29th Dhul-Qadah 1442.A.H
(9th July 2021 C.E)
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL
BEING THE FIFTH SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-QA’DAH
DATED 29TH DHUL-QA’DAH 1442 AH (9TH JULY, 2021 CE)
MAXIMIZING THE BENEFITS OF THE TEN BLESSED DAYS (OF DHUL-HIJJAH)
All Praises belong to Allah, the Lord of the Universe. He says in the Holy Book: (وَٱلْفَجْرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ وَٱلشَّفْعِ وَٱلْوَتْرِ وَٱلَّيْلِ إِذَا يَسْر هَلْ فِى ذَٰلِكَ قَسَمٌ لِّذِى حِجْرٍ) (al-Fajr: 5). We praise Him and thank him and seek His Help. We believe in Him and rely on Him. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of own souls and the evils of our deeds. Whomsoever that Allah guides, there is none that can mislead him, and whoever is misled, there is none that can guide him. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone. He has no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. Oh Allah! Bless and send peace upon Muhammad and on his nice household, and his companions We pray that Allah gather us in their group on the Day of Resurrection.
Oh you believing servants of Allah! I enjoin myself and you to fear Allah Almighty, especially in these blessed days. Fear Him and serve Him, and always remember His many blessings upon you. He says: (يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (21) الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فِرَاشًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَأَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ رِزْقًا لَكُمْ فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَنْدَادًا وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ) "Oh mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous. [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him]" (Al-Baqarah:21).
Allah created everything, and He made some excel the others among them. Allah made some times the best among all times, made some places the best, and some days, some months, some nights, and made some people the best among people. (وَرَبُّكَ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيَخْتَارُ مَا كَانَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ) “And your Lord creates what He wills and chooses; not for them was the choice. Exalted is Allah and high above what they associate with Him.” (Qasas:68 ). Allaah Almighty made some days to be better than others and and made for such days great rewards that are not found in other days, just as He made in Makkah and Madeenah what is (blessings) not found in other cities.
Oh people! We are welcoming those days that Allah Almighty mentioned with excellence and merit in His Glorious Book (وٱلْفَجْرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْر) “And by the Dawn! And the ten nights!.” The ten nights, as most of the commentators have said, are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. This is corroborated by the Hadith of Jaabir ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that he related from the prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) that he said: "The ten days are the ten days of al-Adha, the Witr (mentioned in the verse) is the day of ‘Arafat, and the Shaf’i is the day of E’id” (Ahmad). The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said also: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah Ta’alah than the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. It was said, Oh Messenger of Allah, not even Jihaad in the cause of Allah?” He said, not even Jihaad in the cause of Allah, except a man who went out with him soul and his money and then did not return with anything.” (Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abdullah ibn Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with both).
In the preceding hadith, if a man fought in the cause of Allah at a time other than the (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, the reward for his fighting and efforts would not be equal to the reward of the one who performed righteous good deeds during the ten days, unless he perished in the battlefield with his wealth. Allah is the greatest! The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are precious and distinguished days for Muslims in general and for everyone who observes worships in them in particular.
Servants of Allah! One of the righteous good deeds that it recommended in these days is to fast, as it was reported from Hunaydah ibn Khaalid from his wife on the authority of one of the wives of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him), that she said: “The Messenger of Allaah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) used to fast the nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of Ashura, and three days of every month, the Mondays in the month and the Thursdays."
Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) used to fast on those days, and most scholars are of the opinion that they should be fasted.
Saeed ibn Jubayr, when the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah have begun, used to strive hard until he could hardly do it, and he would say: “Do not put out your lamps for the ten nights,” meaning, preoccupy yourself with worship.
Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) in these days is better than Dhikr in others. (لِيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُمْ مِنْ بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْبَائِسَ الْفَقِيرَ) "That they may witness [i.e., attend] benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known [i.e., specific] days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals.1 So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor." (Hajj: 28). The ‘known days’ are the ten days in the view of the majority of scholars. And ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) narrated that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There are no days greater in the sight of Allaah and no deed more beloved by him at any other time than deeds in these ten days. So be plentiful in these days of La-illah ila- LLah, Allahu Akbar and Al-hamduli-LLah (Ahmad).
Ibn Umar and Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with them both) used to go out to the market in the ten days, both saying the Takbeer and people said Takbeer with theirs. (Bukhari)
Among the Signs of Allah in these ten days, is the lots of Dhikr and saying of Takbeer out loudly, starting from the beginning of these ten days to the dawn of the day of ‘Arafah, in the morning and evening, before and after salaat and every time. (وَلِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ جَعَلْنَا مَنْسَكًا لِيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُمْ مِنْ بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ فَإِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَلَهُ أَسْلِمُوا وَبَشِّرِ الْمُخْبِتِين) "And for every people (past and present) We have appointed a rite [of sacrifice] that they may mention the name of Allah over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. For your god is one God (Allaah), so to Him submit. And, [Oh Muḥammad], give good tidings to the humble [before their Lord]” (Al-Hajj 34)
When the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) had done the Far prayer on the dawn of the day of ‘Arafah, he would begin to say the Takbeer in the form strictly defined until the last day of the days of at-Tashreeq because of the greatness of those days and the merit of saying Takbeer on those days over other days. (وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْدُودَاتٍ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلَا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلَا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ) "And remember Allah throughout the appointed days. Then whoso hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off (evil). Be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that unto Him ye will be gathered.” (Al-Baqarah: 203). Ibn Abbaas (may Allahbe pleased with him) said that the "appointed days" are the days of at-Tashreeq. On the authority of Nabeesha (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The days of at-Tashreeq are days of eating, drinking and remembrance of Allah” (Muslim).
The dhikr that are said on these days are divided into two parts: dhikr generally and the dhikr in the recommended form.
The ten days of Dhul-Hijjah with the nations before us:
The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah had a great advantage for the nations that have passed (before us). Allaah said about Musa (peace be upon him): (وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَى ثَلَاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقَاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً وَقَالَ مُوسَى لِأَخِيهِ هَارُونَ اخْلُفْنِي فِي قَوْمِي وَأَصْلِحْ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ) "And We appointed for Musa thirty nights, to which We added ten, whereby the term of forty nights set by his Lord was fulfilled. And Musa said to Aaroon, his brother: ‘Take my place among my people, act righteously, and do not follow the path of those who create mischief.’" (al- ‘Aaraaf: 142) Thirty days in Dhul-Qa’adah with the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. And Allah spoke to Musa (peace be upon him). Musa strive more and was closer to Allaah Ta’alah.
Allaah combined in these days, different types of worship:
The righteous predecessors, may Allah Almighty have mercy on them, knew its virtues, and they used to do a lot of in these days, of worship, Dhikr and other things. They used to strive in it with Takbeer, praise Allah (Tawheed), giving sadaqah, Dhikr and being close to Allaah Almighty, in accordance with what Ibn Hajar, may Allah have mercy on him, said: “What appears to be the reason for the distinction of the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah is its place in combining the worship: salaat, fasting, standing in prayer at night, charity and Hajj, and this does not happen at any other time.” The five pillars of Islam. And no one will be able to implement these pillars all completely on any other day except on these ten days only!
In the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, a person can fulfill the five pillars. He bears witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah by making Dhikr, as he (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “In these days, increase in Tasbeeh (glorifying Allah), Tahmeed (praising Allaah) and Takbeer.” It also includes establishing salaat, giving zakat and sadaqah, and in it is fasting because it is recommended for a muslim to fast on all the days or fast some of them. It also includes a worship that you do not do iat other times, which is the Hajj. A person can combine a number of acts of worship on other days, but in these ten days, he combines them including Hajj!
As for the dhikr recommended in the ten days, it is divided into two categories: dhikr in general and the dhikr in a defined form The general Dhikr are said from dawn on the first day of Dhul-Hijjah at all times and in every place, such as Tasbeeh, Tahmeed, Tahleel, Hawqalah, and so on. These adhkaar and other recommended ones likes them mentioned by the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) are said at all times, at every moment and in any situations throughout the ten days.
As for the strictly defined Dhikr that is expected from you, dear listeners, it is said from the beginning of the day of Eid to the last days of Tashreeq: (الله أكيرالله أكبر الله أكبر، لاإله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله ألحمد") “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Lailaha Illa Allah, Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Walillahil Hamd.”
Muslims say this Dhikr after the five daily salawaat, starting from the day of E’id until the last days of al-Tashreeq.
Taking Advantage of the Day of ‘Arafah and Fasting on it:
And in these ten days is a blessed day, the day of ‘Arafah, about which the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best supplication is the supplication of ‘Arafah, and the best of what I and the prophets before me have said is that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah, he has no partner or associate, His is the Kingdom and to Him belong all Praises, and He is powerful over all things.” The Day of ‘Arafah is a blessed day, and supplication on it is good for those who are pilgrims or for a non-pilgrims as well, for the best supplication is the supplication of the Day of ‘Arafah. And for the merit of this blessed day, it is recommended and preferred for a Muslim to supplicate a lot on the day. And the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) encouraged muslims to fast on the saying: “Fasting on the day of Ashura is an expiation for a year, and fasting on the day of ‘Arafah is an expiation for two years, past and future.” (An-Nasaai’).
All Praises are due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon the honourable Messenger. Allah, the Exalted says: (الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَعْلُومَاتٌ فَمَنْ فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِ يَاأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ) "Ḥajj is [during] well-known months,1 so whoever has made ḥajj obligatory upon himself therein [by entering the state of iḥrām], there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during ḥajj. And whatever good you do – Allah knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding. " (Al-baqarah: 197)
Dear servants of Allah, it is known that the rites of Hajj this year is restricted to Saudi citizens only due to the Corona pandemic. We wish the selected pilgrims well in their endeavours, and we wish those who intended and were not able to perform the Hajj this year to use this golden opportunity to support the poor ones who are hungry during these virtuous days.
Secondly, we are following up on the unfortunate incident that occurred last week in which our brother was shot dead and dozens of Muslim youths were also shot! We learned that the matter was referred to the court and that the one who caused the crisis could not appear before the court as a result of ill health. A murderer who was not sick while shooting Muslims during their worship could suddenly fall sick the moment he was summoned to face justice! We, the Muslims of our beloved country- Nigeria, will continue to follow the matter step by step and in the end expect justice to prevail in the matter.