THE NATURE OF THE STATE IN ISLAM

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In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful
BEING THE FIRST KHUTBAH FOR THE MONTH OF R. AWWAL, 1/ R. AWWAL /1440AH (9 /NOV/2018CE)
THE NATURE OF THE STATE IN ISLAM
Praise be to Allah, the lord of the worlds, the Creator of heavens and earth Who made Islam contain all affairs. Allah says: (﴿مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ﴾ {الأنْعام:6\38}) “We have not neglected in the Register a thing.” We praise and thank Him for His grace and honour and seek help from Him … I testify there is no god but Allah alone, the Sovereign, the all-knowing. I testify that Muhammad (pbuh) is his servant and messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, companions and whoever follows them till the day of recompense.

Having said that,

Dear Muslims, I enjoin you all and myself to revere Allah in the open and in the secret. Allah says:

﴿ يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ تَتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ فُرْقَانًا وَيُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ﴾ {الأنفال:8\29}

“O you who have believed, if you fear Allah, He will grant you a criterion and will remove from you your misdeeds and forgive you. And Allah is the possessor of great bounty.” (8: 29) .
Dear believers, today’s sermon is the first Khutbah in Rabi-ul-Awwal. The earlier ones have been dedicated to the elucidation on political matters being the issue of the moment in Nigeria as we prepare for the general elections in 2019. Today we shall discuss THE NATURE OF THE STATE IN ISLAM

Honored Muslims, the state in Islam possesses some traits that distinguishes it from other manmade system, some of these natures include:

AN ISLAMIC STATE NOT A RELIGIOUS STATE
We mentioned earlier in our discussion on the Landmarks of the state in Islam that it is a Civilized State, Islam is its source but not a religious state as it is being understood by the West through her history, characterized by incessant collision with the Church system, thereby leading to revolution against the Church and the popular slogan of “Straighten the last King with the intestines of the last priest!
However, the secularists in the Arab and Muslim lands claim falsehood against Islam claiming it is a religious state that rules with the so called: ‘Divine Authority’. Verily the implementation of the ISLAMIC Law will obviously actualize a religious state. The religious state obviously leads to governing by the divine right which Islam does not know, or to say known in the time of the Prophet alone. To govern by the divine right would not be except through religious men, either directly or indirectly. Dr Fuaad Zakariyya urges in his Article published in Al-Ahram in the Spring of 1985, published also in his book “The reality and deception” in the introduction of his book and the conclusion, in the reiterating the word “The divine rule” advocated for by the advocates of implementation of the Islamic Law, in-order to deceive his reader with this statement that they are calling to a religious state ‘Theocracy”.

THE STATE OF ISLAM IS A CIVILIZED STATE
We wish to inform those who accuse the Callers to Islam of calling to the establishment of a religious state that: You utter falsehood concerning the Callers to Islam, you say about them what they have not said, in actual fact, they ever call to the establishment of an Islamic state, they did not and will never call to a religious state.
There is a wide difference between an Islamic State- meaning a state that stands on the foundation of Islam, while the religious state as known to the Christian West in the middle ages. The reason for that is the existence of a big mixed up between what is Islamic and what is religious. Some think that every thing Islamic is religious. The reality is that Islam is wider and greater that the word religion. To the extent that the Muslim scholars made religion as one of the five or six basic necessities which Islam seeks to protect. Thses are: Religion, Life, Intellect, Birth, and Wealth. Some other added ‘dignity’.

We demonstrate with an example for further explanation; we advocate for a wholesome Islamic education, and this education includes several kinds of education numbering more than ten contents, one of which is religious education, in addition to mental, physical, moral, military, social, economic, political, scientific, literary, occupational, artistry, and citizenship education, … etc. Thus ‘religious’ education is only an element among other many elements of the Islamic education.
It is a great mistake to think that the Islamic State which we advocate for is a religious state. Indeed the Islamic state is a ‘civilized state’ which is established on the foundation of selection, covenant and shura, and the accountability of the leader before the nation, and the right of every individual among the populace is to advice this leader, enjoining him on goodness and forbiding him from evil. Islam regards this as a collective obligation on the Muslims, which would become an individual obligation when he is able but avoid or shy away from doing it.

The leader in Islam limited not free, there is law guiding him, and teachings that direct him, and laws which are binds him. These are laws which were not invented by him, nor his party, nor his supporters, rather, the Lord and Sovereign of mankind legislated it for him and others. He (the leader) or others cannot cancel or subject it to rigidity. There is no king, nor president, nor senator, nor government, nor revolution assembly, nor a central committee, nor a country’s conference, nor any authority on earth capable to change any of the established laws of God.

MISCONCEPTIONS OF THE SECULARISTS OVER THE CLAIM FOR RELIGIOUS STATE
Honoured listeners, be aware that the secularists accuse the Islamists of advocating for a religious state which will be established on the ‘divine right’. Sheikh Yusuf Qaradawi have listed some from the books of islamist scholars among the former and latter generation, which revolves round the specified misconceptions, as shown below:

1- The ideology of “al-haakimiyyah” (rulership) chanted by two of the leaders of dawah and Islamic thoughts; Abu Al-A’la Mawdudi in Pakistan, and Sayyid Qutb in Egypt, (may Allah have mercy on them). The outcome of this concept is that judgement belongs to Allah, not for anyone among mankind. The universe is the property of Allah (swt), no one has the authority for any judgement different from Him or alongside with His. Allah says: (إِنِ الْحُكْمُ إلّا للهِ أمَرَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلّا إيّاهُ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاس لا يَعْلَمُونَ) “Legislation is not but for Allah. He has commanded that you worship not except Him. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know. (12:40)

2- The statement made by Uthman (R.A) in his siege, and Dr Faraj Fawdah took it and expanded it making from it an irrefutable proof, and unbreakable support. He said:
“But the established fact is that the idea of governing by the ‘divine right’ finds a strong base in the statement of Uthman bn ‘Affan when those revolting against him to demanded him to vacate the throne of khilafah, and he responded to them with a statement that dissuaded the thinking of those who brandish the idea of governance by the ‘divine right’: “No! by Allah, I will never off the robe of Allah which He clothed me with”. It is a statement that places the Islamic political thought at different ways, between a majority which holds the opinion of Uthman (R.A) that Allah (swt) is the One that enthrone the Caliph, therefore the people have no right to remove the leader from the position Allah places him- and the minority sees that the people is the source of authorities; they appoint and remove, this became the opinion of the Mu’tazilites thereafter. Perhaps in their being named as Mu’taziltes is a proof on the view of the Islamic state about them and their view about the Islamic state.

3- There is another statement credited to Abu Jafar Al-mansur, the Abasid’s Caliph. After the assumption of the Abassids to power after the fall of the Umayad’s dynasty. He said in his address at Makkah: “O people, the authority of Allah on His land, I shall direct your affairs by His guidance and support, and watcher over His wealth. I will work in it by His will and wishes, dispensing it by His permission. He has made me a guard over it. If Allah wills to opens it through me, He inspires me to give you and distribute your wealth, and if He wills to lock it, then He locks it by me.

SECOND KHUTBAH
All praises are due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who made Islam a religion that protects human lives, forbidding deliberate taking of lives, an action regarded as one of the major sins. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the prophet, his household, companions and whoever follows them till the day of recompense.

As to what follows,
Dear worshippers of Allah, as we know that through this mimbar we discuss global events by the Islamic viewpoint. Tomorrow 10th of November is the WORLD SCIENCE DAY FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT which is being commemorated by the UN as an annual event. Therefore we shall be discussing the role played by knowledge for the development of societies.
Knowledge plays a significant role in bringing peace to individual and societies when given the right concern in the area of education, creating enabling channels in acquiring it and its development, encouraging students and supporting it with all that will ensure its spread and development. We therefore demand that the respective government agencies give adequate attention to the education sector and remove every impediments to its development while finding solutions to the challenges facing it, whereby the recognition that education is the right of all is established.

Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

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