among our predecessors and later scholars men who played an important role in strengthening and entrenching the Da’wah and they did not just sit without working. Rather, they worked hard in their trade and profession until they became self-sufficient and Islam and Muslims benefit from their wealth. “…Men who are not distracted by trade or business from the remembrance of Allah and the observance of Salaat and the giving of zakat who fear one day in which the hearts and faces would be overturned.”
Our leader, Uthmaan ibn Affan was able to support the Da’wah with his money, and contribute to equipping the army, offering nine hundred and forty camels and sixty calvary horses, making it a thousand. So, the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) prayed for him, saying, " Allah will forgive you, Uthmaan whatever you conceal and what you announce, what you do openly and what is hidden, until the day of Resurrection, no matter what Uthmaan does after it". It is the same way that he (Uthmaan) bought the well of Ruumah and donated it to the muslims.
Abdur-Rahman ibn Auf was also an example of a successful muslim merchant. He emigrated to Madeenah and left his property in Makkah, and when he arrived in Madeenah, he continued his trade and he sold, bought and made profit and became rich. His money grew and became a lot and so did his business.
Abu Haneefah was a successful merchant, and yet he was a knowledgeable jurist with thousands of students. Uthman bin Affan and Abdul Rahman bin Auf were among the ten given the glad tidings al-Jannah, and Abu Hanifa was one of the righteous scholars. Despite that, they got involved in the field of work, they mastered their trade and grew until they became rich and self-sufficient..
. Islam did not bring monasticism and unemployment that the world suffers from in our time, but it came with what achieves a balance between worshiping Allah and striving in the land with the aim of its development.
– The saying of Allah, the Exalted: (عَلِمَ أَنْ سَيَكُونُ مِنْكُمْ مَرْضَى وَآخَرُونَ يَضْرِبُونَ فِي الأرْضِ يَبْتَغُونَ مِنْ فَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَآخَرُونَ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّه) “He has known that there will be among you those who are ill and others traveling throughout the land seeking [something] of the bounty of Allah and others fighting for the cause of Allah” (Suratul Muzammil: 20). Al-Qurtubi said: In this verse, Allah, the Exalted, equate between the rank of the Mujahideen and that of those who earned lawful income to spend on himself and his family and for charity. This preference was evidence that earning income is like jihad. Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both, said: “Allah has not created a death through which I die, after death in the way of Allah dearer to me than to die while within the journey of seeking Allah’s grace, while traversing the earth”. Miqdaam bin Ma’id Karb narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said: "The Prophet said, "Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one’s own hands. The Prophet of Allah, David used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor." (Sound: Narrated by Al-Bukhari in Book of Trade (2072))
Ibn Hajar said: The wisdom behind singling out Dawood for mention here is that he restricted his consumption to earnings from what he does with his hands was not out of need. Because he was a representative (of Allah) on earth as Allah the Exalted said, and he only searched for consumption through the best way, Hence, the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, narrated his story in the area of using it as an evidence for what he put forward, that the best of earning is the (earning from) one’s handiwork.
Qatada, may Allah be pleased with him, said about the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him: “The People (i.e the Companions) used to sell and trade, but if one of Allah’s rights challenged them, neither trade nor sale distracted them from remembrance of Allah until they discharge it to Allah.” It was said to Ahmad bn Hanbal: “What do you say about a man who sat in his house or mosque and said: I do nothing until my livelihood comes to me? Ahmad said: “This is a man who is ignorant of knowledge. Did he not hear the words of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him: “Verily Allah has made my livelihood under the shade of my spear) and he said when he mentioned the birds: “it goes out in the morning empty, and returns full.”
The companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to trade on land and sea, and they worked in their palm trees (farms) and led by example.”
Etiquettes of Earning:
Abu Al-Layth Al-Samarqandi said: Whoever wants his earnings to be good, he must guard five things:
1- He should not delay any of Allah’s obligation because of the earning, and he should allow deficiency in it (the obligation)
2- He should not harm anyone of Allah’s creation because of earning.
3- He should intend chastity for himself and his dependents by his earning, he should not intend gathering and abundance.
4- He should not overburden himself too much in his effort to strive for earning.
5- He should not view his livelihood as being from the earning, rather he should see the provision as being from Allah, the Exalted, and see the earning as a means. His work should not be prohibited ones, such as fornication, selling alcohol, making musical instruments and the like, and that he should not engage in prohibited disposition. Such as one who deals in usury, gambling, or a trade that involves injustice, deceit, deception, false oaths, or any other prohibited matter.
All praises are due to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and the best prayers and peace be upon the bestowed mercy, Muhammad and all his family and companions. Allah, the Almighty said: (وَمَا نَقَمُوا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا أَن يُؤْمِنُوا بِٱللَّهِ ٱلْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ (8) الّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاللهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْيءٍ شَهِيدٌ) And they resented them not except because they believed in Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy, (8) To whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. And Allah, over all things, is Witness.” (Suratul Buruj: 85).
Dear Servants of Allah, we have received the news of a heinous and unfortunate incident when some Muslims of the state of Osun gathered in a mosque called Qamar Al-Din Mosque to pray for our country – Nigeria last Sunday (June 27, 2021), and a masquerade group and its followers passed by them during their worship, so they attacked them and a clash ensued, they killed a Muslim named Mas’ud Solahudeen with bullets, and the bullets wounded more than a dozen other young men in the same mosque, they are now receiving treatment in hospitals. The aggression reached the point of desecrating the sanctity of the mosque, as these polytheists destroyed the mosque’s windows and doors, and other properties of the mosque, including the car, such that the mosque’s floor became defiled with blood! T Allah we belong and to Him we shall return!
Servants of Allah, where is the freedom of religion as established in the laws of the land? This was not the first time of this attack, and we Muslims of Nigeria will never consent to the killing of innocent men or women, because Allah, the Exalted Has guided us to the obligation to preserve lives, Allah the Exalted says: (مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَآئِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْساً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِعاً وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعاً وَلَقَدْ جَآءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ كَثِيراً مِّنْهُمْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فِي الأَرْضِ لَمُسْرِفُونَ) “Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul1 or for corruption [done] in the land2 – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one3 – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And Our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors" [Suratul Al-Ma’idah: 32] Muslims and the citizens of our country in general will never be safe if the killings continue in the country, and we appeal to the federal, state and local governments to cooperate to achieve justice in the matter, and to arrest the criminal perpetrators in order to save the country from a needless religious war.