[ Category Khutbah]
18th Ramadan 1442.A.H
(30th April,2021 C.E)
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL BEING THE SECOND SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RAMADHAAN, 18TH RAMADHAAN 1442AH (30TH APRIL, 2021)
THE DEEDS OF THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADHAAN
All Praises belong to Allah. We praise Him, We seek His help, and seek His forgiveness, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our souls and our bad deeds. Whoever Allah guides, there is none that can mislead him, and whoever is misled, there is none that can be his guide. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone. He has no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is his servant and his Messenger.
Oh brothers in faith, fear Allah as He due to be feared. It is with it that one attains happiness in both worlds. Allah Almighty said: “The most honorable among you with Allah is the most pious among you." (Al-Hujurat:13)
Oh Muslim brothers, this is our third meeting in this great blessed month and in it is the season of good deeds and blessings. The topic of our conversation today is based on the deeds of the last ten days of Ramadhaan.
Oh Beloved brethren, know that the last ten days of Ramadhaan according to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and with his companions, are of special importance and they have a special guidance concerning it. They used to be the most keen on obedience of Allah, on worship, in prayer and in remembrance of Allah, and for us to understand in these time the most important deeds that the early ones were keen on, we need to emulate them in that.
1- One of the most important of these deeds is: “Enlivening the night.” It is established in the two Saheehs on the authority of A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), when it was the last ten nights of Ramadhaan, he stayed awake in the night and woke up his family and tightened his loincloth. And the meaning of "enlivening the night" is that he spent it staying awake standing in prayer, remembrance of Allah and other things. It has been related by Al-Nasaa’i from her (A’ishah) that she said: "I do not know the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he recited the entire Qur’an at night and stayed up at night until dawn, and never fasted for a whole month other than Ramadhaan. Therefore, what is intended by "enlivening the night" is to stay awake formost of it doing ibaadah. And it entails that he used to stay awake all of the night as it came in some hadiths. Standing in prayer At night in this noble month and in these virtuous nights is without doubt, a great deed that is worthy of attention and taking care of, so that we are deserving of the mercies of Allah Almighty.
2 – Among the great deeds of these ten days is for a man to wake up his family for salaat in the night. It was his guidance(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) during these ten days that he would wake his family to pray, as it was related in Bukhari on the authority of A’ishah. This his mindfulness, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is so that his family would attain the virtues of the nights of this holy month and so that the goodness was not limited to himself while leaving his family in their sleep, as some people do This is undoubtedly and clearly a mistake and a fault.
3 – Among the deeds that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), was that when it was the last ten days, he used to tighten the loincloth as recorded in the two Saheehs, and the meaning is that he isolated women during these ten days and preoccupied himself with worship and good deeds, in order to purify himself from oppression and desires, so that he would be closest to the sublime heart necessary for acceptance, and the purest soul to welcome the presence of the Malaaikah. This is what is needs to be done by the person who follows the Sunnah without hesitation.
4- One of the things that we should be very eager about in these (last) ten days is i’tikaaf in the mosques in which you pray. It was the guidance of the Prophet, , (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he continued to observe i’tikaaf in the last ten days until Allah made him pass away, as in the two Saheehs on the authority of A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her).
Indeed, he used to observe i’tikaaf during these last ten days in which Laylatul-Qadr is sought, so he could cut off his busyness, and to free up his nights and to dedicate himself to his Lord in remembrance of Allah and in supplication. He remained in a tent in which he was removed from people, so that he would not mingle with them or be preoccupied with them.
Bukhari narrated that he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performed i’tikaaf for twenty days in the year in that he passed away.
Imam Zuhri, may Allah have mercy on him, said: “It is astonishing for the Muslims to abandon i’tikaaf even though the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not stop doing it from the time he came to Medeenah until Allah Ta’alah took him away.
One of the secrets of i’tikaaf is the purity of the heart and soul, as deeds depend on the heart as in the hadith: "…behold! In the body there is a lump of flesh, if it is good, the whole body is good, and if it is corrupted then the whole body is spoilt. Behold! It is the heart."
So, since fasting is a protection for the heart from the obsession of lusts and desires, from the excesses of food, drink and coitus, so also i’tikaaf involves a great delight, which is a protection for the servant from the effects of excesses of companionship, the excessiveness of speech, the excessiveness of sleep, and other forms of obsessions/preoccupations that divide the heart and spoils its focus on obedience to Allah.
Among what is worth mentioning here is that many people believe that it is not valid for them to do i’tikaaf unless he observes i’tikaaf for all ten days and nights, and some of them believe that it is necessary to remain in the mosque throughout the day and night, and that otherwise, his i’tikaaf is not valid. This is not correct. Though the sunnah/hadith involved is i’tikaaf of the ten days, but it is permissible to observe i’tikaaf for some of the ten days/nights, whether during the day or at night, just as it is permissible for a person to observe i’tikaaf for part of the time at night or during the day if there is something of genuine concern that interrupts his i’tikaaf. If he goes out for an important matter or to the office for example, he would remake the intention to observe i’tikaaf when he returns. This is because the last ten days is a sunnah. But if it is obligatory i’tikaaf, like the one who made a vow of i’tikaaf, for example, then it is invalidated by his leaving the mosque other than for natural human needs such as defecation and other meanings of natural needs as established under that topics in the books of Fiqh (jurisprudence).
Among the most important task in this month and in the last ten days as a blessing in particular is the recitation of the Noble Qur’an with contemplation and reverence, and the consideration of its meanings, its command and its prohibition, the Almighty said. “The month of Ramadan in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for mankind and evidence of guidance and the Furqan” (Al-baqarah: 185) This is the month of the Qur’an, and the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to study it with Jubril every day of Ramadan until the completion of what was revealed to him of the Qur’an and in the year in which he died, he recited the Qur’an to Jubril twice. The Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), points to the merit of the Qur’an and its recitation, so he said: "[Whoever recites a letter] from Allah’s Book, then he receives the reward from it, and the reward of ten the like of it. I do not say that Alif Lam Mim is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter". (Tirmidhi, the chain is sound). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that verily the Qur’an will argue on behalf of those who applied it on the day of the ressurrection. He said: "The Qur’an and its people who applied it, will be brought on the Day of Resurrection preceded with Surat Al-Baqarah and Surat Al-‘Imran arguing on behalf of those who applied them." (Muslim)
The Salaf b (predecessor) were more eager to recite the Qur’an, especially in the month of Ramadan. Al-Aswad ibn Yazid used to complete the Qur’an in six nights. When Ramadan commences, he would complete it in three nights, and if the ten days start, he would complete it every night. In the last ten nights, Imam Al-Shafi’i, (may Allah have mercy on him) used to complete it between magrib and Ishai, such have been narrated from Abu Hanifa, (may Allah have mercy on him).
Al-Hafiz bin Rajab, (may Allah have mercy on him) stated that the prohibition on reciting the Qur’an in less than three days is regarding a continuous usual way, but for honourable places like Makkah for those who enter it, or during period of honour like Ramadan, and its last ten days, there is no dislike on this, and that is the way of the salaf.
We ask Allah, the Most Generous to guide us to obey Him, use us for His pleasures, and follow the path of the righteous, improve our conclusion, and accept from us the righteous deeds. He is honourable and generous.
THE SECOND SERMON
All praises are due to Allah, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him that there will be no prophet after him, and upon his family, companions, and those who follow his guidance.
Brothers in faith, know that a golden opportunity and an annual grant have come to you, so seize it, these are the nights of the end of Ramadan before your, so be successful by it and engage in them with acts of worship and fill them with nearness and supplications to Allah, the Almighty, knowing that the Night of Power is better than a thousand month, and strive hard in it with supplication, especially the sayings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) the noble Messenger urged us to increase the saying, “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni (O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness; so forgive me)."
Finally, we must take advantage of the opportunity to pray in this blessed month to seek safety and security for our beloved country, Nigeria, from what we suffer and what hinders its development, including kidnappings, murders and other devastating problems. We ask Allah, the Almighty for wellness and security, and He is Able over all things.
O Allah, we ask you for forgiveness and wellness in religion and in life. O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness; so forgive us, O Allah, forgive us before death and have mercy on us after death and do not torment us on the Day of Judgment. O Allah, O Controller of the hearts make my heart steadfast in Your obedience and in Your religion, o lord of the worlds. Our Lord grant us good in this life and in the hereafter, and protect us away from fire. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.