RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH (English version) Khutbah 11th Dhul Qa’dah, 1438 (4/8/2017)

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE SECONDSERMON FOR THE MONTH OF DHUL-QA’DAH 11/D. QA’DAH/1438AH (4/AUG/2017CE)

RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH.

All Praises belong to Allah Who commanded veneration of the sanctity of hajj, as a pointer to the piety of the hearts. He made hajj the distinguishing symbol of Islam from all other ideologies. Allah says: (ذَلِكَ وَمَنْ يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ) That [is so]. And whoever honors the symbols of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.“ (22: 32). We celebrate His praises and seek help and guidance from Him. We believe in Him and put our trust in Him. Whom Allah guides surely is guided and whom He misleads, surely you will find no one to guide or protect him. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone, and that Muhammad (pbuh)is His servant and Messenger, who said: “Whoever performed Hajj and did not commit immoral act and disobedience, returns (home purified of sins as)as the day his mother bore him,” (Bukhari, and Muslim). Peace and blessings of Allah be on him, his family, companions and followers until the Day of recompense.

As to what follows,

Servants of Allah, I advise you and myself to fear Allah for that is the goal expected from hajj rites and other forms of worship. Allah says:

الْحَجُّأَشْهُرٌمَّعْلُومَاتٌفَمَنفَرَضَفِيهِنَّالْحَجَّفَلاَرَفَثَوَلاَفُسُوقَوَلاَجِدَالَفِيالْحَجِّوَمَاتَفْعَلُواْمِنْخَيْرٍيَعْلَمْهُاللّهُوَتَزَوَّدُواْفَإِنَّخَيْرَالزَّادِالتَّقْوَىوَاتَّقُونِيَاأُوْلِيالأَلْبَابِ

Hajj is [during] well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein (by entering the state of Ihram), there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj. And whatever good you do – Allah knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding.)” {2: 197}

Brothers and Sisters in Islam, we shall today continue our discussion on-RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH.

RITES OF HAJJ AND UMRAH are ten:

1 – Ihram:This is the intention of Hajj or Umrah or for both by saying: “I intend the Hajj or Umrah” Where someone performs the hajj or Umrah on behalf of another person, he would say: “I intend to perform the Hajj or Umrah for so and so person. Then he would utter the Talbiyyah immediately after the observance of two rakats prayer of Ihram. This combined action of  Niyyah and Talbiyah is called Ihram. The two sheets that a pilgrim wears are figuratively known as Ihram but the real Ihram is Niyyah & Talbiyah.

2 –To enter Makkah through its heights i.e from the mountain path of Kadaa, then to enter the Ka’bah from the Banu Shaybah Gate, then the pilgrim should perform the Tawaaf al-Qudoom (Tawaaf of Arrival) starting from the corner of the Black Stone.

3 – At-Tawaaf- Circumambulation is of three types: Tawaaf al- Qudoom (Tawaaf of Arrival), Tawaaf al-Ifadhoh (Tawaaf of visiting), and Tawaaf al-Wadaa (Tawaaf of farewell). Allah says: (وعهدنا إلي إبراهيم وإسماعيل أن طهرا بيتي للطائفين والعاكفين والركع السجود﴾ [البقرة:2\125]) And We charged Abraham and Ishmael, [saying], “Purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who are staying [there] for worship and those who bow and prostrate (in prayer).” (2: 125)

4 – As-Sa’y- walking between Safa and Marwa. Allah says: (﴿إن الصفا والمروة من شعائر الله فمن حجَّ البيت أو اعتمر فلا جناح عليه أن يطّوف بهما﴾ [البقرة:2\158]) “Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘Umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them.(2:158)

5- Staying at Arafah and Mina: The pilgrim goes out to Mina on the eighth day of Dhul-hijjah, he should observe Zuhr and Asr prayer there, spend the night there, then set out towards Arafah after sunrise on the ninth day. On the ninth day, he would combine Zuhr and Asr prayers behind the Imamat the Namirah mosque or any other, then he stays at Arafah till sunset. One should engage himself in the remembrance of Allaah, supplication from the heart, reciting the Talbiyyah. You should not get involved with the people in idle talk or disputes, but rather, remain alone in order to call to Allah, praise Him, magnify Him and glorify Him.

6– Staying overnight at Muzdalifah: It is a place between Mina and Arafat. At Muzdalifah, pilgrims combine Maghrib and Isha prayers shortening the Ishai prayer. They will also observe the Subh prayer within this Sacred precinct, stand to supplicate and pray, and then pay move to Mina before sunrise. This night is the night of the ‘Eidul-Adha.

7-Throwing of pebbles: The pilgrims will throw seven pebbles of stones on the Day of Sacrifice (10th day of Dhul Hijjah) at Mina at the Jamratul-‘Aqabah(a major pillar) after sunrise.
After that, pilgrims are to throw the pebbles at all the three pillars on the days of Mina- these are the 11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul Hijjah between zawal (decline of the sun from its zenith) and sunset, starting with the minor or smallest pillar then the middle pillar, and then the ‘Aqabah.

8– Shaving or cutting low the hair: Shaving is best for men, women would not shave but cut their hair low to a length of the fingertip. He should supplicate during the cutting, this happen on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah, the Day of Sacrifice after throwing the pebbles at the Jamratul ‘Aqaba and slaughter of the sacrifice for he who has the sacrifice. The he goes to Makkah, do the Tawaaf- al- Ifadhoh which an obligation of hajj.

9- Slaughtering:Slaughtering takes place after throwing the pebbles of Jamratul ‘Aqabah. Shaving could be done before slaughtering and the slaughtering could come before throwing the pebbles. The slaughtering of the hadya should be before sunrise.

10- Tawaaf al-Wadaa (Tawaaf of farewell):It considered desirable by the Maalikis but compulsory by others. It is not obligatory for people of Makkah or those who stay there who are non-Makkans. When a woman menstruates after the Tawaaf al-ifaadhoh, she leaves before the Tawaaf of farewell.
Rites of Umrah: These are four, namely:
Ihram, Tawaaf, Sa’yy between Safa and Marwa, and Shaving or cutting of the hair.

Thirdly The Umrah of the Prophet, peace be upon him: Narrated Anas: «that the Prophet, peace be upon him performed four Umrah in Dhul- Qa’dah except that done with his hajj; Umrah at the Hudaybiyah, and the following year, that of Al-Ji’raanah where he share the spoils of Hunain, and the Umrah done with his hajj. » These are four Umrah thus: the Umrah of Hudaybiyah to visit the Sacred House in the sixth year of Hijrah, and the Umrah of the seventh year, that of Al-Ji’raanahin the eighth year on the Hunain valley between Makkah and Taif, and the Umrah done with his Farewell hajj in the ninth year.

How to perform Hajj and Umrah:

There are three types of hajj namely:

Ifrad- Isolated hajj, Qiran- Combined hajj, and Tamattu’- Enjoyable hajj. The best of which is Tamattu’

Hajj Al-Ifrad: The person who performs Hajj-al-Ifrad is called a Mufrid. Before passing through Miqaat (the place for assuming Ihraam) one will enter in the state of Ihraam and with the Niyyah of performing Hajj alone. A Mufrid does not combine Umrah with their Hajj. Hajj-al-Ifrad is the only kind of Hajj allowed for the residents of Makkah and the Hills (those who reside between Miqaat and the precincts of Haraam) for example Jeddah.

Hajj Al-Qiran: Literally Qiran means to combine two things. A pilgrim who performs this kind of Hajj combines Hajj and Umrah. After performing Umrah a Qarin (person who is performing Hajj-al-Qiran) will perform Hajj with that same Ihraam.

Hajj At-Tamattu’: Tamattu literally means to enjoy or take advantage of a facility. A pilgrim who performs Hajj-e-Tamattu combines both Umrah and Hajj. The difference between Hajj-al-Qiran and Hajj-e-Tamattu is that after performing Umrah the Mutamatti (person who performs Hajj-e-Tamattu) relinquishes his/her Ihraam and on the 8th of DhulHijjah he/she resumes that Ihraam.

The Second Sermon

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the worlds. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad, his household, companions and all those who follow his footsteps till the day of judgement.

Allah says:

﴿ وَالْوَالِدَاتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلَادَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ وَعَلَى الْمَوْلُودِ لَهُ رِزْقُهُنَّ وَكِسْوَتُهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ لَا تُكَلَّفُ نَفْسٌ إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا لَا تُضَارَّ وَالِدَةٌ بِوَلَدِهَا وَلَا مَوْلُودٌ لَهُ بِوَلَدِهِ وَعَلَى الْوَارِثِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَإِنْ أَرَادَا فِصَالًا عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْهُمَا وَتَشَاوُرٍ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمْ أَنْ تَسْتَرْضِعُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا سَلَّمْتُمْ مَا آتَيْتُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ ﴾[البقرة:2\233]

Mothers may breastfeed their children two complete years for whoever wishes to complete the nursing [period]. Upon the father is the mothers’ provision and their clothing according to what is acceptable. No person is charged with more than his capacity. No mother should be harmed through her child, and no father through his child. And upon the [father’s] heir is [a duty] like that [of the father]. And if they both desire weaning through mutual consent from both of them and consultation, there is no blame upon either of them. And if you wish to have your children nursed by a substitute, there is no blame upon you as long as you give payment according to what is acceptable. And fear Allah and know that Allah is Seeing of what you do. (2: 233)

Dear brothers and sisters in Islam, the World Breastfeeding Week is being celebrated from August 1- 7 in more than 170 countries to promote breastfeeding and improve the health of infants around the world. This week marks the anniversary of the Innocenti Declaration of WHO and UNICEF officials in 1990 calling for the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding.

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