SUPEREROGATORY FAST KHUTBAH SHAWWAL,13/SHAWWAL/1438AH (7/JULY/2017

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE SECOND KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF SHAWWAL,13/SHAWWAL/1438AH (7/JULY/2017CE)

VOLUNTARY FAST IN ISLAM

Praise be to Allahin an exceeding degree, He says: (وَسَارِعُواإِلَىمَغْفِرَةٍمِنْرَبِّكُمْوَجَنَّةٍعَرْضُهَاالسَّمَاوَاتُوَالْأَرْضُأُعِدَّتْلِلْمُتَّقِينَ)

 “And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden as wide as the heavens and earth, prepared for the righteous” (3: 133). Praise be to Him for His favours and comfort. Praise be to Allah exceedingly, Allah is the greatest. Glory be to Allah morning and evening. To Allah is due all praises as it is pleasing to Him for all His uncountable blessings.I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone; He gives and takes life, He is able of all things. I bear witness that our leader, model, and master- Muhammad bn Abdullah is his chosen prophet and Messenger. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on him, his families, his companions and those who follow them in righteousness till the day of recompense. May Allah grant us the same and all righteousness servants of Allah.

Thereafter,

O Servant of Allah, I urge you to fear Allah in the secret and the public. Piety is the way out of every difficulty and a path to provision and abundance. Allah says:

وَمَنْيَتَّقِاللَّهَيَجْعَلْلَهُمَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُمِنْحَيْثُلَايَحْتَسِبُ …” ” وَمَنْيَتَّقِاللَّهَيَجْعَلْلَهُمِنْأَمْرِهِيُسْرًا “… وَمَنْيَتَّقِاللَّهَيُكَفِّرْعَنْهُسَيِّئَاتِهِوَيُعْظِمْلَهُأَجْرًا {الطلاق : 2-5}

“And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him of his matter ease.… and whoever fears Allah – He will remove for him his misdeeds and make great for him his reward. (65:2-5)

Dear Muslims, we discussed last week the importance of sustaining righteousness after Ramadan, therefore for today we shift our attention to voluntary fasts in Islam.

Voluntary worship: Voluntary acts of worship are non-obligatory acts for gaining closeness to Allah. Allah says:

(﴿ومن تطوع خيراً﴾ [البقرة:158/ 2])(And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing.” 2:158

(﴿ومن الليل فتهجد به نافلة لك﴾ [الإسراء:79/ 17]) And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you …” (17:79)

Voluntary fasts: It represents one of the meritorious acts of worship to gain nearness to God and earn His love. Voluntary fasts come up on some days where in acts of worship are rewarded in manifolds and sins cleansed entirely.

Abu Sa’id al Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Every servant of Allah who observes fast for a day in the way of Allah, Allah would remove his face farther from the Fire (of Hell) to the extent of seventy years’ distance. (Muslim)

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Majestic and the Exalted, said: Every act of the son of Adam is for him except fasting. It is done for My sake, and I will give a reward for it.” (Bukhari/Muslim)

Voluntary fasts are as follow:

1- OBSERVING FAST ON ALTERNATE DAYSThis is the most rewarding voluntary fast for the person who can observe it, that is to fast on every alternate days. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “The best fast is the fast of Dawud, he used to fast a day and break on the other” He also said: “There is nothing better than this” as reported in the hadith of Abdullah bn ‘AmrbnAl-‘As.

2- Virtues of fasting three days of every month:It best to be the white days- these days are when the brightness of the moon is brightest- thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth days of every month. It would be like fasting the whole month in reward. Abu Dharr reported the prophet (pbuh) said to him: “When you fast three days of every month, fast the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.” (Tirmidhi). The Prophet does fast three days in every month (Sunan). Mu’adha al-‘Adawiyya reported that she asked ‘A’isha, the wife of the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him), whether the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed fasts for three days during every month. She said: Yes I said to her: Which were (the particular) days of the month on which he observed fast? She said: He was not particular about the days of the month on which to observe fast. (Muslim)

3- Virtues of the fasting on Monday and Thursday: It is highly rewarding to fast on Monday and Thursday. The Prophet (pbuh) described it that: “The deeds of the servants of Allah are presented on Monday and Thursday.”

He also said that the deeds are presented to Allah, “and He will forgive every believer- on Monday and Thursday- except he who has a discord with his brother, and it will be said to the angels: “leave these two until they make amends.”

4- Virtues of fasting the six days of shawwal:Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who observed the fast of Ramadan and then followed it with six (fasts) of Shawwal, it would be as if he fasted perpetually.Reference to perpetualness in this hadith is rational from the angle that fasting for thirty days in Ramadan is in multiples of ten rewards and the six in Shawwal would give sixty rewards, thus a total of 360. This figure stands for a year reward, and then by perpetual adherence annually to this Sunnah, it would be as if the person has fasted throughout his life.

It is in order to observe the six fasts immediately after the ’Eid regardless of missing some days in Ramadan- either due to journey, sickness or  menstruation, postpartum, pregnancy, and nursing. There is no proof that negates to start the six of Shawwal due to uncompleted Ramadan. Though some scholars posit that the six fasting of shawwal is not relevant until missed days in Ramadan is observed clinging to the earlier stated hadith for evidence, however the opposing scholars to this view support their claim with the hadith of ‘Aisha where said: “I used to missed some fasts in Ramadan but I would not be able to complete them except in Sha’baan.” (Muslim)

It is equally permissible to observe the fast successively in a stretch or intermittently provided it is within the month of Shawwal.

5- Virtues of the fasting on the day of ‘Arafat:Abu Qatada reported that a person came to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) and asked him about fasting on ‘Arafat day, and he said: “I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of ‘Arafa may atone for the sins of the preceding and the coming years.”

A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is no day when God sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of ‘Arafa. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want? (Muslim)

It is preferable for the pilgrim not to observe fast in ‘arafat on the day of ‘Arafat so that he will be strong to withstand devotion in prayers and other sunnatic acts. Umm al-Fadl bint- al-Harith reported that some people argued about the fasting of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Arafa. Some of them said that he had been fasting, whereas the others said that he had not been fasting.I sent a cup of milk to him while he was riding his camel at ‘Arafa, and he drank it.”  Abu Hanifa considers it permissible provided it will not weaken the Pilgrim.

6- Virtues of the first ten days in Dhul-Hijjah: In contrast to the heading here, the days are actually nine while the tenth day is the day of ’Eid-ul-adha which is not for fasting as other days. One could observe the whole days or part of it which should include ’Arafat due to the merits as mentioned earlier. Ibn ’Abbaas (May Allaah be pleased with him and his father) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” The people asked, “Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah?” He said, “Not even Jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.”(Reported by al-Bukhaari, 2/457).

7- Virtues of fasting on the days of Taasuu’a and ‘Ashura (ninth and tenth days of Muharram):The ninth day should be observed along with the tenth day. The Prophet (pbuh) used to observe the ’Ashura fast in Makkah, even the Quraish, before migrating to Madinah where he met the Jew doing same on the reason that it was the day Allah saved Prophet Musa (AS) and he told them: “We are more duty bound to Musa than you”‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her)reported that the Quraish used to fast on the day of ‘Ashura in the pre-Islamic days and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) also observed it. When he migrated to Medina, he himself observed this fast and commanded (others) to observe it. But when fasting during the month of Ramadan was made obligatory he said: He who wishes to observe this fast may do so, and he who wishes to abandon it may do so.” (Muslim) He (pbuh) was also asked about fasting on ’Ashura day, he said: “It atones for the sins of the preceding years.”

8- Fasting in the four sacred months: These are Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. These are the best months for fasting after Ramadan, and Muharram is the best among the sacred months follow by Rajab.  Abu Hanifa believes it is better to fast three days in every of the sacred months including Thursday, Friday and Saturday.

9- Fasting in Sha’baan: UmmuSalamah reported that the Prophet (pbuh) does not complete fasting of any month in the year except Sha’baan linking it with Ramadan.”(Related by The Five Narrators). ‘Aishah reported the Prophet (pbuh) does not fast more in any month than Sha’baan, he do fast it complrtely.” (Bukhari/Muslim). Some group of scholars dislike fasting in the second half of Sha’baan owing to the hadith that: “When Sha’baan is half, do not fast.”

Is it binding to continue voluntary fast after its commencement?

Scholars have two opinions, the first is that of Abu Hanifah and Malik and the second is of Shafi’ and Ahmad bn Hambali.

1-      The first is that it is mandatory to complete any voluntary act- fast or prayer, and in the event of vitiating it, it should be paid back.

2-      He who begins any voluntary act different from hajj and umrah is not binding on him to complete it, if he breaks it; it is binding to make it up. Though it is preferred that he complete it.

Having said this, I seek forgive from Allahfor me and you and all Muslims, do seek His forgiveness He is Oft-forgiving.

THE SECOND SERMON

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the lord of the foremost and later generations, and may peace and blessingsbe upon our Prophet Muhammad, his companions and those who follow them in righteousness. Allah says:

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّمَا تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَمَنْ زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ

Every soul will taste death, and you will only be given your [full] compensation on the Day of Resurrection. So he who is drawn away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise has attained [his desire]. And what is the life of this world except the enjoyment of delusion..”(3: 185).

Dear faithful, to Allah we belong, and to Him we shall return. We would like to seize this golden opportunity to commemorate the death of one of the most senior scholars and contemporary intellectuals in the field of Islamic culture and Arabic language in Yoruba land; Sheikh Mustafa Zuglool Sunusi. He was a great historian, a writer, an eloquent speaker, and an impactful commentator of the Holy Qur’an and a Geographer. He has several books to his credit, notable among them includes:

A –Spectacular facts about African countries and some of its emerging kingdoms,
B – Flowers of usury in the news of Yoruba land,
C – Scientific facts in the miracles of the Prophet (peace be upon him)
E – Palestine will return to the Arabs.

and others books.

Sheikh Mustafa Zuglool Sunusi was born on August 18, 1937 in the city of Ikirun in Osun state, Nigeria. He received his Arabic Primary Education from his father Muhammad al-Sunusi in his Qur’anic school, which was finally turned into a kindergarten under the management of his late brother Sheikh Yunus al-Sunusi. He moved at the age of 18 years to the Markaz (Center for Arab and Islamic Education) in Agege owned by Sheikh Adam Abdullah al-Ilory – may Allah grant him mercy- where he received his Junior Secondary School Education between 1955-1959. He practised teaching at Markaz, and then he traveled to Lebanon on a training course and before his return, he visited some of the Islamic countries, including Egypt, Syria, Jerusalem, Jordan and Saudi Arabia in 1965. He was appointed after his return as the coordinator at Markaz where he bagged the Diploma Certificate in 1967 from the Center itself.

In 1970 he founded the Daru Al Dawah wal-Irshaad School in Mushin. In 1981, the school moved to its current Headquarters in Isolo and became the Principal, teacher and the Khateeb of the school till his death on Wednesday evening: 11/Shawwal/1438AH (5/ July/2017) after the illness which prevented him handling the Ramadan Tafseer this year, where two other teachers- among his students- stood in for him, namely Sheikh Mahmoud and Sheikh Ibrahim Moyosore. O Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him.

In addition, is the death of one of our elder statesmen in Nigeria, a political leader, Alhaj Dr Yusuf MaitamaSule (1 October 1929 – 3 July 2017). He was a Nigerian politician, acclaimed orator diplomatelder-statesman and the Dan masanin Kano. In 1955-1956 he was the chief whip of the Federal House of Representatives. In 1960 he lead the Nigerian delegation to the Conference of Independent African States. In 1976, he became the Federal Commissioner of public complaints, a position that made him the nation’s pioneer ombudsman. In early 1979, he was the presidential candidate of the National Party of Nigeria but lost to Shehu Shagari. He was appointed Nigeria’s representative to the United Nations after the coming of civilian rule in September 1979. While there he was chairman of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid.

After the re-election of President Shagari in 1983, Maitama Sule was made the Minister for National Guidance, a portfolio designed to assist the president in tackling corruption.

O Allah, forgive him, and have mercy on him.

Oh Allah accept our fast, prayers, bowing and prostration. O Allah ease for us Your remembrance, gratitude to You and sound worship. O Allah make the Qur’an the succor to our hearts, light to our faces, remover of our grief and sorrow. O Allah show us the truth and grant us the wherewithal to follow it, show us falsehood and grant us the wherewithal to desist. O Allah forgive the believers; men and women, and the Muslim men and women, both the living and the deceased, You are All- hearing, most near, answerer of prayers. O Allah make this nation- Nigeria peaceful, safe, generous, with abundant welfare, and all other Muslim nations.

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