RULES OF RAMADAN FASTS

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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE THIRD KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF SHA’BAAN20/SHA’BAAN/1440AH (26/APRIL/2019CE)

 

RULES OF RAMADAN FASTS

All Praises are due to Allaah Who made the month of Ramadan a season of obedience and good deeds and multiple rewards, and honoured it with the best qualities and most beautiful qualities, and honours and grants mercy in it with bounties and blessings. May Allah make it appear to us safety and faith and peace and Islam. I bear witness that there is no god but Him alone, He has no partner, we would not worship except Him, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, who says in his honorable Hadith, “Whoever fasts Ramadan and knows its limits and reserves what should be reserved in it, his earlier sins will be forgiven.” May Allah bless him, his household, and his companions.

As to what follows, dear beloved in Allah, I admonish you and myself on the fear of Allah, the Exalted, revere Him as He should be revered, openly and secretly. Strive newly in righteousness, you will be rewarded, and be saved from tormentous chastisement. “O ye who believe! if ye fear Allah, He will grant you a criterion (to judge between right and wrong), remove from you (all) evil (that may afflict) you, and forgive you: for Allah is the Lord of grace unbounded.” (Q8: 29) And know for sure that you will not get rewarded from fasting in Ramadaan except with piety and observing the fasting with its rulings and etiquettes. Therefore, the subject of our sermon today is focused on the rulings and etiquette of fasting Ramadan.

Ruling on fasting the month of Ramadaan

Dear worshippers of Allah, verily the fasting of Ramadan is one of the obligatory acts in Islam, and a pillar among its pillars, other form of fast is supererogatory; “But he that will give more, of his own free will,- it is better for him.” (Q:184). The evidence of its obligatoriness is the word of Allah thus: “O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous(183). And the statement of the messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) he said: “Islam is built on a five (pillars) …” and he mentioned therein: “… and fasting Ramadaan.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari)

 

Fasting, be it obligatory, or supererogatory: means to abstain from eating, drinking and conjugal relations between husband and wife from the dawn (second fajr) until the sunset. The one mandatory to fast is he who has reached the age of obligation. However, for those other than the mukallaf, such as a madman or a minor who has not reached the age of obligation, they are exempted from fast. The same applies to the kaafir, except where he fulfils the condition of acceptability that is to accept Islam. Therefore, fasting is obligatory on a Muslim who is has reached the age of obligation (mukallaf), that is the one who have attained the age of puberty, mentally sound, and capable. There is no fasting for the sick or other exempted, though it is compulsory they pay it back by fasting or by feeding the poor.

 

Things that breaks the fast (Muftiraat)

1 – One of the most important things that breaks the fast is eating and drinking, but that is exempted if it occurred out of forgetfulness. If he does anything of it, he is exempted from it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If he forgets and eat or drink, then let him complete his fast for it is Allaah Who has fed him and given him to drink.” But if he breaks his fast deliberately without an excuse, he is guilty of a great sin, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever breaks a day’s fast during Ramadaan without an excuse, the fast of a whole year would not make up what he missed if he observe fast in it.” Some scholars says such person falls into disbelief.

2- Sexual intercourse: If a man cohabits with his wife in the day of Ramadan, he must pay it back and pays an expiation, which is same as the expiation of Zihar, which Allah mentioned in the first part of SuratulMujadilah: 3- 4 including; freeing the slave, or fasting two consecutive months or feeding sixty indigent.

3- Vomit: It is proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “He who makes himself vomit has to make up the day, whoever cannot help vomiting does not have to do anything.” Whoever deliberately force out vomiting has to pay back, because he initiated the process to break his fast, but he who was overpower till the vomit is released has nothing against him because he did not initiate the process, another example of that is masturbation.

4- Cupping: Imam Ahmad went on to say that cupping breaks the fast, quoting the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as saying: “The cupper and the cupped breaks fast.” This is a Mutawatirhadeeth narrated by a number of Sahaabah, as in Sharh al-Zarkashi, even though none of it is found in SahihBukhari and Muslim, but among it is the hadith of Shadaad, anadThaobaan and others. In this regard include the taking of blood sample for analysis or blood donation given to the patient, if the blood is much, but if it is just a little through the needle or what is taken for analysis, the correct view is that it does not break the fast.

 5-Energy giving injection: This injection invalidates the fast because it serves as food and drink permeating through the veins, as it gives strength to the body. The other needle, which is small needle to basically anesthetize or percolate the body etc, and does not require the consumption of food, the correct position is that it is not bad in state of need, and does not break fast.

As for the etiquette, some are mandatory, while some others are desirable for gaining more reward.

It also includes that the fasting person should perform all what Allaah has enjoined on him including the various acts of worship both in words and actions. The most important of which is obligatory prayer, which is the most stringent of the pillars of Islam. It is obligatory for the fasting person to maintain it and perform it in Jamaa’ah, that is an act of piety, which is the essence of fasting.

The fasting person should abstain from all what Allah forbid, both in speech and actions. He should guard his tongue from falsehood, backbiting and gossip, insults and verbal abuse and also guard his gaze from looking at the forbidden and his ear from listening to haram and his stomach all forbidden earning. The prophet (peace be upon him)“Fasting is not just abstaining from eating and drinking but fasting is abstaining from idle and obscene speech.”Jabir,may Allah be pleased with him, said:“When you fast, let your hearing, sight and tongue fast from lying and sins, desist from harming the neighbor, and be in humility and tranquility on the day of your fast. Do not make your fast day and break day the same.”

The desirable etiquettes are, taking the sahur. The Prophet- Peace be upon him, said “Take the Sahur, verily there is blessing in the sahur.” (Agreed). Hastening to break the fast in compliance with the saying of the prophet- peace be upon him: “My nation will persist in goodness so long as they hasten to break the fast” (Agreed upon). The fasting person should supplicate at that time because the fasting person have access to acceptance of prayer during his breaking of the fast. It also include reading the Qur’an much, dhikr, du’aa, charity, and propagating various good deeds.

We ask Allaah to bless us with good ethics and accept our fasting.

 

The second sermon

Praise be to Allaah Who revealed to His servant, the first revelation in His book:  “1. Proclaim! (or read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created- 2. Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood: 3. Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful,-4. He Who taught (the use of) the pen,-5. Taught man that which he knew not.

The verses are a clear indication of the reality of reading and the importance of writing written for reading since fifteen centuries of the dawn of the message before the advent of the thought of the celebration of World Book Day and Copyright as one of the international days in recognition of the books and authors and spreading the culture of reading and examining the publications by choosing April 23 of each year for the occasion beginning in 2017

 Islam is the only heavenly religion that recognizes the book and its people and gives it its place among humans, as it makes reading the key to knowledge, enough as proof on this is that that was the first thing the Prophet was ordered, and the first revelation given to him. It made knowledge obligatory, the search of which is mandatory, because reading is one of the most important reasons for its acquisition. Reading became a useful obligation to books, and because every means that leads to an obligatory goal becomes obligatory.

 

The benefits also includes:

1 – One of the strongest reasons to know Allah Almighty is by worship and obedience to Him  and His Messenger.

2 – One of the strongest reasons for the control of the earth and access to the knowledge leading to it.

3 – Reason to know the conditions of the past nations and the generations of the past and benefit from their history. (As-haabulKahf)

 

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