THE HIJRAH: LESSONS AND EXHORTATIONS

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

BEING THE FIRST KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF MUHARRAM, 6/MUHARRAM/1441AH (6TH/SEPTEMBER/2019CE)

THE HIJRAH: LESSONS AND EXHORTATIONS

All praises are due to Allah Who made the noble Prophet’s migration from Makkah to Madinah, a new start for the construction of the Islamic state, as well as honour,  success and blessing for Islam and Muslims. I testify there is no god but Allah alone, He has no associate, and I testify that Muhammad (pbuh) is the servant of Allah and His messenger. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on him (pbuh), his families, pious companions and all those who follow his guidance till the day of recompense.

Thereafter,

O people, I enjoin you and myself to fear Allah, for that is the divine recommendation to every intelligent believer and the best provision for the hereafter. Allah says:

﴿وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِ يَاأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ﴾ {البقرة: 2\179}

And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding. (2: 197)

Today’s sermon is titled “THE HIJRAH: LESSONS AND EXHORTATIONS” in conformity with the occasion of crossing to the new hijrah year 1440AH.

The word Hijrah means to move from a place to another, including movement of persons in search of provision. (Ma’jamul- waseet)

Technically, it refers to the migration of the noble Prophet (pbuh) and his companions from Makkah to Madinah, as a result of difficulties they faced from idolaters and in fulfillment of Allah’s command. Beyond that, hijrah also means abstaining from all forms of prohibited acts.

Below are some of the lessons from the hijrah:

1- Hijrah – tradition of the messengers of Allah (A.S)

Hirah- to migrate in the cause of Allah is an old tradition. Thus the Prophet’s migration (pbuh) was never an innovation, in the context of Prophets’ defense of their ideology or faith. The Prophet (pbuh) left his birthplace for the sake of the mission, in search of a fertile and safe abode for its propagation and development.

Under the same context, earlier prophets embarked upon the same journey, neglecting barren lands which potentially hinder on its path and expose it to most difficult experience. There are several accounts of the migration of the Prophets and their people in the Holy Qur’an, to serve as example that migration is God’s tradition for the cause of Da’wah. In order that believers could derive appropriate example whenever they face challenges and threats to their faith and honour.

2- Conflict between truth and falsehood is age-long and extensive:

Almighty Allah say:

﴿ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ إِلَّا أَنْ يَقُولُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ وَلَوْلَا دَفْعُ اللَّهِ النَّاسَ بَعْضَهُمْ بِبَعْضٍ لَهُدِّمَتْ صَوَامِعُ وَبِيَعٌ وَصَلَوَاتٌ  وَمَسَاجِدُ يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا اسْمُ اللَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَلَيَنْصُرَنَّ اللَّهُ مَنْ يَنْصُرُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَقَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ ﴾ {الحج:22\40}.

“[They are] those who have been evicted from their homes without right – only because they say, “Our Lord is Allah.” And were it not that Allah checks the people, some by means of others, there would have been demolished monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the name of Allah is much mentioned. And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.” (22: 40).

However, the end of the face-off is known as explained in another verse thus:

 ( ﴿ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَأَغْلِبَنَّ أَنَا وَرُسُلِي إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ ﴾ {المجادلة: 58\21})

“Allah has written, “I will surely overcome, I and My messengers.” Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.” (58: 21)

3- Plot against Da’wah by her enemies is a continuous phenomenon: It could either be through imprisonment, murder, exile or banishment. It is imperative therefore, that the Da’iyah rely on Allah, trust in Him, and know that evil plotters always bear the brunt of their evil. Allah says:

﴿ وَإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ ﴾ (سورة الأنفال: الآية 30)

“And [remember, O Muhammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and Allah plans. And Allah is the best of planners.” (8: 30)

Money is another weapon usually used by antagonists of dawah to cunningly deceive weaklings and feeble hearted in their effort to exterminate the propagation of Islam. Regarding the Prophet, (pbuh) the unbelievers placed a prize money of hundred camel for whoever could produce any of the two emigrants- the Prophet (pbuh) and Abubakr, dead or alive. The greedy ones commenced effort in this quest, but one of them- Suroqah returned from the search as a believer, who contributed to mislead other searchers. This is one of the ways Allah protects His true servants. Allah says:

﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ لِيَصُدُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَسَيُنْفِقُونَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسْرَةً ثُمَّ يُغْلَبُونَ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ يُحْشَرُونَ ﴾ (الأنفال : الآية 36)

“Indeed, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to avert [people] from the way of Allah. So they will spend it; then it will be for them a [source of] regret; then they will be overcome. And those who have disbelieved – unto Hell they will be gathered.” (8: 36)

4- Belief in physical miracles: The Prophet’s migration consisted of some physical miracles which are evidences for Allah protection on him. This includes the spider cobweb at the cave’s entrance, the encounter with Ummu Ma’bad, the Suroqah experience couple with the promise made to him of wearing bracelets of Chosroes. Therefore, the da’iyah must not deny these miracles rather remember it provided they are established by the Sunnah of the Prophet, and they have the responsibility to call people to it as signs of his prophethood.

5- Permisibility of seeking support from trustworthy kafir: It is permissible for the Duat- those calling to the path of Allah- to seek assistance of non-believers as long as they trust them in the context of the required job. The Prophet- pbuh- and Abubakr employed the service of an pagan, who was to guide them in the mission of migration, and they both entrusted their ride unto him and agreed that he should meet them by the cave of Thawr. These are delicate issues they committed to him. Without doubt, they trusted him and this is a enough a proof that an unbeliever or a disobedient person or an un-aligning person to our cause, could posses some qualities which might necessitate the trust for them. For instance, through the bond of relatives, friendship, neighbourhood, or good act done to him sometimes, or where some of them are blessed with some basic credible behavior; such as trust, love for charitable endeavour etc. Issues like this are discretional, therefore it should be left for the da’iyah’s experience and understanding of people.

6- The role of women in the hijrah: Many women took great part in the hijrah event, such as ‘Aisha bint Abubakr, who related the account of the migration. Likewise was Ummu Salamah-the patient emigrant, and Asmaa, who play the role of providing food and drink for them in the cave. She also suffered a resounding slap from Abu Jahl which result in the fall-off of one of her earrings, because she told him she was not aware of the whereabout of her father- Abubakr. Another role of hers was how she pacified the heart of her blind grandfather- Abu Qahaafah, who came to her  and said about Abubakr thus: “I know he has deprived you of his wealth and person” But she refused that and told the grandfather to touch what Abubakr has left for them, to this he commended him for leaving such. However, Abubakr did not leave anything, she only did that to calm the old man without engaging in lies. In the true sense, he left for them sound faith in Allah which is immovable in the wave of trials and challenges. By this feat, she demonstrates an exemplary model for all Muslim women and girls of subsequent generations.

7- Discharge of trusts to their rightful owners: The idolaters, regardless of their enmity and plot to kill the Prophet (pbuh)- continually keep their valuables with him and not with other person. This shows they are quite away of his trustworthiness and honesty, however, their enmity is borne out of their pride, arrogance against the truth, as described in this verse:

(﴿ قَدْ نَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ لَيَحْزُنُكَ الَّذِي يَقُولُونَ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَا يُكَذِّبُونَكَ وَلَكِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ ﴾ (سورة الأنعام: الآية33))

We know that you, [O Muhammad], are saddened by what they say. And indeed, they do not call you untruthful, but it is the verses of Allah that the wrongdoers reject. (6:33)

To demonstrate the sacredness of trust, the Prophet also seconded Ali bn Talib to stay back while he set out for the migration in order to return the materials to the owners. It should be noted that, the situation of threat to his life have not given him the reason to squander people’s property unjustly.

8- Giving is better than receiving: The Prophet have not taken the ride from Abubakr free except with a price though as debt on him. Hence callers to the path of Allah should realize they should always be source of offering to others not dependent on them to receive. Allah says:

(﴿وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴾ (سورة الشعراء: الآية109))

“And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.” (26: 109)

Those who are vanguards of dawah and preach it should not seek from anyone but Allah (swt), because this contradicts what they preach. People usually understand faster practical or physical actions than words expressed or articulated. Historically, backwardness and humiliation became Muslims’ share when every means of calling to the path of Allah was converted to means for material acquisition of wealth and every scholar or dai’yah seek for social status. The mission was turned to materialism based job, which lacks the spirit and vitality, and people who should be enjoining good and forbid evil, scholars and Imams, do such only to get paid for that.

Voices that discharge admonition and messages out of fear of God and hope for His pleasure, in contrast to those voices which discharge only to get paid some amount of money, and whenever the fund stops, they stop. It is often said that the professional female mourner cannot be perfect in the act of wailing as the one who lost a child. This is really the reason why the impact of most of these preaching and so on is not felt and people are far from the right path.

9- To disregard people’s wealth: When the Prophet, peace be upon him pardoned Suroqah, he offered him assistance saying: “This is my quiver (for arrows) take a share from it, also you will pass by my cattle of camels and sheep at such and such place, take from it as you need.” But the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him said to him: “I do not need them”. Therefore, when preachers exhibit modesty and disregard materials with men, they will gain their love , otherwise, people with desert them. This is a profound lesson for callers to the path of Allah.

10- Unrivaled military intelligence:

The impact of the prophetic training for military intelligence was shown in Abubakr and Ali bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with them. For Abubakr, may Allah be pleased with him when he wanted to migrate to Madinah, the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said to him: (do not be hasty, perhaps God will provide you a companion). Immediately, he began planning for the Migration, he purchased two rides, detailed his family members on how to serve the Prophet, (pbuh) … and when he was informed of the divine approval for the migration, he burst into tears of joy.  Aisha, (R.A)  said: I swear by Allah, I never thought before that day that anyone could cry out of joy until I saw Abubakr cry that day, it is the height of good news of joy; that joy turned into crying.”

Abubakr was joyous to be in the company and service of the Prophet on this journey. He demonstrated love, care and was conscious not to allow any danger come close to him or get captured by the idolaters. Infact on their way, a man asked him about the identity of the Prophet to which he replied: “This is a guide who guides me on the path.” The man thought of the physical road, but he meant the path to Allah. This shows his level of intelligence and security consciousness.

The role of Ali bn Abi Talib who was instructed to sleep on the bed of the Prophet (pbuh) demonstrates as well his commitment to the cause, putting his life on the line for that of the leader of their mission.

Lesson on the Hijrah calendar

The act of dating using the hijrah calendar is one of the distinguishing characteristics of Islam. Its origin dates back to the reign of Umar the Khalifah- Leader of the Muslims. When Allah inspired Umar to create calendar that will distinguish the Ummah from other nations of disbelievers. Umar consulted the companions on the event to serve as the commencement point, whether to use, the Prophet’s birth, or the day he was made a prophet, or the day he migrated or the day he died. But the day he was born and made a prophet were with lots of controversies, and they also neglected the day he died as this will be a source of grief and agony for Muslims. No other than the hijrah was left and they chose it as the commencement date for the hijrah calendar. The Ummah persisted in her usage of the hijrah calendar for consecutive centuries, until it suffered humiliation and disregard in this era, where her enemies amazes her and she imitate them by every inch of step, to the extent that most Muslim nations discarded the hijrah calendar, they nearly lost the remembrance of it except in seasons like fasting in Ramadan, and in the hajj season, instead, they make use of the calendar of the deviated religion.

One of the gratifying realities that is a source of pride for every Muslim concerning the holy cities of Makkah and Madinah is that the hijrah calendar is made the official calendar in all its affairs. May Allah preserve the entire Muslims’ land and restore the conditions of Muslims everywhere.

SECOND KHUTBAH

All praises are due to Allah Who created the heavens and the earth. May Allah bestow peace and blessings on Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his families, his pious companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Dear servants of Allah, we are in the month of Muharram, which virtues were mentioned a lot in the last sermon that it is one of the sacred months. One of the recommended duties in the month of Muharram is fasting, and the best of its fast in degree and reward is the fasting on the day of Ashura,
The main hadith as proof for which the fasting of ‘Ashura is prescribed for us is that Allaah saved Moses and his people from Pharaoh and his elites. Bukhari narrated from Ibn Abbas (R.A) Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’. He said, ‘What is this?’ They said, ‘This is a righteous day, it is the day when Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemies, so Musa fasted on this day.’ (a report narrated by Muslim adds: ” … in thanksgiving to Allah) He said, ‘We have more right to Musa than you,’ so he fasted on that day and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day.” [Reported by al-Bukhari, 1865]

Fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’ is Sunnah. Based on the report of Bukhari and Muslim, narrated Mu’awiyyah, (R.A): that the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “ Verily this is the day of Ashura, it has not been made compulsory on you, I am fasting, so he who wishes to observe fast should do so, and he who wishes to abandon it should do so.”  
The scholars said: The grades of the fasting of Ashura are three: The most complete form is to fast a day before and after it; the next grade is to fast the ninth and tenth, and the least is to fast the tenth day alone.

With regard to the reward for fasting ‘Ashura, it expiates the sins of the last year, as stated in Sahih Muslim that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about fasting on the day of Ashura? He said: “It expiates sins of the last year.”

Secondly, it is worthy to mention what is happening in South Africa presently regarding the bloody happening known as xenophobia, which is undoubtedly a form of the forbidden racism or tribalism in our true religion.
For a while, foreigners, including Nigerians, have faced discrimination in South Africa, the situation have degenerate to level violence, destruction of properties and outright murder !!!

On Tuesday (3/9/2019) some Nigerians launched attacks and reprisals against South African companies in Nigeria such as Shoprite, MTN, in many cities across the country. Police said dozens were arrested on charges of looting and attacks on retail and telecom companies.

South Africa temporarily have closed down its embassy in Nigeria after the attacks, and at the same time the Nigerian government have announced the same measure, as well as plans to evacuate the willing Nigerians from South Africa free of charge.

Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

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