14th RAJAB 1442 A.H
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICENT THE MOST MERCIFUL
BEING THE SECOND SERMON FOR THE MONTH OF RAJAB DATED 14TH RAJAB 1442 AH (26TH FEBRUARY, 2021 CE)
THE HARMS OF SMOKING AND DRUG USE ON THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE SOCIETY
All praises belong to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, Who has made good things lawful to His servants and has forbidden them from evil. We praise Him, the Most Glorified and Exalted, we thank Him, we believe in him and we rely on Him. I testify that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone. He has no partner. I bear witness also that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. He delivered the Message; he discharged the Trust and admonished the Ummah and Allah removed all confusion and obfuscation through him. He strove and fought in the path of his Lord in the most appropriate way, until the inevitable came upon him. Oh Allah! Let your blessings and peace be upon him and his family, companions, and those who followed them in goodness until the Day of Judgment.
Servants of Allah! I enjoin you and myself with the fear of Allah, be conscious of Allah so that He may be merciful unto you, in accordance with the verse: "O you who have believed, fear Allah. And let every soul look to what it has put forth for tomorrow – and fear Allah.
Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do. And be not like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget themselves. Those are the defiantly disobedient." (Al-Hashr:18-19).
Brothers in faith! This is the second meeting of the month of Rajab, one the sacred months, and the seventh of the Islamic months. Oh Allah, bless us in Rajab and Sha’ban and preserve us till Ramadhaan. The topic of our sermon today revolves around: the harms of smoking and intoxicants on the individual and the society.
Dear honorable Muslims! Allah, may He be Glorified and Exalted, has permitted good for His servants and forbidden to them from all evil things, those that are obvious and those that are hidden. Smoking and use of drugs have certain rulings in the Shari’ah of Islaam.
The Rulings on Smoking and Use of Drugs in the Shari’ah of Islaam:
Servants of Allah! Smoking is forbidden, because it is evil, and Allah Almighty has said: "Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written [i.e., mentioned] in what they have of the Torah and the Injeel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honoured him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful." (Al-A’raf: 157). It is forbidden because it is harmful to health and could cause death. And Allah Ta’alah says: "O you who have believed, do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly but only [in lawful] business by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful. And whoever does that in aggression and injustice – then We will drive him into a Fire. And that, for Allah, is [always] easy." (Al-Nisaa: 29-30).
Brothers in Islam! We would like to warn the one who asks about the ruling on smoking according to the Shari’ah that it is not every haram that it’s prohibition is mentioned in the verses of the Qur’an, and not even by a hadith from the pristine Sunnah. Smoking is prohibited by general evidence such as: the prohibition of every filth, the prohibition of everything that harms a person’s health and can lead him to self-destruct. The same can be said for the prohibition of squandering money. And there are things that are made haram by to consensus of the ulamaa, or by analogy, or because it is contradictory to the objectives of the Shari’ah generally or other things other than those. It is sufficient for a Muslim who does not have the ability to know the ruling that Allah gives in matters to ask scholars and do what they tell him as the fatwa, even if they give him evidence of it being lawful or unlawful, it would be superogatory and an increase in goodness. And it is upon whoever knows the ruling of Allah in a matter to comply with it and not be obstinate in seeking superfluous evidence on every issue, and seeking to limit the evidence to the Qur’an only or to the Qur’an and the Sunnah only. Islamic laws, ie the Shari’ah, has other sources such as consensus of scholars, analogy, establishing good, seeking benefit for people, and others beside these. And Allah knows best.
Allah Ta’alah says: "O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Shaytaan, so avoid it that you may be successful. Shaytaan only wants to cause between you animosity and hatred through intoxicants and gambling and to avert you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. So will you not desist?" (Maaidah: 90-91). Going by the verse, the wisdom behind the prohibition of alcohol becomes obvious as follows:
1-It is an abomination from the handiwork of the Shaytaan.
2- It is cause of enmity and hatred among people.
3- It is also Shaytaan’s means of preventing people from the remembrance of Allah Ta’alah and from salaat.
And by looking at the wisdom behind the prohibition (of alcohol), the prohibition of drugs (not medicine) becomes evident as well, because drugs are more intoxicating than what is known for alcohol, and the effect of drugs is more deadly, and may lead to one who indulges in it destroying himself.
The harm caused by drugs is not limited only to the inebriation and intoxicating the mind but rather, their harm is much more beyond that, in terms of getting addicted and the addict’s inclination towards crime such that he becomes a problem for his family and society. It is for this reason that we see all laws globally, prohibit and wage war against drugs, and we muslims are not an exception in this. Laws that curb drug traffickers and must be made, as well as establishing special centers to rehabilitate drug users. Civil society organizations and all global institutions must be made to warn of the dangers of drugs, and to educate the masses, especially the younger generation, of their dangers and the methods of its promoters, as well as explaining their impending dangers to individuals and the societies.
The Harmful Effects of Drugs on the Individual:
Drugs cause serious negative effects on the psychological and physical state of the user. These include:
1. Psychiatric Illnesses: Drugs cause mental illnesses such as depression, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, schizophrenia, and paranoia, which leads to disruptions in the psychological state and general behavior of the user.
2. Liver Illnesses: Drugs lead to incidence of increased fat in the liver, inidence of liver cancer and the (Hepatitis) C virus.
3. Strokes: Drugs causes rise in blood pressure, which could cause strokes.
4. Loss of career prospect: The harm caused by drugs are reflected in the career life in terms of weakness of memory and focus, and obsession with drug use, and as a result, the addict could be faced with charges of embezzlement or continuous absence from work, which could lead to him being dismissed from work and being imprisoned.
The Harmful Effects of Drugs on the Society:
The harmful effects of drugs are not limited to the addict or those around him only. It rather extends to the society as a whole, which loses its cohesion and its moral rectitude, and crime and violence become widespread in the society, and its members live in fear and lack of security. This is so for a number of reasons:
1. Prevalence of Violent Crimes: Drug abuse leads to widespread violent crimes such as rape, theft and murder, leading to pervasive fear and feeling of insecurity among individual members of the society.
2. Increase in Accidents: As a result of the effects of drugs on memory and concentration, it leads to occurence of driving accidents, causing physical injuries and sometimes fatality to the addict or pedestrians on the road.
3.Bad Economic Condition: Earmarking big sums in expenditures by the state (government) to combat drug addiction and building drug addiction rehabilitation centers, which leads to an increase in the burden born by the state and the society, and as a consequence, poor health condition, in addition to the damage to the rest of the other sectors from which cuts are made from their budget for it to be spent on combating drug addiction. Moreover, is the huge loss in productivity and production factors such as equipment and machinery in factories.
4. Collapse of Morality: Drugs lead to a moral breakdown in society as a whole as a result of the prevalence of criminal behaviors and the absence of self-control and putting humanity before self.
5. The Spread of Infectious Diseases: Among the harmful effects of drugs to society is the spread of infectious diseases such as AIDS, Hepatitis C virus due to sexual intercourse without preventive measures, and the sharing of injections with people carrying these diseases.
6. Dearth of Skilled Workers: Drugs lead to a complete destruction of the mental abilities of the drug user, which renders him useless and excludes him from the workforce, and so the society loses skilled workers who play a fundamental role in increasing its productivity.
Ways of Protection From Drugs
Protection from drug addiction entails a number of steps, starting from the family and society understanding what drugs are, to avoiding their negative effects. These include:
1. Spreading awareness about the harms caused by drugs and their catastrophic effects is the first way of protection from them. This should happen in the family and school.
2. Staying away from environments that encourages abuse.
3. Getting the necessary psychological treatment.
4. Monitoring of children by the family.
All praises belong to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, who said in His Perfect Revelation: “Let them worship the Lord of this House * Who has fed them, (saving them) from hunger and made them safe (saving them) from fear.” (Suratl Quraysh: 3-4). We praise Him Almighty and thank him and believe in him and trust in him. Oh Allah, send blessings and peace upon Your creation, our master and leader, Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who follow them in goodness until the Day of Judgment.
Thereafter, Oh servants of Allah! It has become clear that one of the challenges that faces us in this our beloved country is insecurity. Security has many factors. Last week, we mentioned three of the factors determining security and stability and promised that we will continue today:
One of the factors of security in the lands is also gratitude for the blessings with the heart, the limbs, and key parts of the body. This is done by acknowledging the One (Allah) Who gives the blessings by loving and praising Him and using those blessings in obedience to Him. Allah Ta’alah says: “And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ (Ibraheem:7).
Look at what denying and being ungrateful for the blessings of Allah has made of nations and peoples. Allah Ta’alah said: “And Allah presents an example: a city [i.e. Makkah] which was safe and secure, its provision coming to it in abundance from every location, but it denied the favors of Allah. So Allah made it taste the envelopment of hunger and fear for what they had been doing.” (An-Nahl:112).